Therapy Detail

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Therapy Name Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib
Synonyms
Therapy Description

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Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Cobimetinib Cotellic GDC-0973 MEK inhibitor (Pan) 22 MEK1 Inhibitor 20 MEK2 Inhibitor 18 Cotellic (cobimetinib) is an allosteric inhibitor of MEK1/2, resulting in inhibition of extracellular signal-related kinase 2 (ERK2) phosphorylation and activation and decreased tumor cell proliferation (PMID: 22084396, PMID: 27956260). Cotellic (cobimetinib) is FDA approved for melanoma patients with BRAF V600E or V600K, in combination with Zelboraf (vemurafenib) (FDA.gov).
Vemurafenib Zelboraf RO5185426|PLX4032 RAF Inhibitor (Pan) 16 Zelboraf (vemurafenib) inhibits BRAF V600E, wild-type BRAF, ARAF, and CRAF (PMID: 20179705), which may result in an inhibition of the MAPK signaling pathway resulting in a reduction of tumor cell proliferation (PMID: 20823850). Zelboraf (vemurafenib) is FDA approved for BRAF V600E-mutant melanoma and for BRAF V600-positive Erdheim-Chester disease (FDA.gov).

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Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
BRAF V600E/K melanoma sensitive Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (coBRIM) that supported FDA approval, treatment with the combination of Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Cotellic (cobimetinib) resulted in an improved progression-free survival of 12.3 months, compared to 7.2 months with Zelboraf (vemurafenib) plus placebo, among patients with BRAF V600-mutated metastatic melanoma, and BRAF V600E and BRAF V600K are on the companion diagnostic (PMID: 27480103; NCT01689519). detail... detail... 27480103
BRAF V600E pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma sensitive Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib Guideline Actionable Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Cotellic (cobimetinib) combination therapy is included in guidelines as an adjuvant treatment for patients with pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma harboring BRAF V600E (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600E glioblastoma multiforme predicted - sensitive Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with epithelioid glioblastoma harboring BRAF V600E continued to response as Cotellic (cobimetinib) was added to Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treatment (PMID: 31217909). 31217909
BRAF V600X melanoma sensitive Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib Phase III Actionable In a Phase III trial, combination treatment with Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Cotellic (cobimetinib) resulted in an improved progression-free survival of 12.3 months compared to 7.2 months with Zelboraf (vemurafenib) alone among patients with BRAF V600-mutated metastatic melanoma (PMID: 27480103; NCT01689519). 27480103
BRAF V600E pilocytic astrocytoma sensitive Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib Guideline Actionable Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Cotellic (cobimetinib) combination therapy is included in guidelines as an adjuvant treatment for patients with pilocytic astrocytoma harboring BRAF V600E (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600E ganglioglioma sensitive Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib Guideline Actionable Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Cotellic (cobimetinib) combination therapy is included in guidelines as an adjuvant treatment for patients with ganglioglioma harboring BRAF V600E (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (coBRIM) that supported FDA approval, treatment with the combination of Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Cotellic (cobimetinib) resulted in an improved progression-free survival of 12.3 months, compared to 7.2 months with Zelboraf (vemurafenib) plus placebo, among patients with BRAF V600-mutated metastatic melanoma, and BRAF V600E and BRAF V600K are on the companion diagnostic (PMID: 27480103; NCT01689519). 27480103 detail... detail...
BRAF V600K melanoma sensitive Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (coBRIM) that supported FDA approval, treatment with the combination of Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Cotellic (cobimetinib) resulted in an improved progression-free survival of 12.3 months, compared to 7.2 months with Zelboraf (vemurafenib) plus placebo, among patients with BRAF V600-mutated metastatic melanoma, and BRAF V600E and BRAF V600K are on the companion diagnostic (PMID: 27480103; NCT01689519). detail... 27480103 detail...
BRAF V600X skin melanoma sensitive Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib Guideline Actionable Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Cotellic (cobimetinib) combination therapy is included in guidelines for patients with metastatic or unresectable cutaneous melanoma harboring a BRAF V600 activating mutation (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination of Cotellic (cobimetinib) and Zelboraf (vemurafenib) inhibited tumor growth in a cell line xenograft model of colorectal cancer harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 28649441). 28649441
BRAF V600E skin melanoma sensitive Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib Guideline Actionable Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Cotellic (cobimetinib) combination therapy is included in cutaneous melanoma guidelines for patients with metastatic or unresectable disease harboring a BRAF V600 activating mutation (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600K skin melanoma sensitive Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib Guideline Actionable Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Cotellic (cobimetinib) combination therapy is included in cutaneous melanoma guidelines for patients with metastatic or unresectable disease harboring a BRAF V600 activating mutation (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600E MAP2K1 K57T refractory hairy cell leukemia predicted - sensitive Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a single patient with hairy cell leukemia who relapsed after initial response to Zelboraf (vemurafenib) was found to have acquired multiple clones with Mek/Erk activating mutations, of which the MAP2K1 K57T clone became dominant, and demonstrated a sustained response greater than 12 months to combined Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Cotellic (cobimetinib) treatment (PMID: 30341394). 30341394

