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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Brigatinib Alunbrig AP26113 ALK Inhibitor 23 EGFR Inhibitor (Pan) 49 FLT3 Inhibitor 56 IGF-1R Inhibitor 17 ROS1 Inhibitor 14 Alunbrig (brigatinib) is a multi-kinase inhibitor with selected activity against ALK, ROS1 fusions, FLT3, IGF1R and mutant EGFR, potentially resulting in decreased tumor growth (PMID: 27780853). Alunbrig (brigatinib) is FDA approved for use in patients with ALK-positive metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (FDA.gov).
Cemiplimab Libtayo REGN2810|SAR439684 Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor 135 PD-L1/PD-1 antibody 79 Libtayo (cemiplimab) is a human antibody that targets PD-1 (PDCD1) and prevents interaction with PD-L1 (CD274) and PD-L2 (PDCD1LG2), potentially resulting in increased anti-tumor immune response and decreased tumor growth (PMID: 28265006). Libtayo (cemiplimab) is FDA approved for use in patients with cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma, who are not not eligible for curative surgery or radiation, in patients with locally advanced or metastatic basal cell carcinoma who have received or are not eligible for a hedgehog pathway inhibitor, and as first-line treatment in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer with high PD-L1 expression (TPS>=50%) and no EGFR, ALK, or ROS1 aberrations (FDA.gov).
Ipilimumab Yervoy BMS-734016 CTLA4 Antibody 20 Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor 135 Yervoy (ipilimumab) is an antibody that binds to cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4), causing increased T-cell activation (PMID: 28891423). Yervoy (ipilimumab) is FDA approved for use in patients with metastatic melanoma, including patients 12 years or older, and in combination with Opdivo (nivolumab) for intermediate or poor-risk renal cell carcinoma, microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR) metastatic colorectal cancer (including patients 12 years or older), hepatocellular carcinoma previously treated with Nexavar (sorafenib), in combination with Opdivo (nivolumab) as first-line therapy in patients with PD-L1-positive (>=1%) metastatic non-small cell lung cancer without EGFR or ALK alterations, and in combination with Opdivo (nivolumab) and platinum-based chemotherapy as first-line therapy in patients with metastatic or recurrent non-small cell lung cancer without EGFR or ALK alterations (FDA.gov).
Nivolumab Opdivo MDX-1106|BMS-936558 Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor 135 PD-L1/PD-1 antibody 79 Opdivo (nivolumab) is an antibody that targets PD-1 (PDCD1), which results in increased T-cell activation and enhanced anti-tumor immune response (PMID: 28891423). Opdivo (nivolumab) is FDA approved for use as a monotherapy in patients with non-small cell lung cancer, small cell lung cancer, Hodgkin's lymphoma, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, urothelial carcinoma, esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, resected esophageal or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) cancer, as a monotherapy or in combination with Yervoy (ipilimumab) in patients with melanoma, renal cell carcinoma, microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR) colorectal cancer (including patients 12 years or older), and hepatocellular carcinoma, in combination with Yervoy (ipilimumab) as first-line therapy in patients with PD-L1-positive (>=1%) metastatic non-small cell lung cancer without EGFR or ALK alterations, in combination with Yervoy (ipilimumab) and platinum-based chemotherapy as first-line therapy in patients with metastatic or recurrent non-small cell lung cancer without EGFR or ALK alterations, in combination with Cabometyx (cabozantinib) in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma, and in combination with fluoropyrimidine- and platinum-containing chemotherapy in patients with advanced or metastatic gastric cancer, gastroesophageal junction cancer, and esophageal adenocarcinoma (FDA.gov).
Pemigatinib Pemazyre INCB54828|INCB054828 FGFR1 Inhibitor 23 FGFR2 Inhibitor 17 FGFR3 Inhibitor 12 Pemazyre (pemigatinib) is a fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) inhibitor that blocks FGFR1/2/3 signaling, which results in growth inhibition in tumor cells (PMID: 32203698). Pemazyre (pemigatinib) is FDA approved for use in patients with advanced or metastatic cholangiocarcinoma harboring FGFR2 fusion or rearrangement (FDA.gov).
Rucaparib Rubraca AG014699|PF-01367338|CO-388|AG14447 PARP Inhibitor (Pan) 23 Rubraca (rucaparib) binds to and inhibits PARP, which may result in accumulation of DNA damage and chemosensitization of tumor cells (PMID: 17363489). Rubraca (rucaparib) is FDA approved for use as a maintenance therapy in patients with platinum-sensitive recurrent epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer, for treatment in patients with epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer harboring deleterious somatic and/or germline BRCA mutations who received 2 or more chemotherapies, and in patients with a deleterious BRCA mutation (germline and/or somatic)-associated metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who received anti-androgen therapy and a taxane-based therapy (FDA.gov).
Selpercatinib Retevmo LOXO-292|LOXO292|LOXO 292 RET Inhibitor 39 Retevmo (selpercatinib) is an inhibitor of RET that specifically targets RET mutations and fusions, and may block the growth of cells with increased Ret activity (PMID: 29860229). Retevmo (selpercatinib) is FDA approved for use in patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring RET fusions, and in adult and pediatric patient of 12 years and older with RET-mutant medullary thyroid cancer or RET fusion-positive thyroid cancer refractory to radioactive iodine (FDA.org).
