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URL https://www.fda.gov/medical-devices/vitro-diagnostics/list-cleared-or-approved-companion-diagnostic-devices-vitro-and-imaging-tools
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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Brigatinib Alunbrig AP26113 ALK Inhibitor 32 EGFR Inhibitor (Pan) 61 FLT3 Inhibitor 66 IGF-1R Inhibitor 17 ROS1 Inhibitor 20 Alunbrig (brigatinib) is a multi-kinase inhibitor with selected activity against ALK, ROS1 fusions, FLT3, IGF1R and mutant EGFR, potentially resulting in decreased tumor growth (PMID: 27780853). Alunbrig (brigatinib) is FDA approved for use in patients with ALK-positive metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (FDA.gov).
Cemiplimab Libtayo REGN2810|SAR439684 Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor 147 PD-L1/PD-1 antibody 117 Libtayo (cemiplimab) is a human antibody that targets PD-1 (PDCD1) and prevents interaction with PD-L1 (CD274) and PD-L2 (PDCD1LG2), potentially resulting in increased anti-tumor immune response and decreased tumor growth (PMID: 28265006). Libtayo (cemiplimab) is FDA approved for use in patients with cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma, who are not not eligible for curative surgery or radiation, in patients with locally advanced or metastatic basal cell carcinoma who have received or are not eligible for a hedgehog pathway inhibitor, as first-line treatment in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with high PD-L1 expression (TPS>=50%) and no EGFR, ALK, or ROS1 aberrations, and in combination with platinum-based chemotherapy as first-line treatment for patients with NSCLC without EGFR, ALK, or ROS1 alterations (FDA.gov).
Ipilimumab Yervoy BMS-734016 CTLA4 Antibody 29 Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor 147 Yervoy (ipilimumab) is an antibody that binds to cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4), causing increased T-cell activation (PMID: 28891423). Yervoy (ipilimumab) is FDA approved for use in patients with metastatic melanoma, including patients 12 years or older, and in combination with Opdivo (nivolumab) for intermediate or poor-risk renal cell carcinoma, microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR) metastatic colorectal cancer (including patients 12 years or older), hepatocellular carcinoma previously treated with Nexavar (sorafenib), in combination with Opdivo (nivolumab) as first-line therapy in patients with PD-L1-positive (>=1%) metastatic non-small cell lung cancer without EGFR or ALK alterations, and in combination with Opdivo (nivolumab) and platinum-based chemotherapy as first-line therapy in patients with metastatic or recurrent non-small cell lung cancer without EGFR or ALK alterations (FDA.gov).
Nivolumab Opdivo MDX-1106|BMS-936558 Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor 147 PD-L1/PD-1 antibody 117 Opdivo (nivolumab) is an antibody that targets PD-1 (PDCD1), which results in increased T-cell activation and enhanced anti-tumor immune response (PMID: 28891423). Opdivo (nivolumab) is FDA approved for use as a monotherapy in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) progressed on prior therapies, Hodgkin's lymphoma, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, urothelial carcinoma (UC) , esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, resected esophageal or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) cancer, as a monotherapy or in combination with Yervoy (ipilimumab) for melanoma, renal cell carcinoma (RCC), microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR) colorectal cancer (including patients 12 years or older), and hepatocellular carcinoma, in combination with Yervoy (ipilimumab) as first-line therapy for PD-L1-positive (>=1%) metastatic NSCLC without EGFR or ALK alterations, with Yervoy (ipilimumab) and platinum-based chemotherapy as first-line therapy for metastatic or recurrent NSCLC without EGFR or ALK alterations, with platinum doublet chemotherapy as neoadjuvant treatment for patients with resectable NSCLC, with Cabometyx (cabozantinib) for advanced RCC, with fluoropyrimidine- and platinum-containing chemotherapy for advanced or metastatic gastric cancer, GEJ cancer, and esophageal adenocarcinoma, and with cisplatin and gemcitabine as first-line treatment for unresectable or metastatic UC (FDA.gov).
Pemigatinib Pemazyre INCB54828|INCB054828 FGFR1 Inhibitor 28 FGFR2 Inhibitor 23 FGFR3 Inhibitor 19 Pemazyre (pemigatinib) is a fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) inhibitor that blocks FGFR1/2/3 signaling, which results in growth inhibition in tumor cells (PMID: 32203698). Pemazyre (pemigatinib) is FDA approved for use in patients with advanced or metastatic cholangiocarcinoma harboring FGFR2 fusion or rearrangement, and in adult patients with relapsed or refractory myeloid or lymphoid neoplasms harboring FGFR1 rearrangement (FDA.gov).
Rucaparib Rubraca AG014699|PF-01367338|CO-388|AG14447 PARP Inhibitor (Pan) 30 Rubraca (rucaparib) binds to and inhibits PARP, which may result in accumulation of DNA damage and chemosensitization of tumor cells (PMID: 17363489). Rubraca (rucaparib) is FDA approved for use as maintenance therapy in patients with platinum-sensitive recurrent epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer harboring a deleterious BRCA mutation, and for treatment in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer harboring a deleterious BRCA mutation (germline and/or somatic) who received anti-androgen therapy and a taxane-based therapy (FDA.gov).
Selpercatinib Retevmo LOXO-292|LOXO292|LOXO 292|Retsevmo RET Inhibitor 52 Retevmo (selpercatinib) is an inhibitor of RET that specifically targets RET mutations and fusions, and may block the growth of cells with increased Ret activity (PMID: 29860229). Retevmo (selpercatinib) is FDA approved for use in patients with locally advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring RET fusions, and in adult and pediatric patients of 12 years and older with RET-mutant medullary thyroid cancer or RET fusion-positive thyroid cancer refractory to radioactive iodine, and in patients with advanced or metastatic solid tumor harboring RET fusions (FDA.org).
Tazemetostat Tazverik EPZ6438|E-7438|EPZ-6438 EZH2 inhibitor 20 Tazverik (tazemetostat) binds to and inhibits EZH2, resulting in decreased tri-methylation of H3K27, and potentially leading to inhibition of cell proliferation and tumor growth (PMID: 23620515). Tazverik (tazemetostat) is FDA approved for use in patients aged 16 years and older with metastatic or locally advanced epithelioid sarcoma not eligible for complete resection, and in adult patients with relapsed or refractory follicular lymphoma (R/R FL) harboring an EZH2 mutation after 2 prior therapies, and in patients with R/R FL without treatment options (FDA.gov).
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
RET mutant thyroid gland medullary carcinoma sensitive Selpercatinib FDA approved Actionable In a Phase I/II trial (LIBRETTO-001) that supported FDA approval, Retevmo (selpercatinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate (ORR) of 69% (38/55), with five complete and 33 partial responses, in adult and pediatric patients of 12 years and older with medullary thyroid cancer harboring RET mutations who were previously treated, while patients who had not been previously treated demonstrated an ORR of 73% (64/88), with ten complete and 54 partial responses (PMID: 32846061; NCT03157128). detail... detail... 32846061
NRAS wild-type colorectal cancer predicted - sensitive Panitumumab FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable Vectibix (panitumumab) is FDA approved for metastatic colorectal patients that are NRAS wild-type, as detected by a companion diagnostic (FDA.gov). detail... detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (ALTA-1L) that supported FDA approval, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment resulted in superior progression-free survival (HR=0.49, p=0.0007) compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) in patients with ALK-rearrangement positive metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (Ann Oncol., Apr 2019, 30 (Suppl 2):ii48; NCT02737501). detail... detail... detail...
IDH1 R132L myelodysplastic syndrome sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) was tolerated and resulted in a complete response (CR) in 44% (7/16), partial response (PR) in 6% (1/16), and marrow CR in 31% (5/16) of patients with relapsed or refractory myelodysplastic syndrome harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test, with a hematologic improvement in >/=1 lineages achieved by 69% (11/16) of patients (J Clin Oncol 40, no. 16_suppl (June 01, 2022) 7053; NCT02074839). detail... detail... detail...
