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Title ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines
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URL https://www.esmo.org/Guidelines
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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
CD274 positive head and neck squamous cell carcinoma sensitive Carboplatin + Fluorouracil + Pembrolizumab Guideline Actionable Keytruda (pembrolizumab) in combination with platinum and Adrucil (fluorouracil) is included in the Pan-Asian Guidelines Adaptation (PAGA) for patients with CD274 (PD-L1)-positive (CPS >/=1) recurrent or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (PMID: 34844180; ESMO.org). 34844180 detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ensartinib Guideline Actionable Ensartinib (X-396) is included in guidelines for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement (PMID: 32169226, Version Update 15 Sept 2020; ESMO.org). 32169226 detail...
PMS2 negative endometrial cancer sensitive Durvalumab Guideline Actionable Imfinzi (durvalumab) is included in guidelines for patients with microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR, often defined by the loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression by IHC) endometrial cancer who have failed platinum-based therapy (PMID: 35690222; ESMO.org). detail... 35690222
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib Guideline Actionable Xalkori (crizotinib) is included in the Pan-Asian Guidelines Adaptation (PAGA) as first-line therapy for non-small cell lung cancer patients with ALK rearrangements (PMID: 30596843; ESMO.org). detail... 30596843
FLT3 exon14 acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Cytarabine + Daunorubicin + Midostaurin Guideline Actionable Rydapt (midostaurin), in combination with Cerubidine (daunorubicin) and Cytosar-U (cytarabine), is included in guidelines as first-line treatment for patients with acute myeloid leukemia harboring a mutation in the FLT3 tyrosine kinase domain (exons 14-23) (PMID: 32171751; ESMO.org). 32171751 detail...
NRAS mutant colorectal cancer no benefit Panitumumab Guideline Actionable Vectibix (panitumumab) alone or in combination with chemotherapy is not indicated for use in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer harboring RAS mutations (PMID: 25190710; ESMO.org). 25190710 detail...
BRAF V600E thyroid gland anaplastic carcinoma sensitive Dabrafenib + Trametinib Guideline Actionable Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) combination therapy is included in guidelines for patients with advanced or metastatic thyroid gland anaplastic carcinoma harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 31549998, PMID: 35491008; ESMO.org). 31549998 detail... 35491008
KIT exon11 gastrointestinal stromal tumor sensitive Sunitinib Guideline Actionable Sutent (sunitinib) is included in guidelines as second-line or subsequent therapy for locally advanced, unresectable, or metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) patients harboring sensitizing mutations, such as KIT exon 11 mutations (PMID: 34560242; ESMO.org). 34560242 detail...
MLH1 negative endometrial cancer sensitive Durvalumab Guideline Actionable Imfinzi (durvalumab) is included in guidelines for patients with microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR, often defined by the loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression by IHC) endometrial cancer who have failed platinum-based therapy (PMID: 35690222; ESMO.org). 35690222 detail...
FGFR3 act mut bladder urothelial carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib Guideline Actionable Balversa (erdafitinib) is included in guidelines for patients with advanced or metastatic bladder urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations (PMID: 34861372; ESMO.org). detail... 34861372
BRAF V600X skin melanoma sensitive Binimetinib + Encorafenib Guideline Actionable BRAF inhibitor plus MEK inhibitor combination therapy, such as Mektovi (binimetinib) plus Braftovi (encorafenib), is included in guidelines for cutaneous melanoma patients with unresectable or metastatic disease harboring a BRAF V600 mutation (PMID: 31566661; ESMO.org). 31566661 detail...
MLH1 negative endometrial cancer sensitive Avelumab Guideline Actionable Bavencio (avelumab) is included in guidelines for patients with microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR, often defined by the loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression by IHC) endometrial cancer who have failed platinum-based therapy (PMID: 35690222; ESMO.org). 35690222 detail...
NRAS mutant thyroid gland medullary carcinoma sensitive Cabozantinib Guideline Actionable Cometriq (cabozantinib) is included in guidelines for patients with advanced or metastatic medullary thyroid carcinoma harboring RAS mutations (PMID: 31549998, PMID: 35491008; ESMO.org). 35491008 31549998 detail...
