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Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Relevant Treatment Approaches Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor BI-847325 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, treatment with BI-847325 resulted in decreased expression of Mcl-1 and Mek, and inhibited growth of melanoma cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture, and inhibited tumor growth in xenograft models of BRAF V600E-positive melanoma, including models with BRAF-inhibitor resistance (PMID: 25873592). 25873592
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Binimetinib + Encorafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III (COLUMBUS) trial that supported FDA approval, Braftovi (encorafenib) in combination with Mektovi (binimetinib) resulted in a median overall survival (OS) of 33.6 months, a 1-year OS rate of 77.5%, and a 2-year OS rate of 57.7% in patients with advanced melanoma harboring BRAF V600E/K mutations compared to a median OS of 16.9 months and 1- and 2-year OS rates of 63.1% and 43.2%, respectively, in the Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treated group (PMID: 30219628; NCT01909453). detail... 30219628 detail... detail...
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Binimetinib + Encorafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III (COLUMBUS) trial that supported FDA approval, Braftovi (encorafenib) in combination with Mektovi (binimetinib) demonstrated improved tolerability profile and efficacy, resulted in a progression-free survival of 14.9 months in patients with advanced melanoma harboring BRAF V600E/K mutations, comparing to 7.3 months in the Zelboraf (vemurafenib) group (HR=0.54, p<0.0001) (PMID: 29573941; NCT01909453), and both BRAF V600E and V600K are on the companion diagnostic. 29573941 detail... detail... detail...
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Doxorubicin + PLX4720 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination of PLX4720 and Adriamycin (doxorubicin) resulted in antitumor efficacy in a melanoma cell line harboring BRAF V600E, demonstrating decreased cell survival and increased apoptotic activity in xenograft models, and inhibition of cell growth in culture (PMID: 27924459). 27924459
BRAF V600E lung non-small cell carcinoma not predictive Pembrolizumab Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring BRAF V600E did not demonstrate a significantly different response to treatment with either Keytruda (pembrolizumab), Opdivo (nivolumab), or Tecentriq (atezolizumab), compared to patients with BRAF non-V600E mutations, demonstrating an objective response rate of 25% (3/12) vs 33% (3/9) (p=1.0) and median progression-free survival of 3.7 months vs 4.1 months (p=0.37) (PMID: 29723688). 29723688
BRAF V600E melanoma predicted - sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Belvarafenib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Belvarafenib (HM95573) treatment led to inhibition of tumor growth in a melanoma cell line xenograft model harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 33953400). 33953400
BRAF V600E lymphatic system cancer predicted - sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Cobimetinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial, treatment with Cotellic (cobimetinib) in patients with histiocytic neoplasms resulted in a PET overall response rate of 89% (16/18), with complete response in 72% (13/18) and partial response in 17% (3/18), and resulted in stable disease in 6% (1/18) of patients, including 1 partial response and 3 complete responses in 4 patients with Erdheim-Chester disease harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 30867592; NCT01953926). 30867592
BRAF V600E melanoma predicted - sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor U0126 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, U0126 treatment inhibited Erk phosphorylation and reduced growth of melanoma cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 18794803). 18794803
BRAF V600E glioblastoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor BI2536 + PLX4720 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination of BI 2536 and PLX4720 resulted in suppression of downstream signaling, increased apoptotic activity, inhibition of cell proliferation, and tumor growth suppression in glioblastoma cell line xenograft models harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 26573800). 26573800
BRAF V600E thyroid gland cancer predicted - sensitive BRAF Inhibitor BGB-283 Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I trial, Linfirafenib (BGB-283) treatment resulted in partial response in 15.1% (8/53) of solid tumor patients with BRAF mutations, including 2 thyroid cancer patients harboring BRAF V600E (1 in dose-escalation phase, 1 in the dose-expansion), and in the dose-expansion phase 1 of 3 thyroid cancer patients harboring a BRAF V600 mutation demonstrated a partial response and 2 demonstrated stable disease, resulting in a disease control rate of 100% (3/3) (PMID: 32182156; NCT02610361). 32182156
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor BI 882370 + Trametinib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, xenograft models of melanoma harboring BRAF V600E treated with the combination of BI 882370 and Mekinist (trametinib) demonstrated tumor regression with no regrowth during the 5 weeks of treatment (PMID: 26916115). 26916115
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer decreased response unspecified immune checkpoint inhibitor Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, treatment with Keytruda (pembrolizumab), Opdivo (nivolumab), or combination treatment with Opdivo (nivolumab) and Yervoy (ipilimumab) in patients with mismatch repair-deficient colorectal cancer harboring BRAF V600E vs. patients with wild-type BRAF resulted in a lower objective response rate (44.4% vs. 74.2%, p = 0.12) and shorter progression-free survival (PFS) rates (1-year PFS 40% vs. 73.3%, 2-year PFS 26.7% vs. 73.3%) (PMID: 33631043). 33631043
BRAF V600E anaplastic pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma predicted - sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Mekinist (trametinib) and Tafinlar (dabrafenib) combination treatment resulted in an ongoing partial response 8 months after initiation of treatment in a patient with anaplastic pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma harboring BRAF V600E, and a near complete response after 3 months of treatment in another patient with relapsed disease (PMID: 28984141). 28984141
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Bevacizumab + Capecitabine + Vemurafenib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treatment when combined with Xeloda (capecitabine) and Avastin (bevacizumab) enhanced tumor growth inhibition and increased survival in a cell line xenograft model of colorectal cancer harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 22180495). 22180495
BRAF V600E glioblastoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Mekinist (trametinib) and Tafinlar (dabrafenib) combination treatment resulted in a complete resolution of symptoms and radiographic partial response after the first treatment in a patient with glioblastoma harboring BRAF V600E whose disease progressed on PLX8394 treatment, and a complete response after 11 months of treatment, CDKN2A/B loss and CHEK2 T367fs were also identified in the tumor (PMID: 32923904). 32923904
BRAF V600E glioblastoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, an epithelioid glioblastoma patient harboring BRAF V600E treated with Mekinist (trametinib) and Tafinlar (dabrafenib) combination therapy resulted in stable disease, and the patient continued to demonstrate stable disease at least 16 months after initiation of therapy (PMID: 29632053). 29632053
BRAF V600E glioblastoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Mekinist (trametinib) and Tafinlar (dabrafenib) combination treatment resulted in significant clinical improvement in a patient with epithelioid glioblastoma harboring BRAF V600E, however, her disease progressed after 3 months of therapy (PMID: 31217909). 31217909
BRAF V600E glioblastoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, combination therapy of Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) resulted in improved clinical symptoms in a patient with epithelioid glioblastoma harboring BRAF V600E, and treatment of the patient's cells resulted in decreased cell viability, reduced phosphorylation of Mek and Erk, increased apoptotic activity compared to either agent alone, and cell cycle arrest in culture, and led to tumor growth suppression in the patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model (PMID: 31345255). 31345255
BRAF V600E glioblastoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Trametinib Guideline Actionable Combination of Mekinist (trametinib) and Tafinlar (dabrafenib) is included in guidelines for patients with recurrent glioblastoma harboring BRAF V600E (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600E neuroendocrine carcinoma predicted - sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (VE-BASKET), responses were seen in patients with neuroendocrine carcinoma harboring BRAF V600E (n=3) when treated with Zelboraf (vemurafenib), including 1 patient with a partial response (PMID: 32029534; NCT01524978). 32029534
BRAF V600E anaplastic astrocytoma predicted - sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (VE-BASKET), Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treatment resulted in a partial response in 1 of 5 patients with anaplastic astrrocytoma harboring BRAF V600E, with 2 other patients achieved stable disease lasting 14.9, and 5.6 months, respectively (PMID: 30351999; NCT01524978). 30351999
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive Ulixertinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Ulixertinib (BVD-523) inhibited Erk signaling in melanoma cells harboring BRAF V600E, resulted in cell cycle arrest in culture and tumor growth inhibition in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 28939558). 28939558
BRAF V600E thyroid gland cancer sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dasatinib + Selumetinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Sprycel (dasatinib) and Koselugo (selumetinib) synergistically inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis in both parental thyroid cancer cell lines harboring BRAF V600E and those acquired Sprycel (dasatinib)-resistance in culture (PMID: 27222538). 27222538
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive ASN007 Preclinical - Pdx & cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ASN007 treatment inhibited cell growth and Erk signaling in a melanoma cell line harboring BRAF V600E in culture, and inhibited tumor growth in patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models, including a Zelboraf (vemurafenib)-resistant PDX model (PMID: 34337566). 34337566
BRAF V600E anaplastic astrocytoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Trametinib Guideline Actionable Combination of Mekinist (trametinib) and Tafinlar (dabrafenib) is included in guidelines for patients with recurrent anaplastic gliomas harboring BRAF V600E, including anaplastic astrocytoma (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600E melanoma decreased response BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + SCH772984 + Trametinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, combination of Tafinlar (dabrafenib), SCH772984, and Mekinist (trametinib) resulted in durable inhibition of Erk signaling and proliferation of melanoma cells overexpressing BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 28714990). 28714990
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor RAF709 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, RAF709 inhibited Erk signaling and proliferation of melanoma cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 29343524). 29343524
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive Lapatinib + Panobinostat Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, Tykerb (lapatinib) and Faridak (panobinostat) worked synergistically to inhibit growth of BRAF V600E mutant colorectal cancer cells in culture (PMID: 21464044). 21464044
BRAF V600E Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Trametinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial (NCI-MATCH), Mekinist (trametinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 37.9% (11/29) in patients with BRAF V600E positive advanced solid tumors other than melanoma, thyroid cancer, or colorectal cancer, with a median duration of response of 25.1 months, and a disease control rate of 75.9% (22/29) (PMID: 32758030; NCT02465060). 32758030
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor PLX4720 + Vorinostat Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination of PLX4720 and Zolinza (vorinostat) resulted in antitumor efficacy in a melanoma cell line harboring BRAF V600E, demonstrating decreased cell survival and increased apoptotic activity in xenograft models, and decreased Rb phosphorylation in culture (PMID: 27924459). 27924459
BRAF V600E rectum cancer sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Cetuximab + Encorafenib Guideline Actionable Braftovi (encorafenib) in combination with Erbitux (cetuximab) is included in guidelines as primary or subsequent therapy for patients with rectal cancer harboring BRAF V600E (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600E hairy cell leukemia predicted - sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Ruxolitinib + Vemurafenib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial (HCL-PG03), combined Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Jakafi (ruxolitinib) therapy in relapsed or refractory hairy cell leukemia patients with BRAF V600E demonstrated safety, and led to complete response (CR) in 87% (26/30) of patients, including 17 (65%) with negative minimal residual disease, a progression-free survival rate of 78% at a median follow-up of 37 months, and a relapse-free survival rate of 85% in the 26 patients with a CR at a median follow-up of 34 months (PMID: 33979489). 33979489
BRAF V600E pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma predicted - sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (NCI-MATCH), Mekinist (trametinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 37.9% (11/29) in patients with advanced solid tumors harboring BRAF V600E, 1 patient with pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma achieved a partial response lasting 7.2 months (PMID: 32758030; NCT02465060). 32758030
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) AZ628 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, AZ628 inhibited proliferation of melanoma cell lines harboring either monomeric BRAF V600E or dimeric isoform of V600E which conferred Zelboraf (vemurafenib)-resistance in culture (PMID: 27523909). 27523909
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Sorafenib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, colorectal cancer cell lines harboring a BRAF V600E mutation were sensitive to Nexavar (sorafenib) in culture (PMID: 24885690). 24885690
BRAF V600E lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Navitoclax + Trametinib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, Navitoclax (ABT-263) enhanced the inhibitory effect of Mekinist (trametinib) on human non-small cell lung cancer cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 25665005). 25665005
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive BRAF Inhibitor RAF Inhibitor (Pan) PLX4720 + TAK-632 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, PLX4720 and TAK-632 combination treatment resulted in durable inhibition of Erk signaling and tumor growth in xenograft models of colorectal cancer cells harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 27523909). 27523909
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Refametinib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, Refametinib (BAY86-9766) inhibited growth of colorectal cancer cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture and suppressed tumor growth in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 19706763). 19706763
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (coBRIM) that supported FDA approval, treatment with the combination of Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Cotellic (cobimetinib) resulted in an improved progression-free survival of 12.3 months, compared to 7.2 months with Zelboraf (vemurafenib) plus placebo, among patients with BRAF V600-mutated metastatic melanoma, and BRAF V600E and BRAF V600K are on the companion diagnostic (PMID: 27480103; NCT01689519). 27480103 detail... detail...
