Therapy Detail

Therapy Name N/A
Synonym
Therapy Description

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Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
N/A
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
U2AF1 mutant essential thrombocythemia not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic The presence of at least one mutation in either SH2B3, IDH2, U2AF1, SF3B1, EZH2, or TP53 is associated with inferior overall survival in patients with essential thrombocythemia (NCCN.org). detail...
SMAD4 dec exp pancreatic cancer not applicable N/A Clinical Study Prognostic In clinical and meta-analyses, loss of Smad4 expression and SMAD4 inactivating mutations were associated with decreased survival in patients with pancreatic cancer (PMID: 26947875, PMID: 25760429, PMID: 22504380, PMID: 19584151). 22504380 19584151 25760429 26947875
CBL mutant myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasm not applicable N/A Clinical Study Prognostic In clinical analyses, mutations in CBL were associated with adverse prognosis in patients with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (PMID: 26230957, PMID: 23690417, PMID: 19901108). 26230957 19901108 23690417
ETV6 mutant myelodysplastic syndrome not applicable N/A Clinical Study Prognostic In multiple clinical studies, ETV6 mutations were associated with a shorter overall survival in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (PMID: 21714648, PMID: 21877899, PMID: 26769228). 21877899 26769228 21714648
ETV6 mutant myelodysplastic syndrome not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic ETV6 mutations are associated with a poor prognosis in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (NCCN.org). detail...
VHL mutant renal cell carcinoma no benefit N/A Clinical Study Prognostic In a meta-analysis of 6 clinical studies, VHL mutation status was not associated with overall response rate (relative risk=1.47, p=0.20), progression-free survival (HR=1.02, p=0.91), or overall survival (HR=0.80, p=0.21) in a total of 633 patients with renal cell carcinoma who received anti-VEGF therapy (PMID: 28103578). 28103578
EZH2 mutant essential thrombocythemia not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic The presence of at least one mutation in either SH2B3, IDH2, U2AF1, SF3B1, EZH2, or TP53 is associated with inferior overall survival in patients with essential thrombocythemia (NCCN.org). detail...
FOXL2 C134W granulosa cell tumor not applicable N/A Preclinical Diagnostic FOXL2 C134W mutations are used in the diagnosis of adult granulosa cell tumors of the ovary (PMID: 26791928, PMID: 22240241). 26791928 22240241
HNF1A inact mut hepatocellular adenoma not applicable N/A Clinical Study Diagnostic Inactivating mutations in HNF1A (TCF1) are used in the diagnosis of the HCA-H subtype of hepatocellular adenoma (PMID: 25076298, PMID: 26961851, PMID: 25434466). 25076298 25434466 26961851
KIT act mut gastrointestinal stromal tumor not applicable N/A Guideline Diagnostic KIT activating mutations aid the diagnosis of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (NCCN.org). detail...
CALR mutant myelofibrosis not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic CALR mutations are associated with improved survival when compared to JAK2 mutations or concurrent wild-type CALR, MPL, and JAK2 in patients with primary myelofibrosis (NCCN.org). detail...
SF3B1 Y623X myelodysplastic syndrome not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic SF3B1 Y623X is associated with a more favorable prognosis in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (NCCN.org). detail...
TET2 mutant acute myeloid leukemia not applicable N/A Clinical Study Prognostic In multiple clinical studies, including a meta-analysis, TET2 mutations were associated with shorter overall survival in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (PMID: 24524305, PMID: 25412851, PMID: 24994606). 24524305 25412851 24994606
CALR mutant bone marrow cancer not applicable N/A Clinical Study Diagnostic CALR mutations are used in the diagnosis of myeloproliferative neoplasms, especially of essential thrombocythemia and primary myelofibrosis (PMID: 26697989, PMID: 26449662, PMID: 26071474, PMID: 25873496). 26697989 25873496 26449662 26071474
ZRSR2 mutant myelodysplastic syndrome not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic ZRSR2 mutations are associated with a poor prognosis in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (NCCN.org). detail...
RUNX1-RUNX1T1 KIT mut acute myeloid leukemia not applicable N/A Clinical Study Prognostic In clinical analyses, coincident KIT mutations were associated with higher relapse rate and decreased overall survival in acute myeloid leukemia patients with RUNX1-RUNX1T1 fusions (PMID: 18648004, PMID: 16384925, PMID: 25111512). 25111512 16384925 18648004
RET Y791X thyroid medullary carcinoma not applicable N/A Guideline Risk Factor Germline RET Y791X mutations result in multiple endocrine neoplasia, type 2A (MEN 2A), which is associated with increased risk of developing thyroid medullary carcinoma (NCCN.org). detail...
RET V804M + RET Y806C thyroid medullary carcinoma not applicable N/A Guideline Risk Factor Compound germline RET V840M and Y806C mutations result in multiple endocrine neoplasia, type 2B (MEN 2B), which is associated with high risk of developing thyroid medullary carcinoma (NCCN.org). detail...
SF3B1 K666X myelodysplastic syndrome not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic SF3B1 K666X is associated with a more favorable prognosis in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (NCCN.org). detail...