NRAS mutant colorectal cancer no benefit Cetuximab Guideline Actionable Erbitux (cetuximab) alone or in combination with chemotherapy is not indicated for use in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer harboring RAS mutations (PMID: 25190710; ESMO.org). 25190710 detail...
FGFR3 fusion bladder urothelial carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib Guideline Actionable Balversa (erdafitinib) is included in guidelines for patients with advanced or metastatic bladder urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations (PMID: 34861372; ESMO.org). detail... 34861372
ROS1 rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Repotrectinib Guideline Actionable Repotrectinib (TPX-0005) is included in guidelines as first-line therapy for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring a ROS1 rearrangement, or as a next-line therapy in patients with ROS1-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer who have not received prior ROS1 inhibitor therapy (PMID: 32169226, Version Update 15 Sept 2020; ESMO.org). detail... 32169226
TP53 mutant chronic lymphocytic leukemia sensitive Ibrutinib Guideline Actionable Imbruvica (ibrutinib) is included in the guidelines as first-line therapy for patients with advanced chronic lymphocytic leukemia harboring TP53 mutations and for patients with relapsed or refractory disease (PMID: 33091559; ESMO.org). 33091559 detail...
ROS1 rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Guideline Actionable Lorbrena (lorlatinib) is included in guidelines as first-line therapy for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring a ROS1 rearrangement, or as a next-line therapy in patients with ROS1-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer who have not received prior ROS1 inhibitor therapy (PMID: 32169226, Version Update 15 Sept 2020; ESMO.org). 32169226 detail...
FGFR2 fusion bladder urothelial carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib Guideline Actionable Balversa (erdafitinib) is included in guidelines for patients with advanced or metastatic bladder urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations (PMID: 34861372; ESMO.org). detail... 34861372
CD274 positive esophagus adenocarcinoma sensitive Pembrolizumab Guideline Actionable Keytruda (pembrolizumab) is included in guidelines as first-line therapy for patients with advanced or metastatic esophageal adenocarcinoma expressing PD-L1 (CD274, CPS>=10) (PMID: 35914639; ESMO.org). 35914639 detail...
FLT3 exon19 acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Gilteritinib Guideline Actionable Xospata (gilteritinib) is included in guidelines for patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a mutation in the FLT3 tyrosine kinase domain (exons 14-23) (PMID: 32171751; ESMO.org). 32171751 detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib Guideline Actionable Alecensa (alectinib) is included in the Pan-Asian Guidelines Adaptation (PAGA) as first-line therapy for non-small cell lung cancer patients with ALK rearrangements, including patients with CNS involvement, and as subsequent therapy for patients that progress on Xalkori (crizotinib) (PMID: 30596843; ESMO.org). 30596843 detail...
KIT exon11 gastrointestinal stromal tumor sensitive Imatinib Guideline Actionable Gleevec (imatinib) is included in guidelines for gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) patients harboring sensitizing mutations, such as KIT exon 11 mutations, as adjuvant therapy for patients with localized disease and as first-line therapy for patients with locally advanced, unresectable, or metastatic disease (PMID: 34560242; ESMO.org). 34560242 detail...
PMS2 negative stomach cancer sensitive Pembrolizumab Guideline Actionable Keytruda (pembrolizumab) is included in guidelines as second-line therapy for patients with advanced or metastatic, microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR, often defined by the loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression by IHC) gastric cancer (PMID: 35914639; ESMO.org). 35914639 detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib Guideline Actionable Alecensa (alectinib) is included in guidelines for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement (PMID: 32169226; ESMO.org). 32169226 detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib Guideline Actionable Zykadia (ceritinib) is included in the Pan-Asian Guidelines Adaptation (PAGA) as first-line therapy for non-small cell lung cancer patients with ALK rearrangements, including patients with CNS involvement, and as subsequent therapy for patients that progress on Xalkori (crizotinib) (PMID: 30596843; ESMO.org). detail... 30596843
PMS2 negative endometrial cancer sensitive Avelumab Guideline Actionable Bavencio (avelumab) is included in guidelines for patients with microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR, often defined by the loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression by IHC) endometrial cancer who have failed platinum-based therapy (PMID: 35690222; ESMO.org). detail... 35690222
MSH6 negative endometrial cancer sensitive Dostarlimab-gxly Guideline Actionable Jemperli (dostarlimab-gxly) is included in guidelines for patients with microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR, often defined by the loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression by IHC) endometrial cancer who have failed platinum-based therapy (PMID: 35690222; ESMO.org). 35690222 detail...