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive Trametinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (METRIC) that supported FDA approval, Mekinist (trametinib) treatment, as compared to Deticine (dacarbazine) or Taxol (paclitaxel) treatment, resulted in improved progression-free survival of 4.8 months versus 1.5 months and an overall six month survival rate of 81% versus 67% in patients with BRAF V600E/K-positive metastatic melanoma (PMID: 22663011; NCT01245062). 22663011 detail... detail...
MSH6 negative endometrial carcinoma sensitive Pembrolizumab FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (KEYNOTE-158) that supported FDA approval, Keytruda (pembrolizumab) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 48% (38/79, 11 complete responses, 27 partial responses) in patients with advanced microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair-deficient (dMMR, often defined by the loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression by IHC) endometrial carcinoma, with a median progression-free survival of 13.1 months (PMID: 34990208; NCT02628067). detail... detail... 34990208
FLT3 mutant acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Cytarabine + Daunorubicin + Midostaurin FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial that supported FDA approval, treatment with Rydapt (midostaurin), combined with Cytosar-U (cytarabine) and Daunorubicin, improved overall survival (HR=0.78, p=0.009) and event-free survival (HR=0.78, p=0.002) in patients with FLT3-mutant (ITD, D835X, and I836X mutations) acute myeloid leukemia compared to Cytosar-U (cytarabine) and Daunorubicin with placebo (PMID: 28644114; NCT00651261). 28644114 detail... detail...
BRAF V600E/K melanoma sensitive Binimetinib + Encorafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III (COLUMBUS) trial that supported FDA approval, Braftovi (encorafenib) in combination with Mektovi (binimetinib) resulted in a median overall survival (OS) of 33.6 months, a 1-year OS rate of 77.5%, and a 2-year OS rate of 57.7% in patients with advanced melanoma harboring BRAF V600E/K mutations compared to a median OS of 16.9 months and 1- and 2-year OS rates of 63.1% and 43.2%, respectively, in the Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treated group (PMID: 30219628; NCT01909453). detail... detail... detail... 30219628
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Zykadia (ceritinib) resulted in a blinded independent review committee (BIRC)-assessed objective response rate of 44% (72/163) and a duration of response of 7.1 months in ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients (PMID: 25754348; NCT01283516). detail... detail... 25754348
IDH1 R132C cholangiocarcinoma sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III (ClarIDHy) trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment significantly improved median progression-free survival (2.7 vs 1.4 mo, HR=0.37, p<0.001) and prolonged median overall survival (10.8 vs 9.7 mo, HR=0.69, p=0.06) compared to placebo in patients with advanced cholangiocarcinoma harboring IDH1 mutations including R132C/H/L/G/S, resulted in favorable objective response rate (2%, 3/124 vs 0%, 0/61) and stable disease rate (51% vs 28%) (PMID: 32416072; NCT02989857). detail... detail... 32416072
CHEK2 inact mut prostate cancer sensitive Olaparib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (PROfound) that supported FDA approval, Lynparza (olaparib) improved median imaging-based progression-free survival (5.8 vs 3.5 mo, HR 0.49, p<0.001) compared to control in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer patients harboring deleterious or suspected deleterious mutations in homologous recombination repair genes who progressed on hormone therapy, HR for progression or death was 0.87 in CHEK2-mutant patients (PMID: 32343890; NCT02987543). detail... detail... 32343890
FLT3 exon 14 ins acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Cytarabine + Daunorubicin + Midostaurin FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial that supported FDA approval, treatment with Rydapt (midostaurin), combined with Cytosar-U (cytarabine) and Daunorubicin, improved overall survival (74.7 mo vs 25.6 mo) in patients with FLT3-mutant (D835X and I836X) or FLT3-ITD (exon 14 insertions) acute myeloid leukemia compared to Cytosar-U (cytarabine) and Daunorubicin with placebo (PMID: 28644114). 28644114 detail... detail...
IDH1 R132C acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Azacitidine + Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (AGILE) that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) and Vidaza (azacitidine) combination therapy significantly improved event-free survival (HR 0.33, p=0.002) and median overall survival (24.0 vs 7.9 mo, HR 0.44, p=0.001) compared to Vidaza (azacitidine) plus placebo in patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia harboring IDH1 mutations including R132C/H/G/L/S (PMID: 35443108; NCT03173248). 35443108 detail... detail...
IDH1 R132S acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 28.6% (8/28), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 14.3% (4/28) of patients age 75 or older with untreated acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test, with a median treatment duration of 4.3 months (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). detail... 29860938 detail...
MLH1 negative endometrial cancer sensitive Dostarlimab-gxly FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial (GARNET) that supported FDA approval, Jemperli (dostarlimab-gxly) treatment demonstrated acceptable safety profile, and resulted in an objective response rate of 42.3% (30/71, 9 complete responses, 21 partial responses), with a median duration of response not reached in patients with recurrent or advanced endometrial cancer harboring mismatch repair deficiency (dMMR) as confirmed by a loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression in an FDA-approved IHC test (PMID: 33001143; NCT02715284). detail... 33001143 detail...
IDH1 R132G cholangiocarcinoma sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III (ClarIDHy) trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment significantly improved median progression-free survival (2.7 vs 1.4 mo, HR=0.37, p<0.001) and prolonged median overall survival (10.8 vs 9.7 mo, HR=0.69, p=0.06) compared to placebo in patients with advanced cholangiocarcinoma harboring IDH1 mutations including R132C/H/L/G/S, resulted in favorable objective response rate (2%, 3/124 vs 0%, 0/61) and stable disease rate (51% vs 28%) (PMID: 32416072; NCT02989857). detail... 32416072 detail...
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive Dabrafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III clinical trial (BREAK-3) that supported FDA approval, Tafinlar (dabrafenib) improved median progression-free survival compared to Deticene (dacarbazine) (5.1 vs 2.7 months, HR=0.3, p<0.0001) in patients with BRAF V600E positive melanoma (PMID: 22735384; NCT01227889). detail... detail... 22735384
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (Study B7461006) that supported FDA approval, first-line Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in a significantly improved 12-mo progression-free survival rate (78% vs 39%, HR 0.28, p<0.0010) and a response rate of 76% (113/149) vs 58% (85/147) compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) in patients with advanced ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer, and led to an intracranial response rate of 71% (12/14) vs 23% (3/13) in patients with measurable CNS metastases (PMID: 33207094; NCT03052608). 33207094 detail... detail...
FLT3 exon 14 ins acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Gilteritinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (ADMIRAL) that supported FDA approval, Xospata (gilteritinib) improved median overall survival (9.3 vs 5.6 mo, HR. 0.64, p<0.001), median event-free survival (2.8 vs 0.7 mo, HR 0.79), and rate of complete remission with full or partial hematologic recovery (34.0% vs 15.3%) compared to chemotherapy in patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a FLT3 internal tandem duplication (ITD; exon 14 insertion), D835, or I836 mutation (PMID: 31665578; NCT02421939). detail... 31665578 detail...
IDH2 mutant acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Enasidenib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I/II trial that supported FDA approval, Idhifa (enasidenib) treatment resulted in an overall response rate of 40.3% (71/176) with a median response duration of 5.8 months, complete remission in 19.3% (34/176), and stable disease in 48.3% (85/176) of acute myeloid leukemia patients harboring IDH2 mutations (R140Q/L/G/W, R172K/M/G/S/W) (PMID: 28588020; NCT01915498). 28588020 detail... detail...
