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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Brigatinib Alunbrig AP26113 ALK Inhibitor 22 EGFR Inhibitor (Pan) 45 FLT3 Inhibitor 53 IGF-1R Inhibitor 17 ROS1 Inhibitor 14 Alunbrig (brigatinib) is a multi-kinase inhibitor with selected activity against ALK, ROS1 fusions, FLT3, IGF1R and mutant EGFR, potentially resulting in decreased tumor growth (PMID: 27780853). Alunbrig (brigatinib) is FDA approved for use in patients with ALK-positive metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (FDA.gov).
Ipilimumab Yervoy BMS-734016 CTLA4 Antibody 16 Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor 95 Yervoy (ipilimumab) is an antibody that binds to cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4), causing increased T-cell activation (PMID: 28891423). Yervoy (ipilimumab) is FDA approved for use in patients with metastatic melanoma, including patients 12 years or older, and in combination with Opdivo (nivolumab) for intermediate or poor-risk renal cell carcinoma, microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR) metastatic colorectal cancer (including patients 12 years or older), hepatocellular carcinoma previously treated with Nexavar (sorafenib), in combination with Opdivo (nivolumab) as first-line therapy in patients with PD-L1-positive (>=1%) metastatic non-small cell lung cancer without EGFR or ALK alterations, and in combination with Opdivo (nivolumab) and platinum-based chemotherapy as first-line therapy in patients with metastatic or recurrent non-small cell lung cancer without EGFR or ALK alterations (FDA.gov).
Nivolumab Opdivo MDX-1106|BMS-936558 Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor 95 PD-L1/PD-1 antibody 63 Opdivo (nivolumab) is an antibody that targets PD-1 (PDCD1), which results in increased T-cell activation and enhanced anti-tumor immune response (PMID: 28891423). Opdivo (nivolumab) is FDA approved for use as a monotherapy in patients with non-small cell lung cancer, small cell lung cancer, Hodgkin's lymphoma, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, urothelial carcinoma, as a monotherapy or in combination with Yervoy (ipilimumab) in patients with melanoma, renal cell carcinoma, microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR) colorectal cancer (including patients 12 years or older), and hepatocellular carcinoma, in combination with Yervoy (ipilimumab) as first-line therapy in patients with PD-L1-positive (>=1%) metastatic non-small cell lung cancer without EGFR or ALK alterations, and in combination with Yervoy (ipilimumab) and platinum-based chemotherapy as first-line therapy in patients with metastatic or recurrent non-small cell lung cancer without EGFR or ALK alterations (FDA.gov).
Pemigatinib Pemazyre INCB54828|INCB054828 FGFR1 Inhibitor 23 FGFR2 Inhibitor 15 FGFR3 Inhibitor 13 Pemazyre (pemigatinib) is a fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) inhibitor that blocks FGFR1/2/3 signaling, which results in growth inhibition in tumor cells (PMID: 32203698). Pemazyre (pemigatinib) is FDA approved for use in patients with advanced or metastatic cholangiocarcinoma harboring FGFR2 fusion or rearrangement (FDA.gov).
Rucaparib Rubraca AG014699|PF-01367338|CO-388|AG14447 PARP Inhibitor (Pan) 19 Rubraca (rucaparib) binds to and inhibits PARP, which may result in accumulation of DNA damage and chemosensitization of tumor cells (PMID: 17363489). Rubraca (rucaparib) is FDA approved for use as a maintenance therapy in patients with platinum-sensitive recurrent epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer, for treatment in patients with epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer harboring deleterious somatic and/or germline BRCA mutations who received 2 or more chemotherapies, and in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who received anti-androgen therapy and a taxane-based therapy (FDA.gov).
Selpercatinib Retevmo LOXO-292 RET Inhibitor 39 Retevmo (selpercatinib) is an inhibitor of RET that specifically targets RET mutations and fusions, and may block the growth of cells with increased Ret activity (PMID: 29860229). Retevmo (selpercatinib) is FDA approved for use in patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring RET fusions, and in adult and pediatric patient of 12 years and older with RET-mutant medullary thyroid cancer or RET fusion-positive thyroid cancer refractory to radioactive iodine (FDA.org).
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
ERBB2 over exp breast cancer sensitive Trastuzumab-anns FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, the Herceptin (trastuzumab) biosimilar Kanjinti (Trastuzumab-anns) demonstrated structure, function, and pharmacokinetic profile comparable to Herceptin (trastuzumab) (PMID: 28341959), thus supporting the extrapolation of data from the Phase III trial that supported the approval of Herceptin (trastuzumab) in Erbb2 (Her2) overexpressing breast cancer (PMID: 23801166) for approval of Kanjinti (Trastuzumab-anns) (FDA.gov). detail... 23801166 28341959 detail... detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Zykadia (ceritinib) resulted in a blinded independent review committee (BIRC)-assessed objective response rate of 44% (72/163) and a duration of response of 7.1 months in ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients (PMID: 25754348; NCT01283516). 25754348 detail... detail...