MSH2 negative endometrial cancer sensitive Pembrolizumab Guideline Actionable Keytruda (pembrolizumab) is included in guidelines for patients with microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair-deficient (dMMR, often defined by the loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression by IHC) endometrial cancer who have failed platinum-based therapy (PMID: 35690222; ESMO.org). 35690222 detail...
KIT exon9 gastrointestinal stromal tumor sensitive Sunitinib Guideline Actionable Sutent (sunitinib) is included in guidelines as second-line or subsequent therapy for locally advanced, unresectable, or metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) patients harboring sensitizing mutations, such as KIT exon 9 mutations (PMID: 34560242; ESMO.org). detail... 34560242
MSH6 negative endometrial cancer sensitive Avelumab Guideline Actionable Bavencio (avelumab) is included in guidelines for patients with microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR, often defined by the loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression by IHC) endometrial cancer who have failed platinum-based therapy (PMID: 35690222; ESMO.org). 35690222 detail...
FLT3 exon16 acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Cytarabine + Daunorubicin + Midostaurin Guideline Actionable Rydapt (midostaurin), in combination with Cerubidine (daunorubicin) and Cytosar-U (cytarabine), is included in guidelines as first-line treatment for patients with acute myeloid leukemia harboring a mutation in the FLT3 tyrosine kinase domain (exons 14-23) (PMID: 32171751; ESMO.org). 32171751 detail...
FGFR2 act mut bladder urothelial carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib Guideline Actionable Balversa (erdafitinib) is included in guidelines for patients with advanced or metastatic bladder urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations (PMID: 34861372; ESMO.org). detail... 34861372
TP53 mutant chronic lymphocytic leukemia sensitive Obinutuzumab + Venetoclax Guideline Actionable Venclexta (venetoclax) and Gazyva (obinutuzumab) combination therapy is included in the guidelines as first-line therapy for patients with advanced chronic lymphocytic leukemia harboring TP53 mutations and for patients with relapsed or refractory disease (PMID: 33091559; ESMO.org). 33091559 detail...
FLT3 exon18 acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Gilteritinib Guideline Actionable Xospata (gilteritinib) is included in guidelines for patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a mutation in the FLT3 tyrosine kinase domain (exons 14-23) (PMID: 32171751; ESMO.org). 32171751 detail...
FLT3 exon14 acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Gilteritinib Guideline Actionable Xospata (gilteritinib) is included in guidelines for patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a mutation in the FLT3 tyrosine kinase domain (exons 14-23) (PMID: 32171751; ESMO.org). detail... 32171751
TP53 mutant chronic lymphocytic leukemia sensitive Venetoclax Guideline Actionable Venclexta (venetoclax) is included in the guidelines as first-line therapy for patients with advanced chronic lymphocytic leukemia harboring TP53 mutations and for patients with relapsed or refractory disease (PMID: 33091559; ESMO.org). detail... 33091559
ROS1 rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Entrectinib Guideline Actionable Rozlytrek (entrectinib) is included in guidelines as first-line therapy for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring a ROS1 rearrangement, or as a next-line therapy in patients with ROS1-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer who have not received prior ROS1 inhibitor therapy (PMID: 32169226, Version Update 15 Sept 2020; ESMO.org). 32169226 detail...
FLT3 exon15 acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Cytarabine + Daunorubicin + Midostaurin Guideline Actionable Rydapt (midostaurin), in combination with Cerubidine (daunorubicin) and Cytosar-U (cytarabine), is included in guidelines as first-line treatment for patients with acute myeloid leukemia harboring a mutation in the FLT3 tyrosine kinase domain (exons 14-23) (PMID: 32171751; ESMO.org). 32171751 detail...
BRAF V600X lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Dabrafenib + Trametinib Guideline Actionable The combination of Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) is included in guidelines as first-line therapy for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring a BRAF V600 mutation, or as subsequent therapy in patients harboring BRAF V600 mutations that have not received prior BRAF/MEK inhibitor therapy (PMID: 32169226; ESMO.org). 32169226 detail...