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive BRAF Inhibitor PLX7904 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, PLX7904 inhibited survival of colorectal cancer cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture and demonstrated anti-tumor activity in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 26466569). 26466569
BRAF V600E Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive PF-00477736 + PF3644022 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Chk1 inhibitor PF-477736 and MK2 inhibitor PF3644022 synergistically inhibited growth of transformed cells over expressing BRAF V600E in culture, while single agent inhibition had no effect (PMID: 26140595). 26140595
BRAF V600E lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Guideline Actionable Zelboraf (vemurafenib) is in guidelines for metastatic non-small cell lung cancer patients with BRAF V600E mutations who can not tolerate the combination of Mekinist (trametinib) and Tafinlar (dabrafenib) (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600E lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial (MyPathway), Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treatment resulted in an objective response of 43% (6/14, 1 complete response, 5 partial response) in patients with non-small cell lung cancer harboring BRAF V600E, and stable disease lasting more than 120 days in 2 patients (PMID: 29320312; NCT02091141). 29320312
BRAF V600E lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial (VE-BASKET), responses were seen in patients with non-small cell lung cancer harboring BRAF V600E (n=63) when treated with Zelboraf (vemurafenib), including 23 patients with a partial response (PMID: 32029534; NCT01524978). 32029534
BRAF V600E lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a non-small cell lung cancer patient harboring a BRAF V600E mutation had a complete response after treatment with Zelboraf (vemurafenib) (PMID: 23733758). 23733758
BRAF V600E lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Clinical Study Actionable In a retrospective analysis, non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring BRAF V600E achieved an overall response rate of 54% (13/24, 2 complete responses, 11 partial responses, and 10 with stable disease) and a disease control rate of 96% following treatment with Zelboraf (vemurafenib) (PMID: 26200454). 26200454
BRAF V600E thyroid gland papillary carcinoma predicted - sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a papillary thyroid carcinoma patient who progressed on Lenvima (lenvatinib) was found to harbor BRAF V600E and was treated with the combination of Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) on a clinical trial, resulting in partial response in the thyroid bed, cervical and intrathoracic lymph nodes, and pulmonary lesions, with a decrease in target lesion size of 67%, and the patient remained on treatment for 18 months before stopping due to progression (PMID: 31085763). 31085763
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Pimasertib + Sorafenib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Pimasertib (MSC1936369B) and Nexavar (sorafenib) synergistically inhibited proliferation of colorectal cancer cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 23629727). 23629727
BRAF V600E thyroid gland cancer sensitive CLM3 Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, CLM3 inhibited growth, Egfr signaling, and CCND1 expression in thyroid cancer cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 24423321). 24423321
BRAF V600E lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Dabrafenib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, 33% (26/78) of previously treated non-small cell lung carcinoma patients harboring BRAF V600E demonstrated an overall response, which included all partial responses, when treated with Tafinlar (dabrafenib) while 67% (4/6) receiving Tafinlar (dabrafenib) as a first-line treatment achieved partial responses (PMID: 27080216; NCT01336634). 27080216
BRAF V600E melanoma resistant RMC-4550 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, RMC-4550 did not inhibit Erk phosphorylation or proliferation of melanoma cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 30104724). 30104724
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Ganetespib + TAK-733 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, the Hsp90 inhibitor, Ganetespib, in combination with the MEK1/2 inhibitor TAK-733, caused the regression of tumors in vemurafenib-resistant cell line xenograft models of melanoma (PMID: 24398428). 24398428
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (BRIM-3) that supported FDA approval, Zelboraf (vemurafenib), as compared to Deticene (dacarbazine), resulted in an improved overall survival (OS) (13.6 vs 9.7 months, HR=0.81, p=0.03) in patients with BRAF V600E-positive metastatic melanoma, with estimated OS rates of 56%, 30%, 21%, and 17% at 1, 2, 3, and 4 years, respectively (PMID: 28961848, PMID: 21639808; NCT01006980), and BRAF V600E is included on the companion diagnostic (FDA.gov). 28961848 detail... detail... 21639808
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treatment resulted in an overall response rate of 81% (26/32; 2 complete responses, 24 partial responses), and inhibition of tumor Erk and Ccnd1, and reduced cell proliferation in metastatic melanoma patients harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 20818844). 20818844
BRAF V600E lung carcinoma resistant Dasatinib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, Sprycel (dasatinib) failed to induce apoptosis in lung carcinoma cells expressing BRAF V600E (PMID: 22649091). 22649091
BRAF V600E hairy cell leukemia not applicable N/A Guideline Diagnostic BRAF V600E is diagnostic and aids in distinguishing classic hairy cell leukemia (cHCL) from variant hairy cell leukemia (HCLv) and other B-cell lymphomas and leukemias (PMID: 29118233, NCCN.org). detail... 29118233
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Capecitabine + Vemurafenib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treatment in combination with Xeloda (capecitabine) enhanced tumor growth inhibition and increased survival in a cell line xenograft model of colorectal cancer harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 22180495). 22180495
BRAF V600E colorectal adenocarcinoma sensitive DEL-22379 Preclinical - Pdx Actionable In a preclinical study, DEL-22379 inhibited tumor growth in a colorectal adenocarcinoma patient-derived xenograft model harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 26267534). 26267534
BRAF V600E melanoma predicted - sensitive BRAF Inhibitor LXH 254 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, a melanoma cell line harboring BRAF V600E was sensitive to treatment with LXH254, demonstrating inhibition of cell proliferation in culture, and inhibition of tumor growth in a cell line xenograft model of melanoma (PMID: 33355204). 33355204
BRAF V600E cholangiocarcinoma predicted - sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (VE-BASKET), responses were seen in patients with cholangiocarcinoma harboring BRAF V600E (n=9) when treated with Zelboraf (vemurafenib), including 2 patients with a partial response (PMID: 32029534; NCT01524978). 32029534
BRAF V600E ganglioglioma predicted - sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Dabrafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Tafinlar (dabrafenib) treatment resulted in partial response 8 weeks after therapy initiation in a pediatric patient with anaplastic ganglioglioma harboring BRAF V600E, but disease progression occurred at 40 weeks due to acquired resistance (PMID: 29880583). 29880583
BRAF V600E pilocytic astrocytoma sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Selumetinib Guideline Actionable Koselugo (selumetinib) is included in guidelines for patients with recurrent or progressive pilocytic astrocytoma harboring BRAF V600E (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive BRAF Inhibitor BGB-283 + Cetuximab Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, BGB-283 in combination with Erbitux (cetuximab) demonstrated enhanced tumor suppression in colorectal cancer cell line xenograft models harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 26208524). 26208524
BRAF V600E intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma predicted - sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, combination treatment with Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) in a patient with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma harboring BRAF V600E who progressed on chemotherapy led to stable disease at 6 weeks, improvement of lung and liver lesions at 12 weeks after treatment, and response was maintained until disease progression in the liver was observed at 10 months (PMID: 33537843). 33537843
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Afatinib + BI 882370 Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, colorectal cancer cells harboring BRAF V600E were sensitive to the combination of BI 882370 and Gilotrif (afatinib) in xenograft models, resulting in tumor growth inhibition and partial tumor regression (PMID: 26916115). 26916115
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + RAF709 + Trametinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, combination treatment with RAF709, Tafinlar (dabrafenib), and Mekinist (trametinib) in melanoma cell line harboring BRAF V600E resulted in suppression of colony formation in culture (PMID: 33568355). 33568355
BRAF V600E lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) TW-37 + Vemurafenib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, TW-37 enhanced the inhibitory effect of Zelboraf (vemurafenib) on human non-small cell lung cancer cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 25665005). 25665005
BRAF V600E rectum cancer resistant Cetuximab Guideline Actionable Erbitux (cetuximab), as a monotherapy, is not indicated for use in rectum cancer patients with BRAF V600E (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) C6-ceramide nanoliposome + Sorafenib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Nexavar (sorafenib) treatment in combination with C6-ceramide nanoliposome inhibited Mek and Akt phosphorylation, led to enhanced apoptosis and inhibition of proliferation, and synergistically reduced viability of melanoma cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture, and enhanced inhibition of tumor growth in a cell line xenograft model (PMID: 18519791). 18519791
BRAF V600E glioblastoma predicted - sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treatment resulted in tumor regression as confirmed by MRI after 3-weeks of treatment in a patient with epithelioid glioblastoma harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 31217909). 31217909
BRAF V600E glioblastoma predicted - sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (VE-BASKET), Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treatment resulted in stable disease as best response in 3 of 6 patients with glioblastoma harboring BRAF V600E, with stable disease lasting 3.6, 3.7, and 12.9 months, respectively (PMID: 30351999; NCT01524978). 30351999
BRAF V600E glioblastoma predicted - sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treatment resulted in a partial response 1 week after treatment in a patient with epithelioid type glioblastoma harboring BRAF V600E, although the patient soon passed due to complications (PMID: 31386052). 31386052
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive SCH772984 Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, SCH772984 inhibited growth of melanoma cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 26267534). 26267534
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Panitumumab + Vemurafenib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, 83% (10/12) of patients with colorectal cancer carrying a BRAF V600E mutation demonstrated tumor regression when treated with a combination of Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Vectibix (panitumumab) (PMID: 25589621). 25589621
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive S3I-201 Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, S3I-201 inhibited cell invasion and Stat3 signaling in human melanoma cell lines harboring BRAF V600E that are resistant to Braf inhibition in culture (PMID: 23242808). 23242808
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) CCT241161 Preclinical - Pdx Actionable In a preclinical study, CCT241161 inhibited growth of a human melanoma cell line harboring BRAF V600E in culture, and induced tumor regression in several BRAF V600E-mutant melanoma patient-derived xenograft models (PMID: 25500121). 25500121
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive DETD-35 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, DETD-35 inhibited proliferation and colony formation of melanoma cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture and reduced tumor size in xenograft models (PMID: 27048951). 27048951
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor SB590885 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, SB590885 inhibited proliferation of melanoma cell lines harboring either monomeric BRAF V600E or dimeric isoform of V600E which conferred Zelboraf (vemurafenib)-resistance in culture (PMID: 27523909). 27523909
BRAF V600E pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Trametinib Guideline Actionable Mekinist (trametinib) and Tafinlar (dabrafenib) combination therapy is included in guidelines as an adjuvant treatment for patients with pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma harboring BRAF V600E (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600E pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Mekinist (trametinib) and Tafinlar (dabrafenib) combination treatment resulted in clinical benefit that lasted for more than 14 months in a patient with pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 29632053). 29632053
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Panitumumab Phase Ib/II Actionable In a Phase Ib/II trial, treatment with the combination of Vectibix (panitumumab) and Tafinlar (dabrafenib) resulted in stable disease in 7/8 colorectal cancer patients harboring a BRAF V600E mutation (J Clin Oncol 32:5s, 2014 (suppl; abstr 3515)). detail...
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Panitumumab Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, combination therapy consisting of Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Vectibix (panitumumab) resulted in an overall response rate of 10% (2/20, 1 complete response, 1 partial response), stable disease in 80% (16/20), and a median progression-free survival of 3.5 months in patients with BRAF V600E colorectal cancer (PMID: 29431699; NCT01750918). 29431699
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer predicted - sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) LSN3074753 Preclinical - Pdx Actionable In a preclinical study, LSN3074753 demonstrated modest efficacy in patient-derived xenograft models of colorectal cancer harboring BRAF V600E, resulted in tumor growth inhibition or regression, but relapse upon discontinuation of treatment (PMID: 28611205). 28611205
BRAF V600E glioblastoma sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib Guideline Actionable Combination of Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Cotellic (cobimetinib) is included in guidelines for patients with recurrent glioblastoma harboring BRAF V600E (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600E glioblastoma sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with epithelioid glioblastoma harboring BRAF V600E continued to response as Cotellic (cobimetinib) was added to Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treatment (PMID: 31217909). 31217909
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive BRAF Inhibitor EBI-907 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, EBI-907 inhibited BRAF and ERK signaling, resulted in growth inhibition of colorectal cancer cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture and in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 26810733). 26810733
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) CCT196969 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, CCT196969 inhibited growth of BRAF-mutant colorectal cancer cell lines in culture (PMID: 25500121), which have been reported to harbor BRAF V600E (PMID: 15294323). 25500121 15294323
BRAF V600E Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial (MyPathway), Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treatment resulted in an objective response of 46% (12/26, 2 complete response, 10 partial response) in patients with advanced solid tumors harboring BRAF V600E, but only 4% (1/23, 1 partial response) in patients harboring non-V600 BRAF mutations (PMID: 29320312; NCT02091141). 29320312
BRAF V600E Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial (VE-BASKET), Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 33% (56/172) in patients with advanced solid tumors harboring BRAF V600E, including 5 patients with a complete response and 51 patients with a partial response, and led a duration of response of 13.1 months, a progression-free survival of 5.8 months, and an overall survival of 17.6 months (PMID: 32029534; NCT01524978). 32029534
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Cediranib + PLX4720 + Selumetinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, PLX4720, Cediranib (AZD-2171) and Koselugo (selumetinib) worked synergistically to inhibit cell growth in PLX4720-resistant melanoma cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 26461489). 26461489
BRAF V600E glioblastoma predicted - sensitive BRAF Inhibitor PLX8394 Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, PLX8349 treatment resulted in a radiographic partial response and complete resolution of symptoms for 7 months in a patient with glioblastoma harboring BRAF V600E, CDKN2A/B loss and CHEK2 T367fs were also identified in the tumor (PMID: 32923904; NCT02428712). 32923904
BRAF V600E low grade glioma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Trametinib Guideline Actionable Combination of Mekinist (trametinib) and Tafinlar (dabrafenib) is included in guidelines for patients with recurrent or progressive low grade glioma harboring BRAF V600E (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer predicted - sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Belvarafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I trial, Belvarafenib (HM95573) treatment in a colorectal cancer patient harboring BRAF V600E led to a tumor reduction of 39% after 8 weeks of treatment and a confirmed partial response at 12 weeks, and response to treatment was maintained for 8 weeks (PMID: 33953400; NCT03118817). 33953400
BRAF V600E ovarian cancer predicted - sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (MyPathway), Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treatment resulted in an objective response of 50% (2/4, 2 partial response) in patients with ovarian cancer harboring BRAF V600E, and stable disease lasting more than 120 days in 1 patient (PMID: 29320312; NCT02091141). 29320312
BRAF V600E ovarian cancer predicted - sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial (VE-BASKET), responses were seen in ovarian cancer patients harboring BRAF V600E (n=4) when treated with Zelboraf (vemurafenib), including 2 patients with a partial response (PMID: 32029534; NCT01524978). 32029534
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Encorafenib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Braftovi (encorafenib) treatment inhibited Erk phosphorylation and reduced proliferation of melanoma cells harboring monomeric BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 30559419). 30559419
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Encorafenib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In preclinical studies, Encorafenib (LGX818) treatment of human melanoma xenograft models with BRAF V600E significantly decreased Mek activation and resulted in tumor regression (Cancer Res: 72(8) Suppl 1, Abstract #3790). detail...
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) DETD-35 + Vemurafenib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, DETD-35 and Zelboraf (vemurafenib) synergistically inhibited proliferation and colony formation of melanoma cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture and reduced tumor size in xenograft models (PMID: 27048951). 27048951
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Selumetinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Selumetinib (AZD6244) decreased tumor growth in a cell line xenograft model of colorectal cancer harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 23942066). 23942066
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Cetuximab + Dabrafenib + SCH772984 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, combination therapy consisting of Erbitux (cetuximab), Tafinlar (dabrafenib), and SCH772984 inhibited survival of colorectal cancer cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 27312529). 27312529
BRAF V600E anaplastic oligodendroglioma sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib Guideline Actionable Combination of Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Cotellic (cobimetinib) is included in guidelines for patients with recurrent anaplastic gliomas harboring BRAF V600E, including anaplastic oligodendroglioma (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600E lung non-small cell carcinoma not predictive Atezolizumab Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring BRAF V600E did not demonstrate a significantly different response to treatment with either Keytruda (pembrolizumab), Opdivo (nivolumab), or Tecentriq (atezolizumab) compared to patients with BRAF non-V600E mutations, demonstrating an objective response rate of 25% (3/12) vs 33% (3/9) (p=1.0) and median progression-free survival of 3.7 months vs 4.1 months (p=0.37) (PMID: 29723688). 29723688
BRAF V600E glioblastoma decreased response BRAF Inhibitor PLX4720 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, a glioblastoma cell line harboring BRAF V600E demonstrated a decreased response to treatment with PLX4720, demonstrating increased viability of CD133 positive cells in culture and in xenograft models (PMID: 26573800). 26573800
BRAF V600E colon cancer sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor PD-0325901 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, PD-0325901 demonstrated antitumor activity against BRAF V600E colon cancer cell line xenografts (PMID: 16273091). 16273091
BRAF V600E Advanced Solid Tumor no benefit MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Selumetinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a Phase II trial (MATCH), Koselugo (selumetinib) treatment resulted in a 15% (3/20) six-month progression-free survival rate, no objective responses, and did not lead to tumor regression in pediatric patients with advanced solid tumors including high grade glioma (n=8) and rhabdomyosarcoma (n=7) that harbored MAPK pathway alterations including BRAF V600E, activating KRAS, HRAS, or NRAS mutations, or inactivating NF1 mutations (J Clin Oncol 39, no. 15_suppl (May 20, 2021) 10008; NCT03213691, NCT03155620). detail...
