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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (20473900)
Authors Nautiyal J, Banerjee S, Kanwar SS, Yu Y, Patel BB, Sarkar FH, Majumdar AP
Title Curcumin enhances dasatinib-induced inhibition of growth and transformation of colon cancer cells.
Abstract Text Colorectal cancer is the third most common form of malignancy, behind prostate and lung cancers. Despite recent advances in medicine, mortality from colorectal cancer remains high, highlighting the need for improved therapies. Numerous studies have demonstrated increased activation of EGFR and its family members (EGFRs), IGF-1R as well as c-Src in colorectal cancer. The current study was undertaken to examine the effectiveness of combination therapy of dasatinib (BMS-354825; Bristol-Myers Squibb), a highly specific inhibitor of Src family kinases (SFK) and a nontoxic dietary agent; curcumin (diferuloylmethane), in colorectal cancer in in vitro and in vivo experimental models. For the latter, we utilized C57BL/6 APC(Min+/-) mice. Initial in vitro studies revealed synergistic interactions between the two agents. Additionally, we have observed that combination treatment causes a much greater inhibition of the following metastatic processes than either agent alone: (i) colony formation, (ii) invasion through extracellular matrix and (iii) tubule formation by endothelial cells. Dasatinib affects the cell adhesion phenotype of colon cancer HCT-116 cells whereas the combination therapy enhances this effect to a greater extent. Preclinical investigation revealed that the combination therapy to be highly effective causing an over 95% regression of intestinal adenomas in Apc(Min+/-) mice, which could be attributed to decreased proliferation and increased apoptosis. In conclusion, our data suggest that combination treatment of dasatinib and curcumin could be a potential therapeutic strategy for colorectal cancer.


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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
APC inact mut colorectal cancer sensitive Dasatinib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination of Sprycel (dasatinib) and curcumin inhibited tumor growth in a mouse model of colorectal cancer harboring an Apc mutation (PMID: 20473900). 20473900