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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Rini BI, Jaeger E, Weinberg V, Sein N, Chew K, Fong K, Simko J, Small EJ, Waldman FM|
|Title||Clinical response to therapy targeted at vascular endothelial growth factor in metastatic renal cell carcinoma: impact of patient characteristics and Von Hippel-Lindau gene status.|
|Abstract Text||To describe the relationship among patient characteristics, Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) gene status and clinical outcome in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in patients receiving vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-targeted therapy.All patients with metastatic RCC who received therapy with interferon-alpha plus bevacizumab, SU11248 or AG013736 at the authors' institution were considered. Clinical features were collected and activation status of the VHL gene (VHL) was determined from baseline paraffin-embedded tumour samples. Tumour response, time to tumour progression (TTP) and overall survival were recorded.Forty-three patients were evaluable for determination of VHL status and clinical response. There was an objective response in 18 patients (43%; 95% confidence interval 28-59%). The median TTP for the entire cohort was 8.1 months. There was an improved clinical outcome in patients with the following clinical features: male gender, lack of hepatic metastases, no previous radiation therapy and higher baseline haemoglobin level. Twenty-six patients (60%) had evidence of VHL mutation or promoter methylation; such patients had an objective response rate of 48%, vs 35% in patients with no VHL mutation or methylation. Patients with VHL methylation or a mutation predicted to truncate or shift the VHL reading frame had a median TTP of 13.3 months, vs 7.4 months in patients with none of these features (P = 0.06).VEGF-targeted therapy is active in metastatic RCC and the response can be associated with certain clinical features. The TTP with VEGF-targeted therapy might be prolonged in patients with VHL methylation or mutations that truncate or shift the VHL reading frame. Further investigation of VHL pathway components is needed to understand the biology of the response to VEGF-targeted agents in metastatic RCC.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|VHL inact mut||renal cell carcinoma||predicted - sensitive||Alpha 2 Interferon + Bevacizumab||Clinical Study - Cohort||Actionable||In a retrospective analysis, VHL alterations did not impact overall survival or objective response in renal cell carcinoma patients treated with a VEGF-targeted therapy, including Avastin (bevacizumab) and Alpha 2 Interferon combination therapy, but were associated with a prolonged time to progression (PMID: 16827904).||16827904|