EZH2 mutant myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasm not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic EZH2 mutations are associated with a poor prognosis in patients with myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasm (NCCN.org). detail...
GATA2 mutant acute myeloid leukemia not applicable N/A Clinical Study Prognostic In multiple clinical studies, GATA2 germline mutations were shown to be a risk factor for the development of acute myeloid leukemia following myelodysplastic syndrome (PMID: 21892162, PMID: 22271902, PMID: 22147895, PMID: 22533337). 22533337 22271902 22147895 21892162
SMARCB1 del epithelioid sarcoma not applicable N/A Guideline Diagnostic SMARCB1 deletion aids the diagnosis of epithelioid sarcoma (NCCN.org). detail...
IDH2 R172X myelodysplastic syndrome not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic IDH2 R172X is associated with a poor prognosis in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (NCCN.org). detail...
MYD88 mutant lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma not applicable N/A Clinical Study Diagnostic MYD88 mutations are used in the diagnosis of lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (Guidelines, PMID: 22944768). detail... 26230596 22944768
MSH6 mutant endometrial cancer not applicable N/A Guideline Risk Factor Germline mutations in MSH6 result in Lynch syndrome, which is associated with increased risk of developing endometrial cancer (NCCN.org). detail...
MYD88 mutant marginal zone B-cell lymphoma not applicable N/A Guideline Diagnostic MYD88 mutations are used to differentiate Waldenstroem's macroglobulinemia from marginal zone B-cell lymphoma in the presence of plasmacytic differentiation (NCCN.org). detail...
SRSF2 mutant myelofibrosis not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic SRSF2 mutations are associated with inferior overall survival and leukemia-free survival in patients with myelofibrosis (NCCN.org). detail...
SF3B1 G742X myelodysplastic syndrome not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic SF3B1 G742X is associated with a more favorable prognosis in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (NCCN.org). detail...
KRAS mutant colon adenocarcinoma not applicable N/A Phase III Emerging In a post-hoc analysis of a Phase III trial, KRAS mutations in colon adenocarcinoma patients with microsatellite stable tumors were associated with a shorter disease-free survival and overall survival compared to those patients with microsatellite instability tumors, suggesting that KRAS mutations may serve as a future prognostic biomarker in this patient population (PMID: 26768652). 26768652
MLH1 mutant endometrial cancer not applicable N/A Guideline Risk Factor Germline mutations in MLH1 result in Lynch syndrome, which is associated with increased risk of developing endometrial cancer (NCCN.org). detail...
RUNX1-RUNX1T1 acute myeloid leukemia not applicable N/A Clinical Study Prognostic In clinical analyses, the t(8;21) cytogenetic abnormality, which leads to the RUNX1-RUNX1T1 fusion, is associated with core-binding factor acute myeloid leukemia and favorable prognosis (PMID: 22180162, PMID: 9746770, PMID: 25111512). 9746770 25111512 22180162
RUNX1 mutant acute myeloid leukemia not applicable N/A Clinical Study Prognostic In clinical analyses, RUNX1 mutations were associated with adverse clinical outcome in acute myeloid leukemia patients (PMID: 21343560, PMID: 22689681, PMID: 22753902, PMID: 25652455). 21343560 25652455 22689681 22753902
IDH2 mutant astrocytoma not applicable N/A Guideline Diagnostic IDH2 mutations aid in the diagnosis of grade II and grade III astrocytomas (NCCN.org). detail...
IDH1 mutant myelofibrosis not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic IDH1 mutations are associated with inferior leukemia-free survival in patients with myelofibrosis (NCCN.org). detail...
KMT2A rearrange acute myeloid leukemia not applicable N/A Clinical Study Prognostic In multiple clinical studies, KMT2A rearrangements, specifically partial tandem duplications, were associated with a poor overall survival in acute myeloid leukemia patients (PMID: 24487413, PMID: 22915647, PMID: 22417203, PMID: 21881046). 21881046 24487413 22417203 22915647
ASXL1 mutant chronic myelomonocytic leukemia not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic ASXL1 mutations are associated with a poor prognosis in patients with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (NCCN.org). detail...
NRAS Q61X myelodysplastic syndrome not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic NRAS Q61X is associated with a poor prognosis in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (NCCN.org). detail...
PTPN11 mutant juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia not applicable N/A Clinical Study Emerging In two clinical studies, PTPN11 mutations were frequently identified in patients with juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia and were found to be associated with poor survival (PMID: 19047918, PMID: 21901340), suggesting that this may serve as a future prognostic biomarker. 21901340 19047918
EZH2 mutant myelofibrosis not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic EZH2 mutations are associated with inferior overall survival in patients with myelofibrosis (NCCN.org). detail...
CEBPA mutant GATA2 mutant acute myeloid leukemia not applicable N/A Clinical Study Prognostic In clinical analyses, mutations in GATA2 were associated with better overall survival in patients with cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia (CN-AML) harboring biallelic CEBPA gene mutations (PMID: 22814295, PMID: 23521373, PMID: 25241285). 25241285 22814295 23521373
TP53 mutant myelodysplastic syndrome not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic TP53 mutations except P47S and P72R are associated with a poor prognosis in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (NCCN.org). detail...