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Zykadia (ceritinib) resulted in a blinded independent review committee (BIRC)-assessed objective response rate of 44% (72/163) and a duration of response of 7.1 months in ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients (PMID: 25754348; NCT01283516). detail... detail... 25754348
IDH2 R172W acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Enasidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I/II trial that supported FDA approval, Idhifa (enasidenib) treatment resulted in an overall response rate of 40.3% (71/176) with a median response duration of 5.8 months, complete remission in 19.3% (34/176), and stable disease in 48.3% (85/176) of acute myeloid leukemia patients harboring IDH2 mutations (PMID: 28588020; NCT01915498) and IDH2 R172W is on the companion diagnostic. 28588020 detail... detail...
ERBB2 over exp gastric adenocarcinoma sensitive Trastuzumab FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (ToGA) that supported FDA approval, patients with either gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma with ERBB2 (HER2) overexpression or ERBB2 (HER2) amplification had increased overall survival (13.8 mo vs 11.1 mo) when treated with Herceptin (trastuzumab) in combination with chemotherapy compared to chemotherapy alone (PMID: 20728210; NCT01041404). 20728210 detail... detail...
IDH1 R132L acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 21.6% (27/125), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 8.8% (11/125), and overall response (OR) in 41.6% (52/125) of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). 29860938 detail... detail...
ERBB2 over exp Her2-receptor positive breast cancer sensitive Docetaxel + Pertuzumab + Trastuzumab FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (CLEOPATRA) that supported FDA approval, treatment with Perjeta (pertuzumab), combined with Herceptin (trastuzumab) and Taxotere (docetaxel), improved median progression free survival to 18.5 months compared to 12.4 months with placebo plus Herceptin (trastuzumab) and Taxotere (docetaxel) in patients with ERBB2 (HER2)-positive (overexpression and amplification) metastatic breast cancer (PMID: 23801166). detail... 23801166 detail...
BRAF V600K melanoma sensitive Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (coBRIM) that supported FDA approval, treatment with the combination of Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Cotellic (cobimetinib) resulted in an improved progression-free survival of 12.3 months, compared to 7.2 months with Zelboraf (vemurafenib) plus placebo, among patients with BRAF V600-mutated metastatic melanoma, and BRAF V600E and BRAF V600K are on the companion diagnostic (PMID: 27480103; NCT01689519). detail... 27480103 detail...
FLT3 exon 14 ins acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Cytarabine + Daunorubicin + Midostaurin FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial that supported FDA approval, treatment with Rydapt (midostaurin), combined with Cytosar-U (cytarabine) and Daunorubicin, improved overall survival (74.7 mo vs 25.6 mo) in patients with FLT3-mutant (D835X and I836X) or FLT3-ITD (exon 14 insertions) acute myeloid leukemia compared to Cytosar-U (cytarabine) and Daunorubicin with placebo (PMID: 28644114). 28644114 detail... detail...
IDH1 R132L acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 28.6% (8/28), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 14.3% (4/28) of patients age 75 or older with untreated acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test, with a median treatment duration of 4.3 months (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). 29860938 detail... detail...
IDH1 R132H acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 28.6% (8/28), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 14.3% (4/28) of patients age 75 or older with untreated acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test, with a median treatment duration of 4.3 months (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). 29860938 detail... detail...
ROS1 rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib FDA approved Actionable In a Phase I trial (PROFILE 1001) that supported FDA approval, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 72% (38/53), with 6 complete responses and 32 partial responses, a median duration of response of 24.7 months, a median progression-free survival of 19.3 months, and a median overall survival of 51.4 months in patients with non-small cell lung cancer harboring ROS1 rearrangements as detected by an FDA-approved test (PMID: 30980071; NCT00585195). detail... detail... 30980071
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (coBRIM) that supported FDA approval, treatment with the combination of Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Cotellic (cobimetinib) resulted in an improved progression-free survival of 12.3 months, compared to 7.2 months with Zelboraf (vemurafenib) plus placebo, among patients with BRAF V600-mutated metastatic melanoma, and BRAF V600E and BRAF V600K are on the companion diagnostic (PMID: 27480103; NCT01689519). 27480103 detail... detail...
ERBB2 amp gastric adenocarcinoma sensitive Trastuzumab FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (ToGA) that supported FDA approval, patients with either gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma with ERBB2 (HER2) overexpression or ERBB2 (HER2) amplification had increased overall survival (13.8 mo vs 11.1 mo) when treated with Herceptin (trastuzumab) in combination with chemotherapy compared to chemotherapy alone (PMID: 20728210; NCT01041404). detail... 20728210 detail...
