Molecular Profile Detail


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Profile Name MLH1 inact mut
Gene Variant Detail

MLH1 inact mut (loss of function)

Relevant Treatment Approaches


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Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Relevant Treatment Approaches Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
MLH1 inact mut colorectal cancer not applicable N/A Preclinical Emerging In a preclinical study, MLH1 inactivation through hypermethylation was associated with high microsatellite instability (MSI-H) colorectal carcinoma by whole genome sequencing of tumor samples (PMID: 22810696), suggesting it may be a potential biomarker. 22810696
MLH1 inact mut prostate cancer sensitive Enzalutamide + Talazoparib FDA approved Actionable In a Phase III trial (TALAPRO-2) that supported FDA approval, Talzenna (talazoparib) plus Xtandi (enzalutamide) improved median radiographic progression-free survival compared to enzalutamide plus placebo (27.9 vs 16.4 mo, HR 0.46, p=0.0003) in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer harboring deficient homologous recombination repair genes including MLH1, with an HR of 0.66 (p=0.12) in patients with non-BRCA mutations treated with Talzenna (talazoparib) (PMID: 37285865; NCT03395197). 37285865 detail...
MLH1 inact mut prostate cancer sensitive Enzalutamide + Talazoparib Guideline Actionable Talzenna (talazoparib) plus Xtandi (enzalutamide) is included in guidelines as systemic therapy for patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer harboring a pathogenic germline or somatic MLH1 mutation who have not been treated in the setting of castration-resistant prostate cancer ( detail...