FLT3 exon 14 ins acute myeloid leukemia not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic FLT3 internal tandem duplication (FLT3-ITD) mutations are associated with inferior prognosis in acute myeloid leukemia patients with normal karyotype (NCCN.org). detail...
RET C630X thyroid medullary carcinoma not applicable N/A Guideline Risk Factor Germline RET C630X mutations result in multiple endocrine neoplasia, type 2A (MEN 2A), which is associated with high risk of developing thyroid medullary carcinoma (NCCN.org). detail...
ASXL1 mut CALR wild-type myelofibrosis not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic The presence of an ASXL1 mutation combined with wild-type CALR is associated with shorter survival in patients with myelofibrosis (NCCN.org). detail...
RET C634X thyroid medullary carcinoma not applicable N/A Guideline Risk Factor Germline RET C634X mutations result in multiple endocrine neoplasia, type 2A (MEN 2A), which is associated with high risk of developing thyroid medullary carcinoma (NCCN.org). detail...
IDH2 wild-type malignant glioma not applicable N/A Guideline Risk Factor IDH2 wild-type is associated with increased risk of aggressive disease in patients with grade II or III infiltrative gliomas (NCCN.org). detail...
STAG2 mutant myelodysplastic syndrome not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic STAG2 mutations are associated with a poor prognosis in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (NCCN.org). detail...
CBLC over exp non-small cell lung carcinoma not applicable N/A Clinical Study Emerging In a clinical study, over expression of Cblc was identified as a promising diagnostic biomarker for non-small cell lung cancer (PMID: 17671213). 17671213
SF3B1 H662X myelodysplastic syndrome not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic SF3B1 H662X is associated with a more favorable prognosis in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (NCCN.org). detail...
CALR L367fs myelofibrosis not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic The presence of the CALR type 1 mutation, L367fs, or a type 1-like mutation is associated with improved overall survival compared to a CALR type 2 (K385fs) or CALR type 2-like mutation and JAK2 V617F in patients with myelofibrosis (NCCN.org). detail...
ASXL1 mutant myelodysplastic syndrome not applicable N/A Clinical Study Prognostic In clinical analyses, mutations in ASXL1 were associated with poor prognosis in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (PMID: 24220272, PMID: 21714648). 24220272 21714648
ASXL1 mutant myelodysplastic syndrome not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic ASXL1 mutations are associated with a poor prognosis in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (NCCN.org). detail...
MLH1 mutant stomach cancer not applicable N/A Guideline Risk Factor Germline mutations in MLH1 result in Lynch syndrome, which is associated with increased risk of early onset of gastric cancer (NCCN.org). detail...
U2AF1 S34X myelodysplastic syndrome not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic U2AF1 S34X is associated with a poor prognosis in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (NCCN.org). detail...
ASXL1 mutant myelofibrosis not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic ASXL1 mutations are associated with inferior overall survival and leukemia-free survival in patients with myelofibrosis (NCCN.org). detail...
BRCA1 mutant pancreatic cancer not applicable N/A Guideline Risk Factor Germline BRCA1/2 mutations are associated with increased risk of developing and early onset of pancreatic cancer (NCCN.org). detail...
ETV6-NTRK3 congenital fibrosarcoma not applicable N/A Guideline Diagnostic ETV6-NTRK3 fusions aid the diagnosis of congenital fibrosarcoma (NCCN.org). detail...
SMAD4 mutant stomach cancer not applicable N/A Guideline Risk Factor Germline mutations in SMAD4 or BMPR1A result in juvenile polyposis syndrome, which is associated with increased risk of developing gastric cancer (NCCN.org). detail...
SF3B1 mutant myelodysplastic syndrome not applicable N/A Clinical Study Prognostic In multiple clinical studies, SF3B1 mutations were associated with better overall survival in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (PMID: 21998214, PMID: 22096241, PMID: 24220272), but may not have independent prognostic significance (PMID: 22096241). 22096241 21998214 24220272
SF3B1 G740X myelodysplastic syndrome not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic SF3B1 G740X is associated with a more favorable prognosis in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (NCCN.org). 10
IDH2 mutant malignant glioma not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic IDH2 mutations are associated with a favorable prognosis in patients with glioma, and are associated with a survival benefit for patients treated with radiation or alkylator therapy (NCCN.org). detail...
IDH2 mutant malignant glioma not applicable N/A Guideline Diagnostic IDH2 mutations aid in the diagnosis of gliomas (NCCN.org). detail...
SETBP1 mutant myelodysplastic syndrome not applicable N/A Clinical Study Prognostic In clinical analyses, mutations in SETBP1 were associated with poor prognosis in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (PMID: 28447248, PMID: 28158286, PMID: 24127063, PMID: 23889083, PMID: 23832012). 23889083 24127063 28447248 23832012 28158286
BCOR mutant myelodysplastic syndrome not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic BCOR mutations, including those at codon N1425, are associated with a poor prognosis in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (NCCN.org). detail...