MSH6 negative endometrial cancer predicted - sensitive Durvalumab Guideline Actionable Imfinzi (durvalumab) is included in guidelines for patients with microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR, often defined by the loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression by IHC) endometrial cancer who have failed platinum-based therapy (PMID: 35690222; ESMO.org). detail... 35690222
FLT3 exon21 acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Cytarabine + Daunorubicin + Midostaurin Guideline Actionable Rydapt (midostaurin), in combination with Cerubidine (daunorubicin) and Cytosar-U (cytarabine), is included in guidelines as first-line treatment for patients with acute myeloid leukemia harboring a mutation in the FLT3 tyrosine kinase domain (exons 14-23) (PMID: 32171751; ESMO.org). 32171751 detail...
MLH1 negative endometrial cancer sensitive Dostarlimab-gxly Guideline Actionable Jemperli (dostarlimab-gxly) is included in guidelines for patients with microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR, often defined by the loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression by IHC) endometrial cancer who have failed platinum-based therapy (PMID: 35690222; ESMO.org). 35690222 detail...
MSH2 negative stomach cancer sensitive Pembrolizumab Guideline Actionable Keytruda (pembrolizumab) is included in guidelines as second-line therapy for patients with advanced or metastatic, microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR, often defined by the loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression by IHC) gastric cancer (PMID: 35914639; ESMO.org). 35914639 detail...
RET fusion differentiated thyroid gland carcinoma sensitive Pralsetinib Guideline Actionable Gavreto (pralsetinib) is included in guidelines for adult or pediatric patients 12 years or older with radioactive iodine-refractory, advanced or metastatic differentiated thyroid gland carcinoma harboring RET fusions (PMID: 31549998, PMID: 35491008; ESMO.org). 35491008 31549998 detail...
MLH1 negative stomach cancer sensitive Pembrolizumab Guideline Actionable Keytruda (pembrolizumab) is included in guidelines as second-line therapy for patients with advanced or metastatic, microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR, often defined by the loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression by IHC) gastric cancer (PMID: 35914639; ESMO.org). 35914639 detail...
PMS2 negative endometrial cancer sensitive Pembrolizumab Guideline Actionable Keytruda (pembrolizumab) is included in guidelines for patients with microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair-deficient (dMMR, often defined by the loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression by IHC) endometrial cancer who have failed platinum-based therapy (PMID: 35690222; ESMO.org). 35690222 detail...
RET M918T thyroid gland medullary carcinoma sensitive Cabozantinib Guideline Actionable Cometriq (cabozantinib) is included in guidelines for patients with advanced or metastatic medullary thyroid carcinoma harboring RET M918T (PMID: 31549998, PMID: 35491008; ESMO.org). 31549998 detail... 35491008
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib Guideline Actionable Alunbrig (brigatinib) is included in guidelines for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement (PMID: 32169226; ESMO.org). 32169226 detail...
CD274 positive esophageal cancer sensitive Nivolumab Guideline Actionable Opdivo (nivolumab) in combination with fluoropyrimidine and platinum-based chemotherapy is included in guidelines as first-line therapy for patients with advanced, untreated esophageal cancer expressing PD-L1 (CD274, CPS>=5) (PMID: 35914639; ESMO.org). 35914639 detail...
MSH2 negative endometrial cancer sensitive Dostarlimab-gxly Guideline Actionable Jemperli (dostarlimab-gxly) is included in guidelines for patients with microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR, often defined by the loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression by IHC) endometrial cancer who have failed platinum-based therapy (PMID: 35690222; ESMO.org). 35690222 detail...
KIT exon9 gastrointestinal stromal tumor sensitive Imatinib Guideline Actionable Gleevec (imatinib) is included in guidelines for gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) patients harboring sensitizing mutations, such as KIT exon 9 mutations, as adjuvant therapy for patients with localized disease and as first-line therapy for patients with locally advanced, unresectable, or metastatic disease (PMID: 34560242; ESMO.org). 34560242 detail...
RET mutant thyroid gland medullary carcinoma sensitive Pralsetinib Guideline Actionable Gavreto (pralsetinib) is included in guidelines for adult or pediatric patients 12 years or older with advanced or metastatic medullary thyroid gland carcinoma harboring RET mutations (PMID: 31549998, PMID: 35491008; ESMO.org). 31549998 detail... 35491008
FLT3 exon 14 ins acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Cytarabine + Daunorubicin + Midostaurin Guideline Actionable Rydapt (midostaurin), in combination with Cerubidine (daunorubicin) and Cytosar-U (cytarabine), is included in guidelines as first-line treatment fro for patients with acute myeloid leukemia harboring FLT3 ITD mutations (PMID: 32171751; ESMO.org). 32171751 detail...
