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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (27803005)
Authors Lee SH, Lee JK, Ahn MJ, Kim DW, Sun JM, Keam B, Kim TM, Heo DS, Ahn JS, Choi YL, Min HS, Jeon YK, Park K
Title Vandetanib in pretreated patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer-harboring RET rearrangement: a phase II clinical trial.
Journal Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Vol 28
Issue 2
Date 2017 02 01
URL
Abstract Text Chromosomal rearrangements involving RET, which are found in about 1% of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), define a unique molecular subset. We performed this study to examine the efficacy and safety of vandetanib 300 mg daily in this patient population.This study was a multi-center, open-label, phase II clinical trial. Patients were enrolled if they had metastatic or recurrent NSCLC with a RET rearrangement, which was confirmed by fluorescence in situ hybridization, had progressive disease against platinum-based doublet chemotherapy, and had a performance status of 0-2. The primary endpoint was the objective response rate.A total of 18 patients were enrolled in this study between July 2013 and October 2015. Patients were aged 35-71 years; three had a performance status of 2, and the majority were a heavily pretreated population (≥ two different previous chemotherapy regimens in 72% of the patients). Among the 17 evaluable patients, three had a partial response (objective response rate = 18%) and eight had a stable disease (disease control rate = 65%). Among these patients, the partial response or disease stabilization was durable for more than 6 months in eight patients. Vandetanib also showed a progression-free survival of 4.5 months, and an overall survival of 11.6 months during a median follow-up duration of 14 months. The safety profile was comparable with previous studies of vandetanib. Most vandetanib-related adverse events were mild with prevalent hypertension and rash (in >70% of patients). Grade 3 toxicity included hypertension (n = 3), QT prolongation (2), and elevation of aminotransferases (1), and as a consequence the dose was reduced in four patients. There were no adverse events associated with grade 4 or 5 toxicity.Vandetanib is moderately active in pretreated patients with advanced NSCLC-harboring RET rearrangements.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
RET rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Vandetanib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, treatment with Caprelsa (vandetanib) resulted in an objective response rate of 18% (3/17, all partial responses) and disease control rate of 65% (stable disease in 47% (8/17) + partial response in 18% (3/17)) and median progression-free survival of 4.5 months in patients with RET-rearranged metastatic or recurrent non-small cell lung cancer (PMID: 27803005; NCT01823068). 27803005