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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (34538072)
Authors Seligmann JF, Fisher DJ, Brown LC, Adams RA, Graham J, Quirke P, Richman SD, Butler R, Domingo E, Blake A, Yates E, Braun M, Collinson F, Jones R, Brown E, de Winton E, Humphrey TC, Parmar M, Kaplan R, Wilson RH, Seymour M, Maughan TS, FOCUS4 Trial Investigators
Title Inhibition of WEE1 Is Effective in TP53- and RAS-Mutant Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: A Randomized Trial (FOCUS4-C) Comparing Adavosertib (AZD1775) With Active Monitoring.
Journal Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Vol 39
Issue 33
Date 2021 11 20
URL
Abstract Text Outcomes in RAS-mutant metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) remain poor and patients have limited therapeutic options. Adavosertib is the first small-molecule inhibitor of WEE1 kinase. We hypothesized that aberrations in DNA replication seen in mCRC with both RAS and TP53 mutations would sensitize tumors to WEE1 inhibition.Patients with newly diagnosed mCRC were registered into FOCUS4 and tested for TP53 and RAS mutations. Those with both mutations who were stable or responding after 16 weeks of chemotherapy were randomly assigned 2:1 between adavosertib and active monitoring (AM). Adavosertib (250 mg or 300 mg) was taken orally once on days 1-5 and days 8-12 of a 3-week cycle. The primary outcome was progression-free survival (PFS), with a target hazard ratio (HR) of 0.5 and 80% power with a one-sided 0.025 significance level.FOCUS4-C was conducted between April 2017 and Mar 2020 during which time 718 patients were registered; 247 (34%) were RAS/TP53-mutant. Sixty-nine patients were randomly assigned from 25 UK hospitals (adavosertib = 44; AM = 25). Adavosertib was associated with a PFS improvement over AM (median 3.61 v 1.87 months; HR = 0.35; 95% CI, 0.18 to 0.68; P = .0022). Overall survival (OS) was not improved with adavosertib versus AM (median 14.0 v 12.8 months; HR = 0.92; 95% CI, 0.44 to 1.94; P = .93). In prespecified subgroup analysis, adavosertib activity was greater in left-sided tumors (HR = 0.24; 95% CI, 0.11 to 0.51), versus right-sided (HR = 1.02; 95% CI, 0.41 to 2.56; interaction P = .043). Adavosertib was well-tolerated; grade 3 toxicities were diarrhea (9%), nausea (5%), and neutropenia (7%).In this phase II randomized trial, adavosertib improved PFS compared with AM and demonstrates potential as a well-tolerated therapy for RAS/TP53-mutant mCRC. Further testing is required in this sizable population of unmet need.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
NRAS mut TP53 mut colorectal cancer no benefit Adavosertib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial (FOCUS4-C), Adavosertib (AZD1775) treatment was well-tolerated and resulted in an advantage in progression-free survival (PFS, HR 0.40, p=0.0051) but not overall survival (0.92, p=0.93) compared to active monitoring in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer harboring both RAS and TP53 mutations, however, patients with NRAS mutations or KRAS non-G12/G13 mutations did not benefit from Adavosertib (AZD1775) treatment in subgroup PFS analysis (PMID: 34538072). 34538072