BRAF V600E thyroid gland anaplastic carcinoma predicted - sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (VE-BASKET), Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treatment resulted in a response in patients with anaplastic thyroid carcinoma harboring BRAF V600E (n=12), including 1 patient with a complete response and 2 patients with a partial response (PMID: 32029534; NCT01524978). 32029534
BRAF V600E ganglioglioma sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib Guideline Actionable Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Cotellic (cobimetinib) combination therapy is included in guidelines as an adjuvant treatment for patients with ganglioglioma harboring BRAF V600E (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor RAF Inhibitor (Pan) RO5126766 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, RO5126766 inhibited proliferation of melanoma cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 26438159). 26438159
BRAF V600E skin melanoma sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib Guideline Actionable Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Cotellic (cobimetinib) combination therapy is included in cutaneous melanoma guidelines for patients with metastatic or unresectable disease harboring a BRAF V600 activating mutation (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600E high grade glioma predicted - sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (VE-BASKET), responses were seen in glioma patients harboring BRAF V600E (n=24) when treated with Zelboraf (vemurafenib), including 1 patient with a complete response and 5 patients with a partial response (PMID: 32029534; NCT01524978). 32029534
BRAF V600E high grade glioma predicted - sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial (VE-BASKET), Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 25% (6/24, 1 complete response, 5 partial responses) in patients with gliomas harboring BRAF V600E, with a median progression free survival of 5.5-months, a median overall survival of 28.2 months (PMID: 30351999; NCT01524978). 30351999
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Erlotinib + Vemurafenib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination of Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Tarceva (erlotinib) resulted in improved inhibition of tumor growth in BRAF V600E mutant human colon cancer cell line xenograft models compared to either drug as monotherapy (PMID: 22448344). 22448344
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Erlotinib + Vemurafenib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treatment in combination with Tarceva (erlotinib) enhanced tumor growth inhibition and increased survival in a cell line xenograft model of colorectal cancer harboring BRAF V600E compared to either agent alone (PMID: 22180495). 22180495
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Dabrafenib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, colorectal cancer cell lines harboring a BRAF V600E mutation had increased sensitivity to Tafinlar (dabrafenib) in culture compared to cell lines with wild-type BRAF (PMID: 24885690). 24885690
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor BI 882370 + Trametinib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, colorectal cancer cells harboring BRAF V600E were sensitive to the combination of BI 882370 and Mekinist (trametinib) in xenograft models, resulting in tumor growth inhibition and partial tumor regression (PMID: 26916115). 26916115
BRAF V600E salivary gland carcinoma predicted - sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II (MyPathway) trial, Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treatment resulted in a partial response in a patient with advanced salivary gland carcinoma harboring BRAF V600E, with a progression-free survival of 18.5 months (PMID: 32067683; NCT02091141). 32067683
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Navitoclax + PLX4720 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, PLX4720 and navitoclax (ABT-263) worked synergistically to inhibit growth and increase apoptosis of BRAF V600E mutant melanoma cells in culture and in xenografts (PMID: 24983357). 24983357
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor BGB-283 + Trametinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination treatment of Mekinist (trametinib) and Lifirafenib (BGB-283) led to greater inhibition of growth in melanoma cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture compared to either treatment alone (PMID: 33318037). 33318037
BRAF V600E salivary gland carcinoma predicted - sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case report, combined Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) treatment of a patient with salivary duct carcinoma harboring BRAF V600E resulted in a reduction of metastatic lesions and stable disease lasting 13 months followed by disease progression (PMID: 30323086). 30323086
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) TW-37 + Vemurafenib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, TW-37 enhanced the inhibitory effect of Zelboraf (vemurafenib) on human melanoma cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 25665005). 25665005
BRAF V600E colon adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Regorafenib + Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, combination treatment with Stivarga (regorafenib), Tafinlar (dabrafenib), and Mekinist (trametinib) in a patient with colon adenocarcinoma harboring BRAF V600E led to stable disease, and treatment continued for eight months, at which time some disease progression was observed (PMID: 33568355). 33568355
BRAF V600E cholangiocarcinoma predicted - sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, combination treatment with Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) in a patient with metastatic cholangiocarcinoma harboring BRAF V600E who progressed on chemotherapy led to a sustained metabolic response for six months (PMID: 33537843). 33537843
BRAF V600E neuroendocrine tumor predicted - sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Mekinist (trametinib) and Tafinlar (dabrafenib) combination treatment resulted in a rapid and sustained clinical response in a patient with a rectal neuroendocrine tumor harboring a BRAF V600E mutation (PMID: 27048246). 27048246
BRAF V600E thyroid gland anaplastic carcinoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Trametinib Guideline Actionable Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) combination therapy is included in guidelines for metastatic thyroid gland anaplastic carcinoma patients harboring BRAF V600E (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600E thyroid gland anaplastic carcinoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Trametinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (ROAR) that supported FDA approval, the combination of Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) resulted in an overall response rate of 69% (11/16; 1 complete response and 10 partial responses) in patients with anaplastic thyroid cancer harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 29072975; NCT02034110). 29072975 detail... detail...
BRAF V600E thyroid gland anaplastic carcinoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Trametinib Clinical Study Actionable In a clinical case report, Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) combination treatment resulted in a clinical and radiologic response that lasted for 9 months in an anaplastic thyroid cancer patient harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 27697975). 27697975
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Cetuximab + Encorafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III (BEACON CRC) trial that supported FDA approval, Braftovi (encorafenib) and Erbitux (cetuximab) combination treatment (n=113) resulted in improved median overall survival (8.4 vs 5.4 months, HR=0.60, p<0.001), confirmed response rate (20% vs 2%, p<0.001), and median progression-free survival (4.2 vs 1.5 months, HR=0.40, p<0.001) compared to control (n=107) in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 31566309; NCT02928224). detail... 31566309
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Cetuximab + Encorafenib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, combination therapy consisting of Erbitux (cetuximab) and Encorafenib (LGX818) inhibited survival of colorectal cancer cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 27312529). 27312529
BRAF V600E rectum cancer resistant Panitumumab Guideline Actionable Vectibix (panitumumab), as a monotherapy, is not indicated for use in rectum cancer patients with BRAF V600E (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) TAK-632 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TAK-632 inhibited proliferation of colorectal cancer cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 27523909). 27523909
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive ASN007 Preclinical - Pdx & cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ASN007 treatment inhibited cell proliferation and Erk signaling in colorectal cancer cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture, and induced tumor regression in two patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models (PMID: 34337566). 34337566
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Cetuximab + Dabrafenib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, combination therapy consisting of Erbitux (cetuximab) and Tafinlar (dabrafenib) inhibited survival of colorectal cancer cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 27312529). 27312529
BRAF V600E endometrial adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Rabeprazole + Rifampin + Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I trial, the addition of Mekinist (trametinib) to the combination treatment with Tafinlar (dabrafenib), Rabeprazol, and Rifampin resulted in a maintained radiographic response of lung metastases and stable pelvic mass size in a patient with metastatic endometrial adenocarcinoma harboring BRAF V600E, which lasted for 12 months (PMID: 33537843; NCT01954043). 33537843
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Navitoclax + Vemurafenib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, Navitoclax (ABT-263) enhanced the inhibitory effect of Zelboraf (vemurafenib) on human melanoma cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 25665005). 25665005
BRAF V600E lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Trametinib + TW-37 Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, TW-37 enhanced the inhibitory effect of Mekinist (trametinib) on human non-small cell lung cancer cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 25665005). 25665005
BRAF V600E histiocytic sarcoma predicted - sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (NCI-MATCH), Mekinist (trametinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 37.9% (11/29) in patients with advanced solid tumors harboring BRAF V600E, 1 patient with histiocytic sarcoma of the brain achieved a partial response with an ongoing progression-free survival at 20.9 months (PMID: 32758030; NCT02465060). 32758030
BRAF V600E biliary tract cancer sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Trametinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, Tafinlar (dabrafenib) in combination with Mekinist (trametinib) demonstrated a manageable safety profile, and resulted in an overall response rate of 51% (22/43, all partial responses) in patients with biliary tract cancer harboring BRAF V600E, with a median duration of response of 9 months, a median progression-free survival of 9 months, and a median overall survival of 14 months (PMID: 32818466; NCT02034110). 32818466
BRAF V600E biliary tract cancer sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Trametinib Guideline Actionable Tafinlar (dabrafenib) in combination with Mekinist (trametinib) is included in guidelines as subsequent-line therapy for patients with biliary tract cancer harboring BRAF V600E (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Palbociclib + PD-0325901 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination treatment of PD-0325901 and Ibrance (palbociclib) resulted in significant tumor regression in melanoma cell line xenograft models harboring BRAF V600E and demonstrated a 56% (5/9) complete response rate (PMID: 27488531). 27488531
BRAF V600E pilocytic astrocytoma predicted - sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (VE-BASKET), Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treatment resulted in a partial response in a patient with pilocytic astrrocytoma harboring BRAF V600E who stayed on treatment for 15.3 months (PMID: 30351999; NCT01524978). 30351999
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Cediranib + PLX4720 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, PLX4720 and Cediranib (AZD-2171) worked synergistically to inhibit cell growth and induce apoptosis in PLX4720-resistant human melanoma cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture and to suppress tumor growth in xenograft models (PMID: 26461489). 26461489
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor RO4987655 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, RO4987655 inhibited proliferation of melanoma cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 26438159). 26438159
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive Ulixertinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Ulixertinib (BVD-523) inhibited Erk signaling in colorectal cancer cells harboring BRAF V600E, resulted in cell cycle arrest in culture and tumor growth inhibition in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 28939558). 28939558
BRAF V600E skin melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Dabrafenib Guideline Actionable Tafinlar (dabrafenib) therapy is included in guidelines for cutaneous melanoma patients with unresectable or metastatic disease harboring BRAF V600 activating mutations, such as BRAF V600E, in cases where BRAF/MEK inhibitor combination therapy is contraindicated (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Cetuximab + PLX4720 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination of PLX4720 and Erbitux (cetuximab) inhibited tumor growth in colorectal cancer cell line xenograft models harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 22281684). 22281684
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Encorafenib + Ribociclib Phase Ib/II Actionable In a Phase Ib/II trial, Encorafenib (LGX818) and Kisqali (ribociclib) combination treatment resulted in confirmed partial response in 7.1% (2/28), unconfirmed partial response in 10.7% (3/28), and stable disease in 35.7% (10/28) of patients with melanoma harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 28351928). 28351928
BRAF V600E melanoma decreased response Pembrolizumab Clinical Study Actionable In a retrospective analysis, patients with melanoma harboring BRAF V600E (n=84) had decreased response rates (29% vs. 53%, p=0.059), progression-free survival (2.7 vs. 19 months, p=0.049), and overall survival (11.7 vs. 20.4 months, p=0.081) relative to patients with BRAF V600K (n=19) when treated with Keytruda (pembrolizumab) (n=62 and 17 for BRAF V600E and V600K, respectively) or Opdivo (nivolumab) (n=22 and 2 for BRAF V600E and V600K, respectively) (PMID: 30630828). 30630828
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive LY3214996 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, LY3214996 treatment in a melanoma cell line harboring BRAF V600E led to decreased cell proliferation in culture, and inhibition of tumor growth in a cell line xenograft model (PMID: 31744895). 31744895
BRAF V600E thyroid gland cancer sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Lapatinib + Vemurafenib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination of Tykerb (lapatinib) and Zelboraf (vemurafenib) inhibited growth of thyroid cancer cells harboring a BRAF V600E mutation in culture and in BRAF-mutant mouse models of thyroid cancer (PMID: 23365119). 23365119
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor PD-0325901 Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, PD-0325901 inhibited growth of colorectal cancer cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 26267534). 26267534
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive Dasatinib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, Sprycel (dasatinib) inhibited cell invasion, cell signaling, and proliferation in human melanoma cell lines harboring BRAF V600E that are resistant to Braf inhibition in culture and in animal models (PMID: 23242808). 23242808
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Cobimetinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, Cotellic (cobimetinib) treatment resulted in a confirmed partial response in six melanoma patients harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 27424159). 27424159
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive Cetuximab + SCH772984 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, combination therapy consisting of Erbitux (cetuximab) and SCH772984 inhibited survival of colorectal cancer cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 27312529). 27312529
BRAF V600E melanoma decreased response Nivolumab Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, patients with melanoma harboring BRAF V600E (n=84) had decreased response rates (29% vs. 53%, p=0.059), progression-free survival (2.7 vs. 19 months, p=0.049), and overall survival (11.7 vs. 20.4 months, p=0.081) relative to patients with BRAF V600K (n=19) when treated with Keytruda (pembrolizumab) (n=62 and 17 for BRAF V600E and V600K, respectively) or Opdivo (nivolumab) (n=22 and 2 for BRAF V600E and V600K, respectively) (PMID: 30630828). 30630828
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive BRAF Inhibitor BGB-283 Preclinical - Pdx & cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, BGB-283 inhibited Braf phosphorylation and cell proliferation in colorectal cancer cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture, and resulted in partial tumor regression in both cell line and patient-derived xenograft models (PMID: 26208524). 26208524
BRAF V600E pancreatic endocrine carcinoma predicted - sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with pancreatic endocrine carcinoma found to harbor BRAF V600E demonstrated stable disease and some tumor shrinkage when treated with Zelboraf (vemurafenib) (PMID: 31158244). 31158244
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination of Cotellic (cobimetinib) and Zelboraf (vemurafenib) inhibited tumor growth in a cell line xenograft model of colorectal cancer harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 28649441). 28649441
BRAF V600E colon cancer sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Navitoclax + Vemurafenib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, Navitoclax (ABT-263) enhanced the inhibitory effect of Zelboraf (vemurafenib) on human colon cancer cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 25665005). 25665005
BRAF V600E lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Navitoclax + Vemurafenib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, Navitoclax (ABT-263) enhanced the inhibitory effect of Zelboraf (vemurafenib) on human non-small cell lung cancer cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 25665005). 25665005
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) INU-152 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, INU-152 inhibited growth of colorectal cancer cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture, and reduced tumor growth in BRAF V600E-mutant colorectal cancer cell line xenograft models (PMID: 28645859). 28645859
BRAF V600E glioblastoma sensitive BI2536 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, a glioblastoma cell line harboring BRAF V600E demonstrated sensitivity to BI2536 in culture (PMID: 26573800). 26573800
BRAF V600E melanoma predicted - sensitive JSI-1187 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, JSI-1187 treatment in a melanoma cell line harboring BRAF V600E led to inhibition of cell proliferation in culture, and tumor growth inhibition in a cell line xenograft model (Cancer Res 2020;80(16 Suppl):Abstract nr 4188). detail...
