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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Fang DD, Zhu H, Tang Q, Wang G, Min P, Wang Q, Li N, Yang D, Zhai Y|
|Title||FLT3 inhibition by olverembatinib (HQP1351) downregulates MCL-1 and synergizes with BCL-2 inhibitor lisaftoclax (APG-2575) in preclinical models of FLT3-ITD mutant acute myeloid leukemia.|
|Abstract Text||FLT3-ITD mutations occur in approximately 25% of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and are associated with poor prognosis. Despite initial efficacy, short duration of response and high relapse rates limit clinical use of selective FLT3 inhibitors. Combination approaches with other targeted therapies may achieve better clinical outcomes.Anti-leukemic activity of multikinase inhibitor olverembatinib (HQP1351), alone or in combination with BCL-2 inhibitor lisaftoclax (APG-2575), was evaluated in FLT3-ITD mutant AML cell lines in vitro and in vivo. A patient-derived FLT3-ITD mutant AML xenograft model was also used to assess the anti-leukemic activity of this combination.HQP1351 potently induced apoptosis and inhibited FLT3 signaling in FLT3-ITD mutant AML cell lines MV-4-11 and MOLM-13. HQP1351 monotherapy also significantly suppressed growth of FLT3-ITD mutant AML xenograft tumors and prolonged survival of tumor-bearing mice. HQP1351 and APG-2575 synergistically induced apoptosis in FLT3-ITD mutant AML cells and suppressed growth of MV-4-11 xenograft tumors. Combination therapy improved survival of tumor bearing-mice in a systemic MOLM-13 model and showed synergistic anti-leukemic effects in a patient-derived FLT3-ITD mutant AML xenograft model. Mechanistically, HQP1351 downregulated expression of myeloid-cell leukemia 1 (MCL-1) by suppressing FLT3-STAT5 (signal transducer and activator of transcription 5) signaling and thus enhanced APG-2575-induced apoptosis in FLT3-ITD mutant AML cells.FLT3 inhibition by HQP1351 downregulates MCL-1 and synergizes with BCL-2 inhibitor APG-2575 to potentiate cellular apoptosis in FLT3-ITD mutant AML. Our findings provide a scientific rationale for further clinical investigation of HQP1351 combined with APG-2575 in patients with FLT3-ITD mutant AML.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
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|FLT3 exon 14 ins||acute myeloid leukemia||predicted - sensitive||APG-2575 + HQP1351||Preclinical - Pdx & cell culture||Actionable||In a preclinical study, combination treatment with GZD824 (HQP1351) and APG-2575 induced apoptosis to a greater degree than either therapy alone in acute myeloid leukemia cells harboring FLT3-ITD in culture, and resulted in a synergistic tumor burden reduction in a patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model of acute myeloid leukemia harboring FLT3-ITD and inhibited tumor growth in a cell line xenograft model with a T/C ratio of 2.8% (PMID: 34710737).||34710737|