BRAF V600E/K melanoma sensitive Trametinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (METRIC) that supported FDA approval, Mekinist (trametinib) treatment, as compared to Deticine (dacarbazine) or Taxol (paclitaxel) treatment, resulted in improved progression-free survival of 4.8 months versus 1.5 months and an overall six month survival rate of 81% versus 67% in patients with BRAF V600E/K positive metastatic melanoma (PMID: 22663011; NCT01245062). 22663011 detail... detail...
BRAF V600K melanoma sensitive Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (coBRIM) that supported FDA approval, treatment with the combination of Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Cotellic (cobimetinib) resulted in an improved progression-free survival of 12.3 months, compared to 7.2 months with Zelboraf (vemurafenib) plus placebo, among patients with BRAF V600-mutated metastatic melanoma, and BRAF V600E and BRAF V600K are on the companion diagnostic (PMID: 27480103; NCT01689519). detail... 27480103 detail...
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (ALTA-1L) that supported FDA approval, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment resulted in superior progression-free survival (HR=0.49, p=0.0007) compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) in patients with ALK-rearrangement positive metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (Ann Oncol., Apr 2019, 30 (Suppl 2):ii48; NCT02737501). detail... detail... detail...
MSH6 negative Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Dostarlimab-gxly FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial (GARNET) that supported FDA aproval, Jemperli (dostarlimab-gxly) treatment demonstrated acceptable safety profile, and resulted in an objective response rate of 41.6% (87/209), with a median duration of response not reached in patients with advanced mismatch repair deficient (dMMR) solid tumors, as indicated by a loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression in an FDA-approved IHC test (J Clin Oncol 39, no. 15_suppl (May 20, 2021) 2564-2564; NCT02715284). detail... detail... detail...
MLH1 negative Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Dostarlimab-gxly FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial (GARNET) that supported FDA approval, Jemperli (dostarlimab-gxly) treatment demonstrated acceptable safety profile, and resulted in an objective response rate of 41.6% (87/209), with a median duration of response not reached in patients with advanced mismatch repair deficient (dMMR) solid tumors, as indicated by a loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression in an FDA-approved IHC test (J Clin Oncol 39, no. 15_suppl (May 20, 2021) 2564-2564; NCT02715284). detail... detail... detail...
IDH1 R132H acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 28.6% (8/28), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 14.3% (4/28) of patients age 75 or older with untreated acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test, with a median treatment duration of 4.3 months (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). 29860938 detail... detail...
BRAF V600E/K melanoma sensitive Dabrafenib + Trametinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (COMBI-v) that supported FDA approval, the combination of Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) resulted in an improved overall survival rate at 12 months (72% vs 65%, HR=0.69, p=0.005), median progression-free survival (11.4 vs 7.3 months, HR=0.56, p<0.001), and objective response rate (64% vs 51%, p<0.001) compared to Zelboraf (vemurafenib) in melanoma patients harboring BRAF V600E or V600K (PMID: 25399551; NCT01597908). detail... detail... 25399551
ATM inact mut prostate cancer sensitive Olaparib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (PROfound) that supported FDA approval, Lynparza (olaparib) improved progression-free survival (7.4 vs 3.6 mo, HR 0.34, p<0.001), objective response rate (33% vs 2%, OR 20.86, p<0.001), and median overall survival (18.5 vs 15.1 mo, HR 0.64, p=0.02) compared to control in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer patients harboring deleterious or suspected deleterious BRCA or ATM mutations, HR for progression or death was 1.04 in ATM-mutant patients (PMID: 32343890; NCT02987543). detail... 32343890 detail...
IDH1 R132L acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 21.6% (27/125), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 8.8% (11/125), and overall response (OR) in 41.6% (52/125) of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). 29860938 detail... detail...
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (PROFILE 1014) that supported FDA approval, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in improved progression-free survival (10.9 vs 7.0 months, HR=0.45, p<0.001) and objective response rate (74% vs 45%) relative to chemotherapy in NSCLC patients with ALK rearrangements (PMID: 25470694; NCT01154140). 25470694 detail... detail...
IDH1 R132C acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 28.6% (8/28), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 14.3% (4/28) of patients age 75 or older with untreated acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test, with a median treatment duration of 4.3 months (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). detail... 29860938 detail...
IDH1 R132S acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Olutasidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (Study 2102-HEM-101) that supported FDA approval, Rezlidhia (olutasidenib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 46% (57/123, 37 complete remission (CR), 4 CR with partial hematologic recovery, 14 CR with incomplete recovery, 1 morphologic leukemia-free state, 1 partial response) in patients with relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132S/C/G/H/L) (J Clin Oncol 39, no. 15_suppl (May 20, 2021) 7006; NCT02719574). detail... detail... detail...
BRAF V600K melanoma sensitive Dabrafenib + Trametinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (COMBI-v) that supported FDA approval, the combination of Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) resulted in an improved overall survival rate at 12 months (72% vs 65%, HR=0.69, p=0.005), median progression-free survival (11.4 vs 7.3 months, HR=0.56, p<0.001), and objective response rate (64% vs 51%, p<0.001) compared to Zelboraf (vemurafenib) in melanoma patients harboring BRAF V600E or V600K (PMID: 25399551; NCT01597908). detail... 25399551 detail...
FGFR3 R248C transitional cell carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations and FGFR3 R248C is included in the companion diagnostic (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). 31340094 detail... detail...
IDH1 R132H acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Olutasidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (Study 2102-HEM-101) that supported FDA approval, Rezlidhia (olutasidenib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 46% (57/123, 37 complete remission (CR), 4 CR with partial hematologic recovery, 14 CR with incomplete recovery, 1 morphologic leukemia-free state, 1 partial response) in patients with relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132H/C/G/L/S) (J Clin Oncol 39, no. 15_suppl (May 20, 2021) 7006; NCT02719574). detail... detail... detail...
FGFR2 fusion cholangiocarcinoma sensitive Infigratinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial that supported FDA approval, Truseltiq (infigratinib) treatment demonstrated manageable toxicity, resulted in an objective response rate of 23.1% (25/108, 1 complete response, 24 partial responses) in patients with previously treated advanced cholangiocarcinoma harboring an FGFR2 fusion or rearrangement, with a median duration of response of 5.0 months and a median progression-free survival of 7.3 months (J Clin Oncol 39, no. 3_suppl (January 20, 2021) 265-265; NCT02150967). detail... detail... detail...
FGFR3 R248C bladder urothelial carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations and FGFR3 R248C is included in the companion diagnostic (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). detail... 31340094 detail...
BRAF V600K melanoma sensitive Binimetinib + Encorafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III (COLUMBUS) trial that supported FDA approval, Braftovi (encorafenib) in combination with Mektovi (binimetinib) resulted in a median overall survival (OS) of 33.6 months, a 1-year OS rate of 77.5%, and a 2-year OS rate of 57.7% in patients with advanced melanoma harboring BRAF V600E/K mutations compared to a median OS of 16.9 months and 1- and 2-year OS rates of 63.1% and 43.2%, respectively, in the Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treated group (PMID: 30219628; NCT01909453). detail... 30219628 detail... detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Zykadia (ceritinib) resulted in a blinded independent review committee (BIRC)-assessed objective response rate of 44% (72/163) and a duration of response of 7.1 months in ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients (PMID: 25754348; NCT01283516). 25754348 detail... detail...
IDH1 R132S acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 21.6% (27/125), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 8.8% (11/125), and overall response (OR) in 41.6% (52/125) of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). detail... 29860938 detail...
