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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (36515740)
Authors Chanthong S, Sathitsamitphong L, Natesirinilkul R, Charoenkwan P, Suwansirikul S, Choed-Amphai C
Title Treatment modalities of ALK-positive relapsed/refractory inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of the brain and lungs in 7-year-old girl: case-based reviews.
Abstract Text Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) belongs to mesenchymal neoplasm of intermediate malignancy in WHO classification. Primary CNS disease or CNS metastases (CNS-IMT) occur in minority. We describe a case of relapsed/refractory IMT of lungs with multiple brain metastases in young child who achieved long-term complete response after alectinib. This systematic review also summarizes treatment modalities and outcome of children and adolescent with CNS-IMT.PRISMA 2020 guideline was applied to select an article from PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane databases without time limits. This review focused on children and adolescent 0-24 years of age with CNS-IMT or inflammatory pseudotumor (CNS-IPT). The clinical characteristics and treatment outcome were explored.A total of 51 patients in 49 publications were identified. Median age of patients with CNS-IMT/IPT was 15-year-old and 60.8% were male. The most common location of tumor was cerebral cortex (54.9%). Complete resection of CNS-IMT/IPT was performed in 27 cases with 100% complete response and 18.5% recurrence. Nearly half of patients who received partial resection without adjuvant therapy experienced progressive disease, while the contrast group totally achieved partial response. Overall responses in 7 patients treating with ALK inhibitors were 57.1% durable complete response and 42.9% transient partial response.First-line treatment of CNS-IMT/IPT is complete resection. Patients who received partial tumor removal might have benefit from adjuvant therapy. ALK inhibitors reveal a promising result in unresectable CNS-IMT/IPT. Our case has shown a success in treating relapsed and refractory CNS-IMT as well as the primary site using 2nd-generation ALK inhibitor.


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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
ALK positive inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor predicted - sensitive Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Alecensa (alectinib) treatment resulted in partial remission before treatment discontinuation and complete remission following restart of treatment in a 7-year-old pediatric patient with ALK-positive recurrent, metastatic inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (PMID: 36515740). 36515740