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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (26187616)
Authors Gupta S, Argilés G, Munster PN, Hollebecque A, Dajani O, Cheng JD, Wang R, Swift A, Tosolini A, Piha-Paul SA
Title A Phase I Trial of Combined Ridaforolimus and MK-2206 in Patients with Advanced Malignancies.
Abstract Text The PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway is aberrantly activated in many cancers. Combining ridaforolimus, an mTOR inhibitor, with MK-2206, an Akt inhibitor, may more completely block the PI3K pathway and inhibit tumor growth.This phase I study assessed dose-limiting toxicities (DLT) and maximum tolerated dose (MTD) for the combination of oral ridaforolimus plus oral MK-2206 in patients with advanced solid tumors. Efficacy was evaluated in patients with biomarker-identified estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer (low RAS gene signature and high Ki67 index) or castration-resistant prostate cancer (PTEN deficiency) with PI3K pathway addiction.Thirty-five patients were enrolled: 11 patients in part A (three breast cancer) and 24 biomarker-eligible patients in part B (16 breast cancer, eight prostate cancer). One patient with breast cancer from part A was also found to be biomarker-eligible when tested after she had clinical response. The MTD was 10 mg/d ridaforolimus 5 d/wk + 90 mg/wk MK-2206; 1 of 17 patients experienced DLT (grade 3 rash) at this dose. The most common adverse events at MTD were rash (44.4%), stomatitis (38.9%), diarrhea (27.8%), and decreased appetite (27.8%). By investigator assessment, 2 of 16 (12.5%) evaluable patients with breast cancer had partial response; by central assessment, 2 of 14 (14.3%) evaluable patients had complete response. Two patients had durable stable disease (SD) for 416 and 285 days, respectively. No patients with prostate cancer responded; one patient had SD for ≥ 6 months.Combination ridaforolimus and MK-2206 showed promising activity and good tolerability in heavily pretreated patients with hormone-positive and -negative breast cancer exhibiting PI3K pathway dependence.


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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
PIK3CA act mut breast cancer predicted - sensitive MK2206 + Ridaforolimus Phase I Actionable In a Phase I clinical trial, Ridaforolimus in combination with MK-2206 demonstrated clinical activity in breast cancer patients expressing a PI3K pathway dependent gene expression signature, with complete response in 14.3% (2/14), partial response in 12.5% (2/16), and 2 patients achieving stable disease (PMID: 26187616). 26187616
PTEN loss prostate cancer no benefit MK2206 Phase I Actionable In a Phase I clinical trial, 8 patients with metastatic, castration-resistant prostate cancer harboring a loss of PTEN did not respond to MK-2206 therapy, but prolonged stable disease was observed in 2 patients (PMID: 26187616). 26187616