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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (33727260)
Authors Palmbos PL, Daignault-Newton S, Tomlins SA, Agarwal N, Twardowski P, Morgans AK, Kelly WK, Arora VK, Antonarakis ES, Siddiqui J, Jacobson JA, Davenport MS, Robinson DR, Chinnaiyan AM, Knudsen KE, Hussain M
Title A Randomized Phase II Study of Androgen Deprivation Therapy with or without Palbociclib in RB-positive Metastatic Hormone-Sensitive Prostate Cancer.
Journal Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Vol 27
Issue 11
Date 2021 Jun 01
URL
Abstract Text Palbociclib, a cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitor, blocks proliferation in a RB and cyclin D-dependent manner in preclinical prostate cancer models. We hypothesized that cotargeting androgen receptor and cell cycle with palbociclib would improve outcomes in patients with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC).A total of 60 patients with RB-intact mHSPC were randomized (1:2) to Arm 1: androgen deprivation (AD) or Arm 2: AD + palbociclib. Primary endpoint was PSA response rate (RR) after 28 weeks of therapy. Secondary endpoints included safety, PSA, and clinical progression-free survival (PFS), as well as PSA and radiographic RR. Tumors underwent exome sequencing when available. Circulating tumor cells (CTC) were enumerated at various timepoints.A total of 72 patients with mHSPC underwent metastatic disease biopsy and 64 had adequate tissue for RB assessment. A total of 62 of 64 (97%) retained RB expression. A total of 60 patients initiated therapy (Arm 1: 20; Arm 2: 40). Neutropenia was the most common grade 3/4 adverse event in Arm 2. Eighty percent of patients (Arm 1: 16/20, Arm 2: 32/40; P = 0.87) met primary PSA endpoint ≤4 ng/mL at 28 weeks. PSA undetectable rate at 28 weeks was 50% and 43% in Arms 1 and 2, respectively (P = 0.5). Radiographic RR was 89% in both arms. Twelve-month biochemical PFS was 69% and 74% in Arms 1 and 2, respectively (P = 0.72). TP53 and PIK3 pathway mutations, 8q gains, and pretreatment CTCs were associated with reduced PSA PFS.Palbociclib did not impact outcome in RB-intact mHSPC. Pretreatment CTC, TP53 and PIK3 pathway mutations, and 8q gain were associated with poor outcome.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
RB1 positive prostate cancer no benefit Palbociclib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, addition of Ibrance (palbociclib) to androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) did not improve the rate of PSA less or equal to 4 ng/ml at 28 weeks (80%, 32/40 vs 80%, 16/20, p=0.87), PSA undetectable rate at 28 weeks (43% vs 50%, p=0.5), radiographic response rate (89% vs 89%), or 12-month biochemical progression-free survival (74% vs 69%, p=0.72) in patients with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer expressing Rb1 as confirmed by IHC (PMID: 33727260; NCT02059213). 33727260