IDH2 R140W acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Enasidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I/II trial that supported FDA approval, Idhifa (enasidenib) treatment resulted in an overall response rate of 40.3% (71/176) with a median response duration of 5.8 months, complete remission in 19.3% (34/176), and stable disease in 48.3% (85/176) of acute myeloid leukemia patients harboring IDH2 mutations (PMID: 28588020; NCT01915498) and IDH2 R140W is on the companion diagnostic. detail... detail... 28588020
ROS1 rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial (PROFILE 1001) that supported FDA approval, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 72% (38/53), with 6 complete responses and 32 partial responses, a median duration of response of 24.7 months, a median progression-free survival of 19.3 months, and a median overall survival of 51.4 months in patients with non-small cell lung cancer harboring ROS1 rearrangements as detected by an FDA-approved test (PMID: 30980071; NCT00585195). detail... detail... 30980071
FLT3 D835X acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Cytarabine + Daunorubicin + Midostaurin FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial that supported FDA approval, treatment with Rydapt (midostaurin), combined with Cytosar-U (cytarabine) and Daunorubicin, improved overall survival (74.7 mo vs 25.6 mo) in patients with FLT3-mutant (D835X and I836X) or FLT3-ITD (exon 14 insertions) acute myeloid leukemia compared to Cytosar-U (cytarabine) and Daunorubicin with placebo (PMID: 28644114). detail... 28644114 detail...
IDH1 R132S acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Azacitidine + Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (AGILE) that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) and Vidaza (azacitidine) combination therapy significantly improved event-free survival (HR 0.33, p=0.002) and median overall survival (24.0 vs 7.9 mo, HR 0.44, p=0.001) compared to Vidaza (azacitidine) plus placebo in patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia harboring IDH1 mutations including R132C/H/G/L/S (PMID: 35443108; NCT03173248). 35443108 detail... detail...
CHEK1 inact mut prostate cancer sensitive Olaparib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (PROfound) that supported FDA approval, Lynparza (olaparib) treatment significantly improved median imaging-based progression-free survival (5.8 vs 3.5 mo, HR 0.49, p<0.001) compared to control in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who progressed on hormone therapy and harbored deleterious or suspected deleterious mutations in homologous recombination repair genes, including CHEK1 (PMID: 32343890; NCT02987543). detail... detail... 32343890
FLT3 exon 15 ins acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Quizartinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (QuANTUM-First) that supported FDA approval, Vanflyta (quizartinib) in combination with induction and consolidation chemotherapy, followed by Vanflyta (quizartinib) maintenance improved median overall survival (31.9 vs 15.1 months, HR 0.78, p=0.032) compared to placebo in patients with newly-diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia harboring FLT3 internal tandem duplication (ITD; exon 14 insertion, exon 15 insertion) (PMID: 37116523; NCT02668653). detail... detail... 37116523
BRAF V600E/K melanoma sensitive Dabrafenib + Trametinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (COMBI-AD) that supported FDA approval, adjuvant treatment with the combination of Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) resulted in an improved estimated 3-year relapse-free survival rate (58% vs 39%, HR=0.47, P<0.001) and 3-year overall survival rate (86% vs 77%, HR=0.57; 95% CI, 0.42 to 0.79, P=0.0006) compared to placebo in stage III melanoma patients harboring BRAF V600E or V600K mutations (PMID: 28891408; NCT01682083). detail... 28891408 detail...
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial supporting FDA approval (ALEX), Alecensa (alectinib) treatment resulted in improved rate of progression-free survival compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) (68.4% vs 48.7%, HR=0.47), and median progression-free survival (25.7 vs 10.4 months) in non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring ALK rearrangements (PMID: 28586279; NCT02075840). detail... 28586279 detail...
MLH1 negative endometrial cancer sensitive Carboplatin + Dostarlimab-gxly + Paclitaxel FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (RUBY) that supported FDA approval, Jemperli (dostarlimab-gxly) plus carboplatin and paclitaxel followed by Jemperli (dostarlimab-gxly) improved 24-month progression-free survival (61.4% vs 15.7%, HR 0.28, p<0.001) compared to placebo in patients with advanced or recurrent mismatch repair-deficient (dMMR, as indicated by a loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression in an FDA-approved IHC test) or microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) endometrial cancer (PMID: 36972026; NCT03981796). detail... detail... 36972026
IDH1 R132L acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 28.6% (8/28), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 14.3% (4/28) of patients age 75 or older with untreated acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test, with a median treatment duration of 4.3 months (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). 29860938 detail... detail...
FLT3 mutant acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Gilteritinib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (ADMIRAL) that supported FDA approval, Xospata (gilteritinib) improved median overall survival (9.3 vs 5.6 mo, HR. 0.64, p<0.001) compared to chemotherapy, resulted in superior median event-free survival (2.8 vs 0.7 mo, HR 0.79) and rate of complete remission with full or partial hematologic recovery (34.0% vs 15.3%) in patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a FLT3 internal tandem duplication (ITD), D835, or I836 mutation (PMID: 31665578; NCT02421939). detail... detail... 31665578
FLT3 exon 15 ins acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Gilteritinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (ADMIRAL) that supported FDA approval, Xospata (gilteritinib) improved median overall survival (9.3 vs 5.6 mo, HR. 0.64, p<0.001), median event-free survival (2.8 vs 0.7 mo, HR 0.79), and rate of complete remission with full or partial hematologic recovery (34.0% vs 15.3%) compared to chemotherapy in patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a FLT3 internal tandem duplication (ITD; exon 14/15 insertion), D835, or I836 mutation (PMID: 31665578; NCT02421939). detail... 31665578 detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (Study B7461006) that supported FDA approval, first-line Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in a significantly improved 12-mo progression-free survival rate (78% vs 39%, HR 0.28, p<0.0010) and a response rate of 76% (113/149) vs 58% (85/147) compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) in patients with advanced ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer, and led to an intracranial response rate of 71% (12/14) vs 23% (3/13) in patients with measurable CNS metastases (PMID: 33207094; NCT03052608). 33207094 detail... detail...
IDH1 R132L acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Azacitidine + Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (AGILE) that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) and Vidaza (azacitidine) combination therapy significantly improved event-free survival (HR 0.33, p=0.002) and median overall survival (24.0 vs 7.9 mo, HR 0.44, p=0.001) compared to Vidaza (azacitidine) plus placebo in patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia harboring IDH1 mutations including R132C/H/G/L/S (PMID: 35443108; NCT03173248). 35443108 detail... detail...
IDH2 R140L acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Enasidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I/II trial that supported FDA approval, Idhifa (enasidenib) treatment resulted in an overall response rate of 40.3% (71/176) with a median response duration of 5.8 months, complete remission in 19.3% (34/176), and stable disease in 48.3% (85/176) of acute myeloid leukemia patients harboring IDH2 mutations (PMID: 28588020; NCT01915498) and IDH2 R140L is on the companion diagnostic. detail... detail... 28588020
IDH1 R132H acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 21.6% (27/125), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 8.8% (11/125), and overall response (OR) in 41.6% (52/125) of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). 29860938 detail... detail...
FGFR3 G370C transitional cell carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations and FGFR3 G370C is included in the companion diagnostic (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). detail... 31340094 detail...
IDH1 mutant myelodysplastic syndrome sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) was tolerated and resulted in a complete response (CR) in 44% (7/16), partial response (PR) in 6% (1/16), and marrow CR in 31% (5/16) of patients with relapsed or refractory myelodysplastic syndrome harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test, with a hematologic improvement in >/=1 lineages achieved by 69% (11/16) of patients (J Clin Oncol 40, no. 16_suppl (June 01, 2022) 7053; NCT02074839). detail... detail... detail...