ETV6-RUNX1 acute lymphocytic leukemia not applicable N/A Clinical Study Diagnostic ETV6-RUNX1 is used in the diagnosis of acute lymphocytic leukemia (PMID: 26711002, PMID: 15704129, PMID: 8609706, Guidelines). 15704129 8609706 detail... 26711002
ETV6-RUNX1 acute lymphocytic leukemia not applicable N/A Clinical Study Prognostic In multiple clinical studies, the ETV6-RUNX1 fusion was associated with a favorable prognosis in acute lymphocytic leukemia patients (PMID: 8609706, PMID: 10086740, PMID: 11432885, Guidelines). 11432885 detail... 8609706 10086740
SETBP1 mutant myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasm not applicable N/A Preclinical Emerging In a preclinical study, SETPB1 missense mutations conferred a predicted gain-of-function, resulting in transformation of murine myeloid progenitors and increased Pp2ac phosphorylation compared to wild-type SETBP1 in culture, suggesting that Setbp1 may serve as a potential therapeutic target (PMID: 23832012). 23832012
ATRX mutant malignant glioma not applicable N/A Guideline Diagnostic ATRX mutations aid in the diagnosis of gliomas (NCCN.org). detail...
EZH2 mutant myelodysplastic syndrome not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic EZH2 mutations are associated with a poor prognosis in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (NCCN.org). detail...
STK11 mutant stomach cancer not applicable N/A Guideline Risk Factor Germline mutations in STK11 result in Peutz Jeghers syndrome, which is associated with increased risk of developing gastric cancer (NCCN.org). detail...
IDH2 mutant grade III astrocytoma not applicable N/A Guideline Diagnostic IDH2 mutations aid in the diagnosis of grade III astrocytomas (NCCN.org). detail...
SMAD4 dec exp colorectal cancer not applicable N/A Clinical Study Prognostic In clinical and meta-analyses, decreased expression of Smad4 was correlated with poor prognosis in colorectal cancer (PMID: 25749173, PMID: 19478385, PMID: 25681512, PMID: 26861460). 25749173 19478385 26861460 25681512
KIT mutant gastrointestinal stromal tumor not applicable N/A Clinical Study Diagnostic KIT mutations are used in the diagnosis of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (PMID: 25193432, PMID: 26276366, PMID: 25729899). 25193432 26276366 25729899
MYD88 L265P diffuse large B-cell lymphoma not applicable N/A Clinical Study Prognostic In multiple clinical studies, MYD88 L265P was associated with a worse overall survival in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma when compared to MYD88 wild-type (PMID: 24903481, PMID: 25055137, PMID: 26792260). 26792260 24903481 25055137
IDH2 mutant oligodendroglioma not applicable N/A Guideline Diagnostic IDH2 mutations aid in the diagnosis of oligodendrogliomas (NCCN.org). detail...
JAK2 V617F myelofibrosis not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic JAK2 V617F is associated with intermediate prognosis and higher risk of thrombosis when compared to the presence of CALR mutations in patients with primary myelofibrosis (NCCN.org). detail...
KRAS mutant non-small cell lung carcinoma not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic KRAS mutations are associated with shorter survival in patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma (NCCN.org). detail...
ASXL1 inact mut myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasm not applicable N/A Clinical Study Prognostic In multiple clinical studies, nonsense and frameshift mutations in ASXL1 were associated with decreased overall survival in patients with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (PMID: 26849014, PMID: 23690417, PMID: 20880116). 20880116 26849014 23690417
MLH1 inact mut colorectal cancer not applicable N/A Preclinical Emerging In a preclinical study, MLH1 inactivation through hypermethylation was associated with high microsatellite instability (MSI-H) colorectal carcinoma by whole genome sequencing of tumor samples (PMID: 22810696), suggesting it may be a potential biomarker. 22810696
SF3B1 K700E myelodysplastic syndrome not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic SF3B1 K700E is associated with a more favorable prognosis in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (NCCN.org). detail...
RET E768X thyroid medullary carcinoma not applicable N/A Guideline Risk Factor Germline RET E768X mutations result in multiple endocrine neoplasia, type 2A (MEN 2A), which is associated with increased risk of developing thyroid medullary carcinoma (NCCN.org). detail...
CSF1R positive Hodgkin's lymphoma not applicable N/A Clinical Study Prognostic In multiple clinical studies, elevated levels of CSF1R expression were associated with a worse survival in patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma (PMID: 24619759, PMID: 26066800, PMID: 22955918). 24619759 26066800 22955918
SMARCB1 inact mut epithelioid sarcoma not applicable N/A Guideline Diagnostic SMARCB1 inactivating mutations aid the diagnosis of epithelioid sarcoma (NCCN.org). detail...
IDH1 wild-type malignant glioma not applicable N/A Guideline Risk Factor IDH1 wild-type is associated with increased risk of aggressive disease in patients with grade II or III infiltrative gliomas (NCCN.org). detail...
