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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Zumsteg ZS, Morse N, Krigsfeld G, Gupta G, Higginson DS, Lee NY, Morris L, Ganly I, Shiao SL, Powell SN, Chung CH, Scaltriti M, Baselga J|
|Title||Taselisib (GDC-0032), a Potent β-Sparing Small Molecule Inhibitor of PI3K, Radiosensitizes Head and Neck Squamous Carcinomas Containing Activating PIK3CA Alterations.|
|Journal||Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research|
|Date||2016 Apr 15|
|Abstract Text||ActivatingPIK3CAgenomic alterations are frequent in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), and there is an association between phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling and radioresistance. Hence, we investigated the therapeutic efficacy of inhibiting PI3K with GDC-0032, a PI3K inhibitor with potent activity against p110α, in combination with radiation in HNSCC.The efficacy of GDC-0032 was assessedin vitroin 26 HNSCC cell lines with crystal violet proliferation assays, and changes in PI3K signaling were measured by Western blot analysis. Cytotoxicity and radiosensitization were assessed with Annexin V staining via flow cytometry and clonogenic survival assays, respectively. DNA damage repair was assessed with immunofluorescence for γH2AX foci, and cell cycle analysis was performed with flow cytometry.In vivoefficacy of GDC-0032 and radiation was assessed in xenografts implanted into nude mice.GDC-0032 inhibited potently PI3K signaling and displayed greater antiproliferative activity in HNSCC cell lines withPIK3CAmutations or amplification, whereas cell lines withPTENalterations were relatively resistant to its effects. Pretreatment with GDC-0032 radiosensitizedPIK3CA-mutant HNSCC cells, enhanced radiation-induced apoptosis, impaired DNA damage repair, and prolonged G2-M arrest following irradiation. Furthermore, combined GDC-0032 and radiation was more effective than either treatment alonein vivoin subcutaneous xenograft models.GDC-0032 has increased potency in HNSCC cell lines harboringPIK3CA-activating aberrations. Further, combined GDC-0032 and radiotherapy was more efficacious than either treatment alone inPIK3CA-altered HNSCCin vitroandin vivo This strategy warrants further clinical investigation.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|PTEN mutant||head and neck squamous cell carcinoma||resistant||Taselisib||Preclinical - Cell line xenograft||Actionable||In a preclinical study, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cell lines and cell line xenograft models with PTEN alterations were resistant to the apoptotic effects of Taselisib (GDC-0032) (PMID: 26589432).||26589432|
|PIK3CA H1047R||head and neck squamous cell carcinoma||sensitive||Radiotherapy + Taselisib||Preclinical||Actionable||In a preclinical study, Taselisib (GDC-0032) enhanced the effects of radiation induced apoptosis of head and neck squamous carcinoma cells harboring PIK3CA H1047R (PMID: 26589432).||26589432|
|PIK3CA amp||head and neck squamous cell carcinoma||sensitive||Radiotherapy + Taselisib||Preclinical - Cell line xenograft||Actionable||In a preclinical study, Taselisib (GDC-0032) enhanced the effects of radiation induced apoptosis in HNSCC cell lines and cell line xenograft models with PIK3CA amplification (PMID: 26589432).||26589432|
|PIK3CA mutant||head and neck squamous cell carcinoma||sensitive||Radiotherapy + Taselisib||Preclinical - Pdx & cell culture||Actionable||In a preclinical study, Taselisib (GDC-0032) enhanced the effects of radiation induced apoptosis in HNSCC cell lines, cell line xenograft models, and a patient derived xenograft (PDX) model, all with PIK3CA mutations (PMID: 26589432).||26589432|
|PTEN del||head and neck squamous cell carcinoma||resistant||Taselisib||Preclinical||Actionable||In a preclinical study, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cells homozygous for PTEN deletion were resistant to Taselisib (GDC-0032) in culture (PMID: 26589432).||26589432|