Reference Detail


Missing content? – Request curation!

Request curation for specific Genes, Variants, or PubMed publications.

Have questions, comments, or suggestions? - Let us know!

Email us at :

Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (21992793)
Authors Sarcar B, Kahali S, Prabhu AH, Shumway SD, Xu Y, Demuth T, Chinnaiyan P
Title Targeting radiation-induced G(2) checkpoint activation with the Wee-1 inhibitor MK-1775 in glioblastoma cell lines.
Abstract Text The purpose of this study was to determine the capacity of MK-1775, a potent Wee-1 inhibitor, to abrogate the radiation-induced G(2) checkpoint arrest and modulate radiosensitivity in glioblastoma cell models and normal human astrocytes. The radiation-induced checkpoint response of established glioblastoma cell lines, glioblastoma neural stem (GNS) cells, and astrocytes were determined in vitro by flow cytometry and in vivo by mitosis-specific staining using immunohistochemistry. Mechanisms underlying MK-1775 radiosensitization were determined by mitotic catastrophe and γH2AX expression. Radiosensitivity was determined in vitro by the clonogenic assay and in vivo by tumor growth delay. MK-1775 abrogated the radiation-induced G(2) checkpoint and enhanced radiosensitivity in established glioblastoma cell lines in vitro and in vivo, without modulating radiation response in normal human astrocytes. MK-1775 appeared to attenuate the early-phase of the G(2) checkpoint arrest in GNS cell lines, although the arrest was not sustained and did not lead to increased radiosensitivity. These results show that MK-1775 can selectively enhance radiosensitivity in established glioblastoma cell lines. Further work is required to determine the role Wee-1 plays in checkpoint activation of GNS cells.


  • Case insensitive filtering will display rows if any text in any cell matches the filter term
  • Use simple literal full or partial string matches
  • Separate multiple filter terms with a space. Any order may be used (i. e. a b c and c b a are equivalent )
  • Filtering will only apply to rows that are already loaded on the page. Filtering has no impact on query parameters.
  • Use quotes to match on a longer phrase with spaces (i.e. "mtor c1483f")


  • Generally, the default sort order for tables is set to be first column ascending; however, specific tables may set a different default sort order.
  • Click on any column header arrows to sort by that column
  • Hold down the Shift key and click multiple columns to sort by more than one column. Be sure to set ascending or descending order for a given column before moving on to the next column.

Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
TP53 mutant glioblastoma sensitive Adavosertib + Radiotherapy Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination of Adavosertib (MK-1775) and radiation therapy synergized to inhibit tumor growth in a human glioblastoma multiforme cell line xenograft model harboring mutant TP53 (PMID: 21992793). 21992793