MET amp Advanced Solid Tumor not applicable N/A Clinical Study Emerging In a retrospective study, advanced solid tumor patients harboring MET amplification demonstrated worse overall survival (7.23 months) comparing to patients without MET amplification (8.62 months) (PMID: 25326232), suggesting that this may serve as a future prognostic biomarker. 25326232
RET V804M + RET E805K thyroid medullary carcinoma not applicable N/A Guideline Risk Factor Compound germline RET V840M and E805K mutations result in multiple endocrine neoplasia, type 2B (MEN 2B), which is associated with high risk of developing thyroid medullary carcinoma (NCCN.org). detail...
RET A883X thyroid medullary carcinoma not applicable N/A Guideline Risk Factor Germline RET A883X mutations result in multiple endocrine neoplasia, type 2B (MEN 2B), which is associated with high risk of developing thyroid medullary carcinoma (NCCN.org). detail...
SRSF2 P95X myelodysplastic syndrome not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic SRSF2 P95X is associated with a poor prognosis in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (NCCN.org). detail...
SF3B1 D781X myelodysplastic syndrome not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic SF3B1 D781X is associated with a more favorable prognosis in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (NCCN.org). detail...
ATRX loss IDH1 mut astrocytoma not applicable N/A Guideline Diagnostic ATRX deficiency in combination with IDH mutation aids in the diagnosis of astrocytoma (NCCN.org). detail...
ASXL1 wild-type CALR mut myelofibrosis not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic The presence of a CALR mutation combined with wild-type ASXL1 is associated with longer survival in patients with myelofibrosis (NCCN.org). detail...
SETBP1 mutant chronic myelomonocytic leukemia not applicable N/A Clinical Study Prognostic In clinical analyses, mutations in SETBP1 were associated with poor prognosis in patients with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (PMID: 29225884, PMID: 28158286, PMID: 28209919, PMID: 23558523, PMID: 23832012). 29225884 28209919 23832012 23558523 28158286
CDKN2A mutant pancreatic cancer not applicable N/A Guideline Risk Factor Germline mutations in CDKN2A results in familial malignant melanoma syndrome, which is associated with increased risk of developing pancreatic cancer (NCCN.org). detail...
GATA1 mutant megakaryocytic leukemia not applicable N/A Clinical Study Diagnostic GATA1 mutations are used in the diagnosis of Down Syndrome related acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (PMID: 25266042, PMID: 14636651, PMID: 12586620). 14636651 12586620 25266042
PDGFRA mutant gastrointestinal stromal tumor not applicable N/A Clinical Study Diagnostic PDGFRA mutations are used in the diagnosis of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (PMID: 26276366, PMID: 25729899). 25729899 26276366
TP53 mutant osteosarcoma not applicable N/A Guideline Risk Factor Germline mutations in TP53 result in Li-Fraumeni syndrome, which is associated with increased risk of developing osteosarcoma (NCCN.org). detail...
DNMT3A mutant acute myeloid leukemia not applicable N/A Clinical Study Prognostic In clinical analyses, mutations in DNMT3A were associated with poor prognosis and shorter overall survival in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (PMID: 22490330, PMID: 21881046, PMID: 21670448). 22490330 21881046 21670448
IDH1 mutant acute myeloid leukemia not applicable N/A Clinical Study Prognostic In two meta-analyses, IDH1 mutations were associated with a worse overall survival in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (PMID: 22616558, PMID: 23226625). 22616558 23226625
CSF3R mutant bone marrow cancer not applicable N/A Clinical Study Emerging In clinical studies, high frequency of CSF3R mutations was identified in patients with chronic neutrophilic leukemia (PMID: 23656643, PMID: 24081659), suggesting that this may serve as a future diagnostic biomarker (PMID: 24441292). 24081659 23656643 24441292
RET C611X thyroid medullary carcinoma not applicable N/A Guideline Risk Factor Germline RET C611X mutations result in multiple endocrine neoplasia, type 2A (MEN 2A), which is associated with high risk of developing thyroid medullary carcinoma (NCCN.org). detail...
RET L790X thyroid medullary carcinoma not applicable N/A Guideline Risk Factor Germline RET L790X mutations result in multiple endocrine neoplasia, type 2A (MEN 2A), which is associated with increased risk of developing thyroid medullary carcinoma (NCCN.org). detail...
IDH2 mutant myelofibrosis not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic IDH2 mutations are associated with inferior leukemia-free survival in patients with myelofibrosis (NCCN.org). detail...
MPL W515L myelofibrosis not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic MPL W515L is associated with intermediate prognosis and higher risk of thrombosis when compared to the presence of CALR mutations in patients with primary myelofibrosis (NCCN.org). detail...
MSH6 mutant pancreatic cancer not applicable N/A Guideline Risk Factor Germline mutations in MSH6 result in Lynch syndrome, which is associated with increased risk of developing pancreatic cancer (NCCN.org). detail...
RET V804M + RET S904C thyroid medullary carcinoma not applicable N/A Guideline Risk Factor Compound germline RET V840M and S904C mutations result in multiple endocrine neoplasia, type 2B (MEN 2B), which is associated with high risk of developing thyroid medullary carcinoma (NCCN.org). detail...