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive GSK2126458 Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, Omipalisib (GSK2126458) inhibited the growth of melanoma cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 22389471). 22389471
BRAF V600E Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive BRAF Inhibitor RAF265 Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, RAF265 inhibited Erk phosphorylation and cell proliferation in BRAF V600E expressing cells in culture (PMID: 20538618). 20538618
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor PLX4720 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, PLX4720 inhibited growth of melanoma cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture and in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 18287029). 18287029
BRAF V600E melanoma conflicting MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor PD-0325901 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, a melanoma cell line xenograft model harboring BRAF V600E treated with PD-0325901 demonstrated stable tumor growth, but by day 44, growth ensued and thus, demonstrated no benefit (PMID: 27488531). 27488531
BRAF V600E melanoma conflicting MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor PD-0325901 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, PD-0325901 inhibited growth of melanoma cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 26267534). 26267534
BRAF V600E ovarian cancer sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor CI-1040 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, CI-1040 inhibited growth of a human ovarian cancer cell line harboring BRAF V600E in culture, and inhibited tumor growth in xenograft models (PMID: 19018267). 19018267
BRAF V600E melanoma predicted - sensitive BRAF Inhibitor RAF265 Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, treatment with RAF265 in melanoma patients resulted in an objective response rate of 12.1% (8/66), including a partial response in four patients harboring BRAF V600E, two partial responses and one complete response in patients with wild-type BRAF, and one complete response in a patient with unknown mutational status (PMID: 28719152). 28719152
BRAF V600E thyroid gland cancer predicted - sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Trametinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Mekinist (trametinib) inhibited growth of both parental thyroid cancer cell lines harboring BRAF V600E and those acquired Sprycel (dasatinib)-resistance in culture (PMID: 27222538). 27222538
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive BI-69A11 Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, BI-69A11 inhibited proliferation and Akt/mTOR signaling in human melanoma cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 26603897, PMID: 20531415). 20531415 26603897
BRAF V600E low grade glioma sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib Guideline Actionable Combination of Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Cotellic (cobimetinib) is included in guidelines for patients with recurrent or progressive low grade glioma harboring BRAF V600E (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600E glioblastoma predicted - sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Dabrafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a previously treated pediatric patient with epithelioid glioblastoma harboring BRAF V600E demonstrated stable disease for 10 months when treated with Tafinlar (dabrafenib) (PMID: 29621181). 29621181
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Selumetinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, a favorable response rate to selumetinib (AZD6244) was observed in mutant BRAF but not BRAF wild-type melanoma patients (PMID: 22048237). 22048237
BRAF V600E uveal melanoma no benefit YM-254890 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed mouse melanocytes expressing BRAF V600E were insensitive to treatment with YM-254890 (PMID: 33229459). 33229459
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer predicted - sensitive Ravoxertinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I trial, two colorectal cancer patients harboring BRAF V600E achieved partial responses lasting 21 and 73 weeks following treatment with Ravoxertinib (GDC-0994) (PMID: 31848189; NCT01875705). 31848189
BRAF V600E colon cancer sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Encorafenib + Panitumumab Guideline Actionable Braftovi (encorafenib) in combination with Vectibix (panitumumab) is included in guidelines as primary or subsequent therapy for patients with colon cancer harboring BRAF V600E (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600E peritoneal serous papillary adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (NCI-MATCH), Mekinist (trametinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 37.9% (11/29) in patients with advanced solid tumors harboring BRAF V600E, 1 patient with mucinous-papillary serous adenocarcinoma of the peritoneum achieved a partial response (PMID: 32758030; NCT02465060). 32758030
BRAF V600E glioblastoma decreased response MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor PD-0325901 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, a glioblastoma cell line harboring BRAF V600E demonstrated a decreased response to treatment with PD-0325901, demonstrating increased viability of CD133 positive cells in culture (PMID: 26573800). 26573800
BRAF V600E hairy cell leukemia sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Phase II Actionable In two Phase II clinical studies, patients with refractory hairy cell leukemia harboring BRAF V600E responded to Zelboraf (vemurafenib) with overall response rates of 96% (25/26) and 100% (24/24) as well as complete response rates of 35% (9/26) and 42% (10/24) with median follow up times of 8 and 12 weeks, respectively (PMID: 26352686). 26352686
BRAF V600E thyroid gland cancer sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) TAK-632 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TAK-632 inhibited proliferation of thyroid cancer cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 27523909). 27523909
BRAF V600E colon cancer predicted - sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Cetuximab + Sorafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with metastatic colon cancer harboring BRAF V600E demonstrated mixed radiographic response with slight progression in some locations and stable disease in other locations for 7 months following treatment with the combination of Nexavar (sorafenib) and Erbitux (cetuximab) (PMID: 23792568). 23792568
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Alpelisib + Cetuximab + Encorafenib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, combination therapy consisting of Erbitux (cetuximab), Encorafenib (LGX818) and Alpelisib (BYL719) inhibited survival of colorectal cancer cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 27312529). 27312529
BRAF V600E larynx cancer predicted - sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (MyPathway), Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treatment resulted in complete response in a patient with larynx cancer harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 29320312; NCT02091141). 29320312
BRAF V600E thyroid gland cancer sensitive Dasatinib + SCH772984 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Sprycel (dasatinib) and SCH772984 synergistically inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis in both parental thyroid cancer cell lines harboring BRAF V600E and those acquired Sprycel (dasatinib)-resistance in culture (PMID: 27222538). 27222538
BRAF V600E high grade glioma predicted - sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Everolimus + PLX4720 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Afinitor (everolimus) and PLX4720 synergistically inhibited growth and induced apoptosis in glioma cell lines in culture (PMID: 27217440). 27217440
BRAF V600E colon neuroendocrine neoplasm no benefit MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Binimetinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In Phase II trial, Mektovi (binimetinib) therapy in a patient with recurrent neuroendocrine carcinoma of the colon harboring a BRAF V600E mutation who had previously progressed on Tafinlar (dabrafinib) resulted in disease progression after two cycles (PMID: 30181415; NCT01885195). 30181415
BRAF V600E Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive BRAF Inhibitor PLX8394 Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, PLX8394 had been shown to block survival and growth of vemurafenib/PLX4720-resistant cells harboring distinct BRAF V600E splice variants (PMID: 24422853). 24422853
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) CCT196969 Preclinical - Pdx Actionable In a preclinical study, CCT196969 inhibited growth of a human melanoma cell line harboring BRAF V600E in culture, and induced tumor regression in several BRAF V600E-mutant melanoma patient-derived xenograft models (PMID: 25500121). 25500121
BRAF V600E glioblastoma sensitive Ulixertinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, treatment with BVD-523 (Ulixertinib) resulted in a partial response in a patient with glioblastoma harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 29247021). 29247021
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) INU-152 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, INU-152 reduced MEK and ERK phosphorylation and growth of a melanona cell line harboring BRAF V600E in culture, and inhibited tumor growth in xenograft models (PMID: 28645859). 28645859
BRAF V600E lung non-small cell carcinoma unknown unspecified immune checkpoint inhibitor Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective clinical study, patients with non-small cell lung cancer harboring rare targetable drivers (RTD) (BRAF, ERBB2/3, RET, MET, ROS1, NTRK) who received immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) achieved longer median overall survival (mOS) (32 vs 13 mo, p=0.01) compared to those who did not receive ICI, mOS was not reached in patients harboring BRAF V600E (n=5) mutations, although RTD type was not associated with OS in a univariate analysis (PMID: 30268448). 30268448
BRAF V600E ganglioglioma predicted - sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (VE-BASKET), Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treatment resulted in a partial response in a patient with anaplastic ganglioglioma harboring BRAF V600E who stayed on treatment for 13.8 months (PMID: 30351999; NCT01524978). 30351999
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor PLX7904 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, PLX7904 inhibited survival of melanoma cell lines harboring monomeric BRAF V600E as well as cells harboring the Zelboraf (vemurafenib)-resistant dimeric BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 26466569). 26466569
BRAF V600E lung cancer sensitive Ulixertinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, treatment with BVD-523 (ulixertinib) resulted in a partial response in two patients with lung cancer each harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 29247021). 29247021
BRAF V600E colon cancer sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Cetuximab + Encorafenib Guideline Actionable Braftovi (encorafenib) in combination with Erbitux (cetuximab) is included in guidelines as primary or subsequent therapy for patients with colon cancer harboring BRAF V600E (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600E thyroid gland cancer sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Selumetinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Selumetinib (AZD6244) inhibited growth of both parental thyroid cancer cell lines harboring BRAF V600E and those acquired Sprycel (dasatinib)-resistance in culture (PMID: 27222538). 27222538
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive SBI-0640726 Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, SBI-0640726 inhibited proliferation and Akt/mTOR signaling in human melanoma cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 26603897, PMID: 20531415). 20531415 26603897
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Pimasertib + Regorafenib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Pimasertib (MSC1936369B) and Stivarga (regorafenib) synergistically inhibited proliferation of colorectal cancer cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 23629727). 23629727
BRAF V600E skin melanoma no benefit MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Trametinib + YM-254890 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, combination treatment with YM-254890 and Mekinist (trametinib) did not result in synergistic inhibition of cell viability of a cutaneous melanoma cell line harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 33229459). 33229459
BRAF V600E melanoma no benefit Palbociclib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, treatment with Ibrance (palbociclib) in a melanoma cell line xenograft model harboring BRAF V600E resulted in no benefit, demonstrating low but continuous growth (PMID: 27488531). 27488531
BRAF V600E skin melanoma no benefit YM-254890 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, YM-254890 treatment did not inhibit cell viability of a cutaneous melanoma cell line harboring BRAF V300E in culture (PMID: 33229459). 33229459
BRAF V600E skin melanoma sensitive Ganetespib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, the Hsp90 inhibitor Ganetespib destabilized BRAF, especially BRAF V600E, resulted in loss of cell viability in culture and antitumor effects in cell line xenograft models of melanoma (PMID: 24398428). 24398428
BRAF V600E colon carcinoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor RXDX-105 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In preclinical studies, CEP-32496 (RXDX-105) reduced tumor volume and promoted tumor regression in xenograft models of a BRAF V600E mutant human colon carcinoma cell line (PMID: 22319199). 22319199
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Erlotinib + PLX4720 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination of PLX4720 and Tarceva (erlotinib) resulted in antitumor efficacy in a melanoma cell line harboring BRAF V600E, demonstrating decreased cell survival and increased apoptotic activity in xenograft models and culture (PMID: 27924459). 27924459
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive DT01 + Fluorouracil + Oxaliplatin Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, DT01 increased sensitivity of human colorectal cancer (CRC) cells harboring BRAF V600E to Eloxatin (oxaliplatin) and Adrucil (5-fluorouracil), and the combination resulted in decreased liver tumor growth in CRC cell line xenograft metastasis models (PMID: 26637369). 26637369
BRAF V600E lung non-small cell carcinoma not predictive Nivolumab Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring BRAF V600E did not demonstrate a significantly different response to treatment with either Keytruda (pembrolizumab), Opdivo (nivolumab), or Tecentriq (atezolizumab), compared to patients with BRAF non-V600E mutations, demonstrating an objective response rate of 25% (3/12) vs 33% (3/9) (p=1.0) and median progression-free survival of 3.7 months vs 4.1 months (p=0.37) (PMID: 29723688). 29723688
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor PLX4720 + Tivozanib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, PLX4720 and Tivozanib (AV-951) worked synergistically to inhibit cell growth in PLX4720-resistant melanoma cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 26461489). 26461489
BRAF V600E colon cancer sensitive Gedatolisib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, Gedatolisib (PKI-587) inhibited Braf V600E in vitro and inhibited growth of human colon cancer cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 21325073, PMID: 24042735). 24042735 21325073
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Refametinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Refametinib (BAY86-9766) inhibited growth of melanoma cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture and suppressed tumor growth in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 19706763). 19706763
BRAF V600E pilocytic astrocytoma sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib Guideline Actionable Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Cotellic (cobimetinib) combination therapy is included in guidelines as an adjuvant treatment for patients with pilocytic astrocytoma harboring BRAF V600E (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer predicted - sensitive JSI-1187 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, JSI-1187 treatment in a colorectal cancer cell line harboring BRAF V600E led to inhibition of cell proliferation in culture, and tumor regression and dose-dependent tumor growth inhibition in a cell line xenograft model (Cancer Res 2020;80(16 Suppl):Abstract nr 4188). detail...
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Regorafenib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Stivarga (regorafenib) inhibited proliferation of colorectal cancer cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture and suppressed angiogenesis and tumor growth in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 21170960). 21170960
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor RXDX-105 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In preclinical studies, CEP-32496 (RXDX-105) reduced tumor volume and promoted tumor regression in xenograft models of a BRAF V600E mutant human melanoma cell line (PMID: 22319199). 22319199
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Trametinib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, colorectal cancer cells harboring a BRAF V600E mutation had increased sensitivity to Mekinist (trametinib) compared to other colorectal cancer lines in culture (PMID: 25309914). 25309914
BRAF V600E Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive BRAF Inhibitor PLX4720 Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, PLX4720 inhibited Erk phosphorylation and cell proliferation of transformed cells expression BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 20538618). 20538618
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive SCH772984 Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, SCH772984 inhibited growth of colorectal cancer cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 26267534). 26267534
BRAF V600E skin melanoma sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Guideline Actionable Zelboraf (vemurafenib) therapy is included in guidelines for cutaneous melanoma patients with unresectable or metastatic disease harboring BRAF V600 activating mutations, such as BRAF V600E, in cases where BRAF/MEK inhibitor combination therapy is contraindicated (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600E Erdheim-Chester disease sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Dabrafenib Guideline Actionable Tafinlar (dabrafenib) is included in guidelines as first-line or subsequent-line therapy for patients with Erdheim-Chester disease harboring BRAF V600E (NCCN Guidelines). detail...
