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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Bridgeman VL, Wan E, Foo S, Nathan MR, Welti JC, Frentzas S, Vermeulen PB, Preece N, Springer CJ, Powles T, Nathan PD, Larkin J, Gore M, Vasudev NS, Reynolds AR|
|Title||Preclinical Evidence That Trametinib Enhances the Response to Antiangiogenic Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors in Renal Cell Carcinoma.|
|Journal||Molecular cancer therapeutics|
|Abstract Text||Sunitinib and pazopanib are antiangiogenic tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) used to treat metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC). However, the ability of these drugs to extend progression-free and overall survival in this patient population is limited by drug resistance. It is possible that treatment outcomes in RCC patients could be improved by rationally combining TKIs with other agents. Here, we address whether inhibition of the Ras-Raf-MEK-ERK1/2 pathway is a rational means to improve the response to TKIs in RCC. Using a xenograft model of RCC, we found that tumors that are resistant to sunitinib have a significantly increased angiogenic response compared with tumors that are sensitive to sunitinib in vivo. We also observed significantly increased levels of phosphorylated ERK1/2 in the vasculature of resistant tumors, when compared with sensitive tumors. These data suggested that the Ras-Raf-MEK-ERK1/2 pathway, an important driver of angiogenesis in endothelial cells, remains active in the vasculature of TKI-resistant tumors. Using an in vitro angiogenesis assay, we identified that the MEK inhibitor (MEKI) trametinib has potent antiangiogenic activity. We then show that, when trametinib is combined with a TKI in vivo, more effective suppression of tumor growth and tumor angiogenesis is achieved than when either drug is utilized alone. In conclusion, we provide preclinical evidence that combining a TKI, such as sunitinib or pazopanib, with a MEKI, such as trametinib, is a rational and efficacious treatment regimen for RCC.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|Unknown unknown||renal cell carcinoma||not applicable||Sunitinib + Trametinib||Preclinical - Cell line xenograft||Actionable||In a preclinical study, combination of Mekinist (trametinib) and Sutent (sunitinib) effectively inhibited tumor angiogenesis and growth in cell line xenograft models of Sutent (sunitinib)-refractory renal cell carcinoma (PMID: 26487278).||26487278|
|Unknown unknown||renal cell carcinoma||not applicable||Pazopanib + Trametinib||Preclinical - Cell line xenograft||Actionable||In a preclinical study, combination of Mekinist (trametinib) and Votrient (pazopanib) effectively inhibited tumor angiogenesis and growth in cell line xenograft models of renal cell carcinoma (PMID: 26487278).||26487278|
|VHL V155fs||kidney cancer||predicted - sensitive||Sunitinib + Trametinib||Preclinical - Pdx||Actionable||In a preclinical study, the combination of Mekinist (trametinib) and Sutent (sunitinib) inhibited tumor growth in patient-derived xenograft models of renal cancer harboring VHL V155fs (referred to as V155fs*4) (PMID: 26487278).||26487278|