Gene Variant Detail

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Gene ALK
Variant C1156Y
Impact List missense
Protein Effect unknown
Gene Variant Descriptions ALK C1156Y lies within the protein kinase domain of the Alk protein (UniProt.org). C1156Y has been demonstrated to occur as a secondary drug resistance mutation in the context of ALK fusions (PMID: 21613408, PMID: 20979473, PMID: 27490033, PMID: 27045755), but has not been biochemically characterized and therefore, its effect on Alk protein function is unknown (PubMed, Apr 2020).
Associated Drug Resistance Y

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Transcript NM_004304
gDNA chr2:g.29222392C>T
cDNA c.3467G>A
Protein p.C1156Y
Source Database RefSeq
Genome Build GRCh38/hg38
Transcript gDNA cDNA Protein Source Database Genome Build
NM_004304 chr2:g.29222392C>T c.3467G>A p.C1156Y RefSeq GRCh38/hg38

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  • Simple literal full or partial string matches
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Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Alectinib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK C1156Y was sensitive to Alecensa (alectinib) in an in vitro enzyme assay (PMID: 21575866). 21575866
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK ALK C1156Y were insensitive to Xalkori (crizotinib) as demonstrated by lack of growth inhibition and lack of kinase inhibition in culture (PMID: 21613408). 21613408
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y demonstrated moderate resistance to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y were resistant to growth inhibition mediated by Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with EML4-ALK positive non-small cell lung cancer developed resistance to Xalkori (crizotinib) with the emergence of ALK C1156Y, a secondary resistance mutation (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Entrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y were sensitive to Rozlytrek (entrectinib), resulting in anti-proliferative activity (PMID: 26939704). 26939704
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I trial, a patient with EML4-ALK positive non-small cell lung cancer with a secondary Xalkori (crizotinib) resistance mutation ALK C1156Y, was treated with Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) and displayed a 41% reduction in tumor growth after 5 weeks of treatment (PMID: 26698910; NCT01970865). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) inhibited growth and ALK phosphorylation of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Luminespib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with EML4-ALK positive non-small cell lung cancer with an ALK C1156Y secondary Xalkori (crizotinib) resistance mutation did not respond to Luminespib (AUY922) therapy (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive WX-0593 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, WX-0593 inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing ALK C1156Y in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (Cancer Res 2018;78(13 Suppl):Abstract nr 4794). detail...
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Ensartinib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, Ensartinib (X-396) inhibited growth and Alk phosphorylation in cells expressing the Xalkori (crizotinib) resistance mutation, EML4-ALK C1156Y (PMID: 21613408). 21613408
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Zykadia (ceritinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed human cells expressing ALK C1156Y in the context of EML4-ALK demonstrated minimal sensitivity to Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 24675041). 24675041
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Zykadia (ceritinib) inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Alectinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y in culture (PMID: 24887559). 24887559
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed human cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y were sensitive to Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 21575866). 21575866
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive ASP3026 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ASP3026 inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y lung non-small cell carcinoma conflicting Ceritinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with EML4-ALK positive non-small cell lung cancer with a secondary Xalkori (crizotinib) resistance mutation C1156Y, did not respond to Zykadia (ceritinib) therapy (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y lung non-small cell carcinoma conflicting Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Zykadia (ceritinib) demonstrated tumor growth inhibition in xenograft models of a human non-small cell lung cancer cell line harboring EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y when compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) (PMID: 24675041). 24675041
NPM1 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited ALK phosphorylation and proliferation of transformed cells expressing NPM1-ALK with ALK C1156Y in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
NPM1 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing NPM1-ALK with ALK C1156Y demonstrated moderate resistance to Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
NPM1 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited ALK phosphorylation and proliferation of transformed cells expressing NPM1-ALK with ALK C1156Y in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
NPM1 - ALK ALK C1156Y anaplastic large cell lymphoma resistant ASP3026 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, human anaplastic large cell lymphoma cell lines harboring NPM1-ALK with ALK C1156Y were resistant to ASP3026 mediated growth inhibition in culture (PMID: 25749034). 25749034
NPM1 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor resistant ASP3026 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing NPM1-ALK with ALK C1156Y demonstrated moderate resistance to ASP3026 in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
NPM1 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing NPM1-ALK with ALK C1156Y demonstrated resistance to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
ALK C1156Y ALK rearrange lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, ALK C1156Y was identified in biopsies at disease progression after 16 months of Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring ALK rearrangement, cells derived from patient's tumor were resistant to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 31585938). 31585938
ALK C1156Y ALK rearrange lung adenocarcinoma sensitive Saracatinib Preclinical - Patient cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Saracatinib (AZD0530) and Lorbrena (lorlatinib) synergistically inhibited viability of cells derived from the tumor from a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring ALK rearrangement and an acquired ALK C1156Y in culture (PMID: 31585938). 31585938
ALK C1156Y ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a non-small cell lung cancer patient harboring an ALK rearrangement responded to Xalkori (crizotinib) therapy, but then progressed after 18.2 months, and was found to have acquired ALK C1156Y (PMID: 25724526). 25724526