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) SBI-0640756 + Vemurafenib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Zelboraf (vemurafenib) in combination with SBI-0640756 inhibited the association of eIF4G1 and eIF4E in Zelboraf (vemurafenib) resistant human melanoma cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture and reduced tumor growth in xenograft models (PMID: 26603897). 26603897
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer predicted - resistant BI-3406 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, BI-3406 treatment failed to inhibit growth of colorectal cancer cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 32816843). 32816843
BRAF V600E thyroid gland cancer conflicting RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (MyPathway), Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treatment resulted in complete response in a patient with anaplastic thyroid cancer harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 29320312; NCT02091141). 29320312
BRAF V600E thyroid gland cancer conflicting RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, thyroid cancer cells harboring BRAF V600E demonstrated decreased sensitivity to Zelboraf (vemurafenib) in culture (PMID: 27523909). 27523909
BRAF V600E Erdheim-Chester disease sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Guideline Actionable Zelboraf (vemurafenib) is included in guidelines as preferred first-line or subsequent-line therapy for patients with Erdheim-Chester disease harboring BRAF V600E (NCCN Guidelines). detail...
BRAF V600E colon neuroendocrine neoplasm predicted - sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Dabrafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Tafinlar (dabrafinib) treatment of a patient with recurrent neuroendocrine carcinoma of the colon harboring a BRAF V600E mutation resulted in stable disease for 6 months before disease progression (PMID: 30181415). 30181415
BRAF V600E melanoma no benefit MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Cobimetinib + Pembrolizumab + Vemurafenib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, combination of Cotellic (cobimetinib), Zelboraf (vemurafenib), and Keytruda (pembrolizumab) resulted in unreached median progression-free survival and overall survival in patients with advanced melanoma harboring BRAF V600E or V600K mutations, however, the trial was closed due to high incidence of dose-limiting toxicity and decreased health utility at 1 year (J Clin Oncol 39, no. 15_suppl, abstract e21506; NCT02818023). detail...
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Alpelisib + PLX4720 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination of Alpelisib (BYL719) and PLX4720 enhanced antitumor activity in a melanoma cell line harboring BRAF V600E, demonstrating decreased cell survival and increased apoptotic activity in xenograft models, and decreased Akt signaling in culture (PMID: 27924459). 27924459
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer predicted - sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Dabrafenib + JSI-1187 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, combination treatment with Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and JSI-1187 led to synergistic inhibition of tumor growth in a colorectal cancer cell line xenograft model harboring BRAF V600E (Cancer Res 2020;80(16 Suppl):Abstract nr 4188). detail...
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Irinotecan + Vemurafenib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treatment in combination with Camptosar (irinotecan) enhanced tumor growth inhibition and increased survival in a cell line xenograft model of colorectal cancer harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 22180495). 22180495
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Dabrafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III clinical trial (BREAK-3) that supported FDA approval, Tafinlar (dabrafenib) improved median progression-free survival compared to Deticene (dacarbazine) (5.1 vs 2.7 months, HR=0.3, p<0.0001) in patients with BRAF V600E positive melanoma (PMID: 22735384; NCT01227889). detail... detail... 22735384
BRAF V600E histiocytic and dendritic cell cancer predicted - sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (VE-BASKET), responses were seen in patients with histiocytic neoplasms harboring BRAF V600E (n=27) when treated with Zelboraf (vemurafenib), including 15 patients with a partial response and 2 patients with a complete response (PMID: 32029534; NCT01524978). 32029534
BRAF V600E thyroid gland papillary carcinoma predicted - sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I trial, Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treatment resulted in a complete or partial response in three papillary thyroid carcinoma patients harboring BRAF V600E, with one patient having a response that lasted for 8 months who remained progression-free for 12 months, and another two patients having a stable disease that lasted for 11 and 13 months, respectively (PMID: 20818844). 20818844
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer no benefit RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, colorectal cancer cell lines harboring BRAF V600E demonstrated decreased response to Zelboraf (vemurafenib) in culture (PMID: 27312529). 27312529
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer no benefit RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, colorectal cancer cell lines were not sensitive to growth inhibition by Zelboraf (vemurafenib) in culture or xenograft models, due to feedback activation of EGFR signaling (PMID: 22281684). 22281684
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer no benefit RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, Zelboraf (vemurafenib) did not demonstrate meaningful clinical activity as a single agent, resulted in partial response in 5% (1/21) and stable disease in 33% (7/21) of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 26460303; NCT00405587). 26460303
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Trametinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, combination therapy consisting of Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) inhibited survival of colorectal cancer cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 27312529). 27312529
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor GDC0879 Preclinical - Pdx & cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, GDC0879 inhibited survival of melanoma cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in cell culture, cell line xenograft and patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models (PMID: 19276360). 19276360
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor BGB-283 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, BGB-283 inhibited Braf phosphorylation and cell proliferation in melanoma cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 26208524). 26208524
BRAF V600E Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive BRAF Inhibitor BGB-283 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, BGB-283 inhibited viability of a variety of cancer cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 26208524). 26208524
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor RAF Inhibitor (Pan) PAC-1 + Trametinib + Vemurafenib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the addition of PAC-1 to Mekinist (trametinib) and Zelboraf (vemurafenib) led to greater levels of caspase-3 activity and apoptosis in melanoma cells harboring BRAF V600E when compared to Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) treatment without PAC-1 (PMID: 27297867). 27297867
BRAF V600E brain glioblastoma multiforme predicted - sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) combination therapy resulted in tumor shrinkage after 2 months in a patient with epithelioid glioblastoma multiforme harboring BRAF V600E, who had progressed after resection, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy, and following an interruption in therapy due to toxicity demonstrated a partial response and remained progression-free for 19 months, prior to progressing 29 months after initiation of therapy (PMID: 33461766). 33461766
BRAF V600E thyroid gland cancer sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Ponatinib + Vemurafenib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Iclusig (ponatinib) and Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treatment synergistically inhibited proliferation of thyroid cancer cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 31937621). 31937621
BRAF V600E high grade glioma predicted - sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Everolimus + Selumetinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Selumetinib (AZD6244) and Afinitor (everolimus) synergistically inhibited growth and induced apoptosis in glioma cell lines in culture, resulted in prolonged survival in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 27217440). 27217440
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Chloroquine + Trametinib Preclinical - Pdx Actionable In a preclinical study, combination treatment with Mekinist (trametinib) and Chloroquine resulted in tumor regression in a colorectal cancer patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 30833748). 30833748
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Cetuximab + Vemurafenib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treatment in combination with Erbitux (cetuximab) enhanced tumor growth inhibition and increased survival in a cell line xenograft model of colorectal cancer harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 22180495). 22180495
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Cetuximab + Vemurafenib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Erbitux (cetuximab) combination treatment inhibited survival of colorectal cancer cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 27312529). 27312529
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Cetuximab + Vemurafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, the combination of Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Erbitux (cetuximab) was tolerated and showed clinical benefit in a patient with BRAF V600E mutant colorectal cancer (PMID: 24523613). 24523613
BRAF V600E thyroid gland cancer sensitive BRAF Inhibitor PLX4720 + Ponatinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Iclusig (ponatinib) and PLX4720 treatment demonstrated synergy, and inhibited Erk, Mek, and c-jun phosphorylation, reduced cell proliferation, colony formation, and migration, and induced apoptosis in thyroid cancer cells harboring BRAF V600E and in PLX4720-resistant cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture, and inhibited tumor growth, reduced lung and liver metastases, and increased survival in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 31937621). 31937621
BRAF V600E anaplastic astrocytoma sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib Guideline Actionable Combination of Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Cotellic (cobimetinib) is included in guidelines for patients with recurrent anaplastic gliomas harboring BRAF V600E, including anaplastic astrocytoma (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600E colon cancer sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Navitoclax + Trametinib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, Navitoclax (ABT-263) enhanced the inhibitory effect of Mekinist (trametinib) on human colon cancer cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 25665005). 25665005
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive Saracatinib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, saracatinib inhibited proliferation of human melanoma cell lines harboring BRAF V600E that are resistant to Braf inhibition in culture (PMID: 23242808). 23242808
BRAF V600E colon cancer resistant Cetuximab Guideline Actionable Erbitux (cetuximab), as a monotherapy, is not indicated for use in colon cancer patients with BRAF V600E (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600E pancreatic acinar cell adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, combination treatment with Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) in a patient with pancreatic acinar cell carcinoma harboring BRAF V600E who had previously progressed on chemotherapy led to a response at 8 weeks, and ongoing clinical and radiological response was still observed at 32 months of treatment (PMID: 33537843). 33537843
BRAF V600E melanoma no benefit RM-018 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, RM-018 did not inhibit growth of melanoma cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 33824136). 33824136
BRAF V600E sarcoma predicted - sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (VE-BASKET), responses were seen in sarcoma patients harboring BRAF V600E (n=6) when treated with Zelboraf (vemurafenib), including 1 patient with a complete response and 1 patient with a partial response (PMID: 32029534; NCT01524978). 32029534
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer predicted - sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Panitumumab + Trametinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, combination therapy consisting of Tafinlar (dabrafenib), Vectibix (panitumumab), and Mekinist (trametinib) resulted in an overall response rate of 21% (19/91, 1 complete response, 18 partial response), stable disease in 65% (59/91), and a median progression-free survival of 4.2 months in patients with BRAF V600E colorectal cancer (PMID: 29431699; NCT01750918). 29431699
BRAF V600E ovarian serous carcinoma predicted - sensitive BRAF Inhibitor BGB-283 Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I trial, Lifirafenib (BGB-283) treatment demonstrated safety and resulted in partial response (PR) in 15.1% (8/53) of advanced solid tumor patients harboring a BRAF mutation, including 1 patient with BRAF V600E-mutant low-grade serous ovarian cancer (PMID: 32182156; NCT02610361). 32182156
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer resistant SHP099 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclincial study, colorectal cancer cell lines harboring BRAF V600E demonstrated resistance to SHP099 in culture (PMID: 27362227). 27362227
BRAF V600E melanoma no benefit RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Sorafenib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II study, Nexavar (sorafenib) displayed negligible efficacy in melanoma patients with BRAF V600E mutations (PMID: 16880785, PMID: 22394203). 22394203 16880785
BRAF V600E lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Trametinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial that supported FDA approval, treatment with the combination of Mekinist (trametinib) and Tafinlar (dabrafenib) in patients with non-small cell lung cancer harboring BRAF V600E resulted in an overall response rate of 66.7% (38/57) in previously treated patients and 64% (23/36) in untreated patients, versus 33% (26/78) treated with Tafinlar (dabrafenib) alone (PMID: 27080216, PMID: 27283860, PMID: 28919011; NCT01336634). 27283860 detail... 27080216 detail... detail... 28919011
BRAF V600E lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Trametinib Guideline Actionable Combination of Mekinist (trametinib) and Tafinlar (dabrafenib) is in guidelines for metastatic non-small cell lung cancer patients with BRAF V600E mutations (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive MEK1 Inhibitor E6201 Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I trial, a patient with metastatic melanoma and brain metastasis harboring BRAF V600E demonstrated an ongoing near complete response with an overall survival of more than 8 years, and preclinical analysis of melanoma cell lines harboring homozygous or heterozygous BRAF V600E in culture were sensitive to treatment with E6201 (PMID: 30264293). 30264293
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive MEK1 Inhibitor E6201 Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, E6201 inhibited Mapk pathway activation and proliferation of melanoma cell lines harboring BRAF V600E mutation in culture (PMID: 24448821). 24448821
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Trametinib + TW-37 Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, TW-37 enhanced the inhibitory effect of Mekinist (trametinib) on human melanoma cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 25665005). 25665005
BRAF V600E intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma predicted - sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (NCI-MATCH), Mekinist (trametinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 37.9% (11/29) in patients with advanced solid tumors harboring BRAF V600E, of 4 patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, 3 achieved a partial response, with individual progression-free survival of 12.8, 9.1, and 29.4 months (PMID: 32758030; NCT02465060). 32758030
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer predicted - sensitive LY3214996 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, a lung cancer cell line harboring BRAF V600E and NF1 T2805I was sensitive to treatment with LY3214996 in culture, demonstrating decreased cell viability (PMID: 31744895). 31744895
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor EBI-907 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, EBI-907 inhibited BRAF and ERK signaling, resulted in growth inhibition of melanoma cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture and in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 26810733). 26810733
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + LXH 254 + Trametinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, combination treatment with LXH 254, Tafinlar (dabrafenib), and Mekinist (trametinib) in a melanoma cell line harboring BRAF V600E resulted in suppression of colony formation in culture (PMID: 33568355). 33568355
BRAF V600E melanoma no benefit SHP099 Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, SHP099 did not inhibit proliferation or ERK activation in a melanoma cell line harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 27362227). 27362227
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Imatinib + PLX4720 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination of Gleevec (imatinib) and PLX4720 enhanced antitumor efficacy of melanoma cells harboring BRAF V600E, demonstrating decreased cell survival in xenograft models, and decreased phosphorylation of Mapk1 in culture (PMID: 27924459). 27924459
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive SBI-755199 Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, SBI-755199 induced cell death in human melanoma cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 26603897). 26603897
BRAF V600E colon cancer sensitive BRAF Inhibitor PLX4720 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, PLX4720 inhibited growth of colon cancer cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture and in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 18287029). 18287029
BRAF V600E ovarian serous carcinoma predicted - sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (NCI-MATCH), Mekinist (trametinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 37.9% (11/29) in patients with advanced solid tumors harboring BRAF V600E, of 5 patients with low grade serous ovarian carcinoma, 4 achieved a partial response (PR), 1 had stable disease, 3 of the PRs lasted over 12 months (PMID: 32758030; NCT02465060). 32758030
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) LY3009120 Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, LY3009120 inhibited growth, downstream MAPK signaling and soft agar growth in human melanoma cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 26343583). 26343583
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) LY3009120 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, LY3009120 treatment inhibited Erk phosphorylation and reduced proliferation of a melanoma cells harboring either monomeric BRAF V600E or dimeric isoform (p61) of V600E in culture (PMID: 30559419). 30559419
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer no benefit MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Panitumumab + Trametinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, combination therapy consisting of Vectibix (panitumumab) and Mekinist (trametinib) resulted in an overall response rate of 0% (0/31), stable disease in 55% (17/31), and a median progression-free survival of 2.6 months in patients with BRAF V600E colorectal cancer (PMID: 29431699; NCT01750918). 29431699
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Trametinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (METRIC) that supported FDA approval, Mekinist (trametinib) treatment, as compared to Deticine (dacarbazine) or Taxol (paclitaxel) treatment, resulted in improved progression-free survival of 4.8 months versus 1.5 months and an overall six month survival rate of 81% versus 67% in patients with BRAF V600E/K-positive metastatic melanoma (PMID: 22663011; NCT01245062). 22663011 detail... detail...