MSH2 negative endometrial cancer sensitive Avelumab Guideline Actionable Bavencio (avelumab) is included in guidelines for patients with microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR, often defined by the loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression by IHC) endometrial cancer who have failed platinum-based therapy (PMID: 35690222; ESMO.org). 35690222 detail...
KIT exon11 gastrointestinal stromal tumor sensitive Regorafenib Guideline Actionable Stivarga (regorafenib) is included in guidelines as third-line or subsequent therapy for locally advanced, unresectable, or metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) patients harboring sensitizing mutations, such as KIT exon 11 mutations (PMID: 34560242; ESMO.org). 34560242 detail...
MSH6 negative stomach cancer sensitive Pembrolizumab Guideline Actionable Keytruda (pembrolizumab) is included in guidelines as second-line therapy for patients with advanced or metastatic, microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR, often defined by the loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression by IHC) gastric cancer (PMID: 35914639; ESMO.org). 35914639 detail...
BRAF V600X skin melanoma sensitive Dabrafenib + Trametinib Guideline Actionable BRAF inhibitor plus MEK inhibitor combination therapy, such as Tafinlar (dabrafenib) plus Mekinist (trametinib), is included in guidelines for cutaneous melanoma patients with unresectable or metastatic disease harboring a BRAF V600 mutation (PMID: 31566661; ESMO.org). 31566661 detail...
MLH1 negative endometrial cancer sensitive Pembrolizumab Guideline Actionable Keytruda (pembrolizumab) is included in guidelines for patients with microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair-deficient (dMMR, often defined by the loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression by IHC) endometrial cancer who have failed platinum-based therapy (PMID: 35690222; ESMO.org). 35690222 detail...
CD274 positive head and neck squamous cell carcinoma sensitive Pembrolizumab Guideline Actionable Keytruda (pembrolizumab) is included in the Pan-Asian Guidelines Adaptation (PAGA) for patients with CD274 (PD-L1)-positive (CPS >/=1) recurrent or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (PMID: 34844180; ESMO.org). detail... 34844180
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Guideline Actionable Lorbrena (lorlatinib) is included in guidelines for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement who have progressed on an ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitor (PMID: 32169226; ESMO.org). detail... 32169226
FLT3 exon 15 ins acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Cytarabine + Daunorubicin + Midostaurin Guideline Actionable Rydapt (midostaurin), in combination with Cerubidine (daunorubicin) and Cytosar-U (cytarabine), is included in guidelines as first-line treatment fro for patients with acute myeloid leukemia harboring FLT3 ITD mutations (PMID: 32171751; ESMO.org). 32171751 detail...
KIT exon9 gastrointestinal stromal tumor predicted - sensitive Ripretinib Guideline Actionable Qinlock (ripretinib) is included in guidelines as fourth-line or subsequent therapy for locally advanced, unresectable, or metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) patients harboring sensitizing mutations, such as KIT exon 9 mutations (PMID: 34560242; ESMO.org). 34560242 detail...
HRAS mutant thyroid gland medullary carcinoma sensitive Cabozantinib Guideline Actionable Cometriq (cabozantinib) is included in guidelines for patients with advanced or metastatic medullary thyroid carcinoma harboring RAS mutations (PMID: 31549998, PMID: 35491008; ESMO.org). 35491008 31549998 detail...
FLT3 exon23 acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Gilteritinib Guideline Actionable Xospata (gilteritinib) is included in guidelines for patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a mutation in the FLT3 tyrosine kinase domain (exons 14-23) (PMID: 32171751; ESMO.org). 32171751 detail...
PMS2 negative endometrial cancer sensitive Dostarlimab-gxly Guideline Actionable Jemperli (dostarlimab-gxly) is included in guidelines for patients with microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR, often defined by the loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression by IHC) endometrial cancer who have failed platinum-based therapy (PMID: 35690222; ESMO.org). 35690222 detail...