ALK C1156Y ALK L1198F ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, an ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer patient harboring ALK C1156Y ALK L1198F developed resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) after initial response (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xalkori (crizotinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y and ALK L1198F in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK C1156Y and ALK L1198F in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to growth inhibition mediated by Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing ALK C1156Y and ALK L1198F compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (AACR Virtual Annual Meeting II (Jun 2020), Abstract 52226). detail...
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y and ALK L1198F were resistant to growth inhibition mediated by Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y and ALK L1198F were resistant to growth inhibition mediated by Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK L1198F lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with EML4-ALK positive non-small lung cancer initially responded to Xalkori (crizotinib) but developed resistance with the emergence of a secondary ALK mutation C1156Y, and subsequently redeveloped sensitivity to Xalkori (crizotinib) upon the emergence of a second ALK mutation, L1198F arising from resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK L1198F lung non-small cell carcinoma resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I trial, a patient with EML4-ALK positive non-small lung cancer with a secondary Xalkori (critzotinib) resistance mutation C1156Y, responded to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) but subsequently developed resistance upon the emergence of a second ALK mutation, L1198F (PMID: 26698910; NCT01970865). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y and ALK L1198F were resistant to growth inhibition mediated by Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK L1196M was identified as a compound mutation in transformed cells expressing ALK C1156Y in the context of EML4-ALK that acquired resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK L1196M lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK treated on a clinical trial achieved a partial response when treated with Xalkori (crizotinib), however, after 5 months, the patient progressed and was found to harbor secondary resistance mutations, ALK C1156Y and ALK L1196M (PMID: 20979473; NCT00585195). 20979473
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK I1171T Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK I1171T was identified as a compound mutation in transformed cells expressing ALK C1156Y in the context of EML4-ALK that acquired resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK F1174C Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK F1174C was identified as a compound mutation in transformed cells expressing ALK C1156Y in the context of EML4-ALK that acquired resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK F1174I Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK F1174I was identified as a compound mutation in transformed cells expressing ALK C1156Y in the context of EML4-ALK that acquired resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK F1174V Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK F1174V was identified as a compound mutation in transformed cells expressing ALK C1156Y in the context of EML4-ALK that acquired resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK D1203N Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK D1203N was identified as a compound mutation in transformed cells expressing ALK C1156Y in the context of EML4-ALK that acquired resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK L1256F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK L1256F was identified as a compound mutation in transformed cells expressing ALK C1156Y in the context of EML4-ALK that acquired resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK C1156Y and G1269A compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 31585938). 31585938
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK G1269A was identified as a compound mutation in transformed cells expressing ALK C1156Y in the context of EML4-ALK that acquired resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK C1156Y and G1269A compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 31585938). 31585938
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK G1269A lung adenocarcinoma unknown Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in disease progression after 6.9 months of therapy in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK, ALK C1156Y and ALK G1269A were identified in biopsies at disease progression, however, cells derived from the patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model of the patient and transformed cells expressing the compound mutation demonstrated sensitivity to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 31585938). 31585938
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK G1269A lung adenocarcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib + Saracatinib Preclinical - Patient cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Saracatinib (AZD0530) and Lorbrena (lorlatinib) synergistically inhibited viability of cells derived from the tumor from a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK and acquired ALK C1156Y and G1269A compound mutation in culture (PMID: 31585938). 31585938
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing ALK C1156Y and G1269A compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 31585938). 31585938
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Entrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK C1156Y and G1269A compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Rozlytrek (entrectinib) in culture (PMID: 31585938). 31585938
ALK C1156Y ALK pos lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Ensartinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II clinical trial, Ensartinib (X-396) treatment resulted in an objective response in 71% (5/7, all partial responses) and stable disease in 29% (2/7) of patients with ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer harboring ALK C1156Y (PMID: 31628085; NCT0321569). 31628085
EML4 - ALK ALK T1151M ALK C1156Y ALK F1174L ALK G1202R ALK S1206F ALK G1269A lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in disease progression after 3.7 months therapy in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK and ALK G1202R, at disease progression, ALK F1174L in cis wth ALK G1202R was identified in biopsies, and ALK C1156Y, G1269A, S1206F, and T1151M were identified in ctDNA (PMID: 31585938). 31585938
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing ALK C1156Y and ALK G1202R compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (AACR Virtual Annual Meeting II (Jun 2020), Abstract 52226). detail...
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
ALK mutant lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Crizotinib + Onalespib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, Onalespib (AT13387) and Xalkori (crizotinib) combination treatment did not significantly improve median progression free survival (269 vs 266 days) or objective response rate (55.4%, 38/68 vs 45.3%, 31/68) compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) single treatment in patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma harboring either an ALK mutation or ALK rearrangement (J Clin Oncol 34, 2016 (suppl; abstr 9059); NCT01712217). detail...