Reference Detail

Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (27022118)
Authors Solomon BJ, Cappuzzo F, Felip E, Blackhall FH, Costa DB, Kim DW, Nakagawa K, Wu YL, Mekhail T, Paolini J, Tursi J, Usari T, Wilner KD, Selaru P, Mok TS
Title Intracranial Efficacy of Crizotinib Versus Chemotherapy in Patients With Advanced ALK-Positive Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer: Results From PROFILE 1014.
Journal Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Vol 34
Issue 24
Date 2016 Aug 20
URL
Abstract Text Intracranial efficacy of first-line crizotinib versus chemotherapy was compared prospectively in the phase III PROFILE 1014 study in ALK-positive non-small-cell lung cancer.Patients were randomly assigned to receive crizotinib (250 mg twice daily; n = 172) or chemotherapy (pemetrexed 500 mg/m(2) plus cisplatin 75 mg/m(2) or carboplatin at area under the curve 5 to 6, every 3 weeks for ≤ six cycles; n = 171). Patients with stable treated brain metastases (tBM) were eligible. Intracranial efficacy was assessed at baseline and every 6 or 12 weeks in patients with or without known brain metastases (BM), respectively; intracranial time to tumor progression (IC-TTP; per protocol) and intracranial disease control rate (IC-DCR; post hoc) were measured. The intent-to-treat population was also assessed.Of 343 patients in the intent-to-treat population, 23% had tBM at baseline. A nonsignificant IC-TTP improvement was observed with crizotinib in the intent-to-treat population (hazard ratio [HR], 0.60; P = .069), patients with tBM (HR, 0.45; P = .063), and patients without BM (HR, 0.69; P = .323). Among patients with tBM, IC-DCR was significantly higher with crizotinib versus chemotherapy at 12 weeks (85% v 45%, respectively; P < .001) and 24 weeks (56% v 25%, respectively; P = .006). Progression-free survival was significantly longer with crizotinib versus chemotherapy in both subgroups (tBM present: HR, 0.40; P < .001; median, 9.0 v 4.0 months, respectively; BM absent: HR, 0.51; P < .001; median, 11.1 v 7.2 months, respectively) and in the intent-to-treat population (HR, 0.45; P < .001; median, 10.9 v 7.0 months, respectively).Compared with chemotherapy, crizotinib demonstrated a significantly higher IC-DCR in patients with tBM. Improvements in IC-TTP were not statistically significant in patients with or without tBM, although sensitivity to detect treatment differences in or between the two subgroups was low.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Therapy Description
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
ALK rearrange non-small cell lung carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib FDA approved Actionable In a Phase III trial (PROFILE 1014) that supported FDA approval, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in improved progression-free survival (10.9 vs 7.0 months, HR=0.45, p<0.001) and objective response rate (74% vs 45%) relative to chemotherapy in NSCLC patients with ALK rearrangements (PMID: 25470694; NCT01154140). 25470694
ALK rearrange non-small cell lung carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib Phase III Actionable In a Phase III trial (PROFILE 1014), Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in improved progression-free survival (PFS) (PFS=10.9 months, n=172) relative to chemotherapy (PFS=7.0 months, n=171) in NSCLC patients with ALK rearrangements, including patients with and without brain metastases at baseline, and improved intracranial disease rate in patients with brain metastases at baseline (PMID: 27022118; NCT01154140). 27022118
ALK rearrange non-small cell lung carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib Guideline Actionable Xalkori (crizotinib) is included in guidelines as first-line and subsequent therapy for ALK rearranged non-small cell lung cancer (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange non-small cell lung carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib Phase III Actionable In a Phase III trial, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in improved objective response (87.5%, 90/103 vs 45.6%, 47/103) and median progression free survival (11.1 vs 6.8 mo) compared to pemetrexed, cisplatin and carboplatinin combination treatment in treatment-naive ALK positive advanced non-small cell lung carcinoma patients (J Clin Oncol 34, 2016 (suppl; abstr 9058); NCT01639001). detail...