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Profile Name KIT exon9
Gene Variant Detail

KIT exon9 (unknown)

Relevant Treatment Approaches

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Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Relevant Treatment Approaches Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
KIT exon9 Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Sunitinib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing a KIT exon 9 mutation demonstrated sensitivity to treatment with Sutent (sunitinib) in culture, resulting in reduced cell viability (PMID: 25239608). 25239608
KIT exon9 gastrointestinal stromal tumor no benefit Imatinib + Infigratinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, Truseltiq (infigratinib) and Gleevec (imatinib) combination therapy resulted in stable disease as best response in 58% (7/12) of patients with advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumor harboring KIT mutations in exon 9 (n=3), exon 11 (n=10), or other (n=3), however, the trial was discontinued due to toxicity concerns (PMID: 30101387). 30101387
KIT exon9 Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Imatinib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, Gleevec (imatinib) had no effect on transformed cells expressing a KIT exon 9 mutation in culture (PMID: 25239608). 25239608
KIT exon9 gastrointestinal stromal tumor sensitive Sunitinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, GIST patients with KIT exon 9 mutations showed improved progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival, and objective response rate (ORR) compared to patients with exon 11 mutations, with a median PFS of 12.3 months vs. 7.0 months, and an ORR of 19% (8/42) vs. 6% (9/143) following treatment with Sutent (sunitinib) (PMID: 26772734). 26772734
KIT exon9 gastrointestinal stromal tumor sensitive Sunitinib Guideline Actionable Sutent (sunitinib) is included in guidelines as second-line or subsequent therapy for locally advanced, unresectable, or metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) patients harboring sensitizing mutations, such as KIT exon 9 mutations (PMID: 34560242; ESMO.org). detail... 34560242
KIT exon9 Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Ponatinib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing a KIT exon 9 mutation demonstrated sensitivity to treatment with Iclusig (ponatinib) in culture, resulting in reduced cell viability (PMID: 25239608). 25239608
KIT exon9 gastrointestinal stromal tumor sensitive Regorafenib Guideline Actionable Stivarga (regorafenib) is included in guidelines as third-line or subsequent therapy for locally advanced, unresectable, or metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) patients harboring sensitizing mutations, such as KIT exon 9 mutations (PMID: 34560242; ESMO.org). 34560242 detail...
KIT exon9 gastrointestinal stromal tumor sensitive Imatinib Guideline Actionable Gleevec (imatinib) is included in guidelines for gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) patients harboring sensitizing mutations, such as KIT exon 9 mutations, as adjuvant therapy for patients with localized disease and as first-line therapy for patients with locally advanced, unresectable, or metastatic disease (PMID: 34560242; ESMO.org). 34560242 detail...
KIT exon9 gastrointestinal stromal tumor sensitive Imatinib Guideline Actionable Gleevec (imatinib) is included in guidelines for patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) harboring KIT exon 9 mutations (NCCN.org). detail...
KIT exon9 Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Regorafenib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, Stivarga (regorafineb) had no effect on transformed cells expressing a KIT exon 9 mutation in culture (PMID: 25239608). 25239608
KIT exon9 gastrointestinal stromal tumor predicted - sensitive Ripretinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, Qinlock (ripretinib) was well tolerated, resulted in an objective response in 11.3% (16/142, 16 partial responses) and stable disease in 61.3% (87/142) of patients with advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumor harboring KIT (n=135) or PDGFRA mutations (n=7), with a median progression-free survival of 5.6 months, 18.3% (26/142) of the patients harbored KIT exon 9 mutations (PMID: 32804590; NCT02571036). 32804590
KIT exon9 gastrointestinal stromal tumor predicted - sensitive Ripretinib Guideline Actionable Qinlock (ripretinib) is included in guidelines as fourth-line or subsequent therapy for locally advanced, unresectable, or metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) patients harboring sensitizing mutations, such as KIT exon 9 mutations (PMID: 34560242; ESMO.org). 34560242 detail...
Clinical Trial Phase Therapies Title Recruitment Status Covered Countries Other Countries
NCT02638766 Phase II Regorafenib Single Agent Regorafenib in First-line for Metastatic/Unresectable KIT/PDGFR Wild Type GIST (REGISTRI) Recruiting ITA | FRA | ESP 0
NCT02465060 Phase II Erdafitinib Trametinib Crizotinib Sapanisertib AZD4547 Dasatinib Osimertinib Palbociclib Capivasertib Larotrectinib Ulixertinib Nivolumab + Relatlimab Copanlisib Sunitinib Nivolumab Pertuzumab + Trastuzumab Ipatasertib Dabrafenib + Trametinib Binimetinib Adavosertib Afatinib Defactinib GSK2636771 Vismodegib Ado-trastuzumab emtansine Taselisib Targeted Therapy Directed by Genetic Testing in Treating Patients With Advanced Refractory Solid Tumors, Lymphomas, or Multiple Myeloma (The MATCH Screening Trial) Recruiting USA 2