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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Cooper TM, Cassar J, Eckroth E, Malvar J, Sposto R, Gaynon P, Chang BH, Gore L, August K, Pollard JA, DuBois SG, Silverman LB, Oesterheld J, Gammon G, Magoon D, Annesley C, Brown PA|
|Title||A Phase I Study of Quizartinib Combined with Chemotherapy in Relapsed Childhood Leukemia: A Therapeutic Advances in Childhood Leukemia & Lymphoma (TACL) Study.|
|Journal||Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research|
|Date||2016 Aug 15|
|Abstract Text||To determine a safe and biologically active dose of quizartinib (AC220), a potent and selective class III receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) FLT3 inhibitor, in combination with salvage chemotherapy in children with relapsed acute leukemia.Quizartinib was administered orally to children with relapsed AML or MLL-rearranged ALL following 5 days of high-dose cytarabine and etoposide (AE). A 3+3 dose escalation design was used to identify a safe and biologically active dose. Plasma inhibitory assay (PIA) testing was performed weekly to determine biologic activity.Toxicities were consistent with intensive relapsed leukemia regimens. One of 6 patients experienced a dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) at 40 mg/m(2)/day (elevated lipase) and 1 of 9 had a DLT (hyperbilirubinemia) at the highest tested dose of 60 mg/m(2)/day. Of 17 response evaluable patients, 2 had complete response (CR), 1 complete response without platelet recovery (CRp), 1 complete response with incomplete neutrophil and platelet recovery (CRi), 10 stable disease (SD), and 3 progressive disease (PD). Of 7 FLT3-ITD patients, 1 achieved CR, 1 CRp, 1 Cri, and 4 SD. FLT3-ITD patients, but not FLT3 wild-type (WT) patients, had significantly lower blast counts post-quizartinib. FLT3 phosphorylation was completely inhibited in all patients.Quizartinib plus intensive chemotherapy is well tolerated at 60 mg/m(2)/day with near complete inhibition of FLT3 phosphorylation in all patients. The favorable toxicity profile, pharmacodynamic activity, and encouraging response rates warrant further testing of quizartinib in children with FLT3-ITD AML. Clin Cancer Res; 22(16); 4014-22. ©2016 AACR.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|FLT3 exon 14 ins||acute myeloid leukemia||sensitive||Quizartinib||Phase I||Actionable||In a Phase I trial, acute myeloid leukemia (AML) pediatric patients harboring a FLT3-ITD mutation demonstrated a greater sensitivity to treatment with Quizartinib (AC220) when compared to AML patients with wild-type FLT3, resulting in three complete responses, four with stable disease, and a lower bone marrow blast cell count (PMID: 26920889).||26920889|