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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (21927947)
Authors Rahma OE, Ashtar E, Czystowska M, Szajnik ME, Wieckowski E, Bernstein S, Herrin VE, Shams MA, Steinberg SM, Merino M, Gooding W, Visus C, Deleo AB, Wolf JK, Bell JG, Berzofsky JA, Whiteside TL, Khleif SN
Title A gynecologic oncology group phase II trial of two p53 peptide vaccine approaches: subcutaneous injection and intravenous pulsed dendritic cells in high recurrence risk ovarian cancer patients.
Journal Cancer immunology, immunotherapy : CII
Vol 61
Issue 3
Date 2012 Mar
URL
Abstract Text Peptide antigens have been administered by different approaches as cancer vaccine therapy, including direct injection or pulsed onto dendritic cells; however, the optimal delivery method is still debatable. In this study, we describe the immune response elicited by two vaccine approaches using the wild-type (wt) p53 vaccine.Twenty-one HLA-A2.1 patients with stage III, IV, or recurrent ovarian cancer overexpressing the p53 protein with no evidence of disease were treated in two cohorts. Arm A received SC wt p53:264-272 peptide admixed with Montanide and GM-CSF. Arm B received wt p53:264-272 peptide-pulsed dendritic cells IV. Interleukin-2 (IL-2) was administered to both cohorts in alternative cycles.Nine of 13 patients (69%) in arm A and 5 of 6 patients (83%) in arm B developed an immunologic response as determined by ELISPOT and tetramer assays. The vaccine caused no serious systemic side effects. IL-2 administration resulted in grade 3 and 4 toxicities in both arms and directly induced the expansion of T regulatory cells. The median overall survival was 40.8 and 29.6 months for arm A and B, respectively; the median progression-free survival was 4.2 and. 8.7 months, respectively.We found that using either vaccination approach generates comparable specific immune responses against the p53 peptide with minimal toxicity. Accordingly, our findings suggest that the use of less demanding SC approach may be as effective. Furthermore, the use of low-dose SC IL-2 as an adjuvant might have interfered with the immune response. Therefore, it may not be needed in future trials.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
TP53 over exp ovarian cancer predicted - sensitive HLA-A2 p53:264-272 vaccine Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, the HLA-A2 p53:264-272 vaccine demonstrated safety and preliminary efficacy in patients with TP53 overexpressing ovarian cancer, resulting in a progression-free survival of 5.5 months and an overall survival of 40.4 months (PMID: 21927947). 21927947
TP53 wild-type ovarian cancer predicted - sensitive Ad.p53-DC vaccine Phase I Actionable In Phase I and Phase II clinical trials, various forms of p53 gene therapy (such as adenoviral-p53) have been shown to be generally safe and have demonstrated clinical efficacy in patients with ovarian cancer (PMID: 12082455; PMID: 19621448; PMID: 21927947; PMID: 15297186; PMID: 12082456). 15297186 21927947 19621448 12082455 12082456