MYD88 mutant Waldenstroem's macroglobulinemia not applicable N/A Guideline Diagnostic MYD88 mutations are used to differentiate Waldenstroem's macroglobulinemia from marginal zone B-cell lymphoma in the presence of plasmacytic differentiation (NCCN.org). detail...
STK11 mutant pancreatic cancer not applicable N/A Guideline Risk Factor Germline mutations in STK11 result in Peutz Jeghers syndrome, which is associated with increased risk of developing pancreatic cancer (NCCN.org). detail...
IDH1 R132H malignant glioma not applicable N/A Guideline Diagnostic IDH1 R132H is diagnostic and aids in the diagnosis of gliomas (NCCN.org). detail...
IDH1 mutant grade III astrocytoma not applicable N/A Guideline Diagnostic IDH1 mutations aid in the diagnosis of grade III astrocytomas (NCCN.org). detail...
ETV6 inact mut acute lymphocytic leukemia not applicable N/A Clinical Study Risk Factor In multiple clinical studies, ETV6 inactivating germline mutations were shown to be a risk factor for the development of acute lymphocytic leukemia (PMID: 26522332, PMID: 26102509, PMID: 25807284). 25807284 26102509 26522332
SF3B1 E622X myelodysplastic syndrome not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic SF3B1 E622X is associated with a more favorable prognosis in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF fusion pilocytic astrocytoma not applicable N/A Guideline Diagnostic BRAF fusions aid in the diagnosis of pilocytic astrocytoma (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF fusion pilocytic astrocytoma not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic BRAF fusions are associated with indolent disease in patients with pilocytic astrocytoma (NCCN.org). detail...
DNMT3A mut FLT3 mut NPM1 mut acute myeloid leukemia not applicable N/A Clinical Study Emerging In a retrospective analysis, the combination of DNMT3A, FLT3, and NPM1 mutations in patients with acute myeloid leukemia was highly associated with decreased event-free survival and overall survival, suggesting that this combination profile may serve as a future prognostic biomarker (PMID: 25281355). 25281355
SF3B1 N626X myelodysplastic syndrome not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic SF3B1 N626X is associated with a more favorable prognosis in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (NCCN.org). detail...
CDH1 mutant stomach cancer not applicable N/A Clinical Study Diagnostic Pathogenic germline CDH1 mutations are used in the diagnosis of hereditary diffuse gastric cancer (PMID: 26380059, PMID: 26182300). 26380059 26182300
CDH1 mutant stomach cancer not applicable N/A Guideline Risk Factor Germline truncating mutations in CDH1 are associated with hereditary diffuse gastric cancer, which is characterized by increased risk of developing gastric cancer (NCCN.org). detail...
TP53 mutant essential thrombocythemia not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic The presence of at least one mutation in either SH2B3, IDH2, U2AF1, SF3B1, EZH2, or TP53 is associated with inferior overall survival in patients with essential thrombocythemia (NCCN.org). detail...
TP53 mutant essential thrombocythemia not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic TP53 mutations are associated with inferior leukemia-free survival in patients with essential thrombocythemia (NCCN.org). detail...
IDH2 mutant glioblastoma multiforme not applicable N/A Guideline Diagnostic IDH2 mutations aid in the diagnosis of secondary grade IV glioblastomas (NCCN.org). detail...
MYD88 L265P Waldenstroem's macroglobulinemia not applicable N/A Guideline Diagnostic MYD88 L265P is diagnostic and aids distinguishing Waldenstroem's macroglobulinemia from non-IgM lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma, B-cell lymphomas, and plasma cell myeloma (NCCN.org). detail...
RET M918X thyroid medullary carcinoma not applicable N/A Guideline Risk Factor Germline RET M918X mutations result in multiple endocrine neoplasia, type 2B (MEN 2B), which is associated with high risk of developing thyroid medullary carcinoma (NCCN.org). detail...
CTNNB1 mutant medulloblastoma not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic WNT-driven medulloblastomas, characterized by CTNNB1 or APC mutations, are associated with favorable prognosis (NCCN.org). detail...
NRAS G13X myelodysplastic syndrome not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic NRAS G13X is associated with a poor prognosis in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (NCCN.org). detail...
MSH6 loss colon carcinoma not applicable N/A Preclinical Emerging Preclinical shRNA mediated-inhibition of PTEN-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1) in colon carcinoma cells with MSH6 loss resulted in synthetic lethality, suggesting PINK1 may be a promising therapeutic target for MSH6 deficient cancer cells (PMID: 21242281). 21242281
NRAS G12X myelodysplastic syndrome not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic NRAS G12X is associated with a poor prognosis in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (NCCN.org). detail...
SF3B1 R625X myelodysplastic syndrome not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic SF3B1 R625X is associated with a more favorable prognosis in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (NCCN.org). detail...
RET C609X thyroid medullary carcinoma not applicable N/A Guideline Risk Factor Germline RET C609X mutations result in multiple endocrine neoplasia, type 2A (MEN 2A), which is associated with increased risk of developing thyroid medullary carcinoma (NCCN.org). detail...
SF3B1 I704X myelodysplastic syndrome not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic SF3B1 I704X is associated with a more favorable prognosis in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (NCCN.org). detail...