IDH2 R172K acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Enasidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I/II trial that supported FDA approval, Idhifa (enasidenib) treatment resulted in an overall response rate of 40.3% (71/176) with a median response duration of 5.8 months, complete remission in 19.3% (34/176), and stable disease in 48.3% (85/176) of acute myeloid leukemia patients harboring IDH2 mutations (PMID: 28588020; NCT01915498) and IDH2 R172K is on the companion diagnostic. detail... detail... 28588020
IDH2 R140L acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Enasidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I/II trial that supported FDA approval, Idhifa (enasidenib) treatment resulted in an overall response rate of 40.3% (71/176) with a median response duration of 5.8 months, complete remission in 19.3% (34/176), and stable disease in 48.3% (85/176) of acute myeloid leukemia patients harboring IDH2 mutations (PMID: 28588020; NCT01915498) and IDH2 R140L is on the companion diagnostic. detail... detail... 28588020
BRAF V600E lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Dabrafenib + Trametinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial that supported FDA approval, treatment with the combination of Mekinist (trametinib) and Tafinlar (dabrafenib) in patients with non-small cell lung cancer harboring BRAF V600E resulted in an overall response rate of 66.7% (38/57) in previously treated patients and 64% (23/36) in untreated patients, versus 33% (26/78) treated with Tafinlar (dabrafenib) alone (PMID: 27080216, PMID: 27283860, PMID: 28919011; NCT01336634). 27283860 detail... 27080216 detail... detail... 28919011
FGFR3 mutant bladder urothelial carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). detail... 31340094 detail...
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive Dabrafenib + Trametinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (COMBI-v) that supported FDA approval, the combination of Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) resulted in an improved overall survival rate at 12 months (72% vs 65%, HR=0.69, p=0.005), median progression-free survival (11.4 vs 7.3 months, HR=0.56, p<0.001), and objective response rate (64% vs 51%, p<0.001) compared to Zelboraf (vemurafenib) in melanoma patients harboring BRAF V600E or V600K (PMID: 25399551; NCT01597908). detail... detail... 25399551
FLT3 D835X acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Gilteritinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (ADMIRAL) that supported FDA approval, Xospata (gilteritinib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) or CR with partial hematologic recovery in 21% (29/138) of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a FLT3 internal tandem duplication (ITD), D835, or I836 mutation (FDA.gov; NCT02421939). detail... detail...
FGFR2 mutant transitional cell carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). detail... 31340094 detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (ALTA-1L) that supported FDA approval, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment resulted in superior progression-free survival (HR=0.49, p=0.0007) compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) in patients with ALK-rearrangement positive metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (Ann Oncol., Apr 2019, 30 (Suppl 2):ii48; NCT02737501). detail... detail... detail...
FGFR3 G370C transitional cell carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations and FGFR3 G370C is included in the companion diagnostic (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). detail... 31340094 detail...
BRAF V600E thyroid gland anaplastic carcinoma sensitive Dabrafenib + Trametinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (ROAR) that supported FDA approval, the combination of Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) resulted in an overall response rate of 69% (11/16; 1 complete response and 10 partial responses) in patients with anaplastic thyroid cancer harboring BRAF V600E (PMID: 29072975; NCT02034110). 29072975 detail... detail...
BRAF V600E/K melanoma sensitive Dabrafenib + Trametinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (COMBI-v) that supported FDA approval, the combination of Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) resulted in an improved overall survival rate at 12 months (72% vs 65%, HR=0.69, p=0.005), median progression-free survival (11.4 vs 7.3 months, HR=0.56, p<0.001), and objective response rate (64% vs 51%, p<0.001) compared to Zelboraf (vemurafenib) in melanoma patients harboring BRAF V600E or V600K (PMID: 25399551; NCT01597908). detail... detail... 25399551
BRAF V600E/K melanoma sensitive Cobimetinib + Vemurafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (coBRIM) that supported FDA approval, treatment with the combination of Zelboraf (vemurafenib) and Cotellic (cobimetinib) resulted in an improved progression-free survival of 12.3 months, compared to 7.2 months with Zelboraf (vemurafenib) plus placebo, among patients with BRAF V600-mutated metastatic melanoma, and BRAF V600E and BRAF V600K are on the companion diagnostic (PMID: 27480103; NCT01689519). detail... detail... 27480103
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive Dabrafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III clinical trial (BREAK-3) that supported FDA approval, Tafinlar (dabrafenib) improved median progression-free survival compared to Deticene (dacarbazine) (5.1 vs 2.7 months, HR=0.3, p<0.0001) in patients with BRAF V600E positive melanoma (PMID: 22735384; NCT01227889). detail... detail... 22735384
IDH2 R172M acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Enasidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I/II trial that supported FDA approval, Idhifa (enasidenib) treatment resulted in an overall response rate of 40.3% (71/176) with a median response duration of 5.8 months, complete remission in 19.3% (34/176), and stable disease in 48.3% (85/176) of acute myeloid leukemia patients harboring IDH2 mutations (PMID: 28588020; NCT01915498) and IDH2 R172M is on the companion diagnostic. 28588020 detail... detail...
FGFR3 - TACC3 transitional cell carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations and FGFR3-TACC3 v1 and v3 fusions are included in the companion diagnostic (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). detail... 31340094 detail...
