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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Stratikopoulos EE, Dendy M, Szabolcs M, Khaykin AJ, Lefebvre C, Zhou MM, Parsons R|
|Title||Kinase and BET Inhibitors Together Clamp Inhibition of PI3K Signaling and Overcome Resistance to Therapy.|
|Date||2015 Jun 8|
|Abstract Text||Unsustained enzyme inhibition is a barrier to targeted therapy for cancer. Here, resistance to a class I PI3K inhibitor in a model of metastatic breast cancer driven by PI3K and MYC was associated with feedback activation of tyrosine kinase receptors (RTKs), AKT, mTOR, and MYC. Inhibitors of bromodomain and extra terminal domain (BET) proteins also failed to affect tumor growth. Interestingly, BET inhibitors lowered PI3K signaling and dissociated BRD4 from chromatin at regulatory regions of insulin receptor and EGFR family RTKs to reduce their expression. Combined PI3K and BET inhibition induced cell death, tumor regression, and clamped inhibition of PI3K signaling in a broad range of tumor cell lines to provide a strategy to overcome resistance to kinase inhibitor therapy.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|PIK3CA mutant||colorectal cancer||predicted - sensitive||MS417 + Pictilisib||Preclinical - Cell culture||Actionable||In a preclinical study, Pictilisib (GDC-0941) and MS417 in combination resulted in improved growth inhibition and increased cell death compared to either agent alone in colorectal cancer cell lines harboring PIK3CA mutations in culture (PMID: 26058079).||26058079|
|PTEN mutant||breast cancer||predicted - sensitive||MS417 + Pictilisib||Preclinical - Cell culture||Actionable||In a preclinical study, Pictilisib (GDC-0941) and MS417 in combination resulted in improved growth inhibition and increased cell death compared to either agent alone in a PTEN-mutant breast cancer cell line in culture (PMID: 26058079).||26058079|