BRAF V600E thyroid gland anaplastic carcinoma sensitive Dabrafenib + Trametinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (ROAR) that supported FDA approval, the combination of Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) resulted in an overall response rate of 61% (20/33; 3 complete responses, 17 partial responses) in patients with anaplastic thyroid cancer harboring BRAF V600E, with 12-month duration of response rate of 50%, a median progression-free survival and overall survival of 6.7 and 14.5 months, respectively (PMID: 35026411; NCT02034110). 35026411 detail... detail... detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial that supported FDA approval, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in an objective response (OR) rate of 47% (93/198; 4 CR, 89 PR) and a median time to overall first tumor response of 1.4 months, and an objective intracranial response rate of 63% (51/81) and median time to first intracranial response of 1.4 months in ALK-positive (rearrangement or fusion) non-small cell lung cancer patients who had received at least one prior ALK inhibitor therapy (PMID: 30413378; NCT01970865). detail... detail... 30413378
FGFR3 Y373C bladder urothelial carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations and FGFR3 Y373C is included in the companion diagnostic (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). detail... 31340094 detail...
IDH2 R140G acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Enasidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I/II trial that supported FDA approval, Idhifa (enasidenib) treatment resulted in an overall response rate of 40.3% (71/176) with a median response duration of 5.8 months, complete remission in 19.3% (34/176), and stable disease in 48.3% (85/176) of acute myeloid leukemia patients harboring IDH2 mutations (PMID: 28588020; NCT01915498) and IDH2 R140G is on the companion diagnostic. detail... detail... 28588020
BRAF V600K melanoma sensitive Trametinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (METRIC) that supported FDA approval, Mekinist (trametinib) treatment, as compared to Deticine (dacarbazine) or Taxol (paclitaxel) treatment, resulted in improved progression-free survival of 4.8 months versus 1.5 months and an overall six month survival rate of 81% versus 67% in patients with BRAF V600E/K-positive metastatic melanoma (PMID: 22663011; NCT01245062). 22663011 detail... detail...
BRIP1 inact mut prostate cancer sensitive Olaparib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (PROfound) that supported FDA approval, Lynparza (olaparib) treatment significantly improved median imaging-based progression-free survival (5.8 vs 3.5 mo, HR 0.49, p<0.001) compared to control in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who progressed on hormone therapy and harbored deleterious or suspected deleterious mutations in homologous recombination repair genes, including BRIP1 (PMID: 32343890; NCT02987543). detail... 32343890 detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (PROFILE 1014) that supported FDA approval, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in improved progression-free survival (10.9 vs 7.0 months, HR=0.45, p<0.001) and objective response rate (74% vs 45%) relative to chemotherapy in NSCLC patients with ALK rearrangements (PMID: 25470694; NCT01154140). detail... 25470694 detail...
IDH1 R132C myelodysplastic syndrome sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) was tolerated and resulted in a complete response (CR) in 44% (7/16), partial response (PR) in 6% (1/16), and marrow CR in 31% (5/16) of patients with relapsed or refractory myelodysplastic syndrome harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test, with a hematologic improvement in >/=1 lineages achieved by 69% (11/16) of patients (J Clin Oncol 40, no. 16_suppl (June 01, 2022) 7053; NCT02074839). detail... detail... detail...
MSH6 negative endometrial cancer sensitive Dostarlimab-gxly FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial (GARNET) that supported FDA approval, Jemperli (dostarlimab-gxly) treatment demonstrated acceptable safety profile, and resulted in an objective response rate of 42.3% (30/71, 9 complete responses, 21 partial responses), with a median duration of response not reached in patients with recurrent or advanced endometrial cancer harboring mismatch repair deficiency (dMMR) as confirmed by a loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression in an FDA-approved IHC test (PMID: 33001143; NCT02715284). detail... 33001143 detail...
IDH1 R132L acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Olutasidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (Study 2102-HEM-101) that supported FDA approval, Rezlidhia (olutasidenib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 46% (57/123, 37 complete remission (CR), 4 CR with partial hematologic recovery, 14 CR with incomplete recovery, 1 morphologic leukemia-free state, 1 partial response) in patients with relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132L/C/G/H/S) (J Clin Oncol 39, no. 15_suppl (May 20, 2021) 7006; NCT02719574). detail... detail... detail...
RET fusion thyroid cancer sensitive Selpercatinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I/II trial (LIBRETTO-001) that supported FDA approval, Retevmo (selpercatinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 79% (15/19), including one complete and 14 partial responses, with a median response duration of 18.4 months, and median progression-free survival of 20.1 months in adult and pediatric patients 12 years and older with RET fusion-positive thyroid cancer who were previously treated (PMID: 32846061; NCT03157128). detail... detail... 32846061
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial that supported FDA approval, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in an objective response (OR) rate of 47% (93/198; 4 CR, 89 PR) and a median time to overall first tumor response of 1.4 months, and an objective intracranial response rate of 63% (51/81) and median time to first intracranial response of 1.4 months in ALK-positive (rearrangement or fusion) non-small cell lung cancer patients who had received at least one prior ALK inhibitor therapy (PMID: 30413378; NCT01970865). detail... 30413378 detail...
IDH1 R132G acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Azacitidine + Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (AGILE) that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) and Vidaza (azacitidine) combination therapy significantly improved event-free survival (HR 0.33, p=0.002) and median overall survival (24.0 vs 7.9 mo, HR 0.44, p=0.001) compared to Vidaza (azacitidine) plus placebo in patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia harboring IDH1 mutations including R132C/H/G/L/S (PMID: 35443108; NCT03173248). 35443108 detail... detail...
IDH1 R132G acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Olutasidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (Study 2102-HEM-101) that supported FDA approval, Rezlidhia (olutasidenib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 46% (57/123, 37 complete remission (CR), 4 CR with partial hematologic recovery, 14 CR with incomplete recovery, 1 morphologic leukemia-free state, 1 partial response) in patients with relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132G/C/H/L/S) (J Clin Oncol 39, no. 15_suppl (May 20, 2021) 7006; NCT02719574). detail... detail... detail...
BRAF V600E lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Dabrafenib + Trametinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial that supported FDA approval, treatment with the combination of Mekinist (trametinib) and Tafinlar (dabrafenib) in patients with non-small cell lung cancer harboring BRAF V600E resulted in an overall response rate of 66.7% (38/57) in previously treated patients and 64% (23/36) in untreated patients, versus 33% (26/78) treated with Tafinlar (dabrafenib) alone (PMID: 27080216, PMID: 27283860, PMID: 28919011; NCT01336634). 27283860 detail... 27080216 detail... detail... 28919011
FGFR3 mutant bladder urothelial carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). detail... 31340094 detail...
IDH1 R132H acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Azacitidine + Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (AGILE) that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) and Vidaza (azacitidine) combination therapy significantly improved event-free survival (HR 0.33, p=0.002) and median overall survival (24.0 vs 7.9 mo, HR 0.44, p=0.001) compared to Vidaza (azacitidine) plus placebo in patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia harboring IDH1 mutations including R132C/H/G/L/S (PMID: 35443108; NCT03173248). 35443108 detail... detail...
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive Dabrafenib + Trametinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (COMBI-v) that supported FDA approval, the combination of Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) resulted in an improved overall survival rate at 12 months (72% vs 65%, HR=0.69, p=0.005), median progression-free survival (11.4 vs 7.3 months, HR=0.56, p<0.001), and objective response rate (64% vs 51%, p<0.001) compared to Zelboraf (vemurafenib) in melanoma patients harboring BRAF V600E or V600K (PMID: 25399551; NCT01597908). detail... detail... 25399551
IDH2 R172K acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Enasidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I/II trial that supported FDA approval, Idhifa (enasidenib) treatment resulted in an overall response rate of 40.3% (71/176) with a median response duration of 5.8 months, complete remission in 19.3% (34/176), and stable disease in 48.3% (85/176) of acute myeloid leukemia patients harboring IDH2 mutations (PMID: 28588020; NCT01915498) and IDH2 R172K is on the companion diagnostic. detail... detail... 28588020
FGFR2 fusion cholangiocarcinoma sensitive Pemigatinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II (FIGHT-202) trial, Pemazyre (pemigatinib) treatment resulted in an objective response in 35.5% (38/107, 3 complete response, 35 partial response) of patients with advanced cholangiocarcinoma harboring FGFR2 fusions or rearrangements, with a disease control rate of 82% (88/107), median time-to-response of 2.7 months, and a median progression-free survival of 6.9 months (PMID: 32203698; NCT02924376). detail... 32203698 detail...
