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Title ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines
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URL https://www.esmo.org/Guidelines
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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
KIT exon9 gastrointestinal stromal tumor sensitive Imatinib Guideline Actionable Gleevec (imatinib) is included in guidelines for gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) patients harboring sensitizing mutations, such as KIT exon 9 mutations, as adjuvant therapy for patients with localized disease and as first-line therapy for patients with locally advanced, unresectable, or metastatic disease (PMID: 34560242; ESMO.org). 34560242 detail...
KIT exon9 gastrointestinal stromal tumor predicted - sensitive Ripretinib Guideline Actionable Qinlock (ripretinib) is included in guidelines as fourth-line or subsequent therapy for locally advanced, unresectable, or metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) patients harboring sensitizing mutations, such as KIT exon 9 mutations (PMID: 34560242; ESMO.org). 34560242 detail...
PALB2 inact mut estrogen-receptor positive breast cancer sensitive Olaparib Guideline Actionable Lynparza (olaparib) is included in guidelines as second-line therapy for patients with ESR1 (ER)-positive, ERBB2 (HER2)-negative metastatic breast cancer with germline or somatic pathogenic/likely pathogenic PALB2 mutations who have progressed on an endocrine therapy plus CDK4/6 inhibitor (PMID: 34678411; ESMO.org). detail... 34678411
NRAS mutant colorectal cancer no benefit Panitumumab Guideline Actionable Vectibix (panitumumab) alone or in combination with chemotherapy is not indicated for use in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer harboring RAS mutations (PMID: 25190710; ESMO.org). 25190710 detail...
ROS1 rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Guideline Actionable Lorbrena (lorlatinib) is included in guidelines as first-line therapy for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring a ROS1 rearrangement, or as a next-line therapy in patients with ROS1-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer who have not received prior ROS1 inhibitor therapy (PMID: 32169226, Version Update 15 Sept 2020; ESMO.org). 32169226 detail...
NRAS mutant thyroid gland medullary carcinoma sensitive Cabozantinib Guideline Actionable Cometriq (cabozantinib) is included in guidelines for patients with advanced or metastatic medullary thyroid carcinoma harboring RAS mutations (PMID: 31549998, PMID: 35491008; ESMO.org). 35491008 31549998 detail...
KIT exon11 gastrointestinal stromal tumor sensitive Imatinib Guideline Actionable Gleevec (imatinib) is included in guidelines for gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) patients harboring sensitizing mutations, such as KIT exon 11 mutations, as adjuvant therapy for patients with localized disease and as first-line therapy for patients with locally advanced, unresectable, or metastatic disease (PMID: 34560242; ESMO.org). 34560242 detail...
FGFR2 fusion bladder urothelial carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib Guideline Actionable Balversa (erdafitinib) is included in guidelines for patients with advanced or metastatic bladder urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations (PMID: 34861372; ESMO.org). detail... 34861372
ROS1 rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib Guideline Actionable Zykadia (ceritinib) is included in guidelines for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring a ROS1 rearrangement who have not received prior Xalkori (crizotinib) therapy (PMID: 32169226; ESMO.org). detail... 32169226
NRAS mutant colorectal cancer no benefit Cetuximab Guideline Actionable Erbitux (cetuximab) alone or in combination with chemotherapy is not indicated for use in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer harboring RAS mutations (PMID: 25190710; ESMO.org). 25190710 detail...
KIT exon11 gastrointestinal stromal tumor sensitive Sunitinib Guideline Actionable Sutent (sunitinib) is included in guidelines as second-line or subsequent therapy for locally advanced, unresectable, or metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) patients harboring sensitizing mutations, such as KIT exon 11 mutations (PMID: 34560242; ESMO.org). 34560242 detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib Guideline Actionable Alecensa (alectinib) is included in guidelines for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement (PMID: 32169226; ESMO.org). 32169226 detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib Guideline Actionable Xalkori (crizotinib) is included in guidelines as first-line therapy for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement, or as a next-line therapy in patients with ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer who have not received prior Xalkori (crizotinib) (PMID: 32169226; ESMO.org). 32169226 detail...
