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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (22336586)
Authors Bhattacharya B, Akram M, Balasubramanian I, Tam KK, Koh KX, Yee MQ, Soong R
Title Pharmacologic synergy between dual phosphoinositide-3-kinase and mammalian target of rapamycin inhibition and 5-fluorouracil in PIK3CA mutant gastric cancer cells.
Journal Cancer biology & therapy
Vol 13
Issue 1
Date 2012 Jan 01
URL
Abstract Text Phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K) and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors are an emerging class of anti-cancer agents. Here, we tested the hypothesis that the dual PI3K/mTOR inhibitor, PI103, could synergize with the chemotherapeutic agent, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) by inhibiting E2F1, thymidylate synthase (TS) and enhancing DNA damage. Drug combination effects were assessed in gastric cancer cells using the median-effect equation. The specific effects of inhibition of E2F1 and PIK3CA were examined by siRNA, and mTOR by rapamycin exposure. Protein expression and apoptosis pre- and post-treatment was measured using standard methods. PI103 and 5-FU was synergistic in 3/5 gastric cancer cell lines tested. Synergy was associated with PI3KCA mutation, reduced TS and E2F1 protein levels, increased H2AX phosphorylation and apoptosis. E2F1 siRNA enhanced sensitivity to 5-FU only in cells displaying synergy. Excess thymidine exposure converted synergism to antagonism in all cells. Inhibition of PI3K and mTOR alone enhanced 5-FU cytotoxicity in only 2/3 cell lines that displayed synergy each. In AGS cells, PI3K inhibition alone enhanced 5-FU sensitivity as much as dual PI3K/mTOR inhibition. In HGC27 cells, dual inhibition increased 5-FU sensitivity more than single PI3K or mTOR inhibition. Combined PI103 and 5-FU treatment reduced in vivo tumor growth more than treatment with single agents. PI3K/mTOR inhibitors can enhance 5-FU cytotoxicity in vitro and in vivo, especially in PIK3CA mutant tumor cells. Dual, rather than single, PI3K/mTOR inhibitors may combine better with 5-FU due to cellular heterogeneity in sensitivity to PI3K and mTOR inhibition.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
PIK3CA mutant gastric adenocarcinoma sensitive Fluorouracil + PI-103 Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, PI-103 enhanced sensitivity to 5-FU in gastric cancer cells with mutant PIK3CA (PMID: 22336586). 22336586