Molecular Profile Detail


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Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Relevant Treatment Approaches Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
NRAS G12X myelodysplastic syndrome not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic NRAS G12X is associated with a poor prognosis in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome ( detail...
NRAS G12X colorectal cancer resistant Cetuximab FDA contraindicated Actionable Erbitux (cetuximab) treatment of colorectal cancer patients with NRAS exon 2, codon 12 mutations is contraindicated ( detail...
NRAS G12X colorectal cancer resistant Panitumumab FDA contraindicated Actionable Vectibix (panitumumab) treatment of colorectal cancer patients with NRAS exon 2, codon 12 mutations is contraindicated ( detail...
NRAS G12X Advanced Solid Tumor no benefit MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor MEK2 Inhibitor Binimetinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial (MATCH), Mektovi (binimetinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 2.1% (1/47) that was deemed nonpromising in patients with advanced solid tumors harboring NRAS mutations at codon 12 (n=17), 13 (n=8), or 61 (n=22), with a 6-month progression-free survival (PFS) of 29.2%, a median PFS of 3.5 months, and a median overall survival of 10.5 months (PMID: 33637626; NCT02465060). 33637626
NRAS G12X melanoma predicted - sensitive MEK inhibitor (Pan) Tunlametinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, Tunlametinib (HL-085) treatment resulted in a confirmed objective response rate (ORR) of 35.8% (34/95, all partial responses), a median progression-free survival of 4.2 months, disease control rate of 72.6% (69/95), median duration of response of 6.1 months, and median overall survival of 13.7 months in Chinese patients with advanced melanoma harboring NRAS mutations, with an ORR of 13.3% in patients with an NRAS G12 mutation (n=15) (PMID: 38479118; NCT05217303). 38479118