SF3B1 T663X myelodysplastic syndrome not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic SF3B1 T663X is associated with a more favorable prognosis in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (NCCN.org). detail...
RET C618X thyroid medullary carcinoma not applicable N/A Guideline Risk Factor Germline RET C618X mutations result in multiple endocrine neoplasia, type 2A (MEN 2A), which is associated with high risk of developing thyroid medullary carcinoma (NCCN.org). detail...
BRCA2 mutant pancreatic cancer not applicable N/A Guideline Risk Factor Germline BRCA1/2 mutations are associated with increased risk of developing and early onset of pancreatic cancer (NCCN.org). detail...
BRAF V600E hairy cell leukemia not applicable N/A Guideline Diagnostic BRAF V600E is diagnostic and aids distinguishing classic hairy cell leukemia (HCL-C) from variant hairy cell leukemia (HCL-V) and other B-cell lymphomas and leukemias (PMID: 29118233). 29118233
MLH1 mutant pancreatic cancer not applicable N/A Guideline Risk Factor Germline mutations in MLH1 result in Lynch syndrome, which is associated with increased risk of developing pancreatic cancer (NCCN.org). detail...
RET S891X thyroid medullary carcinoma not applicable N/A Guideline Risk Factor Germline RET S891X mutations result in multiple endocrine neoplasia, type 2A (MEN 2A), which is associated with increased risk of developing thyroid medullary carcinoma (NCCN.org). detail...
BCOR mutant kidney clear cell sarcoma not applicable N/A Clinical Study Emerging In multiple clinical analyses, internal tandem duplications of the BCOR gene were consistently found in clear cell sarcoma of the kidney (PMID: 26098867, PMID: 26516930, PMID: 26573325, PMID: 26150234), suggesting that this may serve as a future diagnostic biomarker. 26150234 26098867 26516930 26573325
CEBPA mutant acute myeloid leukemia not applicable N/A Clinical Study Prognostic In clinical analyses, biallelic CEBPA mutations were associated with favorable clinical outcome in patients with cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia (PMID: 26601784, PMID: 19171880, PMID: 20038735, PMID: 22915647). 26601784 19171880 20038735
SRSF2 mutant myelodysplastic syndrome not applicable N/A Clinical Study Prognostic In multiple clinical studies, SRSF2 mutations were associated with shortened survival in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (PMID: 26769228, PMID: 26508027). 26508027 26769228
IDH1 mutant oligodendroglioma not applicable N/A Guideline Diagnostic IDH1 mutations aid in the diagnosis of oligodendrogliomas (NCCN.org). detail...
IDH1 mutant astrocytoma not applicable N/A Guideline Diagnostic IDH1 mutations aid in the diagnosis of grade II and grade III astrocytomas (NCCN.org). detail...
APC mutant medulloblastoma not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic WNT-driven medulloblastomas, characterized by CTNNB1 or APC mutations, are associated with favorable prognosis (NCCN.org). detail...
U2AF1 mutant myelodysplastic syndrome not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic U2AF1 mutations are associated with a poor prognosis in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (NCCN.org). detail...
U2AF1 mutant myelodysplastic syndrome not applicable N/A Clinical Study Emerging In multiple clinical studies, the presence of U2AF1 mutations was associated with a trend toward risk of progression to acute myeloid leukemia, however, the prognostic significance of U2AF1 mutations is still unclear (PMID: 25465125, PMID: 22158538, PMID: 22389253). 22158538 22389253 25465125
SF3B1 mutant essential thrombocythemia not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic The presence of at least one mutation in either SH2B3, IDH2, U2AF1, SF3B1, EZH2, or TP53 is associated with inferior overall survival in patients with essential thrombocythemia (NCCN.org). detail...
IDH2 mutant essential thrombocythemia not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic The presence of at least one mutation in either SH2B3, IDH2, U2AF1, SF3B1, EZH2, or TP53 is associated with inferior overall survival in patients with essential thrombocythemia (NCCN.org). detail...
PDGFRA act mut gastrointestinal stromal tumor not applicable N/A Guideline Diagnostic PDGFRA activating mutations aid the diagnosis of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (NCCN.org). detail...
RUNX1 mutant myelodysplastic syndrome not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic RUNX1 mutations are associated with a poor prognosis in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (NCCN.org). detail...
RUNX1 mutant myelodysplastic syndrome not applicable N/A Clinical Study Prognostic In clinical analyses, RUNX1 mutations were associated with poor overall survival in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (PMID: 21714648, PMID: 22869879). 22869879 21714648
IDH2 R140Q myelodysplastic syndrome not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic IDH2 R140Q is associated with a poor prognosis in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (NCCN.org). detail...
BCORL1 over exp hepatocellular carcinoma not applicable N/A Clinical Study Emerging In a clinical study, BCORL1 over expression was associated with decreased overall survival and recurrence-free survival in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (PMID: 26879601), suggesting that this may serve as a future prognostic biomarker. 26879601
RET V804X thyroid medullary carcinoma not applicable N/A Guideline Risk Factor Germline RET V804X mutations result in multiple endocrine neoplasia, type 2A (MEN 2A), which is associated with increased risk of developing thyroid medullary carcinoma (NCCN.org). detail...