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive SBI-0640756 Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, SBI-0640756 inhibited proliferation and Akt/mTOR signaling in human melanoma cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 26603897, PMID: 20531415). 20531415 26603897
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) CCT241161 Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, CCT241161 inhibited growth of colorectal cancer cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 25500121, PMID: 15294323). 25500121 15294323
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive DEL-22379 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, DEL-22379 inhibited growth of melanoma cells harboring BRAF V600E with high levels of ERK dimerization in culture and inhibited tumor progression in melanoma xenograft models harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 26267534). 26267534
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive AZD0364 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, AZD0364 (ATG-017) inhibited cell growth, decreased phosphorylation of Erk target genes, and increased expression of apoptosis markers in melanoma cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture, and resulted in tumor regression in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 33273059). 33273059
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor BGB-283 + Trametinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination treatment of Mekinist (trametinib) and Lifirafenib (BGB-283) led to greater inhibition of growth in a colorectal cancer cell line harboring BRAF V600E in culture compared to either treatment alone (PMID: 33318037). 33318037
BRAF V600E colon cancer sensitive BRAF Inhibitor GDC0879 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, GDC0879 inhibited survival of colon cancer cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in cell culture and cell line xenograft models (PMID: 19276360). 19276360
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Regorafenib + Trametinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, combination treatment with Stivarga (regorafenib), Tafinlar (dabrafenib), and Mekinist (trametinib) in colorectal cancer cell lines harboring BRAF V600E resulted in suppression of colony formation in culture, and inhibition of tumor growth in a cell line xenograft model (PMID: 33568355). 33568355
BRAF V600E anaplastic oligodendroglioma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Trametinib Guideline Actionable Combination of Mekinist (trametinib) and Tafinlar (dabrafenib) is included in guidelines for patients with recurrent anaplastic gliomas harboring BRAF V600E, including anaplastic oligodendroglioma (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600E skin melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Binimetinib + Encorafenib Guideline Actionable Braftovi (encorafenib) in combination with Mektovi (binimetinib) is included in guidelines as first-line and second-line therapy for patients with metastatic or unresectable cutaneous melanoma harboring BRAF V600E or V600K mutations (PMID: 30959471; NCCN.org). detail... 30959471
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Pimasertib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Pimasertib (MSC1936369B) inhibited proliferation of colorectal cancer cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 23629727). 23629727
BRAF V600E pilocytic astrocytoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Trametinib Guideline Actionable Combination of Mekinist (trametinib) and Tafinlar (dabrafenib) is included in guidelines as an adjuvant treatment for patients with pilocytic astrocytoma harboring BRAF V600E (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600E Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor CI-1040 Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, CI-1040 (PD184352) inhibited Erk phosphorylation and growth of transformed cells expressing BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 20538618). 20538618
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Encorafenib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, Encorafenib (LGX818) showed activity in patients with advanced metastatic colorectal cancer harboring a BRAF V600E mutation, resulting in a median progression-free survival of 4 months and a best response of stable disease in 66.7% (12/18) (Ann Oncol (2014) 25 (suppl 4): iv182-iv183). detail...
BRAF V600E colon cancer resistant Panitumumab Guideline Actionable Vectibix (panitumumab), as a monotherapy, is not indicated for use in colon cancer patients with BRAF V600E (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Navitoclax + Trametinib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, Navitoclax (ABT-263) enhanced the inhibitory effect of Mekinist (trametinib) on human melanoma cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 25665005). 25665005
BRAF V600E colon adenocarcinoma not applicable N/A Phase III Emerging In a post-hoc analysis of a Phase III trial, BRAF V600E mutations in colon adenocarcinoma patients with microsatellite stable tumors were associated with a shorter disease-free survival and overall survival compared to those patients with microsatellite instability tumors, suggesting that BRAF V600E may serve as a future prognostic biomarker in this patient population (PMID: 26768652). 26768652
BRAF V600E pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib Guideline Actionable Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Cotellic (cobimetinib) combination therapy is included in guidelines as an adjuvant treatment for patients with pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma harboring BRAF V600E (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600E diffuse large B-cell lymphoma sensitive ASN007 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ASN007 treatment inhibited growth of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 34337566). 34337566
BRAF V600E melanoma predicted - sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Pembrolizumab + Trametinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial (IMPemBra), Keytruda (pembrolizumab) in combination with short-term or intermittent Tafinlar (dabrafenib) plus Mekinist (trametinib) resulted in improved median progression-free survival compared to Keytruda (pembrolizumab) monotherapy (27.0 vs 10.6 mo, p=0.13) in patients with treatment-naive advanced melanoma harboring BRAF V600E (n=26) or V600K (n=6) mutations (J Clin Oncol 38: 2020 (suppl; abstr 10021); NCT02625337). detail...
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Regorafenib + Trametinib Preclinical - Pdx & cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, combination treatment with Stivarga (regorafenib), Tafinlar (dabrafenib), and Mekinist (trametinib) in a melanoma cell line harboring BRAF V600E resulted in suppression of colony formation in culture, and suppressed tumor growth in patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models (PMID: 33568355). 33568355
BRAF V600E salivary gland cancer predicted - sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (VE-BASKET), a patient with salivary ductal carcinoma harboring BRAF V600E demonstrated a partial response when treated with Zelboraf (vemurafenib) (PMID: 32029534; NCT01524978). 32029534
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Cetuximab + Dabrafenib + Trametinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, combination therapy consisting of Erbitux (cetuximab), Tafinlar (dabrafenib), and Mekinist (trametinib) inhibited survival of colorectal cancer cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 27312529). 27312529
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Gefitinib + Vemurafenib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination of Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Iressa (gefitinib) decreased the number of viable colorectal cancer cells harboring a BRAF V600E mutation in cell culture (PMID: 22448344). 22448344
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor ASN003 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, a melanoma xenograft model harboring BRAF V600E demonstrated tumor regression when treated with ASN003 (Mol Cancer Ther 2015;14(12 Suppl 2):Abstract nr B100). detail...
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Cetuximab + Selumetinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Koselugo (selumetinib) and Erbitux (cetuximab) combination treatment inhibited survival of colorectal cancer cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 27312529). 27312529
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) BGB659 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, BGB659 treatment inhibited Erk phosphorylation and reduced proliferation of a melanoma cells harboring either monomeric BRAF V600E or dimeric isoform (p61) of V600E in culture (PMID: 30559419). 30559419
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Everolimus + Pimasertib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Pimasertib (MSC1936369B) and Afinitor (everolimus) synergistically inhibited proliferation of colorectal cancer cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 23629727). 23629727
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Trametinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (COMBI-v) that supported FDA approval, the combination of Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) resulted in an improved overall survival rate at 12 months (72% vs 65%, HR=0.69, p=0.005), median progression-free survival (11.4 vs 7.3 months, HR=0.56, p<0.001), and objective response rate (64% vs 51%, p<0.001) compared to Zelboraf (vemurafenib) in melanoma patients harboring BRAF V600E or V600K (PMID: 25399551; NCT01597908). detail... detail... 25399551
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Trametinib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, Tafinlar (dabrafenib) in combination with Mekinist (trametinib) inhibited growth of melanoma cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 22389471). 22389471
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Trametinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, BRAF V600E positive melanoma patients who progressed on treatment with BRAF inhibitors or the combination of Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) were treated again with the combination of Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) after 12 weeks off treatment, which resulted in a partial response in 35% (8/25) and stable disease in 40% (10/25) (PMID: 28268064). 28268064
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor GSK2126458 + Trametinib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, Mekinist (trametinib) in combination with Omipalisib (GSK2126458) inhibited growth of melanoma cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 22389471). 22389471
BRAF V600E Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive BRAF Inhibitor SB590885 Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, SB590885 inhibited inhibited Erk phosphorylation and cell proliferation of transformed cells expression BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 20538618). 20538618
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor PLX8394 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, PLX8394 treatment inhibited Erk phosphorylation and reduced proliferation of melanoma cells harboring either monomeric BRAF V600E or dimeric isoform (p61) of V600E in culture (PMID: 30559419). 30559419
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Gefitinib + PLX4720 Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, Iressa (gefitinib) in combination with PLX4720 inhibited proliferation and tumorigenicity in human melanoma cell line harboring BRAF V600E and resistant to Braf inhibition in culture and in animal models (PMID: 23242808). 23242808
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Dabrafenib + SCH772984 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, combination therapy consisting of Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and SCH772984 inhibited survival of colorectal cancer cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 27312529). 27312529
BRAF V600E childhood pilocytic astrocytoma predicted - sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Selumetinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, Koselugo (selumetinib) treatment resulted in a sustained partial response (PR) in 36% (9/25) and stable disease in 36% (9/25) of pediatric patients with pilocytic astrocytoma harboring KIAA1549-BRAF (n=18) or BRAF V600E (n=7), with a 2-year progression-free survival of 70%, and 29% (2/7) of the patients harboring BRAF V600E achieved PR (PMID: 31151904; NCT01089101). 31151904
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + RAF709 + Trametinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, combination treatment with RAF709, Tafinlar (dabrafenib), and Mekinist (trametinib) in colorectal cancer cell lines harboring BRAF V600E resulted in suppression of colony formation in culture (PMID: 33568355). 33568355
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Dabrafenib + GSK2126458 Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, Tafinlar (dabrafenib) in combination with Omipalisib (GSK2126458) resulted in improved growth inhibition of human melanoma cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 22389471). 22389471
BRAF V600E basal cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, the combination of Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) resulted in stable disease after three months of treatment in a patient with basal cell carcinoma harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 33537843) 33537843
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) PAC-1 + Vemurafenib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination of PAC-1 and Zelboraf (vemurafenib) resulted in a synergistic effect when treating melanoma cells harboring BRAF V600E in culture and xenograft models, demonstrating increased apoptosis and decreased tumor volume (PMID: 27297867). 27297867
BRAF V600E pilocytic astrocytoma predicted - sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Dabrafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Tafinlar (dabrafenib) treatment resulted in a near complete response and resolution of leptomeningeal dissemination in a patient with pilocytic astrocytoma harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 28784858). 28784858
BRAF V600E lung adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (NCI-MATCH), Mekinist (trametinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 37.9% (11/29) in patients with advanced solid tumors harboring BRAF V600E, of 4 patients with lung adenocarcinoma, 1 achieved a partial response with an ongoing progression-free survival (PFS) at 32.5 mo, 3 patients had stable disease for 15.6, 6.6, and 3.6 mo, and an additional unevaluable patient achieved an 81% reduction of measured lesions and a PFS of 12.7 mo (PMID: 32758030; NCT02465060). 32758030