Tazemetostat Tazverik EPZ6438|E-7438|EPZ-6438 EZH2 inhibitor 18 Tazverik (tazemetostat) binds to and inhibits EZH2, resulting in decreased tri-methylation of H3K27, and potentially leading to inhibition of cell proliferation and tumor growth (PMID: 23620515). Tazverik (tazemetostat) is FDA approved for use in patients aged 16 years and older with metastatic or locally advanced epithelioid sarcoma not eligible for complete resection, and in adult patients with relapsed or refractory follicular lymphoma (R/R FL) harboring an EZH2 mutation after 2 prior therapies, and in patients with R/R FL without treatment options (FDA.gov).
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive Dabrafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III clinical trial (BREAK-3) that supported FDA approval, Tafinlar (dabrafenib) improved median progression-free survival compared to Deticene (dacarbazine) (5.1 vs 2.7 months, HR=0.3, p<0.0001) in patients with BRAF V600E positive melanoma (PMID: 22735384; NCT01227889). detail... detail... 22735384
IDH2 mutant acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Enasidenib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I/II trial that supported FDA approval, Idhifa (enasidenib) treatment resulted in an overall response rate of 40.3% (71/176) with a median response duration of 5.8 months, complete remission in 19.3% (34/176), and stable disease in 48.3% (85/176) of acute myeloid leukemia patients harboring IDH2 mutations (R140Q/L/G/W, R172K/M/G/S/W) (PMID: 28588020; NCT01915498). 28588020 detail... detail...
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Zykadia (ceritinib) resulted in a blinded independent review committee (BIRC)-assessed objective response rate of 44% (72/163) and a duration of response of 7.1 months in ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients (PMID: 25754348; NCT01283516). detail... detail... 25754348
FGFR2 mutant transitional cell carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). detail... 31340094 detail...
FLT3 exon 14 ins acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Gilteritinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (ADMIRAL) that supported FDA approval, Xospata (gilteritinib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) or CR with partial hematologic recovery in 21% (29/138) of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a FLT3 internal tandem duplication (ITD; exon 14 insertion), D835, or I836 mutation (FDA.gov; NCT02421939). detail... detail...
FLT3 I836X acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Cytarabine + Daunorubicin + Midostaurin FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial that supported FDA approval, treatment with Rydapt (midostaurin), combined with Cytosar-U (cytarabine) and Daunorubicin, improved overall survival (74.7 mo vs 25.6 mo) in patients with FLT3-mutant (D835X and I836X) or FLT3-ITD (exon 14 insertions) acute myeloid leukemia compared to Cytosar-U (cytarabine) and Daunorubicin with placebo (PMID: 28644114). detail... detail... 28644114
RAD51D inact mut prostate cancer sensitive Olaparib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (PROfound) that supported FDA approval, Lynparza (olaparib) treatment significantly improved progression-free survival (PFS, 5.8 vs 3.5 mo, HR=0.49, p<0.001) compared to control in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer harboring deleterious or suspected deleterious mutations in homologous recombination repair genes who progressed on hormone therapy, including patients harboring RAD51D mutations (PMID: 32343890; NCT02987543). detail... detail... 32343890
BRAF V600E/K melanoma sensitive Binimetinib + Encorafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III (COLUMBUS) trial that supported FDA approval, Braftovi (encorafenib) in combination with Mektovi (binimetinib) resulted in a median overall survival (OS) of 33.6 months, a 1-year OS rate of 77.5%, and a 2-year OS rate of 57.7% in patients with advanced melanoma harboring BRAF V600E/K mutations compared to a median OS of 16.9 months and 1- and 2-year OS rates of 63.1% and 43.2%, respectively, in the Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treated group (PMID: 30219628; NCT01909453). detail... detail... detail... 30219628
FGFR2 rearrange cholangiocarcinoma sensitive Infigratinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial that supported FDA approval, Truseltiq (infigratinib) treatment demonstrated manageable toxicity, resulted in an objective response rate of 23.1% (25/108, 1 complete response, 24 partial responses) in patients with previously treated advanced cholangiocarcinoma harboring an FGFR2 fusion or rearrangement, with a median duration of response of 5.0 months and a median progression-free survival of 7.3 months (J Clin Oncol 39, no. 3_suppl (January 20, 2021) 265-265; NCT02150967). detail... detail... detail...
