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PMID
Authors
Title Keytruda (pembrolizumab) FDA Drug Label
Journal
Vol
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Date
URL https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cder/daf/index.cfm?event=overview.process&ApplNo=125514
Abstract Text

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Pembrolizumab Keytruda MK-3475 Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor 149 PD-L1/PD-1 antibody 95 Keytruda (pembrolizumab) is an antibody against PD-1 that activates T-cell mediated anti-tumor immune response (PMID: 25977344). Keytruda (pembrolizumab) is approved in melanoma, SCLC, HNSCC, classical Hodgkin Lymphoma, primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma, urothelial carcinoma, HCC, Merkel cell carcinoma, NMIBC, cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma, MSI-H or dMMR or TMB high advanced solid tumors, CD274 (PD-L1)-expressing NSCLC, gastric and GEJ adenocarcinoma, squamous esophageal carcinoma, cervical cancer, and triple-negative breast cancer, in combination with pemetrexed and platinum in non-squamous NSCLC with no EGFR or ALK mutations, with carboplatin and paclitaxel/nab-paclitaxel in squamous NSCLC, with axitinib or lenvatinib in RCC, with Lenvatinib in endometrial carcinoma that is not MSI-H or dMMR, in combination with platinum and fluoropyrimidine-based chemotherapy for patients with esophageal or gastroesophageal carcinoma, in combination with Herceptin (trastuzumab), fluoropyrimidine- and platinum-containing chemotherapy for first-line treatment of patients with HER2-positive gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma, and in combination with platinum-based chemotherapy, with or without bevacizumab, for patients with CD274 (PD-L1)-expressing (CPS>=1) cervical cancer (FDA.gov).
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
MLH1 negative endometrial carcinoma sensitive Pembrolizumab FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (KEYNOTE-158) that supported FDA approval, Keytruda (pembrolizumab) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 48% (38/79, 11 complete responses, 27 partial responses) in patients with advanced microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair-deficient (dMMR, often defined by the loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression by IHC) endometrial carcinoma, with a median progression-free survival of 13.1 months (PMID: 34990208; NCT02628067). detail... 34990208 detail...
MSH6 negative colorectal cancer sensitive Pembrolizumab FDA approved Actionable In a Phase III (KEYNOTE-177) trial that supported FDA approval, Keytruda (pembrolizumab) treatment as first-line therapy significantly improved median progression-free survival (16.5 vs 8.2 mo, HR=0.60, p=0.0002) compared to chemotherapy in patients with advanced microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR, often defined by the loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression by IHC) colorectal cancer (PMID: 33264544; NCT02563002). 33264544 detail...
MSH6 negative Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Pembrolizumab FDA approved Actionable In a combined analysis of 5 trials that supported FDA approval, Keytruda (pembrolizumab) therapy resulted in an objective response rate of 39.6% (59/149) in advanced solid tumor patients with high levels of microsatellite instability (MSI-H) or deficient mismatch repair (dMMR, often defined by the loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression by IHC) (PMID: 30787022; NCT01876511, NCT02460198, NCT01848834, NCT02054806, NCT02628067). detail... 30787022
MSH6 negative endometrial carcinoma sensitive Pembrolizumab FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (KEYNOTE-158) that supported FDA approval, Keytruda (pembrolizumab) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 48% (38/79, 11 complete responses, 27 partial responses) in patients with advanced microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair-deficient (dMMR, often defined by the loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression by IHC) endometrial carcinoma, with a median progression-free survival of 13.1 months (PMID: 34990208; NCT02628067). detail... detail... 34990208
MLH1 negative colorectal cancer sensitive Pembrolizumab FDA approved Actionable In a Phase III (KEYNOTE-177) trial that supported FDA approval, Keytruda (pembrolizumab) treatment as first-line therapy significantly improved median progression-free survival (16.5 vs 8.2 mo, HR=0.60, p=0.0002) compared to chemotherapy in patients with advanced microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR, often defined by the loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression by IHC) colorectal cancer (PMID: 33264544; NCT02563002). 33264544 detail...
MLH1 negative Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Pembrolizumab FDA approved Actionable In a combined analysis of 5 trials that supported FDA approval, Keytruda (pembrolizumab) therapy resulted in an objective response rate of 39.6% (59/149) in advanced solid tumor patients with high levels of microsatellite instability (MSI-H) or deficient mismatch repair (dMMR, often defined by the loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, or MSH6 expression by IHC) (PMID: 30787022; NCT01876511, NCT02460198, NCT01848834, NCT02054806, NCT02628067). detail... 30787022