Molecular Profile Detail

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Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Relevant Treatment Approaches Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
BRAF V600K melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Trametinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (COMBI-v) that supported FDA approval, the combination of Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) resulted in an improved overall survival rate at 12 months (72% vs 65%, HR=0.69, p=0.005), median progression-free survival (11.4 vs 7.3 months, HR=0.56, p<0.001), and objective response rate (64% vs 51%, p<0.001) compared to Zelboraf (vemurafenib) in melanoma patients harboring BRAF V600E or V600K (PMID: 25399551; NCT01597908). detail... 25399551 detail...
BRAF V600K melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Trametinib Guideline Actionable Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) combination therapy is included in guidelines for melanoma patients harboring a BRAF V600 activating mutation, such as BRAF V600K, as adjuvant therapy for stage III disease and as systemic therapy for patients with unresectable or metastatic disease (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600K melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Binimetinib + Encorafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III (COLUMBUS) trial that supported FDA approval, Braftovi (encorafenib) in combination with Mektovi (binimetinib) demonstrated improved tolerability profile and efficacy, resulted in a progression-free survival of 14.9 months in patients with advanced melanoma harboring BRAF V600E/K mutations, comparing to 7.3 months in the Zelboraf (vemurafenib) group (HR=0.54, p<0.0001) (PMID: 29573941; NCT01909453) and both BRAF V600E and BRAF V600K are on the companion diagnostic. 29573941 detail... detail... detail...
BRAF V600K melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Binimetinib + Encorafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III (COLUMBUS) trial that supported FDA approval, Braftovi (encorafenib) in combination with Mektovi (binimetinib) resulted in a median overall survival (OS) of 33.6 months, a 1-year OS rate of 77.5%, and a 2-year OS rate of 57.7% in patients with advanced melanoma harboring BRAF V600E/K mutations compared to a median OS of 16.9 months and 1- and 2-year OS rates of 63.1% and 43.2%, respectively, in the Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treated group (PMID: 30219628; NCT01909453). detail... 30219628 detail... detail...
BRAF V600K melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Binimetinib + Encorafenib Guideline Actionable Braftovi (encorafenib) in combination with Mektovi (binimetinib) is included in guidelines as first-line and second-line therapy for patients with metastatic or unresectable melanoma harboring BRAF V600E or V600K mutations (PMID: 30959471; NCCN.org). 30959471 detail...
BRAF V600K melanoma predicted - sensitive Nivolumab Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, patients with melanoma harboring BRAF V600K (n=19) had increased tumor mutational burden and greater response rates (53% vs. 29%, p=0.059), progression-free survival (19 vs. 2.7 months, p=0.049), and overall survival (20.4 vs. 11.7 months, p=0.081) relative to patients with BRAF V600E (n=84) when treated with Keytruda (pembrolizumab) (n=17 and 62 for BRAF V600K and V600E, respectively) or Opdivo (nivolumab) (n=2 and 22 for BRAF V600K and V600E, respectively) (PMID: 30630828). 30630828
BRAF V600K lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Dabrafenib + Trametinib Guideline Actionable The combination of Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) is included in guidelines as first or second-line therapy in patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring a BRAF V600 mutation (PMID: 30715168, PMID: 30285222; ESMO.org). 30715168 detail... 30285222
BRAF V600K melanoma sensitive GSK2126458 Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, Omipalisib (GSK2126458) inhibited the growth of melanoma cell lines harboring BRAF V600K in culture (PMID: 22389471). 22389471
BRAF V600K melanoma sensitive RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Vemurafenib Guideline Actionable Zelboraf (vemurafenib) therapy is included in guidelines for melanoma patients with unresectable or metastatic disease harboring BRAF V600 activating mutations, such as BRAF V600K, in cases where BRAF/MEK inhibitor combination therapy is contraindicated (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600K melanoma sensitive BRAF Inhibitor Dabrafenib Guideline Actionable Tafinlar (dabrafenib) therapy is included in guidelines for melanoma patients with unresectable or metastatic disease harboring BRAF V600 activating mutations, such as BRAF V600K, in cases where BRAF/MEK inhibitor combination therapy is contraindicated (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600K melanoma predicted - sensitive Pembrolizumab Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, patients with melanoma harboring BRAF V600K (n=19) had increased tumor mutational burden and greater response rates (53% vs. 29%, p=0.059), progression-free survival (19 vs. 2.7 months, p=0.049), and overall survival (20.4 vs. 11.7 months, p=0.081) relative to patients with BRAF V600E (n=84) when treated with Keytruda (pembrolizumab) (n=17 and 62 for BRAF V600K and V600E, respectively) or Opdivo (nivolumab) (n=2 and 22 for BRAF V600K and V600E, respectively) (PMID: 30630828). 30630828
BRAF V600K melanoma sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Trametinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (METRIC) that supported FDA approval, Mekinist (trametinib) treatment, as compared to Deticine (dacarbazine) or Taxol (paclitaxel) treatment, resulted in improved progression-free survival of 4.8 months versus 1.5 months and an overall six month survival rate of 81% versus 67% in patients with BRAF V600E/K-positive metastatic melanoma (PMID: 22663011; NCT01245062). 22663011 detail... detail...