BRAF V600X skin melanoma sensitive Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib Guideline Actionable BRAF inhibitor plus MEK inhibitor combination therapy, such as Cotellic (cobimetinib) plus Zelboraf (vemurafenib), is included in guidelines for cutaneous melanoma patients with unresectable or metastatic disease harboring a BRAF V600 mutation (PMID: 31566661; ESMO.org). 31566661 detail...
KIT exon9 gastrointestinal stromal tumor sensitive Sunitinib Guideline Actionable Sutent (sunitinib) is included in guidelines as second-line or subsequent therapy for locally advanced, unresectable, or metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) patients harboring sensitizing mutations, such as KIT exon 9 mutations (PMID: 34560242; ESMO.org). detail... 34560242
FGFR2 act mut bladder urothelial carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib Guideline Actionable Balversa (erdafitinib) is included in guidelines for patients with advanced or metastatic bladder urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations (PMID: 34861372; ESMO.org). detail... 34861372
FGFR3 act mut bladder urothelial carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib Guideline Actionable Balversa (erdafitinib) is included in guidelines for patients with advanced or metastatic bladder urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations (PMID: 34861372; ESMO.org). detail... 34861372
ROS1 rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Entrectinib Guideline Actionable Rozlytrek (entrectinib) is included in guidelines as first-line therapy for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring a ROS1 rearrangement, or as a next-line therapy in patients with ROS1-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer who have not received prior ROS1 inhibitor therapy (PMID: 32169226, Version Update 15 Sept 2020; ESMO.org). 32169226 detail...
RET fusion differentiated thyroid gland carcinoma sensitive Selpercatinib Guideline Actionable Retevmo (selpercatinib) is included in guidelines for patients with advanced or metastatic differentiated thyroid gland carcinoma harboring RET fusions (PMID: 31549998, PMID: 35491008; ESMO.org). 35491008 31549998 detail...
HRAS mutant thyroid gland medullary carcinoma sensitive Cabozantinib Guideline Actionable Cometriq (cabozantinib) is included in guidelines for patients with advanced or metastatic medullary thyroid carcinoma harboring RAS mutations (PMID: 31549998, PMID: 35491008; ESMO.org). 35491008 31549998 detail...
KIT exon11 gastrointestinal stromal tumor sensitive Regorafenib Guideline Actionable Stivarga (regorafenib) is included in guidelines as third-line or subsequent therapy for locally advanced, unresectable, or metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) patients harboring sensitizing mutations, such as KIT exon 11 mutations (PMID: 34560242; ESMO.org). 34560242 detail...
RET mutant thyroid gland medullary carcinoma sensitive Selpercatinib Guideline Actionable Gavreto (pralsetinib) is included in guidelines for adult or pediatric patients 12 years or older with advanced medullary thyroid gland carcinoma harboring RET mutations (PMID: 31549998, PMID: 35491008; ESMO.org). 31549998 detail... 35491008
BRAF V600X lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Dabrafenib + Trametinib Guideline Actionable The combination of Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) is included in guidelines as first-line therapy for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring a BRAF V600 mutation, or as subsequent therapy in patients harboring BRAF V600 mutations that have not received prior BRAF/MEK inhibitor therapy (PMID: 32169226; ESMO.org). 32169226 detail...
RET M918T thyroid gland medullary carcinoma sensitive Cabozantinib Guideline Actionable Cometriq (cabozantinib) is included in guidelines for patients with advanced or metastatic medullary thyroid carcinoma harboring RET M918T (PMID: 31549998, PMID: 35491008; ESMO.org). 31549998 detail... 35491008
BRAF V600X skin melanoma sensitive Binimetinib + Encorafenib Guideline Actionable BRAF inhibitor plus MEK inhibitor combination therapy, such as Mektovi (binimetinib) plus Braftovi (encorafenib), is included in guidelines for cutaneous melanoma patients with unresectable or metastatic disease harboring a BRAF V600 mutation (PMID: 31566661; ESMO.org). 31566661 detail...
