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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Palmbos PL, Daignault-Newton S, Tomlins SA, Agarwal N, Twardowski P, Morgans AK, Kelly WK, Arora VK, Antonarakis ES, Siddiqui J, Jacobson JA, Davenport MS, Robinson DR, Chinnaiyan AM, Knudsen KE, Hussain M|
|Title||A Randomized Phase II Study of Androgen Deprivation Therapy with or without Palbociclib in RB-positive Metastatic Hormone-Sensitive Prostate Cancer.|
|Journal||Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research|
|Date||2021 Jun 01|
|Abstract Text||Palbociclib, a cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitor, blocks proliferation in a RB and cyclin D-dependent manner in preclinical prostate cancer models. We hypothesized that cotargeting androgen receptor and cell cycle with palbociclib would improve outcomes in patients with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC).A total of 60 patients with RB-intact mHSPC were randomized (1:2) to Arm 1: androgen deprivation (AD) or Arm 2: AD + palbociclib. Primary endpoint was PSA response rate (RR) after 28 weeks of therapy. Secondary endpoints included safety, PSA, and clinical progression-free survival (PFS), as well as PSA and radiographic RR. Tumors underwent exome sequencing when available. Circulating tumor cells (CTC) were enumerated at various timepoints.A total of 72 patients with mHSPC underwent metastatic disease biopsy and 64 had adequate tissue for RB assessment. A total of 62 of 64 (97%) retained RB expression. A total of 60 patients initiated therapy (Arm 1: 20; Arm 2: 40). Neutropenia was the most common grade 3/4 adverse event in Arm 2. Eighty percent of patients (Arm 1: 16/20, Arm 2: 32/40; P = 0.87) met primary PSA endpoint ≤4 ng/mL at 28 weeks. PSA undetectable rate at 28 weeks was 50% and 43% in Arms 1 and 2, respectively (P = 0.5). Radiographic RR was 89% in both arms. Twelve-month biochemical PFS was 69% and 74% in Arms 1 and 2, respectively (P = 0.72). TP53 and PIK3 pathway mutations, 8q gains, and pretreatment CTCs were associated with reduced PSA PFS.Palbociclib did not impact outcome in RB-intact mHSPC. Pretreatment CTC, TP53 and PIK3 pathway mutations, and 8q gain were associated with poor outcome.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|RB1 positive||prostate cancer||no benefit||Palbociclib||Phase II||Actionable||In a Phase II trial, addition of Ibrance (palbociclib) to androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) did not improve the rate of PSA less or equal to 4 ng/ml at 28 weeks (80%, 32/40 vs 80%, 16/20, p=0.87), PSA undetectable rate at 28 weeks (43% vs 50%, p=0.5), radiographic response rate (89% vs 89%), or 12-month biochemical progression-free survival (74% vs 69%, p=0.72) in patients with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer expressing Rb1 as confirmed by IHC (PMID: 33727260; NCT02059213).||33727260|