Reference Detail

Contact

Missing content? – Request curation!

Request curation for specific Genes, variants, or PubMed publications.

Have questions, comments or suggestions? - Let us know!

Email us at : ckbsupport@jax.org

Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (32864625)
Authors Razavi P, Dickler MN, Shah PD, Toy W, Brown DN, Won HH, Li BT, Shen R, Vasan N, Modi S, Jhaveri K, Caravella BA, Patil S, Selenica P, Zamora S, Cowan AM, Comen E, Singh A, Covey A, Berger MF, Hudis CA, Norton L, Nagy RJ, Odegaard JI, Lanman RB, Solit DB, Robson ME, Lacouture ME, Brogi E, Reis-Filho JS, Moynahan ME, Scaltriti M, Chandarlapaty S
Title Alterations in PTEN and ESR1 promote clinical resistance to alpelisib plus aromatase inhibitors.
Journal Nature cancer
Vol 1
Issue 4
Date 2020 Apr
URL
Abstract Text Alpelisib is a selective inhibitor of PI3Kα, shown to improve outcomes for PIK3CA mutant, hormone receptor positive (HR+) metastatic breast cancers (MBC) when combined with antiestrogen therapy. To uncover mechanisms of resistance, we conducted a detailed, longitudinal analysis of tumor and plasma circulating tumor DNA among such patients from a phase I/II trial combining alpelisib with an aromatase inhibitor (AI) (NCT01870505). The trial's primary objective was to establish safety with maculopapular rash emerging as the most common grade 3 adverse event (33%). Among 44 evaluable patients, the observed clinical benefit rate was 52%. Correlating genetic alterations with outcome, we identified loss-of-function PTEN mutations in 25% of patients with resistance. ESR1 activating mutations also expanded in number and allele fraction during treatment and were associated with resistance. These data indicate that genomic alterations that mediate resistance to alpelisib or antiestrogen may promote disease progression and highlight PTEN loss as a recurrent mechanism of resistance to PI3Kα inhibition.

Filtering

  • Case insensitive filtering will display rows where any text in any cell matches the filter term
  • Simple literal full or partial string matches
  • Separate multiple filter terms with a spaces, order doesn't matter (a b c and c b a are equivalent )
  • Filtering will only apply to rows that are already loaded on the page, filtering has no impact on query parameters
  • Use quotes to match a longer phrase which contains spaces "mtor c1483f"

Sorting

  • Generally, the default sort order for tables is set to be first column ascending, however, specific tables may set a different default sort order.
  • Click on any column header arrows to sort by that column
  • Hold down the Shift key and click multiple columns to sort by more than one column, be sure to set ascending or descending order for a given column, before moving on to the next column.

Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
PTEN R130* Her2-receptor negative breast cancer predicted - resistant Alpelisib + Letrozole Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I/II trial, combination of Piqray (Alpelisib) and Femara (letrozole) resulted in no clinical benefit in a patient with hormone receptor positive, ERBB2 (HER2)-negative breast cancer harboring PTEN R130* (PMID: 32864625; NCT01870505). 32864625