CHEK1 inact mut prostate cancer sensitive Olaparib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (PROfound) that supported FDA approval, Lynparza (olaparib) treatment significantly improved progression-free survival (PFS, 5.8 vs 3.5 mo, HR=0.49, p<0.001) compared to control in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer harboring deleterious or suspected deleterious mutations in homologous recombination repair genes who progressed on hormone therapy, including patients harboring CHEK1 mutations (PMID: 32343890; NCT02987543). detail... detail... 32343890
CHEK2 inact mut prostate cancer sensitive Olaparib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (PROfound) that supported FDA approval, Lynparza (olaparib) treatment significantly improved progression-free survival (PFS, 5.8 vs 3.5 mo, HR=0.49, p<0.001) compared to control in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer harboring deleterious or suspected deleterious mutations in homologous recombination repair genes who progressed on hormone therapy, including patients harboring CHEK2 mutations (5.59 vs 3.35 mo) (PMID: 32343890; NCT02987543). detail... detail... 32343890
IDH1 R132H acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 21.6% (27/125), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 8.8% (11/125), and overall response (OR) in 41.6% (52/125) of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). 29860938 detail... detail...
FGFR3 R248C transitional cell carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations and FGFR3 R248C is included in the companion diagnostic (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). 31340094 detail... detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (PROFILE 1014) that supported FDA approval, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in improved progression-free survival (10.9 vs 7.0 months, HR=0.45, p<0.001) and objective response rate (74% vs 45%) relative to chemotherapy in NSCLC patients with ALK rearrangements (PMID: 25470694; NCT01154140). detail... 25470694 detail...
FGFR3 G370C bladder urothelial carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations and FGFR3 G370C is included in the companion diagnostic (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). detail... 31340094 detail...
IDH1 R132H acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 28.6% (8/28), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 14.3% (4/28) of patients age 75 or older with untreated acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test, with a median treatment duration of 4.3 months (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). 29860938 detail... detail...
BRAF V600K melanoma sensitive Trametinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (METRIC) that supported FDA approval, Mekinist (trametinib) treatment, as compared to Deticine (dacarbazine) or Taxol (paclitaxel) treatment, resulted in improved progression-free survival of 4.8 months versus 1.5 months and an overall six month survival rate of 81% versus 67% in patients with BRAF V600E/K-positive metastatic melanoma (PMID: 22663011; NCT01245062). 22663011 detail... detail...
IDH1 mutant acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 21.6% (27/125), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 8.8% (11/125), and overall response (OR) in 41.6% (52/125) of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). detail... detail... 29860938
IDH1 R132G acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 28.6% (8/28), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 14.3% (4/28) of patients age 75 or older with untreated acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test, with a median treatment duration of 4.3 months (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). detail... 29860938 detail...
IDH2 R140Q acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Enasidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I/II trial that supported FDA approval, Idhifa (enasidenib) treatment resulted in an overall response rate of 40.3% (71/176) with a median response duration of 5.8 months, complete remission in 19.3% (34/176), and stable disease in 48.3% (85/176) of acute myeloid leukemia patients harboring IDH2 mutations (PMID: 28588020; NCT01915498) and IDH2 R140Q is on the companion diagnostic. detail... detail... 28588020
IDH1 R132S acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 21.6% (27/125), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 8.8% (11/125), and overall response (OR) in 41.6% (52/125) of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). detail... 29860938 detail...
IDH2 R172W acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Enasidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I/II trial that supported FDA approval, Idhifa (enasidenib) treatment resulted in an overall response rate of 40.3% (71/176) with a median response duration of 5.8 months, complete remission in 19.3% (34/176), and stable disease in 48.3% (85/176) of acute myeloid leukemia patients harboring IDH2 mutations (PMID: 28588020; NCT01915498) and IDH2 R172W is on the companion diagnostic. 28588020 detail... detail...
BRAF V600E/K melanoma sensitive Dabrafenib + Trametinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (COMBI-AD) that supported FDA approval, adjuvant treatment with the combination of Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) resulted in an improved estimated 3-year relapse-free survival rate (58% vs 39%, HR=0.47, P<0.001) and 3-year overall survival rate (86% vs 77%, HR=0.57; 95% CI, 0.42 to 0.79, P=0.0006) compared to placebo in stage III melanoma patients harboring BRAF V600E or V600K mutations (PMID: 28891408; NCT01682083). detail... 28891408 detail...
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive Vemurafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (BRIM-3) that supported FDA approval, Zelboraf (vemurafenib), as compared to Deticene (dacarbazine), resulted in an improved overall survival (OS) (13.6 vs 9.7 months, HR=0.81, p=0.03) in patients with BRAF V600E-positive metastatic melanoma, with estimated OS rates of 56%, 30%, 21%, and 17% at 1, 2, 3, and 4 years, respectively (PMID: 28961848, PMID: 21639808; NCT01006980), and BRAF V600E is included on the companion diagnostic (FDA.gov). 28961848 detail... detail... 21639808
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (ALTA-1L) that supported FDA approval, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment resulted in superior progression-free survival (HR=0.49, p=0.0007) compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) in patients with ALK-rearrangement positive metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (Ann Oncol., Apr 2019, 30 (Suppl 2):ii48; NCT02737501). detail... detail... detail...
IDH2 R140L acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Enasidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I/II trial that supported FDA approval, Idhifa (enasidenib) treatment resulted in an overall response rate of 40.3% (71/176) with a median response duration of 5.8 months, complete remission in 19.3% (34/176), and stable disease in 48.3% (85/176) of acute myeloid leukemia patients harboring IDH2 mutations (PMID: 28588020; NCT01915498) and IDH2 R140L is on the companion diagnostic. detail... detail... 28588020
FGFR3 Y373C transitional cell carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations and FGFR3 Y373C is included in the companion diagnostic (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). detail... 31340094 detail...
