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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (27451907)
Authors Castel P, Ellis H, Bago R, Toska E, Razavi P, Carmona FJ, Kannan S, Verma CS, Dickler M, Chandarlapaty S, Brogi E, Alessi DR, Baselga J, Scaltriti M
Title PDK1-SGK1 Signaling Sustains AKT-Independent mTORC1 Activation and Confers Resistance to PI3Kα Inhibition.
Journal Cancer cell
Vol 30
Issue 2
Date 2016 Aug 08
URL
Abstract Text PIK3CA, which encodes the p110α subunit of PI3K, is frequently mutated and oncogenic in breast cancer. PI3Kα inhibitors are in clinical development and despite promising early clinical activity, intrinsic resistance is frequent among patients. We have previously reported that residual downstream mTORC1 activity upon treatment with PI3Kα inhibitors drives resistance to these agents. However, the mechanism underlying this phenotype is not fully understood. Here we show that in cancer cells resistant to PI3Kα inhibition, PDK1 blockade restores sensitivity to these therapies. SGK1, which is activated by PDK1, contributes to the maintenance of residual mTORC1 activity through direct phosphorylation and inhibition of TSC2. Targeting either PDK1 or SGK1 prevents mTORC1 activation, restoring the antitumoral effects of PI3Kα inhibition in resistant cells.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
PIK3CA mutant breast cancer sensitive Alpelisib + GSK2334470 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, GSK2334470 resensitized Alpelisib (BYL719)-resistant breast cancer cell lines harboring PIK3CA mutations to Alpelisib (BYL719) in culture and in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 27451907). 27451907