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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (37236086)
Authors Yoshino T, Cervantes A, Bando H, Martinelli E, Oki E, Xu RH, Mulansari NA, Govind Babu K, Lee MA, Tan CK, Cornelio G, Chong DQ, Chen LT, Tanasanvimon S, Prasongsook N, Yeh KH, Chua C, Sacdalan MD, Sow Jenson WJ, Kim ST, Chacko RT, Syaiful RA, Zhang SZ, Curigliano G, Mishima S, Nakamura Y, Ebi H, Sunakawa Y, Takahashi M, Baba E, Peters S, Ishioka C, Pentheroudakis G
Title Pan-Asian adapted ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines for the diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer.
URL
Abstract Text The European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Clinical Practice Guidelines for the diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), published in late 2022, were adapted in December 2022, according to previously established standard methodology, to produce the Pan-Asian adapted (PAGA) ESMO consensus guidelines for the management of Asian patients with mCRC. The adapted guidelines presented in this manuscript represent the consensus opinions reached by a panel of Asian experts in the treatment of patients with mCRC representing the oncological societies of China (CSCO), Indonesia (ISHMO), India (ISMPO), Japan (JSMO), Korea (KSMO), Malaysia (MOS), the Philippines (PSMO), Singapore (SSO), Taiwan (TOS) and Thailand (TSCO), co-ordinated by ESMO and the Japanese Society of Medical Oncology (JSMO). The voting was based on scientific evidence and was independent of the current treatment practices, drug access restrictions and reimbursement decisions in the different Asian countries. The latter are discussed separately in the manuscript. The aim is to provide guidance for the optimisation and harmonisation of the management of patients with mCRC across the different countries of Asia, drawing on the evidence provided by both Western and Asian trials, whilst respecting the differences in screening practices, molecular profiling and age and stage at presentation, coupled with a disparity in the drug approvals and reimbursement strategies, between the different countries.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
MSH6 negative colorectal cancer sensitive Ipilimumab + Nivolumab Guideline Actionable Yervoy (ipilimumab) in combination with Opdivo (nivolumab) is included in the Pan-Asian Guidelines Adaptation (PAGA) as a second-line therapy for patients with advanced or metastatic colorectal cancer with high microsatellite instability (MSI-H) or deficient mismatch repair (dMMR, often defined by the loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression by IHC) who progressed on first-line chemotherapy (PMID: 37236086; ESMO.org). detail... 37236086
MLH1 negative colorectal cancer sensitive Pembrolizumab Guideline Actionable Keytruda (pembrolizumab) is included in the Pan-Asian Guidelines Adaptation (PAGA) as first-line therapy for patients with advanced or metastatic colorectal cancer with high microsatellite instability (MSI-H) or deficient mismatch repair (dMMR, often defined by the loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression by IHC) (PMID: 37236086; ESMO.org). detail... 37236086
MSH6 negative colorectal cancer sensitive Pembrolizumab Guideline Actionable Keytruda (pembrolizumab) is included in the Pan-Asian Guidelines Adaptation (PAGA) as first-line therapy for patients with advanced or metastatic colorectal cancer with high microsatellite instability (MSI-H) or deficient mismatch repair (dMMR, often defined by the loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression by IHC) (PMID: 37236086; ESMO.org). detail... 37236086
MLH1 negative colorectal cancer sensitive Ipilimumab + Nivolumab Guideline Actionable Yervoy (ipilimumab) in combination with Opdivo (nivolumab) is included in the Pan-Asian Guidelines Adaptation (PAGA) as a second-line therapy for patients with advanced or metastatic colorectal cancer with high microsatellite instability (MSI-H) or deficient mismatch repair (dMMR, often defined by the loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression by IHC) who progressed on first-line chemotherapy (PMID: 37236086; ESMO.org). 37236086 detail...
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive Cetuximab + Encorafenib Guideline Actionable Braftovi (encorafenib) in combination with Erbitux (cetuximab) is included in the Pan-Asian Guidelines Adaptation (PAGA) as a second- or subsequent-line therapy for patients with advanced or metastatic colorectal cancer harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 37236086; ESMO.org). detail... 37236086