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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (25977343)
Authors Mohan S, Vander Broek R, Shah S, Eytan DF, Pierce ML, Carlson SG, Coupar JF, Zhang J, Cheng H, Chen Z, Van Waes C
Title MEK Inhibitor PD-0325901 Overcomes Resistance to PI3K/mTOR Inhibitor PF-5212384 and Potentiates Antitumor Effects in Human Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma.
Journal Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Vol 21
Issue 17
Date 2015 Sep 01
URL
Abstract Text Head and neck squamous cell carcinomas exhibit variable sensitivity to inhibitors of the PI3K/mTOR pathway, an important target of genomic alterations in this cancer type. The mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK)/ERK/activator protein 1 (AP-1) and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) pathways are also frequently co-activated, but their roles in resistance mechanisms to PI3K/mTOR inhibitors and as therapeutic targets in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) are not well defined.We determined the IC50s of dual PI3K/mTOR inhibitor PF-05212384 (PF-384) by XTT assays in 14 HNSCC lines with PI3K/Akt/mTOR cascade alterations. In two resistant models, we further characterized the molecular, cellular, and in vivo attributes and effects of combining PF-384 with MEK inhibitor PD-0325901 (PD-901).PF-384 IC50s varied between 0.75 and 133 nmol/L in 14 HNSCC lines with overexpression or mutations of PIK3CA, and sensitivity correlated with increased phospho-AKT(T308/S473). In resistant UMSCC-1 and -46 models, PF-384 increased G0-/G1-phase accumulation but weakly induced sub-G0 cell death. PF-384 inhibited direct targets of PI3K/mTOR, but incompletely attenuated co-activated ERK and UMSCC-1 xenograft growth in vivo. PD-901 strongly inhibited MEK/ERK targets, and the combination of PF-384 and PD-901 inhibited downstream NF-κB and AP-1 transactivation, and IL8 and VEGF production in vitro. PD-901 potently inhibited tumor growth alone and with PF384, enhanced antiproliferative, apoptotic, and anti-angiogenesis activity in vivo.PI3K/mTOR inhibitor PF-384 exhibits variable activity in a panel of HNSCC cell lines with differing PIK3CA expression and mutation status. MEK inhibitor PD-901 overcomes resistance and enhances antitumor effects observed with PF-384 in vivo.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
PIK3CA over exp head and neck squamous cell carcinoma sensitive Gedatolisib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, some head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cell lines over expressing PIK3CA demonstrated sensitivity to treatment with Gedatolisib (PF-05212384) (PMID: 25977343). 25977343
PIK3CA H1047R head and neck squamous cell carcinoma sensitive Gedatolisib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cell lines harboring PIK3CA H1047R demonstrated sensitivity to treatment with Gedatolisib (PF-05212384) in culture (PMID: 25977343). 25977343