BRAF V600E lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Binimetinib + Encorafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (PHAROS) that supported FDA approval, Braftovi (encorafenib) and Mektovi (binimetinib) combination therapy resulted in an objective response rate (ORR) of 75% (44/59; 9 complete, 35 partial responses) with a duration of response (DOR) lasting 12 or more months in 59% of treatment-naive patients, and an ORR of 46% (18/39) with a DOR lasting 12 or more months in 33% of previously treated patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 37270692; NCT03915951). detail... detail... detail... 37270692
FGFR2 rearrange cholangiocarcinoma sensitive Pemigatinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II (FIGHT-202) trial, Pemazyre (pemigatinib) treatment resulted in an objective response in 35.5% (38/107, 3 complete response, 35 partial response) of patients with advanced cholangiocarcinoma harboring FGFR2 fusions or rearrangements, with a disease control rate of 82% (88/107), median time-to-response of 2.7 months, and a median progression-free survival of 6.9 months (PMID: 32203698; NCT02924376). detail... 32203698 detail...
RAD54L inact mut prostate cancer sensitive Olaparib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (PROfound) that supported FDA approval, Lynparza (olaparib) improved median imaging-based progression-free survival (5.8 vs 3.5 mo, HR 0.49, p<0.001) compared to control in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer patients harboring deleterious or suspected deleterious mutations in homologous recombination repair genes who progressed on hormone therapy, HR for progression or death was 0.33 in RAD54L-mutant patients (PMID: 32343890; NCT02987543). detail... detail... 32343890
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive Vemurafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (BRIM-3) that supported FDA approval, Zelboraf (vemurafenib), as compared to Deticene (dacarbazine), resulted in an improved overall survival (OS) (13.6 vs 9.7 months, HR=0.81, p=0.03) in patients with BRAF V600E-positive metastatic melanoma, with estimated OS rates of 56%, 30%, 21%, and 17% at 1, 2, 3, and 4 years, respectively (PMID: 28961848, PMID: 21639808; NCT01006980), and BRAF V600E is included on the companion diagnostic (FDA.gov). 28961848 detail... detail... 21639808
RET fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Selpercatinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I/II trial (LIBRETTO-001) that supported FDA approval, Retevmo (selpercatinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate (ORR) of 64% (64/105) in patients with RET fusion-positive non-small cell lung cancer, with a median duration of response of 17.5 months, ORR was 85% (33/39) and 91% (10/11) in previously treated patients and patients with measurable CNS metastasis, respectively (PMID: 32846060; NCT03157128). detail... 32846060 detail...
RAD51D inact mut prostate cancer sensitive Olaparib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (PROfound) that supported FDA approval, Lynparza (olaparib) treatment significantly improved median imaging-based progression-free survival (5.8 vs 3.5 mo, HR 0.49, p<0.001) compared to control in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who progressed on hormone therapy and harbored deleterious or suspected deleterious mutations in homologous recombination repair genes, including RAD51D (PMID: 32343890; NCT02987543). detail... detail... 32343890
FGFR3 S249C bladder urothelial carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations and FGFR3 S249C is included in the companion diagnostic (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). detail... 31340094 detail...
IDH1 R132H myelodysplastic syndrome sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) was tolerated and resulted in a complete response (CR) in 44% (7/16), partial response (PR) in 6% (1/16), and marrow CR in 31% (5/16) of patients with relapsed or refractory myelodysplastic syndrome harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test, with a hematologic improvement in >/=1 lineages achieved by 69% (11/16) of patients (J Clin Oncol 40, no. 16_suppl (June 01, 2022) 7053; NCT02074839). detail... detail... detail...
FGFR2 rearrange cholangiocarcinoma sensitive Infigratinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial that supported FDA approval, Truseltiq (infigratinib) treatment demonstrated manageable toxicity, resulted in an objective response rate of 23.1% (25/108, 1 complete response, 24 partial responses) in patients with previously treated advanced cholangiocarcinoma harboring an FGFR2 fusion or rearrangement, with a median duration of response of 5.0 months and a median progression-free survival of 7.3 months (J Clin Oncol 39, no. 3_suppl (January 20, 2021) 265-265; NCT02150967). detail... detail... detail...
BRAF V600K melanoma sensitive Binimetinib + Encorafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III (COLUMBUS) trial that supported FDA approval, Braftovi (encorafenib) in combination with Mektovi (binimetinib) demonstrated improved tolerability profile and efficacy, resulted in a progression-free survival of 14.9 months in patients with advanced melanoma harboring BRAF V600E/K mutations, comparing to 7.3 months in the Zelboraf (vemurafenib) group (HR=0.54, p<0.0001) (PMID: 29573941; NCT01909453) and both BRAF V600E and BRAF V600K are on the companion diagnostic. 29573941 detail... detail... detail...
BRAF V600E/K melanoma sensitive Binimetinib + Encorafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III (COLUMBUS) trial that supported FDA approval, Braftovi (encorafenib) in combination with Mektovi (binimetinib) demonstrated improved tolerability profile and efficacy, resulted in a progression-free survival of 14.9 months in patients with advanced melanoma harboring BRAF V600E/K mutations, comparing to 7.3 months in the Zelboraf (vemurafenib) group (HR=0.54, p<0.0001) (PMID: 29573941; NCT01909453) and both BRAF V600E and V600K are on the companion diagnostic. 29573941 detail... detail... detail...
ROS1 fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 72% (36/50), with 3 complete responses and 33 partial responses, a median duration of response of 17.6 months, and a median progression-free survival of 19.2 months in patients with non-small cell lung cancer harboring ROS1 rearrangements as detected by an FDA-approved test (PMID: 25264305; NCT00585195). detail... 25264305 detail...
IDH2 R172S acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Enasidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I/II trial that supported FDA approval, Idhifa (enasidenib) treatment resulted in an overall response rate of 40.3% (71/176) with a median response duration of 5.8 months, complete remission in 19.3% (34/176), and stable disease in 48.3% (85/176) of acute myeloid leukemia patients harboring IDH2 mutations (PMID: 28588020; NCT01915498) and IDH2 R172S is on the companion diagnostic. 28588020 detail... detail...
IDH1 R132G myelodysplastic syndrome sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) was tolerated and resulted in a complete response (CR) in 44% (7/16), partial response (PR) in 6% (1/16), and marrow CR in 31% (5/16) of patients with relapsed or refractory myelodysplastic syndrome harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test, with a hematologic improvement in >/=1 lineages achieved by 69% (11/16) of patients (J Clin Oncol 40, no. 16_suppl (June 01, 2022) 7053; NCT02074839). detail... detail... detail...
IDH1 mutant acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Azacitidine + Ivosidenib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (AGILE) that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) and Vidaza (azacitidine) combination therapy significantly improved event-free survival (HR 0.33, p=0.002) and median overall survival (24.0 vs 7.9 mo, HR 0.44, p=0.001) compared to Vidaza (azacitidine) plus placebo in patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia harboring IDH1 mutations including R132C/H/G/L/S (PMID: 35443108; NCT03173248). detail... 35443108 detail...