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive Binimetinib + Encorafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III (COLUMBUS) trial that supported FDA approval, Braftovi (encorafenib) in combination with Mektovi (binimetinib) resulted in a median overall survival (OS) of 33.6 months, a 1-year OS rate of 77.5%, and a 2-year OS rate of 57.7% in patients with advanced melanoma harboring BRAF V600E/K mutations compared to a median OS of 16.9 months and 1- and 2-year OS rates of 63.1% and 43.2%, respectively, in the Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treated group (PMID: 30219628; NCT01909453). detail... 30219628 detail... detail...
IDH2 R172S acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Enasidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I/II trial that supported FDA approval, Idhifa (enasidenib) treatment resulted in an overall response rate of 40.3% (71/176) with a median response duration of 5.8 months, complete remission in 19.3% (34/176), and stable disease in 48.3% (85/176) of acute myeloid leukemia patients harboring IDH2 mutations (PMID: 28588020; NCT01915498) and IDH2 R172S is on the companion diagnostic. 28588020 detail... detail...
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive Binimetinib + Encorafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III (COLUMBUS) trial that supported FDA approval, Braftovi (encorafenib) in combination with Mektovi (binimetinib) demonstrated improved tolerability profile and efficacy, resulted in a progression-free survival of 14.9 months in patients with advanced melanoma harboring BRAF V600E/K mutations, comparing to 7.3 months in the Zelboraf (vemurafenib) group (HR=0.54, p<0.0001) (PMID: 29573941; NCT01909453), and both BRAF V600E and V600K are on the companion diagnostic. 29573941 detail... detail... detail...
ROS1 rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial (PROFILE 1001) that supported FDA approval, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 72% (38/53), with 6 complete responses and 32 partial responses, a median duration of response of 24.7 months, a median progression-free survival of 19.3 months, and a median overall survival of 51.4 months in patients with non-small cell lung cancer harboring ROS1 rearrangements as detected by an FDA-approved test (PMID: 30980071; NCT00585195). detail... detail... 30980071
FGFR2 fusion cholangiocarcinoma sensitive Infigratinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial that supported FDA approval, Truseltiq (infigratinib) treatment demonstrated manageable toxicity, resulted in an objective response rate of 23.1% (25/108, 1 complete response, 24 partial responses) in patients with previously treated advanced cholangiocarcinoma harboring an FGFR2 fusion or rearrangement, with a median duration of response of 5.0 months and a median progression-free survival of 7.3 months (J Clin Oncol 39, no. 3_suppl (January 20, 2021) 265-265; NCT02150967). detail... detail... detail...
FGFR2 fusion cholangiocarcinoma sensitive Pemigatinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II (FIGHT-202) trial, Pemazyre (pemigatinib) treatment resulted in an objective response in 35.5% (38/107, 3 complete response, 35 partial response) of patients with advanced cholangiocarcinoma harboring FGFR2 fusions or rearrangements, with a disease control rate of 82% (88/107), median time-to-response of 2.7 months, and a median progression-free survival of 6.9 months (PMID: 32203698; NCT02924376). detail... 32203698 detail...
IDH1 R132S acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 28.6% (8/28), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 14.3% (4/28) of patients age 75 or older with untreated acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test, with a median treatment duration of 4.3 months (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). detail... 29860938 detail...
BRAF V600E/K melanoma sensitive Trametinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (METRIC) that supported FDA approval, Mekinist (trametinib) treatment, as compared to Deticine (dacarbazine) or Taxol (paclitaxel) treatment, resulted in improved progression-free survival of 4.8 months versus 1.5 months and an overall six month survival rate of 81% versus 67% in patients with BRAF V600E/K positive metastatic melanoma (PMID: 22663011; NCT01245062). 22663011 detail... detail...
BRAF V600K melanoma sensitive Binimetinib + Encorafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III (COLUMBUS) trial that supported FDA approval, Braftovi (encorafenib) in combination with Mektovi (binimetinib) resulted in a median overall survival (OS) of 33.6 months, a 1-year OS rate of 77.5%, and a 2-year OS rate of 57.7% in patients with advanced melanoma harboring BRAF V600E/K mutations compared to a median OS of 16.9 months and 1- and 2-year OS rates of 63.1% and 43.2%, respectively, in the Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treated group (PMID: 30219628; NCT01909453). detail... 30219628 detail... detail...
FGFR3 S249C transitional cell carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations and FGFR3 S249C is included in the companion diagnostic (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). detail... 31340094 detail...
MSH6 negative endometrial cancer sensitive Dostarlimab-gxly FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial (GARNET) that supported FDA approval, Jemperli (dostarlimab-gxly) treatment demonstrated acceptable safety profile, and resulted in an objective response rate of 42.3% (30/71, 9 complete responses, 21 partial responses), with a median duration of response not reached in patients with recurrent or advanced endometrial cancer harboring mismatch repair deficiency (dMMR) as confirmed by a loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression in an FDA-approved IHC test (PMID: 33001143; NCT02715284). detail... 33001143 detail...