BRAF V600X skin melanoma sensitive Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib Guideline Actionable BRAF inhibitor plus MEK inhibitor combination therapy, such as Cotellic (cobimetinib) plus Zelboraf (vemurafenib), is included in guidelines for cutaneous melanoma patients with unresectable or metastatic disease harboring a BRAF V600 mutation (PMID: 31566661; ESMO.org). 31566661 detail...
FLT3 exon17 acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Gilteritinib Guideline Actionable Xospata (gilteritinib) is included in guidelines for patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a mutation in the FLT3 tyrosine kinase domain (exons 14-23) (PMID: 32171751; ESMO.org). 32171751 detail...
FLT3 exon17 acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Cytarabine + Daunorubicin + Midostaurin Guideline Actionable Rydapt (midostaurin), in combination with Cerubidine (daunorubicin) and Cytosar-U (cytarabine), is included in guidelines as first-line treatment for patients with acute myeloid leukemia harboring a mutation in the FLT3 tyrosine kinase domain (exons 14-23) (PMID: 32171751; ESMO.org). 32171751 detail...
CD274 positive gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma sensitive Pembrolizumab Guideline Actionable Keytruda (pembrolizumab) is included in guidelines as first-line therapy for patients with advanced or metastatic gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma expressing PD-L1 (CD274, CPS>=10) (PMID: 35914639; ESMO.org). 35914639 detail...
FLT3 exon20 acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Cytarabine + Daunorubicin + Midostaurin Guideline Actionable Rydapt (midostaurin), in combination with Cerubidine (daunorubicin) and Cytosar-U (cytarabine), is included in guidelines as first-line treatment for patients with acute myeloid leukemia harboring a mutation in the FLT3 tyrosine kinase domain (exons 14-23) (PMID: 32171751; ESMO.org). 32171751 detail...
FLT3 exon22 acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Gilteritinib Guideline Actionable Xospata (gilteritinib) is included in guidelines for patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a mutation in the FLT3 tyrosine kinase domain (exons 14-23) (PMID: 32171751; ESMO.org). 32171751 detail...
CD274 positive esophagus squamous cell carcinoma sensitive Nivolumab Guideline Actionable Opdivo (nivolumab) in combination with fluoropyrimidine and platinum-based chemotherapy is included in guidelines as first-line therapy for patients with advanced esophageal squamous carcinoma expressing PD-L1 (CD274, TPS>=1%) (PMID: 35914638; ESMO.org). detail... 35914638
MSH2 negative endometrial cancer sensitive Durvalumab Guideline Actionable Imfinzi (durvalumab) is included in guidelines for patients with microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR, often defined by the loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression by IHC) endometrial cancer who have failed platinum-based therapy (PMID: 35690222; ESMO.org). detail... 35690222
MSH6 negative endometrial cancer sensitive Pembrolizumab Guideline Actionable Keytruda (pembrolizumab) is included in guidelines for patients with microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair-deficient (dMMR, often defined by the loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression by IHC) endometrial cancer who have failed platinum-based therapy (PMID: 35690222; ESMO.org). detail... 35690222
TP53 mutant chronic lymphocytic leukemia sensitive Idelalisib + Rituximab Guideline Actionable Zydelig (idelalisib) and Rituxan (rituximab) combination therapy is included in the guidelines as first-line therapy for patients with advanced chronic lymphocytic leukemia harboring TP53 mutations and for patients with relapsed or refractory disease (PMID: 33091559; ESMO.org). detail... 33091559
KIT exon9 gastrointestinal stromal tumor sensitive Regorafenib Guideline Actionable Stivarga (regorafenib) is included in guidelines as third-line or subsequent therapy for locally advanced, unresectable, or metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) patients harboring sensitizing mutations, such as KIT exon 9 mutations (PMID: 34560242; ESMO.org). 34560242 detail...