ATRX loss IDH2 mut astrocytoma not applicable N/A Guideline Diagnostic ATRX deficiency in combination with IDH mutation aids in the diagnosis of astrocytoma (NCCN.org). detail...
IKZF1 del acute lymphocytic leukemia not applicable N/A Clinical Study Prognostic In multiple clinical studies, including a meta-analysis, IKZF1 deletion was associated with a worse event-free survival and overall survival in patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia (PMID: 25335741, PMID: 26194343, PMID: 27067989). 25335741 26194343 27067989
U2AF1 Q157X myelodysplastic syndrome not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic U2AF1 Q157X is associated with a poor prognosis in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (NCCN.org). detail...
CALR wild-type JAK2 wild-type MPL wild-type myelofibrosis not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic The presence of concurrent wild-type JAK2, MPL, and CALR in myelofibrosis patients is associated with inferior leukemia-free survival compared to patients with JAK2 and/or CALR mutations, and is associated with inferior overall survival when compared to patients with CALR mutations (NCCN.org). detail...
IDH1 mutant glioblastoma multiforme not applicable N/A Guideline Diagnostic IDH1 mutations aid in the diagnosis of secondary grade IV glioblastomas (NCCN.org). detail...
IDH1 mutant glioblastoma multiforme not applicable N/A Clinical Study Prognostic In multiple clinical studies, including two meta-analyses, IDH1 mutations were associated with a greater overall survival and progression-free survival in patients with glioblastoma (PMID: 23904262, PMID: 26945349, PMID: 20560678). 20560678 23904262 26945349
MSH6 mutant colorectal cancer not applicable N/A Clinical Study Diagnostic Germline mutations in MSH6 are associated with microsatellite instability in colorectal cancer (CRC), and are diagnostic for Lynch syndrome (hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer) in colorectal cancer patients (PMID: 26582061; PMID: 19125127). 26582061 19125127
RET C620X thyroid medullary carcinoma not applicable N/A Guideline Risk Factor Germline RET C620X mutations result in multiple endocrine neoplasia, type 2A (MEN 2A), which is associated with high risk of developing thyroid medullary carcinoma (NCCN.org). detail...
ASXL1 mut CALR mut myelofibrosis not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic The presence of a CALR mutation combined with an ASXL1 mutation is associated with intermediate survival in patients with myelofibrosis (NCCN.org). detail...
MPL W515K myelofibrosis not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic MPL W515K is associated with intermediate prognosis and higher risk of thrombosis when compared to the presence of CALR mutations in patients with primary myelofibrosis (NCCN.org). detail...
RAD21 wild-type breast cancer not applicable N/A Preclinical Emerging In a preclinical study, siRNA inhibition of RAD21 in breast cancer cells resulted in increased sensitivity to Toposaur (etoposide) in culture, suggesting RAD21 may be a potential therapeutic target for enhanced sensitivity to chemotherapeutics (PMID: 15767545). 15767545
IDH1 mutant malignant glioma not applicable N/A Guideline Diagnostic IDH1 mutations aid in the diagnosis of gliomas (NCCN.org). detail... 23041832 19755387 19915484
IDH1 mutant malignant glioma not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic IDH1 mutations are associated with a favorable prognosis in patients with glioma, and are associated with a survival benefit for patients treated with radiation or alkylator therapy (NCCN.org). detail...
IDH1 mutant malignant glioma not applicable N/A Clinical Study Prognostic In multiple clinical studies, including two meta-analyses, IDH1 mutations were associated with improved overall survival and progression free survival in patients with gliomas (PMID: 23817809, PMID: 26220714, PMID: 23894344). 23894344 23817809 26220714
NPM1 mutant acute myeloid leukemia not applicable N/A Clinical Study Prognostic In clinical analyses, mutations in NPM1, in the absence of a FLT3 ITD mutation, were associated with favorable prognosis in acute myeloid leukemia patients with normal karyotype (PMID: 26239249, PMID: 26586702, PMID: 26676635, PMID: 16109776). 26239249 26676635 16109776 26586702
NPM1 mutant acute myeloid leukemia not applicable N/A Clinical Study Prognostic In multiple clinical studies, an NPM1 mutation without FLT3 internal tandem duplication (ITD) mutation was associated with favorable prognosis in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients, compared to AML patients harboring an NPM1 mutation and FLT3 ITD mutation (PMID: 19047294, PMID: 24573385, PMID: 25713434). 25713434 19047294 24573385
BRAF V600E colon adenocarcinoma not applicable N/A Phase III Emerging In a post-hoc analysis of a Phase III trial, BRAF V600E mutations in colon adenocarcinoma patients with microsatellite stable tumors were associated with a shorter disease-free survival and overall survival compared to those patients with microsatellite instability tumors, suggesting that BRAF V600E may serve as a future prognostic biomarker in this patient population (PMID: 26768652). 26768652
Clinical Trial Phase Therapies Title Recruitment Status