BRAF V600K melanoma sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (coBRIM) that supported FDA approval, treatment with the combination of Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Cotellic (cobimetinib) resulted in an improved progression-free survival of 12.3 months, compared to 7.2 months with Zelboraf (vemurafenib) plus placebo, among patients with BRAF V600-mutated metastatic melanoma, and BRAF V600E and BRAF V600K are on the companion diagnostic (PMID: 27480103; NCT01689519). detail... 27480103 detail...
BRAF V600K melanoma sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor RAF Inhibitor (Pan) Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib Guideline Actionable Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Cotellic (cobimetinib) combination therapy is included in melanoma guidelines for patients with metastatic or unresectable disease harboring a BRAF V600 activating mutation (NCCN.org). detail...
Clinical Trial Phase Therapies Title Recruitment Status
NCT03839342 Phase II Binimetinib + Encorafenib Binimetinib and Encorafenib for the Treatment of Advanced Solid Tumors With Non-V600E BRAF Mutations (BEAVER) Recruiting
NCT02130466 Phase Ib/II Dabrafenib + Trametinib Pembrolizumab + Trametinib Dabrafenib + Pembrolizumab Dabrafenib + Pembrolizumab + Trametinib A Study of the Safety and Efficacy of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) in Combination With Trametinib and Dabrafenib in Participants With Advanced Melanoma (MK-3475-022) Active, not recruiting
NCT02693535 Phase II Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib Regorafenib Pembrolizumab Temsirolimus Dasatinib Pertuzumab + Trastuzumab Ipilimumab + Nivolumab Crizotinib Palbociclib Sunitinib Olaparib Cetuximab TAPUR: Testing the Use of Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Approved Drugs That Target a Specific Abnormality in a Tumor Gene in People With Advanced Stage Cancer Recruiting
NCT02465060 Phase II Erdafitinib Copanlisib Trametinib Crizotinib Sunitinib Sapanisertib Nivolumab AZD4547 Dasatinib Pertuzumab + Trastuzumab Dabrafenib + Trametinib Binimetinib Adavosertib Osimertinib Palbociclib Afatinib Capivasertib Defactinib GSK2636771 Vismodegib Ado-trastuzumab emtansine Larotrectinib Taselisib Targeted Therapy Directed by Genetic Testing in Treating Patients With Advanced Refractory Solid Tumors, Lymphomas, or Multiple Myeloma (The MATCH Screening Trial) Recruiting
NCT03975231 Phase I Dabrafenib + Trametinib Dabrafenib, Trametinib, and IMRT in Treating Patients With BRAF Mutated Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer Not yet recruiting
NCT02382549 Phase Ib/II 6MHP vaccine + Dabrafenib + Trametinib A Clinical Trial to Evaluate a Melanoma Helper Peptide Vaccine Plus Dabrafenib and Trametinib (Mel61) Recruiting
NCT03864042 Phase I Caffeine + Dextromethorphan + Losartan + Midazolam + Omeprazole Modafinil Bupropion + Rosuvastatin Binimetinib + Encorafenib Pharmacokinetic Drug-drug Interaction Study of Encorafenib and Binimetinib on Probe Drugs in Patients With BRAF V600-mutant Melanoma or Other Advanced Solid Tumors Recruiting
NCT03973918 Phase II Binimetinib + Encorafenib Study of Binimetinib With Encorafenib in Adults With Recurrent BRAF V600-Mutated HGG (BRAF) Not yet recruiting