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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Algazi AP, Othus M, Daud AI, Lo RS, Mehnert JM, Truong TG, Conry R, Kendra K, Doolittle GC, Clark JI, Messino MJ, Moore DF, Lao C, Faller BA, Govindarajan R, Harker-Murray A, Dreisbach L, Moon J, Grossmann KF, Ribas A|
|Title||Continuous versus intermittent BRAF and MEK inhibition in patients with BRAF-mutated melanoma: a randomized phase 2 trial.|
|Abstract Text||Preclinical modeling suggests that intermittent BRAF inhibitor therapy may delay acquired resistance when blocking oncogenic BRAFV600 in melanoma1,2. We conducted S1320, a randomized, open-label, phase 2 clinical trial (NCT02196181) evaluating whether intermittent dosing of the BRAF inhibitor dabrafenib and the MEK inhibitor trametinib improves progression-free survival in patients with metastatic and unresectable BRAFV600 melanoma. Patients were enrolled at 68 academic and community sites nationally. All patients received continuous dabrafenib and trametinib during an 8-week lead-in period, after which patients with non-progressing tumors were randomized to either continuous or intermittent dosing of both drugs on a 3-week-off, 5-week-on schedule. The trial has completed accrual and 206 patients with similar baseline characteristics were randomized 1:1 to the two study arms (105 to continuous dosing, 101 to intermittent dosing). Continuous dosing yielded a statistically significant improvement in post-randomization progression-free survival compared with intermittent dosing (median 9.0 months versus 5.5 months, P = 0.064, pre-specified two-sided α = 0.2). Therefore, contrary to the initial hypothesis, intermittent dosing did not improve progression-free survival in patients. There were no differences in the secondary outcomes, including overall survival and the overall incidence of treatment-associated toxicity, between the two groups.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
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|BRAF V600E/K||melanoma||sensitive||Dabrafenib + Trametinib||Phase II||Actionable||In a Phase II trial (S1320), intermittent dosing (3-week-off, 5-week-on) of Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) did not improve median progression-free survival (5.5 v 9.0 months; HR=1.36, p=0.064, two-sided alpha=0.2) compared to continuous dosing in melanoma patients harboring BRAF V600E or V600K, and there were no significant differences in median overall survival, treatment response, or toxicity between the two treatment groups (PMID: 33020646; NCT02196181).||33020646|