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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (31386052)
Authors Leaver KE, Zhang N, Ziskin JL, Vogel H, Recht L, Thomas RP
Title Response of metastatic glioma to vemurafenib.
Journal Neuro-oncology practice
Vol 3
Issue 4
Date 2016 Dec
URL
Abstract Text Extraneural metastatic disease of glioma is rare and poses unique therapeutic challenges. Increasingly, the ability to sequence genetic alterations in tumors has allowed for the identification of common oncogenic signatures such as the activating BRAFV600E mutation and may be useful in therapeutic decision making. We report two patients with widespread aggressive gliomas whose tumors were found to express the BRAFV600E mutation and then responded robustly albeit transiently when exposed to vemurafenib. Although both patients succumbed to their disease, our results suggest that targeting BRAF might be appropriate for patients with aggressive gliomas that express this mutation.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
BRAF V600E pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma predicted - sensitive Vemurafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treatment resulted in a complete intracranial response 2 months after treatment in a patient with anaplastic pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma harboring BRAF V600E, although the disease progressed 1 month later (PMID: 31386052). 31386052
BRAF V600E glioblastoma predicted - sensitive Vemurafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treatment resulted in a partial response 1 week after treatment in a patient with epithelioid type glioblastoma harboring BRAF V600E, although the patient soon passed due to complications (PMID: 31386052). 31386052