IDH1 R132L acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 21.6% (27/125), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 8.8% (11/125), and overall response (OR) in 41.6% (52/125) of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). 29860938 detail... detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial that supported FDA approval, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in an objective response (OR) rate of 47% (93/198; 4 CR, 89 PR) and a median time to overall first tumor response of 1.4 months, and an objective intracranial response rate of 63% (51/81) and median time to first intracranial response of 1.4 months in ALK-positive (rearrangement or fusion) non-small cell lung cancer patients who had received at least one prior ALK inhibitor therapy (PMID: 30413378; NCT01970865). detail... detail... 30413378
FGFR3 mutant bladder urothelial carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). detail... 31340094 detail...
FGFR3 S249C bladder urothelial carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations and FGFR3 S249C is included in the companion diagnostic (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). detail... 31340094 detail...
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (Study B7461006) that supported FDA approval, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment significantly improved 12-month progression-free survival rate (78% vs 39%, HR 0.28, p<0.001) compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) in patients with advanced ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer who had no prior systemic therapy, objective response rate was 82% (57/69) with 71% achieved complete intracranial response in patients with brain metastasis (PMID: 33207094; NCT03052608). 33207094 detail... detail...
IDH1 R132C acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 21.6% (27/125), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 8.8% (11/125), and overall response (OR) in 41.6% (52/125) of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). detail... detail... detail... 29860938
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (PROFILE 1014) that supported FDA approval, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in improved progression-free survival (10.9 vs 7.0 months, HR=0.45, p<0.001) and objective response rate (74% vs 45%) relative to chemotherapy in NSCLC patients with ALK rearrangements (PMID: 25470694; NCT01154140). 25470694 detail... detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (ALTA-1L) that supported FDA approval, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment resulted in superior progression-free survival (HR=0.49, p=0.0007) compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) in patients with ALK-rearrangement positive metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (Ann Oncol., Apr 2019, 30 (Suppl 2):ii48; NCT02737501). detail... detail... detail...
FGFR3 - TACC3 bladder urothelial carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations and FGFR3-TACC3 v1 and v3 fusions are included in the companion diagnostic (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). detail... 31340094 detail...
FLT3 D835X acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Cytarabine + Daunorubicin + Midostaurin FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial that supported FDA approval, treatment with Rydapt (midostaurin), combined with Cytosar-U (cytarabine) and Daunorubicin, improved overall survival (74.7 mo vs 25.6 mo) in patients with FLT3-mutant (D835X and I836X) or FLT3-ITD (exon 14 insertions) acute myeloid leukemia compared to Cytosar-U (cytarabine) and Daunorubicin with placebo (PMID: 28644114). detail... 28644114 detail...
FLT3 exon 14 ins acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Cytarabine + Daunorubicin + Midostaurin FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial that supported FDA approval, treatment with Rydapt (midostaurin), combined with Cytosar-U (cytarabine) and Daunorubicin, improved overall survival (74.7 mo vs 25.6 mo) in patients with FLT3-mutant (D835X and I836X) or FLT3-ITD (exon 14 insertions) acute myeloid leukemia compared to Cytosar-U (cytarabine) and Daunorubicin with placebo (PMID: 28644114). 28644114 detail... detail...
FLT3 D835X acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Gilteritinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (ADMIRAL) that supported FDA approval, Xospata (gilteritinib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) or CR with partial hematologic recovery in 21% (29/138) of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a FLT3 internal tandem duplication (ITD), D835, or I836 mutation (FDA.gov; NCT02421939). detail... detail...
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive Trametinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (METRIC) that supported FDA approval, Mekinist (trametinib) treatment, as compared to Deticine (dacarbazine) or Taxol (paclitaxel) treatment, resulted in improved progression-free survival of 4.8 months versus 1.5 months and an overall six month survival rate of 81% versus 67% in patients with BRAF V600E/K-positive metastatic melanoma (PMID: 22663011; NCT01245062). 22663011 detail... detail...
RAD51C inact mut prostate cancer sensitive Olaparib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (PROfound) that supported FDA approval, Lynparza (olaparib) treatment significantly improved progression-free survival (PFS, 5.8 vs 3.5 mo, HR=0.49, p<0.001) compared to control in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer harboring deleterious or suspected deleterious mutations in homologous recombination repair genes who progressed on hormone therapy, including patients harboring RAD51C mutations (PMID: 32343890; NCT02987543). detail... detail... 32343890
BRAF V600E/K melanoma sensitive Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (coBRIM) that supported FDA approval, treatment with the combination of Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Cotellic (cobimetinib) resulted in an improved progression-free survival of 12.3 months, compared to 7.2 months with Zelboraf (vemurafenib) plus placebo, among patients with BRAF V600-mutated metastatic melanoma, and BRAF V600E and BRAF V600K are on the companion diagnostic (PMID: 27480103; NCT01689519). detail... detail... 27480103
ATM inact mut prostate cancer sensitive Olaparib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (PROfound) that supported FDA approval, Lynparza (olaparib) treatment improved progression-free survival (7.4 vs 3.6 mo, HR=0.34, p<0.001), objective response rate (33%, 28/84 vs 2%, 1/43, OR=20.86, p<0.001), and median time to pain progression (HR=0.44, p=0.02) compared to control in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer harboring deleterious or suspected deleterious mutations in BRCA1/2 or ATM who progressed on hormone therapy (PMID: 32343890; NCT02987543). detail... 32343890 detail...