FLT3 exon 14 ins acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Gilteritinib Guideline Actionable Xospata (gilteritinib) is included in the guidelines for patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a FLT3 internal tandem duplication (FLT3-ITD) mutation (PMID: 32171751; ESMO.org). detail... 32171751
FLT3 exon15 acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Gilteritinib Guideline Actionable Xospata (gilteritinib) is included in guidelines for patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a mutation in the FLT3 tyrosine kinase domain (exons 14-23) (PMID: 32171751; ESMO.org). detail... 32171751
ROS1 rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib Guideline Actionable Xalkori (crizotinib) is included in guidelines as first-line therapy for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring a ROS1 rearrangement, or as a next-line therapy in patients with ROS1-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer who have not received prior Xalkori (crizotinib) therapy (PMID: 32169226; ESMO.org). detail... 32169226
CD274 positive stomach cancer sensitive Nivolumab Guideline Actionable Opdivo (nivolumab) in combination with fluoropyrimidine and platinum-based chemotherapy is included in guidelines as first-line therapy for patients with advanced, untreated gastric cancer expressing PD-L1 (CD274, CPS>=5) (PMID: 35914639; ESMO.org). detail... 35914639
CD274 positive triple-receptor negative breast cancer sensitive Pembrolizumab Guideline Actionable The combination of Keytruda (pembrolizumab) plus chemotherapy such as Taxol (paclitaxel), Abraxane (nab-paclitaxel), or Paraplatin (carboplatin) plus Gemzar (gemcitabine) is included in guidelines as first line therapy for CD274 (PD-L1)-positive patients with triple-negative breast cancer (PMID: 34678411; ESMO.org). detail... 34678411
CD274 positive esophagus squamous cell carcinoma sensitive Pembrolizumab Guideline Actionable Keytruda (pembrolizumab) in combination with fluoropyrimidine and platinum-based chemotherapy is included in guidelines as first-line therapy for patients with advanced esophageal squamous carcinoma expressing PD-L1 (CD274, CPS>=10), and as second or subsequent lines of treatment for previously treated patients who have not received immunotherapy and with CPS>=10 (PMID: 35914638; ESMO.org). detail... 35914638
CD274 positive head and neck squamous cell carcinoma sensitive Cisplatin + Fluorouracil + Pembrolizumab Guideline Actionable Keytruda (pembrolizumab) in combination with platinum and Adrucil (fluorouracil) is included in the Pan-Asian Guidelines Adaptation (PAGA) for patients with CD274 (PD-L1)-positive (CPS >/=1) recurrent or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (PMID: 34844180; ESMO.org). detail... 34844180
FLT3 exon23 acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Cytarabine + Daunorubicin + Midostaurin Guideline Actionable Rydapt (midostaurin), in combination with Cerubidine (daunorubicin) and Cytosar-U (cytarabine), is included in guidelines as first-line treatment for patients with acute myeloid leukemia harboring a mutation in the FLT3 tyrosine kinase domain (exons 14-23) (PMID: 32171751; ESMO.org). detail... 32171751
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Guideline Actionable Lorbrena (lorlatinib) is included in the Pan-Asian Guidelines Adaptation (PAGA) as subsequent therapy for patients who have progressed on second-generation ALK inhibitors (PMID: 30596843; ESMO.org). 30596843 detail...
TP53 mutant chronic lymphocytic leukemia sensitive Acalabrutinib Guideline Actionable Calquence (acalabrutinib) is included in the guidelines as first-line therapy for patients with advanced chronic lymphocytic leukemia harboring TP53 mutations and for patients with relapsed or refractory disease (PMID: 33091559; ESMO.org). 33091559 detail...
FLT3 exon16 acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Gilteritinib Guideline Actionable Xospata (gilteritinib) is included in guidelines for patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a mutation in the FLT3 tyrosine kinase domain (exons 14-23) (PMID: 32171751; ESMO.org). 32171751 detail...
FLT3 exon19 acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Cytarabine + Daunorubicin + Midostaurin Guideline Actionable Rydapt (midostaurin), in combination with Cerubidine (daunorubicin) and Cytosar-U (cytarabine), is included in guidelines as first-line treatment for patients with acute myeloid leukemia harboring a mutation in the FLT3 tyrosine kinase domain (exons 14-23) (PMID: 32171751; ESMO.org). 32171751 detail...