RET fusion differentiated thyroid gland carcinoma sensitive Pralsetinib Guideline Actionable Gavreto (pralsetinib) is included in guidelines for adult or pediatric patients 12 years or older with radioactive iodine-refractory, advanced or metastatic differentiated thyroid gland carcinoma harboring RET fusions (PMID: 31549998, PMID: 35491008; ESMO.org). 35491008 31549998 detail...
ROS1 rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Repotrectinib Guideline Actionable Repotrectinib (TPX-0005) is included in guidelines as first-line therapy for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring a ROS1 rearrangement, or as a next-line therapy in patients with ROS1-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer who have not received prior ROS1 inhibitor therapy (PMID: 32169226, Version Update 15 Sept 2020; ESMO.org). detail... 32169226
ROS1 rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib Guideline Actionable Xalkori (crizotinib) is included in guidelines as first-line therapy for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring a ROS1 rearrangement, or as a next-line therapy in patients with ROS1-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer who have not received prior Xalkori (crizotinib) therapy (PMID: 32169226; ESMO.org). detail... 32169226
RET mutant thyroid gland medullary carcinoma sensitive Pralsetinib Guideline Actionable Gavreto (pralsetinib) is included in guidelines for adult or pediatric patients 12 years or older with advanced or metastatic medullary thyroid gland carcinoma harboring RET mutations (PMID: 31549998, PMID: 35491008; ESMO.org). 31549998 detail... 35491008
KIT exon9 gastrointestinal stromal tumor sensitive Regorafenib Guideline Actionable Stivarga (regorafenib) is included in guidelines as third-line or subsequent therapy for locally advanced, unresectable, or metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) patients harboring sensitizing mutations, such as KIT exon 9 mutations (PMID: 34560242; ESMO.org). 34560242 detail...
FGFR3 fusion bladder urothelial carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib Guideline Actionable Balversa (erdafitinib) is included in guidelines for patients with advanced or metastatic bladder urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations (PMID: 34861372; ESMO.org). detail... 34861372
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib Guideline Actionable Zykadia (ceritinib) is included in guidelines for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement (PMID: 32169226; ESMO.org). 32169226 detail...
PALB2 inact mut estrogen-receptor positive breast cancer sensitive Talazoparib Guideline Actionable Talzenna (talazoparib) is included in guidelines as second-line therapy for patients with ESR1 (ER)-positive, ERBB2 (HER2)-negative metastatic breast cancer with germline or somatic pathogenic/likely pathogenic PALB2 mutations who have progressed on an endocrine therapy plus CDK4/6 inhibitor (PMID: 34678411; ESMO.org). 34678411 detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Guideline Actionable Lorbrena (lorlatinib) is included in guidelines for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement who have progressed on an ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitor (PMID: 32169226; ESMO.org). detail... 32169226
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib Guideline Actionable Alunbrig (brigatinib) is included in guidelines for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement (PMID: 32169226; ESMO.org). 32169226 detail...
KIT exon11 gastrointestinal stromal tumor sensitive Ripretinib Guideline Actionable Qinlock (ripretinib) is included in guidelines as fourth-line or subsequent therapy for locally advanced, unresectable, or metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) patients harboring sensitizing mutations, such as KIT exon 11 mutations (PMID: 34560242; ESMO.org). 34560242 detail...
BRAF V600X skin melanoma sensitive Dabrafenib + Trametinib Guideline Actionable BRAF inhibitor plus MEK inhibitor combination therapy, such as Tafinlar (dabrafenib) plus Mekinist (trametinib), is included in guidelines for cutaneous melanoma patients with unresectable or metastatic disease harboring a BRAF V600 mutation (PMID: 31566661; ESMO.org). 31566661 detail...
BRAF V600E thyroid gland anaplastic carcinoma sensitive Dabrafenib + Trametinib Guideline Actionable Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) combination therapy is included in guidelines for patients with advanced or metastatic thyroid gland anaplastic carcinoma harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 31549998, PMID: 35491008; ESMO.org). 31549998 detail... 35491008
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ensartinib Guideline Actionable Ensartinib (X-396) is included in guidelines for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement (PMID: 32169226, Version Update 15 Sept 2020; ESMO.org). 32169226 detail...