RAD54L inact mut prostate cancer sensitive Olaparib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (PROfound) that supported FDA approval, Lynparza (olaparib) treatment significantly improved progression-free survival (PFS, 5.8 vs 3.5 mo, HR=0.49, p<0.001) compared to control in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer harboring deleterious or suspected deleterious mutations in homologous recombination repair genes who progressed on hormone therapy, including patients harboring RAD54L mutations (7.20 vs 2.41 mo) (PMID: 32343890; NCT02987543). detail... detail... 32343890
NRAS wild-type colorectal cancer predicted - sensitive Panitumumab FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable Vectibix (panitumumab) is FDA approved for metastatic colorectal patients that are NRAS wild-type, as detected by a companion diagnostic (FDA.gov). detail... detail...
MLH1 negative Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive Dostarlimab-gxly FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial (GARNET) that supported FDA approval, Jemperli (dostarlimab-gxly) treatment demonstrated acceptable safety profile, and resulted in an objective response rate of 41.6% (87/209), with a median duration of response not reached in patients with advanced mismatch repair deficient (dMMR) solid tumors, as indicated by a loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression in an FDA-approved IHC test (J Clin Oncol 39, no. 15_suppl (May 20, 2021) 2564-2564; NCT02715284). detail... detail... detail...
MLH1 negative endometrial cancer sensitive Dostarlimab-gxly FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial (GARNET) that supported FDA approval, Jemperli (dostarlimab-gxly) treatment demonstrated acceptable safety profile, and resulted in an objective response rate of 42.3% (30/71, 9 complete responses, 21 partial responses), with a median duration of response not reached in patients with recurrent or advanced endometrial cancer harboring mismatch repair deficiency (dMMR) as confirmed by a loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression in an FDA-approved IHC test (PMID: 33001143; NCT02715284). detail... 33001143 detail...
FGFR2 mutant bladder urothelial carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). detail... 31340094 detail...
FLT3 I836X acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Gilteritinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (ADMIRAL) that supported FDA approval, Xospata (gilteritinib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) or CR with partial hematologic recovery in 21% (29/138) of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a FLT3 internal tandem duplication (ITD), D835, or I836 mutation (FDA.gov; NCT02421939). detail... detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (Study B7461006) that supported FDA approval, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment significantly improved 12-month progression-free survival rate (78% vs 39%, HR 0.28, p<0.001) compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) in patients with advanced ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer who had no prior systemic therapy, objective response rate was 82% (57/69) with 71% achieved complete intracranial response in patients with brain metastasis (PMID: 33207094; NCT03052608). 33207094 detail... detail...
BRAF V600E lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Dabrafenib + Trametinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial that supported FDA approval, treatment with the combination of Mekinist (trametinib) and Tafinlar (dabrafenib) in patients with non-small cell lung cancer harboring BRAF V600E resulted in an overall response rate of 66.7% (38/57) in previously treated patients and 64% (23/36) in untreated patients, versus 33% (26/78) treated with Tafinlar (dabrafenib) alone (PMID: 27080216, PMID: 27283860, PMID: 28919011; NCT01336634). 27283860 detail... 27080216 detail... detail... 28919011
FLT3 mutant acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Cytarabine + Daunorubicin + Midostaurin FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial that supported FDA approval, treatment with Rydapt (midostaurin), combined with Cytosar-U (cytarabine) and Daunorubicin, improved overall survival (HR=0.78, p=0.009) and event-free survival (HR=0.78, p=0.002) in patients with FLT3-mutant (ITD, D835X, and I836X mutations) acute myeloid leukemia compared to Cytosar-U (cytarabine) and Daunorubicin with placebo (PMID: 28644114; NCT00651261). 28644114 detail... detail...
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial that supported FDA approval, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in an objective response (OR) rate of 47% (93/198; 4 CR, 89 PR) and a median time to overall first tumor response of 1.4 months, and an objective intracranial response rate of 63% (51/81) and median time to first intracranial response of 1.4 months in ALK-positive (rearrangement or fusion) non-small cell lung cancer patients who had received at least one prior ALK inhibitor therapy (PMID: 30413378; NCT01970865). detail... 30413378 detail...
IDH2 R172G acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Enasidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I/II trial that supported FDA approval, Idhifa (enasidenib) treatment resulted in an overall response rate of 40.3% (71/176) with a median response duration of 5.8 months, complete remission in 19.3% (34/176), and stable disease in 48.3% (85/176) of acute myeloid leukemia patients harboring IDH2 mutations (PMID: 28588020; NCT01915498) and IDH2 R172G is on the companion diagnostic. 28588020 detail... detail...
