Reference Detail

Contact

Missing content? – Request curation!

Request curation for specific Genes, variants, or PubMed publications.

Have questions, comments or suggestions? - Let us know!

Email us at : ckbsupport@jax.org

Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (29975751)
Authors McNeill RS, Stroobant EE, Smithberger E, Canoutas DA, Butler MK, Shelton AK, Patel SD, Limas JC, Skinner KR, Bash RE, Schmid RS, Miller CR
Title PIK3CA missense mutations promote glioblastoma pathogenesis, but do not enhance targeted PI3K inhibition.
Journal PloS one
Vol 13
Issue 7
Date 2018
URL
Abstract Text Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common adult primary brain tumor. Multimodal treatment is empiric and prognosis remains poor. Recurrent PIK3CA missense mutations (PIK3CAmut) in GBM are restricted to three functional domains: adaptor binding (ABD), helical, and kinase. Defining how these mutations influence gliomagenesis and response to kinase inhibitors may aid in the clinical development of novel targeted therapies in biomarker-stratified patients.We used normal human astrocytes immortalized via expression of hTERT, E6, and E7 (NHA). We selected two PIK3CAmut from each of 3 mutated domains and induced their expression in NHA with (NHARAS) and without mutant RAS using lentiviral vectors. We then examined the role of PIK3CAmut in gliomagenesis in vitro and in mice, as well as response to targeted PI3K (PI3Ki) and MEK (MEKi) inhibitors in vitro.PIK3CAmut, particularly helical and kinase domain mutations, potentiated proximal PI3K signaling and migration of NHA and NHARAS in vitro. Only kinase domain mutations promoted NHA colony formation, but both helical and kinase domain mutations promoted NHARAS tumorigenesis in vivo. PIK3CAmut status had minimal effects on PI3Ki and MEKi efficacy. However, PI3Ki/MEKi synergism was pronounced in NHA and NHARAS harboring ABD or helical mutations.PIK3CAmut promoted differential gliomagenesis based on the mutated domain. While PIK3CAmut did not influence sensitivity to single agent PI3Ki, they did alter PI3Ki/MEKi synergism. Taken together, our results demonstrate that a subset of PIK3CAmut promote tumorigenesis and suggest that patients with helical domain mutations may be most sensitive to dual PI3Ki/MEKi treatment.

Filtering

  • Case insensitive filtering will display rows where any text in any cell matches the filter term
  • Simple literal full or partial string matches
  • Separate multiple filter terms with a spaces, order doesn't matter (a b c and c b a are equivalent )
  • Filtering will only apply to rows that are already loaded on the page, filtering has no impact on query parameters
  • Use quotes to match a longer phrase which contains spaces "mtor c1483f"

Sorting

  • Generally, the default sort order for tables is set to be first column ascending, however, specific tables may set a different default sort order.
  • Click on any column header arrows to sort by that column
  • Hold down the Shift key and click multiple columns to sort by more than one column, be sure to set ascending or descending order for a given column, before moving on to the next column.

Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
PIK3CA R88Q malignant glioma sensitive Buparlisib + Selumetinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination therapy of Buparlisib (BKM120) and Koselugo (selumetinib) led to a synergistic effect, resulting in greater growth inhibition of astrocytoma cells expressing PIK3CA R88Q than cells with wild-type PIK3CA in culture (PMID: 29975751). 29975751
HRAS mut PIK3CA E542K malignant glioma sensitive Buparlisib + Selumetinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination therapy of Buparlisib (BKM120) and Koselugo (selumetinib) led to a synergistic effect, resulting in growth inhibition of astrocytoma cells with an HRAS mutation expressing PIK3CA E542K in culture, but at a higher drug concentration compared to cells without mutant HRAS (PMID: 29975751). 29975751
HRAS mut PIK3CA M1043V malignant glioma sensitive Buparlisib + Selumetinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination therapy of Buparlisib (BKM120) and Koselugo (selumetinib) led to a synergistic effect, resulting in growth inhibition of astrocytoma cells with an HRAS mutation and expressing PIK3CA M1043V in culture, but at a higher drug concentration compared to cells without mutant HRAS (PMID: 29975751). 29975751
PIK3CA H1047R malignant glioma sensitive Buparlisib + Selumetinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination therapy of Buparlisib (BKM120) and Koselugo (selumetinib) led to a synergistic effect, resulting in growth inhibition of astrocytoma cells expressing PIK3CA H1047R, but did not result in an effect as high as that seen in cells expressing PIK3CA R88Q or PIK3CA E542K in culture (PMID: 29975751). 29975751
PIK3CA E542K malignant glioma sensitive Buparlisib + Selumetinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination therapy of Buparlisib (BKM120) and Koselugo (selumetinib) led to a synergistic effect, resulting in greater growth inhibition of astrocytoma cells expressing PIK3CA E542K than cells with wild-type PIK3CA in culture (PMID: 29975751). 29975751
HRAS mut PIK3CA R88Q malignant glioma sensitive Buparlisib + Selumetinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination therapy of Buparlisib (BKM120) and Koselugo (selumetinib) led to a synergistic effect, resulting in growth inhibition of astrocytoma cells with an HRAS mutation and expressing PIK3CA R88Q in culture, but at a higher drug concentration compared to cells without mutant HRAS (PMID: 29975751). 29975751