ERBB2 amp Her2-receptor positive breast cancer sensitive trastuzumab and hyaluronidase-oysk injection FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (HannaH) that supported FDA approval, Herceptin Hylecta (trastuzumab and hyaluronidase-oysk injection) treatment demonstrated safety and efficacy profile comparable to intravenous trastuzumab treatment, resulted in pathologic complete response in 45.4% (118/260) of patients with ERBB2 (HER2)-positive (IHC 3+ or ISH positive) breast cancer (PMID: 22884505; NCT00950300). detail... detail... 22884505
FLT3 I836X acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Gilteritinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (ADMIRAL) that supported FDA approval, Xospata (gilteritinib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) or CR with partial hematologic recovery in 21% (29/138) of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a FLT3 internal tandem duplication (ITD), D835, or I836 mutation (FDA.gov; NCT02421939). detail... detail...
ERBB2 over exp gastric adenocarcinoma sensitive Trastuzumab-anns FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, the Herceptin (trastuzumab) biosimilar Kanjinti (Trastuzumab-anns) demonstrated structure, function, and pharmacokinetic profile comparable to Herceptin (trastuzumab) (PMID: 28341959), thus supporting the extrapolation of data from the Phase III trial that supported the approval of Herceptin (trastuzumab) in Erbb2 (Her2) overexpressing gastric adenocarcinoma (PMID: 20728210; NCT01041404) for approval of Kanjinti (Trastuzumab-anns) (FDA.gov). 20728210 28341959 detail... detail... detail...
ERBB2 over exp gastroesophageal adenocarcinoma sensitive Trastuzumab-anns FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, the Herceptin (trastuzumab) biosimilar Kanjinti (Trastuzumab-anns) demonstrated structure, function, and pharmacokinetic profile comparable to Herceptin (trastuzumab) (PMID: 28341959), thus supporting the extrapolation of data from the Phase III trial that supported the approval of Herceptin (trastuzumab) in Erbb2 (Her2) overexpressing gastrioesophageal adenocarcinoma (PMID: 20728210; NCT01041404) for approval of Kanjinti (Trastuzumab-anns) (FDA.gov). 20728210 detail... 28341959 detail... detail...
ERBB2 amp Her2-receptor positive breast cancer sensitive Ado-trastuzumab emtansine FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (EMILIA) that supported FDA approval, treatment with Kadclya (trastuzumab emtansine) improved median progression free survival (9.6 mo vs 6.4 mo) and overall survival (30.9 mo vs 25.1 mo) compared to Tykerb (lapatinib) combined with Xeloda (capecitabine) in patients with metastatic ERBB2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer (PMID: 24879797, PMID: 23020162; NCT00829166). 24879797 23020162 detail... detail...
ERBB2 amp Her2-receptor positive breast cancer sensitive Docetaxel + Pertuzumab + Trastuzumab FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (CLEOPATRA) that supported FDA approval, treatment with Perjeta (pertuzumab), combined with Herceptin (trastuzumab) and Taxotere (docetaxel), improved median progression free survival to 18.5 months compared to 12.4 months with placebo plus Herceptin (trastuzumab) and Taxotere (docetaxel) in patients with ERBB2 (HER2)-positive (overexpression and amplification) metastatic breast cancer (PMID: 23801166). 23801166 detail... detail...
BRAF V600K melanoma sensitive Binimetinib + Encorafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III (COLUMBUS) trial that supported FDA approval, Braftovi (encorafenib) in combination with Mektovi (binimetinib) demonstrated improved tolerability profile and efficacy, resulted in a progression-free survival of 14.9 months in patients with advanced melanoma harboring BRAF V600E/K mutations, comparing to 7.3 months in the Zelboraf (vemurafenib) group (HR=0.54, p<0.0001) (PMID: 29573941; NCT01909453) and both BRAF V600E and BRAF V600K are on the companion diagnostic. 29573941 detail... detail... detail...
IDH1 R132C acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 21.6% (27/125), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 8.8% (11/125), and overall response (OR) in 41.6% (52/125) of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). detail... detail... detail... 29860938
BRAF V600E/K melanoma sensitive Binimetinib + Encorafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III (COLUMBUS) trial that supported FDA approval, Braftovi (encorafenib) in combination with Mektovi (binimetinib) demonstrated improved tolerability profile and efficacy, resulted in a progression-free survival of 14.9 months in patients with advanced melanoma harboring BRAF V600E/K mutations, comparing to 7.3 months in the Zelboraf (vemurafenib) group (HR=0.54, p<0.0001) (PMID: 29573941; NCT01909453) and both BRAF V600E and V600K are on the companion diagnostic. 29573941 detail... detail... detail...
BRAF V600E/K melanoma sensitive Trametinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (METRIC) that supported FDA approval, Mekinist (trametinib) treatment, as compared to Deticine (dacarbazine) or Taxol (paclitaxel) treatment, resulted in improved progression-free survival of 4.8 months versus 1.5 months and an overall six month survival rate of 81% versus 67% in patients with BRAF V600E/K positive metastatic melanoma (PMID: 22663011; NCT01245062). 22663011 detail... detail...
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (PROFILE 1014) that supported FDA approval, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in improved progression-free survival (10.9 vs 7.0 months, HR=0.45, p<0.001) and objective response rate (74% vs 45%) relative to chemotherapy in NSCLC patients with ALK rearrangements (PMID: 25470694; NCT01154140). 25470694 detail... detail...
