Reference Detail

Contact

Missing content? – Request curation!

Request curation for specific Genes, variants, or PubMed publications.

Have questions, comments or suggestions? - Let us know!

Email us at : ckbsupport@jax.org

Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (32846061)
Authors Wirth LJ, Sherman E, Robinson B, Solomon B, Kang H, Lorch J, Worden F, Brose M, Patel J, Leboulleux S, Godbert Y, Barlesi F, Morris JC, Owonikoko TK, Tan DSW, Gautschi O, Weiss J, de la Fouchardière C, Burkard ME, Laskin J, Taylor MH, Kroiss M, Medioni J, Goldman JW, Bauer TM, Levy B, Zhu VW, Lakhani N, Moreno V, Ebata K, Nguyen M, Heirich D, Zhu EY, Huang X, Yang L, Kherani J, Rothenberg SM, Drilon A, Subbiah V, Shah MH, Cabanillas ME
Title Efficacy of Selpercatinib in RET-Altered Thyroid Cancers.
Journal The New England journal of medicine
Vol 383
Issue 9
Date 2020 08 27
URL
Abstract Text RET mutations occur in 70% of medullary thyroid cancers, and RET fusions occur rarely in other thyroid cancers. In patients with RET-altered thyroid cancers, the efficacy and safety of selective RET inhibition are unknown.We enrolled patients with RET-mutant medullary thyroid cancer with or without previous vandetanib or cabozantinib treatment, as well as those with previously treated RET fusion-positive thyroid cancer, in a phase 1-2 trial of selpercatinib. The primary end point was an objective response (a complete or partial response), as determined by an independent review committee. Secondary end points included the duration of response, progression-free survival, and safety.In the first 55 consecutively enrolled patients with RET-mutant medullary thyroid cancer who had previously received vandetanib, cabozantinib, or both, the percentage who had a response was 69% (95% confidence interval [CI], 55 to 81), and 1-year progression-free survival was 82% (95% CI, 69 to 90). In 88 patients with RET-mutant medullary thyroid cancer who had not previously received vandetanib or cabozantinib, the percentage who had a response was 73% (95% CI, 62 to 82), and 1-year progression-free survival was 92% (95% CI, 82 to 97). In 19 patients with previously treated RET fusion-positive thyroid cancer, the percentage who had a response was 79% (95% CI, 54 to 94), and 1-year progression-free survival was 64% (95% CI, 37 to 82). The most common adverse events of grade 3 or higher were hypertension (in 21% of the patients), increased alanine aminotransferase level (in 11%), increased aspartate aminotransferase level (in 9%), hyponatremia (in 8%), and diarrhea (in 6%). Of all 531 patients treated, 12 (2%) discontinued selpercatinib owing to drug-related adverse events.In this phase 1-2 trial, selpercatinib showed durable efficacy with mainly low-grade toxic effects in patients with medullary thyroid cancer with and without previous vandetanib or cabozantinib treatment. (Funded by Loxo Oncology and others; LIBRETTO-001 ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT03157128.).

Filtering

  • Case insensitive filtering will display rows where any text in any cell matches the filter term
  • Simple literal full or partial string matches
  • Separate multiple filter terms with a spaces, order doesn't matter (a b c and c b a are equivalent )
  • Filtering will only apply to rows that are already loaded on the page, filtering has no impact on query parameters
  • Use quotes to match a longer phrase which contains spaces "mtor c1483f"

Sorting

  • Generally, the default sort order for tables is set to be first column ascending, however, specific tables may set a different default sort order.
  • Click on any column header arrows to sort by that column
  • Hold down the Shift key and click multiple columns to sort by more than one column, be sure to set ascending or descending order for a given column, before moving on to the next column.

Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
RET V804M thyroid gland medullary carcinoma sensitive Selpercatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I/II trial (LIBRETTO-001), Retevmo (selpercatinib) treatment resulted in an objective response in three patients (3/5) and stable disease in two patients (2/5) with medullary thyroid cancer harboring RET V804M or RET V804L who were previously treated (PMID: 32846061; NCT03157128). detail... 32846061
RET mutant thyroid gland medullary carcinoma sensitive Selpercatinib FDA approved Actionable In a Phase I/II trial (LIBRETTO-001) that supported FDA approval, Retevmo (selpercatinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate (ORR) of 69% (38/55), with five complete and 33 partial responses, in adult and pediatric patients of 12 years and older with medullary thyroid cancer harboring RET mutations who were previously treated, while patients who had not been previously treated demonstrated an ORR of 73% (64/88), with ten complete and 54 partial responses (PMID: 32846061; NCT03157128). detail... 32846061
RET V804L thyroid gland medullary carcinoma sensitive Selpercatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I/II trial (LIBRETTO-001), Retevmo (selpercatinib) treatment resulted in an objective response in three patients (3/5) and stable disease in two patients (2/5) with medullary thyroid cancer harboring RET V804L or RET V804M who had been treated previously (PMID: 32846061; NCT03157128). 32846061
RET fusion thyroid gland cancer sensitive Selpercatinib FDA approved Actionable In a Phase I/II trial (LIBRETTO-001) that supported FDA approval, Retevmo (selpercatinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 79% (15/19), including one complete and 14 partial responses, with a median response duration of 18.4 months, and median progression-free survival of 20.1 months in adult and pediatric patients 12 years and older with RET fusion-positive thyroid cancer who were previously treated (PMID: 32846061; NCT03157128). detail... 32846061