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Clinical Trial Phase Therapies Title Recruitment Status
NCT03543969 Phase I Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib Adaptive BRAF-MEK Inhibitor Therapy for Advanced BRAF Mutant Melanoma Recruiting
NCT02693535 Phase II Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib Regorafenib Ipilimumab + Nivolumab Palbociclib Afatinib Talazoparib Pembrolizumab Temsirolimus Pertuzumab + Trastuzumab Crizotinib Abemaciclib Sunitinib Olaparib TAPUR: Testing the Use of Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Approved Drugs That Target a Specific Abnormality in a Tumor Gene in People With Advanced Stage Cancer Recruiting
NCT02036086 Phase II Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib Study of Neo-adjuvant Use of Vemurafenib Plus Cobimetinib for BRAF Mutant Melanoma With Palpable Lymph Node Metastases Active, not recruiting
NCT03224767 Phase II Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib Vemurafenib and Cobimetinib in Treating Patients With BRAF V600E Mutation Positive Craniopharyngioma Recruiting
NCT02230306 Phase II Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib Phase II Study of Cobimetinib in Combination With Vemurafenib in Active Melanoma Brain Metastases Terminated
NCT04302025 Phase II Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib Entrectinib Alectinib A Study of Alectinib, Entrectinib, or Vemurafenib Plus Cobimetinib in Participants With Stages I-III Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer With ALK, ROS1, NTRK, or BRAF v600E Molecular Alterations Recruiting
NCT03005639 Phase II Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib ML29255 Neoadjuvant Vemurafenib and Cobimetinib Melanoma Withdrawn
NCT02091141 Phase II Erlotinib Alectinib Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib Pertuzumab + Trastuzumab Vismodegib Atezolizumab My Pathway: A Study Evaluating Herceptin/Perjeta, Tarceva, Zelboraf/Cotellic, Erivedge, Alecensa, and Tecentriq Treatment Targeted Against Certain Molecular Alterations in Participants With Advanced Solid Tumors Recruiting
NCT02908672 Phase III Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib Atezolizumab + Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib A Study of Atezolizumab Plus Cobimetinib and Vemurafenib Versus Placebo Plus Cobimetinib and Vemurafenib in Previously Untreated BRAFv600 Mutation-Positive Patients With Metastatic or Unresectable Locally Advanced Melanoma Active, not recruiting
NCT03297606 Phase II Bosutinib Palbociclib Vismodegib Ipilimumab + Nivolumab Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib Temsirolimus Olaparib Erlotinib Crizotinib Sunitinib Afatinib Dasatinib Pertuzumab + Trastuzumab Axitinib Canadian Profiling and Targeted Agent Utilization Trial (CAPTUR) (CAPTUR) Recruiting


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