IDH1 R132C acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 28.6% (8/28), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 14.3% (4/28) of patients age 75 or older with untreated acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test, with a median treatment duration of 4.3 months (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). detail... 29860938 detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (PROFILE 1014) that supported FDA approval, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in improved progression-free survival (10.9 vs 7.0 months, HR=0.45, p<0.001) and objective response rate (74% vs 45%) relative to chemotherapy in NSCLC patients with ALK rearrangements (PMID: 25470694; NCT01154140). detail... 25470694 detail...
FGFR3 mutant transitional cell carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). detail... 31340094 detail...
ERBB2 over exp Her2-receptor positive breast cancer sensitive Ado-trastuzumab emtansine FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (EMILIA) that supported FDA approval, treatment with Kadclya (trastuzumab emtansine) improved median progression free survival (9.6 mo vs 6.4 mo) and overall survival (30.9 mo vs 25.1 mo) compared to Tykerb (lapatinib) combined with Xeloda (capecitabine) in patients with metastatic ERBB2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer (PMID: 24879797, PMID: 23020162; NCT00829166). 24879797 detail... detail... 23020162
FLT3 D835X acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Cytarabine + Daunorubicin + Midostaurin FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial that supported FDA approval, treatment with Rydapt (midostaurin), combined with Cytosar-U (cytarabine) and Daunorubicin, improved overall survival (74.7 mo vs 25.6 mo) in patients with FLT3-mutant (D835X and I836X) or FLT3-ITD (exon 14 insertions) acute myeloid leukemia compared to Cytosar-U (cytarabine) and Daunorubicin with placebo (PMID: 28644114). detail... 28644114 detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial supporting FDA approval (ALEX), Alecensa (alectinib) treatment resulted in improved rate of progression-free survival compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) (68.4% vs 48.7%, HR=0.47), and median progression-free survival (25.7 vs 10.4 months) in non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring ALK rearrangement (PMID: 28586279; NCT02075840). 28586279 detail... detail...
FGFR3 R248C bladder urothelial carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations and FGFR3 R248C is included in the companion diagnostic (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). detail... 31340094 detail...
ERBB2 over exp Her2-receptor positive breast cancer sensitive Trastuzumab FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable Herceptin (trastuzumab) is FDA approved as an adjuvant treatment for ERBB2 (HER2)-overexpressing (or amplification) breast cancer patients and for metastatic ERBB2 (HER2)-overexpressing (or amplification) breast cancer patients as indicated by an FDA approved companion diagnostic (FDA.gov). detail... detail...
IDH2 R140W acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Enasidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I/II trial that supported FDA approval, Idhifa (enasidenib) treatment resulted in an overall response rate of 40.3% (71/176) with a median response duration of 5.8 months, complete remission in 19.3% (34/176), and stable disease in 48.3% (85/176) of acute myeloid leukemia patients harboring IDH2 mutations (PMID: 28588020; NCT01915498) and IDH2 R140W is on the companion diagnostic. detail... detail... 28588020
FGFR2 mutant bladder urothelial carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). detail... 31340094 detail...
BRAF V600K melanoma sensitive Dabrafenib + Trametinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (COMBI-v) that supported FDA approval, the combination of Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) resulted in an improved overall survival rate at 12 months (72% vs 65%, HR=0.69, p=0.005), median progression-free survival (11.4 vs 7.3 months, HR=0.56, p<0.001), and objective response rate (64% vs 51%, p<0.001) compared to Zelboraf (vemurafenib) in melanoma patients harboring BRAF V600E or V600K (PMID: 25399551; NCT01597908). detail... 25399551 detail...
FLT3 mutant acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Gilteritinib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (ADMIRAL) that supported FDA approval, Xospata (gilteritinib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) or CR with partial hematologic recovery in 21% (29/138) of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a FLT3 internal tandem duplication (ITD), D835, or I836 mutation (FDA.gov; NCT02421939). detail... detail...
ERBB2 over exp Her2-receptor positive breast cancer sensitive trastuzumab and hyaluronidase-oysk injection FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (HannaH) that supported FDA approval, Herceptin Hylecta (trastuzumab and hyaluronidase-oysk injection) treatment demonstrated safety and efficacy profile comparable to intravenous trastuzumab treatment, resulted in pathologic complete response in 45.4% (118/260) of patients with ERBB2 (HER2)-positive (IHC 3+ or ISH positive) breast cancer (PMID: 22884505; NCT00950300). detail... detail... 22884505
FGFR3 S249C transitional cell carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations and FGFR3 S249C is included in the companion diagnostic (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). detail... 31340094 detail...
FGFR3 S249C bladder urothelial carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations and FGFR3 S249C is included in the companion diagnostic (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). detail... 31340094 detail...
NRAS wild-type colorectal cancer predicted - sensitive Panitumumab FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable Vectibix (panitumumab) is FDA approved for metastatic colorectal patients that are NRAS wild-type, as detected by a companion diagnostic (FDA.gov). detail... detail...