IDH1 R132H cholangiocarcinoma sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III (ClarIDHy) trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment significantly improved median progression-free survival (2.7 vs 1.4 mo, HR=0.37, p<0.001) and prolonged median overall survival (10.8 vs 9.7 mo, HR=0.69, p=0.06) compared to placebo in patients with advanced cholangiocarcinoma harboring IDH1 mutations including R132C/H/L/G/S, resulted in favorable objective response rate (2%, 3/124 vs 0%, 0/61) and stable disease rate (51% vs 28%) (PMID: 32416072; NCT02989857). detail... 32416072 detail...
IDH1 R132G acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 28.6% (8/28), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 14.3% (4/28) of patients age 75 or older with untreated acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test, with a median treatment duration of 4.3 months (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). detail... 29860938 detail...
FLT3 I836X acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Cytarabine + Daunorubicin + Midostaurin FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial that supported FDA approval, treatment with Rydapt (midostaurin), combined with Cytosar-U (cytarabine) and Daunorubicin, improved overall survival (74.7 mo vs 25.6 mo) in patients with FLT3-mutant (D835X and I836X) or FLT3-ITD (exon 14 insertions) acute myeloid leukemia compared to Cytosar-U (cytarabine) and Daunorubicin with placebo (PMID: 28644114). detail... detail... 28644114
IDH1 R132C acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 21.6% (27/125), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 8.8% (11/125), and overall response (OR) in 41.6% (52/125) of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). detail... detail... detail... 29860938
MLH1 negative endometrial carcinoma sensitive Pembrolizumab FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (KEYNOTE-158) that supported FDA approval, Keytruda (pembrolizumab) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 48% (38/79, 11 complete responses, 27 partial responses) in patients with advanced microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair-deficient (dMMR, often defined by the loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression by IHC) endometrial carcinoma, with a median progression-free survival of 13.1 months (PMID: 34990208; NCT02628067). detail... 34990208 detail...
IDH1 R132S myelodysplastic syndrome sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) was tolerated and resulted in a complete response (CR) in 44% (7/16), partial response (PR) in 6% (1/16), and marrow CR in 31% (5/16) of patients with relapsed or refractory myelodysplastic syndrome harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test, with a hematologic improvement in >/=1 lineages achieved by 69% (11/16) of patients (J Clin Oncol 40, no. 16_suppl (June 01, 2022) 7053; NCT02074839). detail... detail... detail...
FGFR3 mutant transitional cell carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). detail... 31340094 detail...
IDH1 R132C acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Olutasidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (Study 2102-HEM-101) that supported FDA approval, Rezlidhia (olutasidenib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 46% (57/123, 37 complete remission (CR), 4 CR with partial hematologic recovery, 14 CR with incomplete recovery, 1 morphologic leukemia-free state, 1 partial response) in patients with relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) (J Clin Oncol 39, no. 15_suppl (May 20, 2021) 7006; NCT02719574). detail... detail... detail...
IDH1 mutant acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Olutasidenib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (Study 2102-HEM-101) that supported FDA approval, Rezlidhia (olutasidenib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 46% (57/123, 37 complete remission (CR), 4 CR with partial hematologic recovery, 14 CR with incomplete recovery, 1 morphologic leukemia-free state, 1 partial response) in patients with relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) (J Clin Oncol 39, no. 15_suppl (May 20, 2021) 7006; NCT02719574). detail... detail... detail...
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive Binimetinib + Encorafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III (COLUMBUS) trial that supported FDA approval, Braftovi (encorafenib) in combination with Mektovi (binimetinib) demonstrated improved tolerability profile and efficacy, resulted in a progression-free survival of 14.9 months in patients with advanced melanoma harboring BRAF V600E/K mutations, comparing to 7.3 months in the Zelboraf (vemurafenib) group (HR=0.54, p<0.0001) (PMID: 29573941; NCT01909453), and both BRAF V600E and V600K are on the companion diagnostic. 29573941 detail... detail... detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial supporting FDA approval (ALINA), adjuvant Alecensa (alectinib) treatment improved 2-year disease-free survival rate (93.8% vs 63.0%, HR 0.24, p<0.001) compared to chemotherapy in patients with resected non-small cell lung cancer harboring ALK rearrangement, and was associated with CNS disease-free survival benefit (HR 0.22) (PMID: 38598794; NCT03456076). 38598794 detail... detail...
FGFR3 S249C transitional cell carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations and FGFR3 S249C is included in the companion diagnostic (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). detail... 31340094 detail...
BRAF V600E/K melanoma sensitive Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (coBRIM) that supported FDA approval, treatment with the combination of Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Cotellic (cobimetinib) resulted in an improved progression-free survival of 12.3 months, compared to 7.2 months with Zelboraf (vemurafenib) plus placebo, among patients with BRAF V600-mutated metastatic melanoma, and BRAF V600E and BRAF V600K are on the companion diagnostic (PMID: 27480103; NCT01689519). detail... detail... 27480103
FGFR3 Y373C transitional cell carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations and FGFR3 Y373C is included in the companion diagnostic (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). detail... 31340094 detail...
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (coBRIM) that supported FDA approval, treatment with the combination of Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Cotellic (cobimetinib) resulted in an improved progression-free survival of 12.3 months, compared to 7.2 months with Zelboraf (vemurafenib) plus placebo, among patients with BRAF V600-mutated metastatic melanoma, and BRAF V600E and BRAF V600K are on the companion diagnostic (PMID: 27480103; NCT01689519). 27480103 detail... detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial supporting FDA approval (ALEX), Alecensa (alectinib) treatment resulted in improved rate of progression-free survival compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) (68.4% vs 48.7%, HR=0.47), and median progression-free survival (25.7 vs 10.4 months) in non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring ALK rearrangement (PMID: 28586279; NCT02075840). 28586279 detail... detail...
PALB2 inact mut prostate cancer sensitive Olaparib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (PROfound) that supported FDA approval, Lynparza (olaparib) treatment significantly improved median imaging-based progression-free survival (5.8 vs 3.5 mo, HR 0.49, p<0.001) compared to control in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who progressed on hormone therapy and harbored deleterious or suspected deleterious mutations in homologous recombination repair genes, including PALB2 (PMID: 32343890; NCT02987543). detail... detail... 32343890
IDH2 R140Q acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Enasidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I/II trial that supported FDA approval, Idhifa (enasidenib) treatment resulted in an overall response rate of 40.3% (71/176) with a median response duration of 5.8 months, complete remission in 19.3% (34/176), and stable disease in 48.3% (85/176) of acute myeloid leukemia patients harboring IDH2 mutations (PMID: 28588020; NCT01915498) and IDH2 R140Q is on the companion diagnostic. detail... detail... 28588020
IDH1 mutant acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 21.6% (27/125), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 8.8% (11/125), and overall response (OR) in 41.6% (52/125) of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). detail... detail... 29860938
FLT3 D835X acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Gilteritinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (ADMIRAL) that supported FDA approval, Xospata (gilteritinib) improved median overall survival (9.3 vs 5.6 mo, HR. 0.64, p<0.001) compared to chemotherapy, resulted in superior median event-free survival (2.8 vs 0.7 mo, HR 0.79) and rate of complete remission with full or partial hematologic recovery (34.0% vs 15.3%) in patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a FLT3 internal tandem duplication (ITD), D835, or I836 mutation (PMID: 31665578; NCT02421939). detail... 31665578 detail...
BARD1 inact mut prostate cancer sensitive Olaparib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (PROfound) that supported FDA approval, Lynparza (olaparib) treatment significantly improved median imaging-based progression-free survival (5.8 vs 3.5 mo, HR 0.49, p<0.001) compared to control in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who progressed on hormone therapy and harbored deleterious or suspected deleterious mutations in homologous recombination repair genes, including BARD1 (PMID: 32343890; NCT02987543). detail... 32343890 detail...
