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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (31714586)
Authors Myers AP, Konstantinopoulos PA, Barry WT, Luo W, Broaddus RR, Makker V, Drapkin R, Liu J, Doyle A, Horowitz NS, Meric-Bernstam F, Birrer M, Aghajanian C, Coleman RL, Mills GB, Cantley LC, Matulonis UA, Westin SN
Title Phase II, 2-stage, 2-arm, PIK3CA mutation stratified trial of MK-2206 in recurrent endometrial cancer.
Journal International journal of cancer
Vol
Issue
Date 2019 Nov 12
URL
Abstract Text Endometrial cancers have high rates of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway alterations. MK-2206 is an allosteric inhibitor of AKT, an effector kinase of PI3K signals. We hypothesized patients with tumors harboring PIK3CA mutations would be more likely to benefit from MK-2206 than those without PIK3CA mutation. A Phase II study was performed in patients with recurrent endometrial cancer; all histologies except carcinosarcoma were eligible. Up to two prior chemotherapy lines were permitted, excluding prior treatment with PI3K pathway inhibitors. The first 18 patients were treated with MK-2206 200 mg weekly. Due to unacceptable toxicity, dose was reduced to 135 mg. Co-primary endpoints were objective response rate (ORR) and progression-free survival at 6 months (6moPFS). Thirty-seven patients were enrolled (one ineligible). By somatic PIK3CA mutation analysis, nine patients were mutant (MT) [one with partial response (PR)/6moPFS, two with 6moPFS]. Twenty-seven patients were wild-type (WT) (one PR and four 6moPFS). Most common toxicities were rash (44%), fatigue (41%), nausea (42%) and hyperglycemia (31%). Grade 3 and 4 toxicities occurred in 25 and 17% of patients, respectively. Exploratory analysis found serous histology had greater 6moPFS as compared to all other histologies (5/8 vs. 2/28, p = 0.003). PTEN expression was associated with median time to progression (p = 0.04). No other significant associations with PI3K pathway alterations were identified. There is limited single agent activity of MK-2206 in PIK3CA MT and PIK3CA WT endometrial cancer populations. Activity was detected in patients with serous histology and due to their poor outcomes warrants further study (NCT01307631).

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
PIK3CA mutant endometrial cancer no benefit MK2206 Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, MK2226 demonstrated limited benefit in endometrial cancer patients regardless of PIK3CA status, with partial responses in 6% (2/37) of patients, 19% (7/37; 5 with serous histology) remaining progression-free for at least 6 mo, and a median progression-free survival (PFS) of 2.0 mo in the overall population, and partial responses in 11% (11/9), 33% (3/9) progression-free for 6 mo, and a median PFS of 1.7 mo in the group of patients with PIK3CA mutations (PMID: 31714586; NCT01307631). 31714586