FGFR2 fusion cholangiocarcinoma sensitive Pemigatinib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II (FIGHT-202) trial, Pemazyre (pemigatinib) treatment resulted in an objective response in 35.5% (38/107, 3 complete response, 35 partial response) of patients with advanced cholangiocarcinoma harboring FGFR2 fusions or rearrangements, with a disease control rate of 82% (88/107), median time-to-response of 2.7 months, and a median progression-free survival of 6.9 months (PMID: 32203698; NCT02924376). detail... 32203698 detail...
IDH2 mutant acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Enasidenib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I/II trial that supported FDA approval, Idhifa (enasidenib) treatment resulted in an overall response rate of 40.3% (71/176) with a median response duration of 5.8 months, complete remission in 19.3% (34/176), and stable disease in 48.3% (85/176) of acute myeloid leukemia patients harboring IDH2 mutations (R140Q/L/G/W, R172K/M/G/S/W) (PMID: 28588020; NCT01915498). 28588020 detail... detail...
IDH1 R132G acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 21.6% (27/125), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 8.8% (11/125), and overall response (OR) in 41.6% (52/125) of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). detail... 29860938 detail...
FLT3 exon 14 ins acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Gilteritinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (ADMIRAL) that supported FDA approval, Xospata (gilteritinib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) or CR with partial hematologic recovery in 21% (29/138) of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a FLT3 internal tandem duplication (ITD; exon 14 insertion), D835, or I836 mutation (FDA.gov; NCT02421939). detail... detail...
BRAF V600K melanoma sensitive Trametinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (METRIC) that supported FDA approval, Mekinist (trametinib) treatment, as compared to Deticine (dacarbazine) or Taxol (paclitaxel) treatment, resulted in improved progression-free survival of 4.8 months versus 1.5 months and an overall six month survival rate of 81% versus 67% in patients with BRAF V600E/K-positive metastatic melanoma (PMID: 22663011; NCT01245062). 22663011 detail... detail...
BRAF V600E/K melanoma sensitive Binimetinib + Encorafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III (COLUMBUS) trial that supported FDA approval, Braftovi (encorafenib) in combination with Mektovi (binimetinib) resulted in a median overall survival (OS) of 33.6 months, a 1-year OS rate of 77.5%, and a 2-year OS rate of 57.7% in patients with advanced melanoma harboring BRAF V600E/K mutations compared to a median OS of 16.9 months and 1- and 2-year OS rates of 63.1% and 43.2%, respectively, in the Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treated group (PMID: 30219628; NCT01909453). detail... detail... detail... 30219628
IDH1 R132H acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 21.6% (27/125), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 8.8% (11/125), and overall response (OR) in 41.6% (52/125) of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). 29860938 detail... detail...
IDH1 mutant acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 21.6% (27/125), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 8.8% (11/125), and overall response (OR) in 41.6% (52/125) of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). detail... detail... 29860938
ROS1 fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib FDA approved Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 72% (36/50), with 3 complete responses and 33 partial responses, a median duration of response of 17.6 months, and a median progression-free survival of 19.2 months in patients with non-small cell lung cancer harboring ROS1 rearrangements as detected by an FDA-approved test (PMID: 25264305; NCT00585195). detail... 25264305 detail...
ERBB2 over exp Her2-receptor positive breast cancer sensitive Ado-trastuzumab emtansine FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (KATHERINE) that supported FDA approval, treatment with Kadclya (trastuzumab emtansine) resulted in improved invasive disease-free survival (HR=0.50, p<0.001) compared to Herceptin (trastuzumab) in patients with ERBB2 (HER2)-positive early breast cancer who had residual invasive disease after taxane and trastuzumab-based neoadjuvant therapy (PMID: 30516102; NCT01772472). detail... detail... 30516102
FGFR3 - TACC3 bladder urothelial carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations and FGFR3-TACC3 v1 and v3 fusions are included in the companion diagnostic (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). detail... 31340094 detail...
FGFR3 G370C bladder urothelial carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations and FGFR3 G370C is included in the companion diagnostic (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). detail... 31340094 detail...
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive Binimetinib + Encorafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III (COLUMBUS) trial that supported FDA approval, Braftovi (encorafenib) in combination with Mektovi (binimetinib) resulted in a median overall survival (OS) of 33.6 months, a 1-year OS rate of 77.5%, and a 2-year OS rate of 57.7% in patients with advanced melanoma harboring BRAF V600E/K mutations compared to a median OS of 16.9 months and 1- and 2-year OS rates of 63.1% and 43.2%, respectively, in the Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treated group (PMID: 30219628; NCT01909453). detail... 30219628 detail... detail...
IDH1 R132S acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 28.6% (8/28), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 14.3% (4/28) of patients age 75 or older with untreated acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test, with a median treatment duration of 4.3 months (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). detail... 29860938 detail...