IDH1 R132C acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 28.6% (8/28), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 14.3% (4/28) of patients age 75 or older with untreated acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test, with a median treatment duration of 4.3 months (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). detail... 29860938 detail...
FGFR3 Y373C bladder urothelial carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations and FGFR3 Y373C is included in the companion diagnostic (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). detail... 31340094 detail...
IDH1 R132L acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 28.6% (8/28), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 14.3% (4/28) of patients age 75 or older with untreated acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test, with a median treatment duration of 4.3 months (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). 29860938 detail... detail...
BRAF V600E/K melanoma sensitive Dabrafenib + Trametinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (COMBI-v) that supported FDA approval, the combination of Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) resulted in an improved overall survival rate at 12 months (72% vs 65%, HR=0.69, p=0.005), median progression-free survival (11.4 vs 7.3 months, HR=0.56, p<0.001), and objective response rate (64% vs 51%, p<0.001) compared to Zelboraf (vemurafenib) in melanoma patients harboring BRAF V600E or V600K (PMID: 25399551; NCT01597908). detail... detail... 25399551
FGFR3 G370C transitional cell carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations and FGFR3 G370C is included in the companion diagnostic (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). detail... 31340094 detail...
MSH6 negative Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive Dostarlimab-gxly FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial (GARNET) that supported FDA aproval, Jemperli (dostarlimab-gxly) treatment demonstrated acceptable safety profile, and resulted in an objective response rate of 41.6% (87/209), with a median duration of response not reached in patients with advanced mismatch repair deficient (dMMR) solid tumors, as indicated by a loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression in an FDA-approved IHC test (J Clin Oncol 39, no. 15_suppl (May 20, 2021) 2564-2564; NCT02715284). detail... detail... detail...
FGFR3 R248C bladder urothelial carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations and FGFR3 R248C is included in the companion diagnostic (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). detail... 31340094 detail...
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial supporting FDA approval (ALEX), Alecensa (alectinib) treatment resulted in improved rate of progression-free survival compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) (68.4% vs 48.7%, HR=0.47), and median progression-free survival (25.7 vs 10.4 months) in non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring ALK rearrangements (PMID: 28586279; NCT02075840). detail... 28586279 detail...
ROS1 fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 72% (36/50), with 3 complete responses and 33 partial responses, a median duration of response of 17.6 months, and a median progression-free survival of 19.2 months in patients with non-small cell lung cancer harboring ROS1 rearrangements as detected by an FDA-approved test (PMID: 25264305; NCT00585195). detail... 25264305 detail...
BRAF V600K melanoma sensitive Dabrafenib + Trametinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (COMBI-v) that supported FDA approval, the combination of Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) resulted in an improved overall survival rate at 12 months (72% vs 65%, HR=0.69, p=0.005), median progression-free survival (11.4 vs 7.3 months, HR=0.56, p<0.001), and objective response rate (64% vs 51%, p<0.001) compared to Zelboraf (vemurafenib) in melanoma patients harboring BRAF V600E or V600K (PMID: 25399551; NCT01597908). detail... 25399551 detail...
FLT3 mutant acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Gilteritinib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (ADMIRAL) that supported FDA approval, Xospata (gilteritinib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) or CR with partial hematologic recovery in 21% (29/138) of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a FLT3 internal tandem duplication (ITD), D835, or I836 mutation (FDA.gov; NCT02421939). detail... detail...
IDH2 R172K acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Enasidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I/II trial that supported FDA approval, Idhifa (enasidenib) treatment resulted in an overall response rate of 40.3% (71/176) with a median response duration of 5.8 months, complete remission in 19.3% (34/176), and stable disease in 48.3% (85/176) of acute myeloid leukemia patients harboring IDH2 mutations (PMID: 28588020; NCT01915498) and IDH2 R172K is on the companion diagnostic. detail... detail... 28588020
RAD51B inact mut prostate cancer sensitive Olaparib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (PROfound) that supported FDA approval, Lynparza (olaparib) treatment significantly improved progression-free survival (PFS, 5.8 vs 3.5 mo, HR=0.49, p<0.001) compared to control in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer harboring deleterious or suspected deleterious mutations in homologous recombination repair genes who progressed on hormone therapy, including patients harboring RAD51B mutations (10.89 vs 1.77 mo) (PMID: 32343890; NCT02987543). detail... detail... 32343890
FGFR3 - TACC3 transitional cell carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations and FGFR3-TACC3 v1 and v3 fusions are included in the companion diagnostic (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). detail... 31340094 detail...
BRAF V600K melanoma sensitive Binimetinib + Encorafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III (COLUMBUS) trial that supported FDA approval, Braftovi (encorafenib) in combination with Mektovi (binimetinib) demonstrated improved tolerability profile and efficacy, resulted in a progression-free survival of 14.9 months in patients with advanced melanoma harboring BRAF V600E/K mutations, comparing to 7.3 months in the Zelboraf (vemurafenib) group (HR=0.54, p<0.0001) (PMID: 29573941; NCT01909453) and both BRAF V600E and BRAF V600K are on the companion diagnostic. 29573941 detail... detail... detail...
