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|Title||Lynparza (olaparib) FDA Drug Label|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Olaparib||Lynparza||AZD2281|KU-0059436||PARP Inhibitor (Pan) 19||Lynparza (olaparib) binds to and inhibits PARP, resulting in inhibition of DNA repair and lethality in homologous-recombination deficient cells, and may be a sensitizing agent for chemotherapy and radiotherapy (PMID: 25028150, PMID: 24225019). Lynparza (olaparib) is FDA approved for treatment of ERBB2 (HER2)-negative breast cancer with deleterious or suspected deleterious germline BRCA mutations, ovarian cancer with deleterious or suspected deleterious germline BRCA mutations and received 3 or more prior therapies, metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma with deleterious or suspected deleterious germline BRCA mutations as a maintenance therapy, metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer with deleterious or suspected deleterious germline or somatic homologous recombination repair gene mutations who progressed following enzalutamide or abiraterone, as a maintenance therapy in recurrent epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube or primary peritoneal cancer and in epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube or primary peritoneal cancer with deleterious or suspected deleterious germline or somatic BRCA mutation, and in combination with Avastin (bevacizumab) as maintenance therapy in HDR defective epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube or primary peritoneal cancer as defined by deleterious or suspected deleterious BRCA mutation, and/or genomic instability (FDA.gov).|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|ATM inact mut||prostate cancer||sensitive||Olaparib||FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic||Actionable||In a Phase III trial (PROfound) that supported FDA approval, Lynparza (olaparib) treatment improved progression-free survival (7.4 vs 3.6 mo, HR=0.34, p<0.001), objective response rate (33%, 28/84 vs 2%, 1/43, OR=20.86, p<0.001), and median time to pain progression (HR=0.44, p=0.02) compared to control in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer harboring deleterious or suspected deleterious mutations in BRCA1/2 or ATM who progressed on hormone therapy (PMID: 32343890; NCT02987543).||detail... 32343890 detail...|
|Unknown unknown||ovarian cancer||not applicable||Olaparib||FDA approved||Actionable||In a Phase II trial that supported FDA approval, Lynparza (olaparib) maintenance therapy resulted in significantly improved progression-free survival compared to placebo (8.4 vs 4.8 mo, HR=0.35, p<0.001) in patients with recurrent epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneum cancer (PMID: 22452356; NCT00753545).||22452356 detail...|