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive Binimetinib + Encorafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III (COLUMBUS) trial that supported FDA approval, Braftovi (encorafenib) in combination with Mektovi (binimetinib) demonstrated improved tolerability profile and efficacy, resulted in a progression-free survival of 14.9 months in patients with advanced melanoma harboring BRAF V600E/K mutations, comparing to 7.3 months in the Zelboraf (vemurafenib) group (HR=0.54, p<0.0001) (PMID: 29573941; NCT01909453), and both BRAF V600E and V600K are on the companion diagnostic. 29573941 detail... detail... detail...
FGFR3 Y373C transitional cell carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations and FGFR3 Y373C is included in the companion diagnostic (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). detail... 31340094 detail...
IDH1 R132G acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 28.6% (8/28), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 14.3% (4/28) of patients age 75 or older with untreated acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test, with a median treatment duration of 4.3 months (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). detail... 29860938 detail...
FGFR3 R248C transitional cell carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations and FGFR3 R248C is included in the companion diagnostic (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). 31340094 detail... detail...
ERBB2 amp Her2-receptor positive breast cancer sensitive Trastuzumab FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable Herceptin (trastuzumab) is FDA approved as an adjuvant treatment for ERBB2 (HER2)-overexpressing (or amplification) breast cancer patients and for metastatic ERBB2 (HER2)-overexpressing (or amplification) breast cancer patients as indicated by an FDA approved companion diagnostic (FDA.gov). detail... detail...
ATM inact mut prostate cancer sensitive Olaparib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (PROfound) that supported FDA approval, Lynparza (olaparib) treatment improved progression-free survival (7.4 vs 3.6 mo, HR=0.34, p<0.001), objective response rate (33%, 28/84 vs 2%, 1/43, OR=20.86, p<0.001), and median time to pain progression (HR=0.44, p=0.02) compared to control in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer harboring deleterious or suspected deleterious mutations in BRCA1/2 or ATM who progressed on hormone therapy (PMID: 32343890; NCT02987543). detail... 32343890 detail...
IDH2 R172S acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Enasidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I/II trial that supported FDA approval, Idhifa (enasidenib) treatment resulted in an overall response rate of 40.3% (71/176) with a median response duration of 5.8 months, complete remission in 19.3% (34/176), and stable disease in 48.3% (85/176) of acute myeloid leukemia patients harboring IDH2 mutations (PMID: 28588020; NCT01915498) and IDH2 R172S is on the companion diagnostic. 28588020 detail... detail...
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial supporting FDA approval (ALEX), Alecensa (alectinib) treatment resulted in improved rate of progression-free survival compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) (68.4% vs 48.7%, HR=0.47), and median progression-free survival (25.7 vs 10.4 months) in non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring ALK rearrangements (PMID: 28586279; NCT02075840). detail... 28586279 detail...
BRAF V600K melanoma sensitive Binimetinib + Encorafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III (COLUMBUS) trial that supported FDA approval, Braftovi (encorafenib) in combination with Mektovi (binimetinib) resulted in a median overall survival (OS) of 33.6 months, a 1-year OS rate of 77.5%, and a 2-year OS rate of 57.7% in patients with advanced melanoma harboring BRAF V600E/K mutations compared to a median OS of 16.9 months and 1- and 2-year OS rates of 63.1% and 43.2%, respectively, in the Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treated group (PMID: 30219628; NCT01909453). detail... 30219628 detail... detail...
ERBB2 over exp gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma sensitive Trastuzumab FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (ToGA) that supported FDA approval, patients with either gastric cancer or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma with ERBB2 (HER2) overexpression or ERBB2 (HER2) amplification had increased overall survival (13.8 mo vs 11.1 mo) when treated with Herceptin (trastuzumab) in combination with chemotherapy compared to chemotherapy alone (PMID: 20728210; NCT01041404). 20728210 detail... detail...
IDH1 R132S acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 21.6% (27/125), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 8.8% (11/125), and overall response (OR) in 41.6% (52/125) of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). detail... 29860938 detail...
IDH2 R140G acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Enasidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I/II trial that supported FDA approval, Idhifa (enasidenib) treatment resulted in an overall response rate of 40.3% (71/176) with a median response duration of 5.8 months, complete remission in 19.3% (34/176), and stable disease in 48.3% (85/176) of acute myeloid leukemia patients harboring IDH2 mutations (PMID: 28588020; NCT01915498) and IDH2 R140G is on the companion diagnostic. detail... detail... 28588020
ERBB2 amp Her2-receptor positive breast cancer sensitive Ado-trastuzumab emtansine FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (KATHERINE) that supported FDA approval, treatment with Kadclya (trastuzumab emtansine) resulted in improved invasive disease-free survival (HR=0.50, p<0.001) compared to Herceptin (trastuzumab) in patients with ERBB2 (HER2)-positive early breast cancer who had residual invasive disease after taxane and trastuzumab-based neoadjuvant therapy (PMID: 30516102; NCT01772472). detail... detail... 30516102
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive Vemurafenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (BRIM-3) that supported FDA approval, Zelboraf (vemurafenib), as compared to Deticene (dacarbazine), resulted in an improved overall survival (OS) (13.6 vs 9.7 months, HR=0.81, p=0.03) in patients with BRAF V600E-positive metastatic melanoma, with estimated OS rates of 56%, 30%, 21%, and 17% at 1, 2, 3, and 4 years, respectively (PMID: 28961848, PMID: 21639808; NCT01006980), and BRAF V600E is included on the companion diagnostic (FDA.gov). 28961848 detail... detail... 21639808
FGFR2 rearrange cholangiocarcinoma sensitive Pemigatinib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II (FIGHT-202) trial, Pemazyre (pemigatinib) treatment resulted in an objective response in 35.5% (38/107, 3 complete response, 35 partial response) of patients with advanced cholangiocarcinoma harboring FGFR2 fusions or rearrangements, with a disease control rate of 82% (88/107), median time-to-response of 2.7 months, and a median progression-free survival of 6.9 months (PMID: 32203698; NCT02924376). detail... 32203698 detail...