FGFR2 rearrange cholangiocarcinoma sensitive Pemigatinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II (FIGHT-202) trial, Pemazyre (pemigatinib) treatment resulted in an objective response in 35.5% (38/107, 3 complete response, 35 partial response) of patients with advanced cholangiocarcinoma harboring FGFR2 fusions or rearrangements, with a disease control rate of 82% (88/107), median time-to-response of 2.7 months, and a median progression-free survival of 6.9 months (PMID: 32203698; NCT02924376). detail... 32203698 detail...
IDH1 R132G acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 21.6% (27/125), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 8.8% (11/125), and overall response (OR) in 41.6% (52/125) of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). detail... 29860938 detail...
BRAF V600E/K melanoma sensitive Binimetinib + Encorafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III (COLUMBUS) trial that supported FDA approval, Braftovi (encorafenib) in combination with Mektovi (binimetinib) demonstrated improved tolerability profile and efficacy, resulted in a progression-free survival of 14.9 months in patients with advanced melanoma harboring BRAF V600E/K mutations, comparing to 7.3 months in the Zelboraf (vemurafenib) group (HR=0.54, p<0.0001) (PMID: 29573941; NCT01909453) and both BRAF V600E and V600K are on the companion diagnostic. 29573941 detail... detail... detail...
FGFR3 mutant transitional cell carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). detail... 31340094 detail...
IDH2 R140G acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Enasidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I/II trial that supported FDA approval, Idhifa (enasidenib) treatment resulted in an overall response rate of 40.3% (71/176) with a median response duration of 5.8 months, complete remission in 19.3% (34/176), and stable disease in 48.3% (85/176) of acute myeloid leukemia patients harboring IDH2 mutations (PMID: 28588020; NCT01915498) and IDH2 R140G is on the companion diagnostic. detail... detail... 28588020
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive Dabrafenib + Trametinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (COMBI-v) that supported FDA approval, the combination of Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) resulted in an improved overall survival rate at 12 months (72% vs 65%, HR=0.69, p=0.005), median progression-free survival (11.4 vs 7.3 months, HR=0.56, p<0.001), and objective response rate (64% vs 51%, p<0.001) compared to Zelboraf (vemurafenib) in melanoma patients harboring BRAF V600E or V600K (PMID: 25399551; NCT01597908). detail... detail... 25399551
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Zykadia (ceritinib) resulted in a blinded independent review committee (BIRC)-assessed objective response rate of 44% (72/163) and a duration of response of 7.1 months in ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients (PMID: 25754348; NCT01283516). 25754348 detail... detail...
BRAF V600K melanoma sensitive Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (coBRIM) that supported FDA approval, treatment with the combination of Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Cotellic (cobimetinib) resulted in an improved progression-free survival of 12.3 months, compared to 7.2 months with Zelboraf (vemurafenib) plus placebo, among patients with BRAF V600-mutated metastatic melanoma, and BRAF V600E and BRAF V600K are on the companion diagnostic (PMID: 27480103; NCT01689519). detail... 27480103 detail...
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (coBRIM) that supported FDA approval, treatment with the combination of Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Cotellic (cobimetinib) resulted in an improved progression-free survival of 12.3 months, compared to 7.2 months with Zelboraf (vemurafenib) plus placebo, among patients with BRAF V600-mutated metastatic melanoma, and BRAF V600E and BRAF V600K are on the companion diagnostic (PMID: 27480103; NCT01689519). 27480103 detail... detail...
BRAF V600E thyroid gland anaplastic carcinoma sensitive Dabrafenib + Trametinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (ROAR) that supported FDA approval, the combination of Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) resulted in an overall response rate of 69% (11/16; 1 complete response and 10 partial responses) in patients with anaplastic thyroid cancer harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 29072975; NCT02034110). 29072975 detail... detail...
IDH2 R172M acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Enasidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I/II trial that supported FDA approval, Idhifa (enasidenib) treatment resulted in an overall response rate of 40.3% (71/176) with a median response duration of 5.8 months, complete remission in 19.3% (34/176), and stable disease in 48.3% (85/176) of acute myeloid leukemia patients harboring IDH2 mutations (PMID: 28588020; NCT01915498) and IDH2 R172M is on the companion diagnostic. 28588020 detail... detail...
IDH2 R140W acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Enasidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I/II trial that supported FDA approval, Idhifa (enasidenib) treatment resulted in an overall response rate of 40.3% (71/176) with a median response duration of 5.8 months, complete remission in 19.3% (34/176), and stable disease in 48.3% (85/176) of acute myeloid leukemia patients harboring IDH2 mutations (PMID: 28588020; NCT01915498) and IDH2 R140W is on the companion diagnostic. detail... detail... 28588020
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial supporting FDA approval (ALEX), Alecensa (alectinib) treatment resulted in improved rate of progression-free survival compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) (68.4% vs 48.7%, HR=0.47), and median progression-free survival (25.7 vs 10.4 months) in non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring ALK rearrangement (PMID: 28586279; NCT02075840). 28586279 detail... detail...