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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Gupta S, Argilés G, Munster PN, Hollebecque A, Dajani O, Cheng JD, Wang R, Swift A, Tosolini A, Piha-Paul SA|
|Title||A Phase I Trial of Combined Ridaforolimus and MK-2206 in Patients with Advanced Malignancies.|
|Journal||Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research|
|Date||2015 Dec 01|
|Abstract Text||The PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway is aberrantly activated in many cancers. Combining ridaforolimus, an mTOR inhibitor, with MK-2206, an Akt inhibitor, may more completely block the PI3K pathway and inhibit tumor growth.This phase I study assessed dose-limiting toxicities (DLT) and maximum tolerated dose (MTD) for the combination of oral ridaforolimus plus oral MK-2206 in patients with advanced solid tumors. Efficacy was evaluated in patients with biomarker-identified estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer (low RAS gene signature and high Ki67 index) or castration-resistant prostate cancer (PTEN deficiency) with PI3K pathway addiction.Thirty-five patients were enrolled: 11 patients in part A (three breast cancer) and 24 biomarker-eligible patients in part B (16 breast cancer, eight prostate cancer). One patient with breast cancer from part A was also found to be biomarker-eligible when tested after she had clinical response. The MTD was 10 mg/d ridaforolimus 5 d/wk + 90 mg/wk MK-2206; 1 of 17 patients experienced DLT (grade 3 rash) at this dose. The most common adverse events at MTD were rash (44.4%), stomatitis (38.9%), diarrhea (27.8%), and decreased appetite (27.8%). By investigator assessment, 2 of 16 (12.5%) evaluable patients with breast cancer had partial response; by central assessment, 2 of 14 (14.3%) evaluable patients had complete response. Two patients had durable stable disease (SD) for 416 and 285 days, respectively. No patients with prostate cancer responded; one patient had SD for ≥ 6 months.Combination ridaforolimus and MK-2206 showed promising activity and good tolerability in heavily pretreated patients with hormone-positive and -negative breast cancer exhibiting PI3K pathway dependence.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|PTEN loss||prostate cancer||no benefit||MK2206||Phase I||Actionable||In a Phase I clinical trial, 8 patients with metastatic, castration-resistant prostate cancer harboring a loss of PTEN did not respond to MK-2206 therapy, but prolonged stable disease was observed in 2 patients (PMID: 26187616).||26187616|
|PIK3CA act mut||breast cancer||predicted - sensitive||MK2206 + Ridaforolimus||Phase I||Actionable||In a Phase I clinical trial, Ridaforolimus in combination with MK-2206 demonstrated clinical activity in breast cancer patients expressing a PI3K pathway dependent gene expression signature, with complete response in 14.3% (2/14), partial response in 12.5% (2/16), and 2 patients achieving stable disease (PMID: 26187616).||26187616|