IDH2 R172G acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Enasidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I/II trial that supported FDA approval, Idhifa (enasidenib) treatment resulted in an overall response rate of 40.3% (71/176) with a median response duration of 5.8 months, complete remission in 19.3% (34/176), and stable disease in 48.3% (85/176) of acute myeloid leukemia patients harboring IDH2 mutations (PMID: 28588020; NCT01915498) and IDH2 R172G is on the companion diagnostic. 28588020 detail... detail...
IDH2 R140Q acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Enasidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I/II trial that supported FDA approval, Idhifa (enasidenib) treatment resulted in an overall response rate of 40.3% (71/176) with a median response duration of 5.8 months, complete remission in 19.3% (34/176), and stable disease in 48.3% (85/176) of acute myeloid leukemia patients harboring IDH2 mutations (PMID: 28588020; NCT01915498) and IDH2 R140Q is on the companion diagnostic. detail... detail... 28588020
FGFR3 Y373C bladder urothelial carcinoma sensitive Erdafitinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (BCL2001) that supported FDA approval, Balversa (erdafitinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 40% (40/99, 3 complete response, 37 partial response) and a disease control rate of 80% in patients with metastatic or unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGFR alterations and FGFR3 Y373C is included in the companion diagnostic (PMID: 31340094; NCT02365597). detail... 31340094 detail...
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (ALTA-1L) that supported FDA approval, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment resulted in superior progression-free survival (HR=0.49, p=0.0007) compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) in patients with ALK-rearrangement positive metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (Ann Oncol., Apr 2019, 30 (Suppl 2):ii48; NCT02737501). detail... detail... detail...
BRAF V600E melanoma sensitive Trametinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (METRIC) that supported FDA approval, Mekinist (trametinib) treatment, as compared to Deticine (dacarbazine) or Taxol (paclitaxel) treatment, resulted in improved progression-free survival of 4.8 months versus 1.5 months and an overall six month survival rate of 81% versus 67% in patients with BRAF V600E/K-positive metastatic melanoma (PMID: 22663011; NCT01245062). 22663011 detail... detail...
BRAF V600E/K melanoma sensitive Dabrafenib + Trametinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (COMBI-AD) that supported FDA approval, adjuvant treatment with the combination of Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) resulted in an improved estimated 3-year relapse-free survival rate (58% vs 39%, HR=0.47, P<0.001) and 3-year overall survival rate (86% vs 77%, HR=0.57; 95% CI, 0.42 to 0.79, P=0.0006) compared to placebo in stage III melanoma patients harboring BRAF V600E or V600K mutations (PMID: 28891408; NCT01682083). detail... 28891408 detail...
ERBB2 amp gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma sensitive Trastuzumab FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (ToGA) that supported FDA approval, patients with either gastric cancer or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma with ERBB2 (HER2) overexpression or ERBB2 (HER2) amplification had increased overall survival (13.8 mo vs 11.1 mo) when treated with Herceptin (trastuzumab) in combination with chemotherapy compared to chemotherapy alone (PMID: 20728210; NCT01041404). 20728210 detail... detail...
FLT3 I836X acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Cytarabine + Daunorubicin + Midostaurin FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial that supported FDA approval, treatment with Rydapt (midostaurin), combined with Cytosar-U (cytarabine) and Daunorubicin, improved overall survival (74.7 mo vs 25.6 mo) in patients with FLT3-mutant (D835X and I836X) or FLT3-ITD (exon 14 insertions) acute myeloid leukemia compared to Cytosar-U (cytarabine) and Daunorubicin with placebo (PMID: 28644114). detail... detail... 28644114
FLT3 mutant acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Cytarabine + Daunorubicin + Midostaurin FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial that supported FDA approval, treatment with Rydapt (midostaurin), combined with Cytosar-U (cytarabine) and Daunorubicin, improved overall survival (HR=0.78, p=0.009) and event-free survival (HR=0.78, p=0.002) in patients with FLT3-mutant (ITD, D835X, and I836X mutations) acute myeloid leukemia compared to Cytosar-U (cytarabine) and Daunorubicin with placebo (PMID: 28644114; NCT00651261). 28644114 detail... detail...