BRAF V600E ganglioglioma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Trametinib Guideline Actionable Combination of Mekinist (trametinib) and Tafinlar (dabrafenib) is included in guidelines as an adjuvant treatment for patients with ganglioglioma harboring BRAF V600E (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Cetuximab + Irinotecan + Vemurafenib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial (SWOG1406), addition of Zelboraf (vemurafenib) to Camptosar (irinotecan) plus Erbitux (cetuximab) improved progression-free survival (4.4 vs. 2.0 mo, HR 0.50, p=0.001), response rate (17% vs 4%, p=0.05), and disease control rate (67% vs. 22%, p<0.001) in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 33356422; NCT02164916). 33356422
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Cetuximab + Irinotecan + Vemurafenib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treatment in combination with Erbitux (cetuximab) and Camptosar (irinotecan) enhanced tumor growth inhibition and increased survival in a cell line xenograft model of colorectal cancer harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 22180495). 22180495
BRAF V600E rectum cancer sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Encorafenib + Panitumumab Guideline Actionable Braftovi (encorafenib) in combination with Vectibix (panitumumab) is included in guidelines as primary or subsequent therapy for patients with rectal cancer harboring BRAF V600E (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600E thyroid gland papillary carcinoma sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor RAF Inhibitor (Pan) RO5126766 Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, RO5126766 inhibited Mek signaling and increased radioiodide uptake and response in transgenic animal models of papillary thyroid carcinoma driven by BRAF V600E (PMID: 27669459). 27669459
BRAF V600E neuroendocrine tumor predicted - sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Trametinib + Vemurafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Mekinist (trametinib) and Zelboraf (vemurafenib) combination treatment resulted in a rapid and sustained clinical response in a patient with a rectal neuroendocrine tumor harboring a BRAF V600E mutation (PMID: 27048246). 27048246
BRAF V600E skin melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Trametinib Guideline Actionable Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) combination therapy is included in guidelines for cutaneous melanoma patients harboring a BRAF V600 activating mutation, such as BRAF V600E, as adjuvant therapy for stage III disease and as systemic therapy for patients with unresectable or metastatic disease (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) TAK-632 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TAK-632 inhibited proliferation of melanoma cell lines harboring either monomeric BRAF V600E or dimeric isoform of V600E which conferred Zelboraf (vemurafenib)-resistance in culture (PMID: 27523909). 27523909
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) TAK-632 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TAK-632 treatment inhibited Erk phosphorylation and reduced proliferation of a melanoma cells harboring either monomeric BRAF V600E or dimeric isoform (p61) of V600E in culture (PMID: 30559419). 30559419
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + LXH 254 + Trametinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, combination treatment with LXH 254, Tafinlar (dabrafenib), and Mekinist (trametinib) in colorectal cancer cell lines harboring BRAF V600E resulted in suppression of colony formation in culture, and inhibition of tumor growth in a cell line xenograft model (PMID: 33568355). 33568355
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive BRAF Inhibitor BI 882370 + Cetuximab Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, colorectal cancer cells harboring BRAF V600E were sensitive to the combination of BI 882370 and Erbitux (cetuximab) in xenograft models, resulting in tumor growth inhibition and partial tumor regression (PMID: 26916115). 26916115
BRAF V600E high grade glioma predicted - sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor PLX4720 + Selumetinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Selumetinib (AZD6244) and PLX4720 synergistically inhibited growth and induced apoptosis in glioma cell lines in culture, resulted in prolonged survival in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 27217440). 27217440
BRAF V600E thyroid gland cancer sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dasatinib + Trametinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Sprycel (dasatinib) and Mekinist (trametinib) synergistically inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis in both parental thyroid cancer cell lines harboring BRAF V600E and those acquired Sprycel (dasatinib)-resistance in culture (PMID: 27222538). 27222538
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor PLX4720 + Selumetinib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, PLX4720 and Selumetinib (AZD6244) worked synergistically to inhibit cell growth in PLX4720-resistant melanoma cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 26461489). 26461489
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer predicted - sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Binimetinib + Cetuximab + Encorafenib Phase III Actionable In a Phase III (BEACON CRC) trial, Braftovi (encorafenib), Mektovi (binimetinib), and Erbitux (cetuximab) combination treatment (n=111) resulted in improved median overall survival (9.0 vs 5.4 months, HR=0.52, p<0.001), confirmed response rate (26% vs 2%, p<0.001), and median progression-free survival (4.3 vs 1.5 months, HR=0.38, p<0.001) compared to control (n=107) in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 31566309; NCT02928224). 31566309
BRAF V600E renal cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with metastatic renal cell carcinoma harboring BRAF V600E demonstrated a partial response following treatment with Zelboraf (vemurafenib) (PMID: 26918217). 26918217
BRAF V600E thyroid gland cancer sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Dabrafenib + SCH772984 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, combination treatment with Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and SCH772984 synergistically inhibited cell growth of thyroid cancer cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture, and inhibited tumor growth in a cell line xenograft model (PMID: 33595872). 33595872
BRAF V600E pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma predicted - sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treatment resulted in a complete intracranial response 2 months after treatment in a patient with anaplastic pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma harboring BRAF V600E, although the disease progressed 1 month later (PMID: 31386052). 31386052
BRAF V600E pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma predicted - sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (VE-BASKET), Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 42.9% (3/7, 1 complete response, 2 partial responses) and a clinical benefit rate of 57% in patients with pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma harboring BRAF V600E, with a median progression-free survival of 5.7 months, and median overall survival not reached (PMID: 30351999; NCT01524978). 30351999
BRAF V600E endometrial adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Rabeprazole + Rifampin Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I trial, combination treatment with Tafinlar (dabrafenib), Rabeprazol, and Rifampin in a patient with metastatic endometrial adenocarcinoma harboring BRAF V600E, that recurred 11 years after original diagnosis and was refractory to treatment with chemotherapy, led to reduction of lung metastases and pelvic tissue mass at three months, but a slight increase in pelvic mass was observed at six months (PMID: 33537843; NCT01954043). 33537843
Clinical Trial Phase Therapies Title Recruitment Status Covered Countries Other Countries
NCT02915666 Phase I Dabrafenib + Digoxin + Trametinib A Clinical Trial of Patients With Melanoma Withdrawn USA 0
NCT04526782 Phase II Docetaxel Binimetinib + Encorafenib ENCOrafenib With Binimetinib in bRAF NSCLC (ENCO-BRAF) Recruiting 1
NCT04619316 Phase II Dabrafenib + Trametinib Trametinib Enhancing Radioiodine Incorporation Into Radio Iodine Refractory Thyroid Cancers With MAPK Inhibition (ERRITI) Recruiting 1
NCT02143050 Phase Ib/II Dabrafenib + Metformin + Trametinib Study of Dabrafenib, Trametinib and Metformin for Melanoma Patients Unknown status USA 0
NCT01897116 Phase I Hydroxychloroquine + Vemurafenib A Phase I Trial of Vemurafenib and Hydroxychloroquine in Patients With Advanced BRAF Mutant Melanoma Completed USA 0
NCT01726738 Phase II Dabrafenib + Trametinib LCCC 1128: Open Label Phase II Trial of the BRAF Inhibitor (Dabrafenib) and the MEK Inhibitor (Trametinib) in Unresectable Stage III and Stage IV BRAF Mutant Melanoma; Correlation of Resistance With the Kinome and Functional Mutations Completed USA 0
NCT03631706 Phase II M7824 Pembrolizumab M7824 Versus Pembrolizumab as a First-line (1L) Treatment in Participants With Programmed Death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) Expressing Advanced Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Active, not recruiting USA | CAN 16
NCT03708328 Phase I RO7121661 A Dose Escalation and Expansion Study of RO7121661, a PD-1/TIM-3 Bispecific Antibody, in Participants With Advanced and/or Metastatic Solid Tumors Active, not recruiting USA 5
NCT01711632 Phase II Vemurafenib BRAF Inhibitor, Vemurafenib, in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Hairy Cell Leukemia Active, not recruiting USA 0
NCT04034459 Phase II Bevacizumab + Fluorouracil + Irinotecan + Leucovorin + Oxaliplatin Cetuximab + Fluorouracil + Irinotecan + Leucovorin + Oxaliplatin FOLFOXIRI Plus Cetuximab vs. FOLFOXIRI Plus Bevacizumab 1st-line in BRAF-mutated mCRC (AIO-KRK-0116) Recruiting 1
NCT03334617 Phase II AZD9150 + Durvalumab Durvalumab + Olaparib Cediranib + Durvalumab Durvalumab + Vistusertib Durvalumab + Trastuzumab deruxtecan Ceralasertib + Durvalumab Phase II Umbrella Study of Novel Anti-cancer Agents in Patients With NSCLC Who Progressed on an Anti-PD-1/PD-L1 Containing Therapy (HUDSON) Recruiting USA | CAN 6
NCT04534283 Phase II Abemaciclib + LY3214996 A Basket Trial of an ERK1/2 Inhibitor (LY3214996) in Combination With Abemaciclib. Recruiting USA 0
NCT04800822 Phase I PF-07284892 Cetuximab + Encorafenib + PF-07284892 Lorlatinib + PF-07284892 Binimetinib + PF-07284892 PF-07284892 in Participants With Advanced Solid Tumors Recruiting USA 0
NCT02130466 Phase Ib/II Dabrafenib + Trametinib Pembrolizumab + Trametinib Dabrafenib + Pembrolizumab Dabrafenib + Pembrolizumab + Trametinib A Study of the Safety and Efficacy of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) in Combination With Trametinib and Dabrafenib in Participants With Advanced Melanoma (MK-3475-022/KEYNOTE-022) Completed 0
NCT01336634 Phase II Dabrafenib Dabrafenib + Trametinib Study of Selective BRAF Kinase Inhibitor Dabrafenib Monotherapy Twice Daily and in Combination With Dabrafenib Twice Daily and Trametinib Once Daily in Combination Therapy in Subjects With BRAF V600E Mutation Positive Metastatic (Stage IV) Non-small Cell Lung Cancer. Completed USA 10
NCT04268550 Phase II Selpercatinib Targeted Treatment for RET Fusion-Positive Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (A LUNG-MAP Treatment Trial) Recruiting USA 0
NCT04585815 Phase Ib/II Binimetinib + Encorafenib + PF-06801591 Umbrella Study of Sasanlimab Combined With Targeted Therapies in Participants With Non Small Cell Lung Cancer Recruiting USA 2
NCT01089101 Phase Ib/II Selumetinib Selumetinib in Treating Young Patients With Recurrent or Refractory Low Grade Glioma Active, not recruiting USA 0
NCT05064280 Phase II Lenvatinib Pembrolizumab Phase II Study of Pembrolizumab in Combination With Lenvatinib in Patients With TNBC, NSCLC, and Other Tumor Types and Brain Metastases Not yet recruiting USA 0
NCT04576117 Phase III Selumetinib Selumetinib + Vinblastine A Study to Compare Treatment With the Drug Selumetinib Alone Versus Selumetinib and Vinblastine in Patients With Recurrent or Progressive Low-Grade Glioma Recruiting USA 0
NCT02034110 Phase II Dabrafenib + Trametinib Efficacy and Safety of the Combination Therapy of Dabrafenib and Trametinib in Subjects With BRAF V600E- Mutated Rare Cancers Active, not recruiting USA | CAN 12
NCT04607421 Phase III Bevacizumab + Capecitabine + Oxaliplatin Bevacizumab + Fluorouracil + Leucovorin + Oxaliplatin Cetuximab + Encorafenib Cetuximab + Encorafenib + Fluorouracil + Leucovorin + Oxaliplatin Bevacizumab + Fluorouracil + Irinotecan + Leucovorin + Oxaliplatin Bevacizumab + Fluorouracil + Irinotecan + Leucovorin Cetuximab + Encorafenib + Fluorouracil + Irinotecan + Leucovorin BRAF V600E-mutant Colorectal Cancer Study of Encorafenib Taken With Cetuximab Plus or Minus Chemotherapy (BREAKWATER) Recruiting USA 10
NCT04759846 Phase I Binimetinib + Encorafenib Hepatic Impairment Study of Encorafenib in Combination With Binimetinib in BRAF Melanoma Not yet recruiting 3
NCT05039177 Phase Ib/II ERAS-007 + Palbociclib Cetuximab + Encorafenib + ERAS-007 A Study of ERAS-007 in Patients With Advanced Gastrointestinal Malignancies (HERKULES-3) Recruiting USA 0
NCT04310397 Phase II Dabrafenib + Trametinib Dabrafenib + Spartalizumab + Trametinib Dabrafenib, Trametinib, and Spartalizumab for the Treatment of BRAF V600E or V600K Mutation Positive Stage IIIB/C/D Melanoma Active, not recruiting USA 0
NCT04657991 Phase III Pembrolizumab Binimetinib + Encorafenib + Pembrolizumab Encorafenib and Binimetinib Plus Pembrolizumab Versus Pembrolizumab for V600E/K Positive Melanoma Recruiting USA 2
NCT02367859 Phase II Dabrafenib + Trametinib Dabrafenib and Trametinib in Treating Patients With BRAF Mutated Ameloblastoma Completed USA 0
NCT03189030 Phase I pLADD Study of Personalized Immunotherapy in Adults With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Terminated USA 0
NCT04675710 Phase II Dabrafenib + Pembrolizumab + Trametinib Pembrolizumab, Dabrafenib, and Trametinib Before Surgery for the Treatment of BRAF-Mutated Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer Recruiting USA 0
NCT01721603 Phase II Dabrafenib A Phase 2 Prospective Trial of Dabrafenib With Stereotactic Radiosurgery in BRAFV600E Melanoma Brain Metastases Terminated USA 0
NCT03639714 Phase Ib/II GRT-C901 + GRT-R902 + Ipilimumab + Nivolumab A Study of a Personalized Neoantigen Cancer Vaccine Active, not recruiting USA 1
NCT04171622 Phase II Lenvatinib + Pembrolizumab Lenvatinib and Pembrolizumab for the Treatment of Stage IVB Locally Advanced and Unresectable or Stage IVC Metastatic Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer Not yet recruiting USA 0
NCT02465060 Phase II Erdafitinib Copanlisib Trametinib Crizotinib Sunitinib Sapanisertib Nivolumab AZD4547 Dasatinib Pertuzumab + Trastuzumab Dabrafenib + Trametinib Binimetinib Adavosertib Osimertinib Palbociclib Afatinib Capivasertib Defactinib GSK2636771 Vismodegib Ado-trastuzumab emtansine Larotrectinib Taselisib Targeted Therapy Directed by Genetic Testing in Treating Patients With Advanced Refractory Solid Tumors, Lymphomas, or Multiple Myeloma (The MATCH Screening Trial) Recruiting USA 2
NCT01754376 Phase II Aldesleukin + Vemurafenib Combined BRAF-Targeted Therapy and Immunotherapy for Melanoma Terminated USA 0