ROS1 rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib Guideline Actionable Zykadia (ceritinib) is included in guidelines for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring a ROS1 rearrangement who have not received prior Xalkori (crizotinib) therapy (PMID: 32169226; ESMO.org). detail... 32169226
FLT3 exon22 acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Cytarabine + Daunorubicin + Midostaurin Guideline Actionable Rydapt (midostaurin), in combination with Cerubidine (daunorubicin) and Cytosar-U (cytarabine), is included in guidelines as first-line treatment for patients with acute myeloid leukemia harboring a mutation in the FLT3 tyrosine kinase domain (exons 14-23) (PMID: 32171751; ESMO.org). detail... 32171751
KIT exon11 gastrointestinal stromal tumor sensitive Ripretinib Guideline Actionable Qinlock (ripretinib) is included in guidelines as fourth-line or subsequent therapy for locally advanced, unresectable, or metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) patients harboring sensitizing mutations, such as KIT exon 11 mutations (PMID: 34560242; ESMO.org). 34560242 detail...
FLT3 exon18 acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Cytarabine + Daunorubicin + Midostaurin Guideline Actionable Rydapt (midostaurin), in combination with Cerubidine (daunorubicin) and Cytosar-U (cytarabine), is included in guidelines as first-line treatment for patients with acute myeloid leukemia harboring a mutation in the FLT3 tyrosine kinase domain (exons 14-23) (PMID: 32171751; ESMO.org). 32171751 detail...
RET fusion differentiated thyroid gland carcinoma sensitive Selpercatinib Guideline Actionable Retevmo (selpercatinib) is included in guidelines for patients with advanced or metastatic differentiated thyroid gland carcinoma harboring RET fusions (PMID: 31549998, PMID: 35491008; ESMO.org). 35491008 31549998 detail...
FLT3 exon 15 ins acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Gilteritinib Guideline Actionable Xospata (gilteritinib) is included in the guidelines for patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a FLT3 internal tandem duplication (FLT3-ITD) mutation (PMID: 32171751; ESMO.org). 32171751 detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib Guideline Actionable Zykadia (ceritinib) is included in guidelines for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement (PMID: 32169226; ESMO.org). 32169226 detail...
CD274 positive esophagus squamous cell carcinoma sensitive Ipilimumab + Nivolumab Guideline Actionable Yervoy (ipilimumab) in combination with Opdivo (nivolumab) is included in guidelines as first-line therapy for patients with advanced esophageal squamous carcinoma expressing PD-L1 (CD274, TPS>=1%) (PMID: 35914638; ESMO.org). 35914638 detail...
FLT3 exon21 acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Gilteritinib Guideline Actionable Xospata (gilteritinib) is included in guidelines for patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a mutation in the FLT3 tyrosine kinase domain (exons 14-23) (PMID: 32171751; ESMO.org). 32171751 detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib Guideline Actionable Alunbrig (brigatinib) is included in the Pan-Asian Guidelines Adaptation (PAGA) as subsequent therapy for patients who have progressed on second-generation ALK inhibitors (PMID: 30596843; ESMO.org). 30596843 detail...
RET mutant thyroid gland medullary carcinoma sensitive Selpercatinib Guideline Actionable Retevmo (selpercatinib) is included in guidelines for adult or pediatric patients 12 years or older with advanced medullary thyroid gland carcinoma harboring RET mutations (PMID: 31549998, PMID: 35491008; ESMO.org). 31549998 detail... 35491008
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib Guideline Actionable Xalkori (crizotinib) is included in guidelines as first-line therapy for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement, or as a next-line therapy in patients with ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer who have not received prior Xalkori (crizotinib) (PMID: 32169226; ESMO.org). 32169226 detail...
CD274 positive triple-receptor negative breast cancer sensitive Atezolizumab + Nab-paclitaxel Guideline Actionable The combination of Tecentriq (atezolizumab) and Abraxane (nab-paclitaxel) is included in guidelines as first line therapy for CD274 (PD-L1)-positive patients with triple-negative breast cancer (PMID: 34678411; ESMO.org). 34678411 detail...
CD274 positive gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma sensitive Nivolumab Guideline Actionable Opdivo (nivolumab) in combination with fluoropyrimidine and platinum-based chemotherapy is included in guidelines as first-line therapy for patients with advanced, untreated gastroesophageal junction adenocacinoma expressing PD-L1 (CD274, CPS>=5) (PMID: 35914639; ESMO.org). detail... 35914639
FLT3 exon20 acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Gilteritinib Guideline Actionable Xospata (gilteritinib) is included in guidelines for patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a mutation in the FLT3 tyrosine kinase domain (exons 14-23) (PMID: 32171751; ESMO.org). 32171751 detail...