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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Yao YM, Donoho GP, Iversen PW, Zhang Y, Van Horn RD, Forest A, Novosiadly RD, Webster YW, Ebert P, Bray S, Ting JC, Aggarwal A, Henry JR, Tiu RV, Plowman GD, Peng SB|
|Title||Mouse PDX Trial Suggests Synergy of Concurrent Inhibition of RAF and EGFR in Colorectal Cancer with BRAF or KRAS Mutations.|
|Journal||Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research|
|Date||2017 Sep 15|
|Abstract Text||Purpose: To evaluate the antitumor efficacy of cetuximab in combination with LSN3074753, an analog of LY3009120 and pan-RAF inhibitor in 79 colorectal cancer patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models.Experimental Design: Seventy-nine well-characterized colorectal cancer PDX models were employed to conduct a single mouse per treatment group (n = 1) trial.Results: Consistent with clinical results, cetuximab was efficacious in wild-type KRAS and BRAF PDX models, with an overall response rate of 6.3% and disease control rate (DCR) of 20.3%. LSN3074753 was active in a small subset of PDX models that harbored KRAS or BRAF mutations. However, the combination treatment displayed the enhanced antitumor activity with DCR of 35.4%. Statistical analysis revealed that BRAF and KRAS mutations were the best predictors of the combinatorial activity and were significantly associated with synergistic effect with a P value of 0.01 compared with cetuximab alone. In 12 models with BRAF mutations, the combination therapy resulted in a DCR of 41.7%, whereas either monotherapy had a DCR of 8.3%. Among 44 KRAS mutation models, cetuximab or LSN3074753 monotherapy resulted in a DCR of 13.6% or 11.4%, respectively, and the combination therapy increased DCR to 34.1%. Molecular analysis suggests that EGFR activation is a potential feedback and resistant mechanism of pan-RAF inhibition.Conclusions: MAPK and EGFR pathway activations are two major molecular hallmarks of colorectal cancer. This mouse PDX trial recapitulated clinical results of cetuximab. Concurrent EGFR and RAF inhibition demonstrated synergistic antitumor activity for colorectal cancer PDX models with a KRAS or BRAF mutation. Clin Cancer Res; 23(18); 5547-60. ©2017 AACR.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|LSN3074753||RAF Inhibitor (Pan) 16||LSN3074753 is a pan-RAF inhibitor that inhibits signaling of all RAF isoforms and RAF dimers, which leads to inhibition of tumor cell growth (PMID: 28611205).|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|BRAF mutant||colorectal cancer||predicted - sensitive||LSN3074753||Preclinical - Pdx||Actionable||In a preclinical study, LSN3074753 resulted in a disease control rate of 8.3% (1/12) in BRAF mutant patient-derived xenograft models of colorectal cancer (PMID: 28611205).||28611205|
|BRAF V600E||colorectal cancer||predicted - sensitive||LSN3074753||Preclinical - Pdx||Actionable||In a preclinical study, LSN3074753 demonstrated modest efficacy in patient-derived xenograft models of colorectal cancer harboring BRAF V600E, resulted in tumor growth inhibition or regression, but relapse upon discontinuation of treatment (PMID: 28611205).||28611205|
|BRAF G596V NRAS G13R||colorectal cancer||sensitive||Cetuximab + LSN3074753||Preclinical - Pdx||Actionable||In a preclinical study, LSN3074753 and Erbitux (cetuximab) worked synergistically, resulting in tumor regression in a patient-derived xenograft model of colorectal cancer harboring BRAF G596V and NRAS G13R (PMID: 28611205).||28611205|
|BRAF mutant||colorectal cancer||sensitive||Cetuximab + LSN3074753||Preclinical - Pdx||Actionable||In a preclinical study, LSN3074753 and Erbitux (cetuximab) synergistically inhibited tumor growth in patient-derived xenograft models of colorectal cancer harboring BRAF mutations, resulted in a disease control rate of 41.7% (5/12) (PMID: 28611205).||28611205|