NCT04238624 Phase II Cemiplimab + Dabrafenib + Trametinib Study of Cemiplimab Combined With Dabrafenib and Trametinib in People With Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer Recruiting USA 0
NCT01748149 Phase I Vemurafenib Vemurafenib in Children With Recurrent/Refractory BRAF Gene V600E (BRAFV600E)-Mutant Gliomas Active, not recruiting USA | CAN 0
NCT04623775 Phase II Cisplatin + Nab-paclitaxel + Nivolumab + Pemetrexed Disodium Cisplatin + Nivolumab + Paclitaxel + Pemetrexed Disodium Carboplatin + Nab-paclitaxel + Nivolumab + Pemetrexed Disodium Carboplatin + Nivolumab + Paclitaxel + Pemetrexed Disodium Cisplatin + Nab-paclitaxel + Nivolumab + Pemetrexed Disodium + Relatlimab Cisplatin + Nivolumab + Paclitaxel + Pemetrexed Disodium + Relatlimab Carboplatin + Nab-paclitaxel + Nivolumab + Pemetrexed Disodium + Relatlimab Carboplatin + Nivolumab + Paclitaxel + Pemetrexed Disodium + Relatlimab A Study of Relatlimab Plus Nivolumab in Combination With Chemotherapy vs. Nivolumab in Combination With Chemotherapy as First Line Treatment for Participants With Stage IV or Recurrent Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Recruiting USA 20
NCT04787341 Phase II Regorafenib Panitumumab PAnitumumab REchallenge Followed by REgorafenib Versus the Reverse Sequence (PARERE) Recruiting 1
NCT01709292 Phase II Vemurafenib Vemurafenib Neoadjuvant Trial in Locally Advanced Thyroid Cancer Active, not recruiting USA 0
NCT04418167 Phase I JSI-1187 Dabrafenib + JSI-1187 JSI-1187-01 Monotherapy and in Combination With Dabrafenib for Advanced Solid Tumors With MAPK Pathway Mutations Recruiting USA 0
NCT03865082 Phase II IMO-2125 + Ipilimumab + Nivolumab Study of Tilsotolimod in Combination With Nivolumab and Ipilimumab for the Treatment of Solid Tumors (ILLUMINATE-206) Recruiting USA 0
NCT04044430 Phase Ib/II Binimetinib + Encorafenib + Nivolumab Encorafenib, Binimetinib, and Nivolumab in Treating Patients With Microsatellite Stable BRAF V600E Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Active, not recruiting USA 0
NCT03255083 Phase I DS-1205c + Osimertinib DS-1205c With Osimertinib for Metastatic or Unresectable Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR)-Mutant Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Completed 1
NCT03608046 Phase II Avelumab + Cetuximab + Irinotecan Avelumab Combined With Cetuximab and Irinotecan for Treatment Refractory Metastatic Colorectal Microsatellite Stable Cancer (AVETUXIRI) Recruiting 1
NCT03668431 Phase II Dabrafenib + Spartalizumab + Trametinib Dabrafenib + Trametinib + PDR001 In Colorectal Cancer Recruiting USA 0
NCT02065063 Phase I Palbociclib + Trametinib A Study to Investigate the Safety, Pharmacokinetics, Pharmacodynamics, and Anti-Cancer Activity of Trametinib in Combination With Palbociclib in Subjects With Solid Tumors Completed USA 0
NCT04324112 Phase II Binimetinib + Encorafenib Encorafenib Plus Binimetinib for People With BRAF V600E Mutated Relapsed/Refractory HCL Recruiting USA 0
NCT03224767 Phase II Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib Vemurafenib and Cobimetinib in Treating Patients With BRAF V600E Mutation Positive Craniopharyngioma Recruiting USA 0
NCT05026983 Phase II Binimetinib + Encorafenib Binimetinib and Encorafenib for the Treatment of Metastatic Melanoma and Central Nervous System Metastases Not yet recruiting USA 0
NCT01876641 Phase Ib/II Decitabine + Vemurafenib Treatment of a Resistant Disease Using Decitabine Combined With Vemurafenib Terminated USA 0
NCT04862780 Phase Ib/II BLU-945 Study Targeting EGFR Resistance Mechanisms in NSCLC Recruiting USA 0
NCT03840915 Phase Ib/II Cisplatin + M7824 + Pemetrexed Disodium Docetaxel + M7824 Carboplatin + M7824 + Pemetrexed Disodium Cisplatin + Gemcitabine + M7824 Carboplatin + Gemcitabine + M7824 Carboplatin + M7824 + Nab-paclitaxel M7824 in Combination With Chemotherapy in Stage IV Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Active, not recruiting USA 2
NCT04140500 Phase I RO7247669 Dose Escalation Study of a PD1-LAG3 Bispecific Antibody in Patients With Advanced and/or Metastatic Solid Tumors Recruiting USA 7
NCT03803553 Phase III Binimetinib + Cetuximab + Encorafenib Nivolumab Fluorouracil + Irinotecan + Leucovorin Identification and Treatment Of Micrometastatic Disease in Stage III Colon Cancer Recruiting USA 0
NCT03181100 Phase II Atezolizumab + Cobimetinib Atezolizumab + Bevacizumab Atezolizumab + Nab-paclitaxel Atezolizumab + Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib Atezolizumab + Paclitaxel Atezolizumab With Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Anaplastic or Poorly Differentiated Thyroid Cancer Recruiting USA 0
NCT01659151 Phase II Aldesleukin Fludarabine Vemurafenib Vemurafenib With Lymphodepletion Plus Adoptive Cell Transfer and High Dose IL-2 Metastatic Melanoma Active, not recruiting USA 0
NCT04252339 Phase I RLY-1971 RLY-1971 in Subjects With Advanced or Metastatic Solid Tumors Recruiting USA 0
NCT04201457 Phase Ib/II Hydroxychloroquine + Trametinib Dabrafenib + Hydroxychloroquine + Trametinib A Trial of Dabrafenib, Trametinib and Hydroxychloroquine for Patients With Recurrent LGG or HGG With a BRAF Aberration Recruiting USA 0
NCT02693535 Phase II Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib Regorafenib Ipilimumab + Nivolumab Palbociclib Afatinib Talazoparib Pembrolizumab Temsirolimus Pertuzumab + Trastuzumab Crizotinib Abemaciclib Sunitinib Olaparib TAPUR: Testing the Use of Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Approved Drugs That Target a Specific Abnormality in a Tumor Gene in People With Advanced Stage Cancer Recruiting USA 0
NCT03864042 Phase I Caffeine + Dextromethorphan + Losartan + Midazolam + Omeprazole Modafinil Bupropion + Rosuvastatin Binimetinib + Encorafenib Pharmacokinetic Drug-drug Interaction Study of Encorafenib and Binimetinib on Probe Drugs in Patients With BRAF V600-mutant Melanoma or Other Advanced Solid Tumors Recruiting USA | CAN 3
NCT04151563 Phase Ib/II Lucitanib + Nivolumab Docetaxel Cabozantinib + Nivolumab Cabozantinib + Ipilimumab + Nivolumab Docetaxel + Nivolumab Docetaxel + Nivolumab + Ramucirumab A Phase 1/2 Study Evaluating Multiple Nivolumab Combination Therapy in Participants With Stage IV Non-small Cell Lung Cancer That Has Spread or Has Reoccurred After Failure of Chemotherapy and Immunotherapy Withdrawn USA 12
NCT03138889 Phase I NKTR-214 + Pembrolizumab A Study of a CD122-Biased Cytokine (NKTR-214) in Combination With Anti-PD-1 (Pembrolizumab) in Patients With Select Advanced or Metastatic Solid Tumors (PROPEL) Recruiting USA 5
NCT04061980 Phase II Binimetinib + Encorafenib Binimetinib + Encorafenib + Nivolumab Encorafenib and Binimetinib With or Without Nivolumab in Treating Patients With Metastatic Radioiodine Refractory BRAF V600 Mutant Thyroid Cancer Recruiting USA 0
NCT03235245 Phase II Binimetinib + Encorafenib Ipilimumab + Nivolumab Immunotherapy With Ipilimumab and Nivolumab Preceded or Not by a Targeted Therapy With Encorafenib and Binimetinib (EBIN) Recruiting 8
NCT04074096 Phase II Binimetinib + Encorafenib + Pembrolizumab Binimetinib Encorafenib Pembrolizumab +/- Stereotactic Radiosurgery in BRAFV600 Melanoma With Brain Metastasis (BEPCOME-MB) Not yet recruiting 1
NCT02928224 Phase III Cetuximab + Encorafenib Binimetinib + Cetuximab + Encorafenib Cetuximab + Irinotecan Cetuximab + Fluorouracil + Irinotecan + Leucovorin Study of Encorafenib + Cetuximab Plus or Minus Binimetinib vs. Irinotecan/Cetuximab or Infusional 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU)/Folinic Acid (FA)/Irinotecan (FOLFIRI)/Cetuximab With a Safety Lead-in of Encorafenib + Binimetinib + Cetuximab in Patients With BRAF V600E-mutant Metastatic Colorectal Cancer (BEACON CRC) Active, not recruiting USA | CAN 25
NCT03709706 Phase Ib/II NY-ESO-1-c259T + Pembrolizumab NY-ESO-1-c259T Pilot Immunotherapy Study With Autologous T-cells Specific for NY-ESO-1/ LAGE-1a-positive Advanced NSCLC Either Alone or in Combination With Pembrolizumab Recruiting USA | CAN 3
NCT02949843 Phase II Nivolumab + Pembrolizumab Targeted Therapy in Treating Patients With Incurable Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer With Genetic Mutations Terminated USA 0
NCT03973918 Phase II Binimetinib + Encorafenib Study of Binimetinib With Encorafenib in Adults With Recurrent BRAF V600-Mutated HGG (BRAF) Recruiting USA 0
NCT01750918 Phase II Fluorouracil Dabrafenib + Panitumumab Dabrafenib + Panitumumab + Trametinib Panitumumab + Trametinib BRAF/MEK/EGFR Inhibitor Combination Study in Colorectal Cancer (CRC) Completed USA 7
NCT04083976 Phase II Erdafitinib A Study of Erdafitinib in Participants With Advanced Solid Tumors and Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor (FGFR) Gene Alterations Recruiting USA 14
NCT03839342 Phase II Binimetinib + Encorafenib Binimetinib and Encorafenib for the Treatment of Advanced Solid Tumors With Non-V600E BRAF Mutations (BEAVER) Recruiting CAN 0
NCT03975231 Phase I Dabrafenib + Trametinib Dabrafenib, Trametinib, and IMRT in Treating Patients With BRAF Mutated Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer Recruiting USA 0
NCT04017650 Phase Ib/II Cetuximab + Encorafenib + Nivolumab Encorafenib, Cetuximab, and Nivolumab in Treating Patients With Microsatellite Stable, BRAFV600E Mutated Unresectable or Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Recruiting USA 0
NCT02257424 Phase Ib/II Dabrafenib + Hydroxychloroquine + Trametinib Dabrafenib, Trametinib and Hydroxychloroquine in Patients With Advanced BRAF Mutant Melanoma (BAMM) Active, not recruiting USA 0
NCT05059470 Phase II Pembrolizumab IMRT Followed by Pembrolizumab in the Adjuvant Setting in Anaplastic Cancer of the Thyroid (IMPAACT): Phase II Trial Adjuvant Pembrolizumab After IMRT in ATC Not yet recruiting USA 0
NCT03878719 Phase I Binimetinib + Encorafenib Study of the Combination of Binimetinib and Encorafenib in Adolescent Patients With Unresectable or Metastatic BRAF V600-mutant Melanoma Recruiting USA 4
NCT02164916 Phase II Cetuximab + Irinotecan Cetuximab + Irinotecan + Vemurafenib S1406 Phase II Study of Irinotecan and Cetuximab With or Without Vemurafenib in BRAF Mutant Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Completed USA 0
NCT01534897 Phase I Dabrafenib Re-differentiation of Radioiodine-Refractory BRAF V600E-mutant Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma With GSK2118436 Completed USA 0
NCT04557956 Phase Ib/II Tazemetostat Dabrafenib + Tazemetostat + Trametinib Testing the Addition of the Anti-cancer Drug, Tazemetostat, to the Usual Treatment (Dabrafenib and Trametinib) for Metastatic Melanoma That Has Progressed on the Usual Treatment Recruiting USA 0
NCT01943422 Phase Ib/II Interferon alpha-2b + Vemurafenib Safety and Efficacy Study of Vemurafenib and High-dose Interferon Alfa-2b in Melanoma Completed USA 0
NCT02014909 Phase I CDX-3379 CDX-3379 + Vemurafenib CDX-3379 + Trastuzumab CDX-3379 + Cetuximab CDX-3379 + Erlotinib A Phase 1 Study to Evaluate the Safety and Pharmacokinetics of KTN3379 in Adult Subjects With Advanced Tumors Completed USA 0
NCT03898908 Phase II Binimetinib + Encorafenib Encorafenib and Binimetinib Before Local Treatment in Patients With BRAF Mutant Melanoma Metastatic to the Brain (EBRAIN-MEL) Recruiting 1
NCT03475004 Phase II Bevacizumab + Binimetinib + Pembrolizumab Study of Pembrolizumab, Binimetinib, and Bevacizumab in Patients With Refractory Colorectal Cancer Recruiting USA 0
NCT04655976 Phase II Docetaxel Docetaxel + Dostarlimab-gxly + TSR-022 Docetaxel + Dostarlimab-gxly Study of Cobolimab in Combination With Dostarlimab and Docetaxel in Advanced NSCLC Participants (COSTAR Lung) Recruiting USA | CAN 9
NCT03732703 Phase Ib/II Dexamethasone + Enasidenib + Ixazomib + Pomalidomide Cobimetinib + Dexamethasone + Ixazomib + Pomalidomide Dexamethasone + Erdafitinib + Ixazomib + Pomalidomide Dexamethasone + Ixazomib + Pomalidomide + Venetoclax Abemaciclib + Dexamethasone + Ixazomib + Pomalidomide Daratumumab + Dexamethasone + Ixazomib + Pomalidomide Myeloma-Developing Regimens Using Genomics (MyDRUG) (MyDRUG) Recruiting USA 0
NCT02178722 Phase Ib/II Epacadostat + Pembrolizumab Study to Explore the Safety, Tolerability and Efficacy of MK-3475 in Combination With INCB024360 in Participants With Selected Cancers Completed USA 0
NCT04126733 Phase II Nivolumab + Regorafenib Study on the Effectiveness and Safety of the Combination of the Two Drugs Regorafenib and Nivolumab in Patients With Colorectal Cancer (Cancer of the Colon or Rectum Classified as Proficient Mismatch Repair and Microsatellite Stable) Active, not recruiting USA 0
NCT01740648 Phase I Fluorouracil + Trametinib Trametinib, Fluorouracil, and Radiation Therapy Before Surgery in Treating Patients With Stage II-III Rectal Cancer Active, not recruiting USA 0
NCT03365882 Phase II Cetuximab + Irinotecan Pertuzumab + Trastuzumab S1613, Trastuzumab and Pertuzumab or Cetuximab and Irinotecan Hydrochloride in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced or Metastatic HER2/Neu Amplified Colorectal Cancer That Cannot Be Removed by Surgery Recruiting USA 1
NCT04166409 Phase III Selumetinib Carboplatin + Vincristine Sulfate A Study of the Drugs Selumetinib vs. Carboplatin and Vincristine in Patients With Low-Grade Glioma Recruiting USA | CAN 1
NCT01638676 Phase Ib/II Metformin + Vemurafenib A Phase I/II Trial of Vemurafenib and Metformin to Melanoma Patients Unknown status USA 0
NCT04390243 Phase II Binimetinib + Encorafenib Binimetinib and Encorafenib for the Treatment of Pancreatic Cancer in Patients With a Somatic BRAF V600E Mutation Recruiting USA 0
NCT03915951 Phase II Binimetinib + Encorafenib An Open-label Study of Encorafenib + Binimetinib in Patients With BRAFV600E-mutant Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Recruiting USA 4
NCT04117945 Phase II Regorafenib Irinotecan + Panitumumab Panitumumab Cetuximab + Irinotecan Cetuximab Regorafenib, With Cetuximab or Panitumumab, for the Treatment of Unresectable, Locally Advanced, or Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Recruiting USA 0
NCT03693170 Phase II Binimetinib + Cetuximab + Encorafenib Encorafenib, Binimetinib and Cetuximab in Subjects With Previously Untreated BRAF-mutant ColoRectal Cancer (ANCHOR-CRC) Active, not recruiting USA 8
NCT03244956 Phase II Trametinib Dabrafenib + Trametinib Efficacy of MEK (Trametinib) and BRAFV600E (Dabrafenib) Inhibitors With Radioactive Iodine (RAI) for the Treatment of Refractory Metastatic Differentiated Thyroid Cancer (MERAIODE) Active, not recruiting 1
NCT03520686 Phase III ALT-803 + Carboplatin + Pembrolizumab + Pemetrexed Disodium ALT-803 + Cisplatin + Pembrolizumab + Pemetrexed Disodium Pembrolizumab Carboplatin + Paclitaxel + Pembrolizumab Carboplatin + Nab-paclitaxel + Pembrolizumab ALT-803 + Pembrolizumab Carboplatin + Pembrolizumab + Pemetrexed Disodium Cisplatin + Pembrolizumab + Pemetrexed Disodium ALT-803 + Carboplatin + Nab-paclitaxel + Pembrolizumab QUILT 2.023: A Study of N-803 in Combination With Current Standard of Care vs Standard of Care as First-Line Treatment for Patients With Stage 3 or 4 NSCLC. Recruiting USA 0
NCT04581824 Phase II Carboplatin + Pembrolizumab + Pemetrexed Disodium Cisplatin + Pembrolizumab + Pemetrexed Disodium Cisplatin + Dostarlimab-gxly + Pemetrexed Disodium Carboplatin + Dostarlimab-gxly + Pemetrexed Disodium Efficacy Comparison of Dostarlimab Plus Chemotherapy Versus Pembrolizumab Plus Chemotherapy in Participants With Metastatic Non-squamous Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Recruiting USA 10