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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Gatti-Mays ME, Strauss J, Donahue RN, Palena C, Del Rivero J, Redman JM, Madan RA, Marté JL, Cordes LM, Lamping E, Orpia A, Burmeister A, Wagner E, Pico Navarro C, Heery CR, Schlom J, Gulley JL|
|Title||A Phase I Dose-Escalation Trial of BN-CV301, a Recombinant Poxviral Vaccine Targeting MUC1 and CEA with Costimulatory Molecules.|
|Journal||Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research|
|Date||2019 Aug 15|
|Abstract Text||BN-CV301 is a poxviral-based vaccine comprised of recombinant (rec.) modified vaccinia Ankara (MVA-BN-CV301; prime) and rec. fowlpox (FPV-CV301; boost). Like its predecessor PANVAC, BN-CV301 contains transgenes encoding tumor-associated antigens MUC1 and CEA as well as costimulatory molecules (B7.1, ICAM-1, and LFA-3). PANVAC was reengineered to make it safer and more antigenic.This open-label, 3+3 design, dose-escalation trial evaluated three dose levels (DL) of MVA-BN-CV301: one, two, or four subcutaneous injections of 4 × 108 infectious units (Inf.U)/0.5 mL on weeks 0 and 4. All patients received FPV-CV301 subcutaneously at 1 × 109 Inf.U/0.5 mL every 2 weeks for 4 doses, then every 4 weeks. Clinical and immune responses were evaluated.There were no dose-limiting toxicities. Twelve patients enrolled on trial [dose level (DL) 1 = 3, DL2 = 3, DL3 = 6). Most side effects were seen with the prime doses and lessened with subsequent boosters. All treatment-related adverse events were temporary, self-limiting, grade 1/2, and included injection-site reactions and flu-like symptoms. Antigen-specific T cells to MUC1 and CEA, as well as to a cascade antigen, brachyury, were generated in most patients. Single-agent BN-CV301 produced a confirmed partial response (PR) in 1 patient and prolonged stable disease (SD) in multiple patients, most notably in KRAS-mutant gastrointestinal tumors. Furthermore, 2 patients with KRAS-mutant colorectal cancer had prolonged SD when treated with an anti-PD-L1 antibody following BN-CV301.The BN-CV301 vaccine can be safely administered to patients with advanced cancer. Further studies of the vaccine in combination with other agents are planned.See related commentary by Repáraz et al., p. 4871.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|CV301||CV-301|PANVAC|CV301-V/F|MVA-BN-CV301|BN-CV301||CV301 is a poxvirus-based vaccine that encodes tumor antigens CEA and MUC-1, and 3 costimulatory molecules including B7.1, ICAM-1, and LFA-3, which may stimulate antitumor immune response (PMID: 31110074).|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|Unknown unknown||Advanced Solid Tumor||not applicable||CV301||Phase I||Actionable||In a Phase I trial, CV301 treatment was well-tolerated and resulted in a median progression-free survival of 15 weeks in advanced solid tumor patients (n=12) (PMID: 31110074; NCT02840994).||31110074|