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Ref Type
PMID (31824282)
Authors Bjursten S, Vannas C, Filges S, Puls F, Pandita A, Fagman H, Ståhlberg A, Levin M
Title Response to BRAF/MEK Inhibition in A598_T599insV BRAF Mutated Melanoma.
Abstract Text Approximately 50% of patients with metastatic melanoma harbor an activating BRAF mutation. Tumors with activating mutation BRAF gene proliferate excessively and can be treated with targeted BRAF-inhibitors in combination with MEK inhibitors. The most common BRAF mutation occurs at amino acid position 600. Other BRAF mutations are rare and their predictive value for treatment response to BRAF/MEK inhibition is low. Here, we report on a patient with a BRAF A598_T599insV mutated melanoma, a mutation that has only been described in one previous melanoma patient in which the treatment response to BRAF/MEK inhibition was transient. Our patient had a large ulcerated metastasis that showed a durable complete response implying that BRAF/MEK inhibition should be considered a treatment option for this mutation. We analyzed circulating cell-free tumor DNA (ctDNA) carrying the BRAF A598_T599insV mutation throughout treatment. The allele frequency of BRAF A598_T599insV decreased during regression of the tumors, indicating that this method has potential to monitor treatment response. Our case demonstrates durable response to BRAF/MEK inhibition in a melanoma patient carrying a BRAF A598_T599insV mutation. In addition, we show that allele frequency analysis of A598_T599insV mutation in blood using ultrasensitive sequencing can be used to monitor treatment response.


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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
BRAF A598_T599insV melanoma predicted - sensitive Dabrafenib + Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, treatment with the combination of Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) resulted in limited response in the primary tumor, but regression of the abdominal lymph node and groin metastases in a patient with metastatic melanoma harboring BRAF A598_T599insV, with a decrease in the variant allele frequency of BRAF A598_T599insV (PMID: 31824282). 31824282