FGFR3 G370C bladder urothelial carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations and FGFR3 G370C is included in the companion diagnostic (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). detail... 31340094 detail...
RAD51B inact mut prostate cancer sensitive Olaparib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (PROfound) that supported FDA approval, Lynparza (olaparib) treatment significantly improved median imaging-based progression-free survival (5.8 vs 3.5 mo, HR 0.49, p<0.001) compared to control in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who progressed on hormone therapy and harbored deleterious or suspected deleterious mutations in homologous recombination repair genes, including RAD51B (PMID: 32343890; NCT02987543). detail... detail... 32343890
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive Binimetinib + Encorafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III (COLUMBUS) trial that supported FDA approval, Braftovi (encorafenib) in combination with Mektovi (binimetinib) resulted in a median overall survival (OS) of 33.6 months, a 1-year OS rate of 77.5%, and a 2-year OS rate of 57.7% in patients with advanced melanoma harboring BRAF V600E/K mutations compared to a median OS of 16.9 months and 1- and 2-year OS rates of 63.1% and 43.2%, respectively, in the Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treated group (PMID: 30219628; NCT01909453). detail... 30219628 detail... detail...
IDH1 mutant cholangiocarcinoma sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III (ClarIDHy) trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment significantly improved median progression-free survival (2.7 vs 1.4 mo, HR=0.37, p<0.001) and prolonged median overall survival (10.8 vs 9.7 mo, HR=0.69, p=0.06) compared to placebo in patients with advanced cholangiocarcinoma harboring IDH1 mutations including R132C/H/L/G/S, resulted in favorable objective response rate (2%, 3/124 vs 0%, 0/61) and stable disease rate (51% vs 28%) (PMID: 32416072; NCT02989857). detail... detail... 32416072
IDH1 R132S cholangiocarcinoma sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III (ClarIDHy) trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment significantly improved median progression-free survival (2.7 vs 1.4 mo, HR=0.37, p<0.001) and prolonged median overall survival (10.8 vs 9.7 mo, HR=0.69, p=0.06) compared to placebo in patients with advanced cholangiocarcinoma harboring IDH1 mutations including R132C/H/L/G/S, resulted in favorable objective response rate (2%, 3/124 vs 0%, 0/61) and stable disease rate (51% vs 28%) (PMID: 32416072; NCT02989857). detail... detail... 32416072
IDH1 R132G acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 21.6% (27/125), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 8.8% (11/125), and overall response (OR) in 41.6% (52/125) of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). detail... 29860938 detail...
IDH2 R172G acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Enasidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I/II trial that supported FDA approval, Idhifa (enasidenib) treatment resulted in an overall response rate of 40.3% (71/176) with a median response duration of 5.8 months, complete remission in 19.3% (34/176), and stable disease in 48.3% (85/176) of acute myeloid leukemia patients harboring IDH2 mutations (PMID: 28588020; NCT01915498) and IDH2 R172G is on the companion diagnostic. 28588020 detail... detail...
FANCL inact mut prostate cancer sensitive Olaparib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (PROfound) that supported FDA approval, Lynparza (olaparib) treatment significantly improved median imaging-based progression-free survival (5.8 vs 3.5 mo, HR 0.49, p<0.001) compared to control in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who progressed on hormone therapy and harbored deleterious or suspected deleterious mutations in homologous recombination repair genes, including FANCL (PMID: 32343890; NCT02987543). detail... detail... 32343890
RAD51C inact mut prostate cancer sensitive Olaparib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (PROfound) that supported FDA approval, Lynparza (olaparib) treatment significantly improved median imaging-based progression-free survival (5.8 vs 3.5 mo, HR 0.49, p<0.001) compared to control in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who progressed on hormone therapy and harbored deleterious or suspected deleterious mutations in homologous recombination repair genes, including RAD51C (PMID: 32343890; NCT02987543). detail... detail... 32343890
IDH1 R132L cholangiocarcinoma sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III (ClarIDHy) trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment significantly improved median progression-free survival (2.7 vs 1.4 mo, HR=0.37, p<0.001) and prolonged median overall survival (10.8 vs 9.7 mo, HR=0.69, p=0.06) compared to placebo in patients with advanced cholangiocarcinoma harboring IDH1 mutations including R132C/H/L/G/S, resulted in favorable objective response rate (2%, 3/124 vs 0%, 0/61) and stable disease rate (51% vs 28%) (PMID: 32416072; NCT02989857). detail... 32416072 detail...
CDK12 inact mut prostate cancer sensitive Olaparib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (PROfound) that supported FDA approval, Lynparza (olaparib) improved median imaging-based progression-free survival (5.8 vs 3.5 mo, HR 0.49, p<0.001) compared to control in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer patients harboring deleterious or suspected deleterious mutations in homologous recombination repair genes who progressed on hormone therapy, HR for progression or death was 0.74 in CDK12-mutant patients (PMID: 32343890; NCT02987543). detail... 32343890 detail...
MSH6 negative endometrial cancer sensitive Carboplatin + Dostarlimab-gxly + Paclitaxel FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (RUBY) that supported FDA approval, Jemperli (dostarlimab-gxly) plus carboplatin and paclitaxel followed by Jemperli (dostarlimab-gxly) improved 24-month progression-free survival (61.4% vs 15.7%, HR 0.28, p<0.001) compared to placebo in patients with advanced or recurrent mismatch repair-deficient (dMMR, as indicated by a loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression in an FDA-approved IHC test) or microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) endometrial cancer (PMID: 36972026; NCT03981796). detail... 36972026 detail...
IDH2 R172W acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Enasidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I/II trial that supported FDA approval, Idhifa (enasidenib) treatment resulted in an overall response rate of 40.3% (71/176) with a median response duration of 5.8 months, complete remission in 19.3% (34/176), and stable disease in 48.3% (85/176) of acute myeloid leukemia patients harboring IDH2 mutations (PMID: 28588020; NCT01915498) and IDH2 R172W is on the companion diagnostic. 28588020 detail... detail...
FLT3 I836X acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Gilteritinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (ADMIRAL) that supported FDA approval, Xospata (gilteritinib) improved median overall survival (9.3 vs 5.6 mo, HR. 0.64, p<0.001) compared to chemotherapy, resulted in superior median event-free survival (2.8 vs 0.7 mo, HR 0.79) and rate of complete remission with full or partial hematologic recovery (34.0% vs 15.3%) in patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a FLT3 internal tandem duplication (ITD), D835, or I836 mutation (PMID: 31665578; NCT02421939). detail... 31665578 detail...
IDH2 R172M acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Enasidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I/II trial that supported FDA approval, Idhifa (enasidenib) treatment resulted in an overall response rate of 40.3% (71/176) with a median response duration of 5.8 months, complete remission in 19.3% (34/176), and stable disease in 48.3% (85/176) of acute myeloid leukemia patients harboring IDH2 mutations (PMID: 28588020; NCT01915498) and IDH2 R172M is on the companion diagnostic. 28588020 detail... detail...
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial supporting FDA approval (ALINA), adjuvant Alecensa (alectinib) treatment improved 2-year disease-free survival rate (93.8% vs 63.0%, HR 0.24, p<0.001) compared to chemotherapy in patients with resected non-small cell lung cancer harboring ALK fusion, and was associated with CNS disease-free survival benefit (HR 0.22) (PMID: 38598794; NCT03456076). detail... 38598794 detail...
RET fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Pralsetinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I/II trial (ARROW) that supported FDA approval, Gavreto (pralsetinib) treatment was well-tolerated, resulting in an objective response rate of 61% (53/87) and 70% (19/27) in previously treated and treatment-naive patients with RET fusion-positive non-small cell lung cancer, respectively (PMID: 34118197; NCT03037385). detail... 34118197 detail...