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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (32758030)
Authors Salama AKS, Li S, Macrae ER, Park JI, Mitchell EP, Zwiebel JA, Chen HX, Gray RJ, McShane LM, Rubinstein LV, Patton D, Williams PM, Hamilton SR, Armstrong DK, Conley BA, Arteaga CL, Harris LN, O'Dwyer PJ, Chen AP, Flaherty KT
Title Dabrafenib and Trametinib in Patients With Tumors With BRAFV600E Mutations: Results of the NCI-MATCH Trial Subprotocol H.
Journal Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Vol 38
Issue 33
Date 2020 Nov 20
URL
Abstract Text BRAFV600 mutations are commonly found in melanoma and thyroid cancers and to a lesser degree in other tumor types. Subprotocol H (EAY131-H) of the NCI-MATCH platform trial sought to investigate the selective BRAF inhibitor dabrafenib and the MEK1/2 inhibitor trametinib in patients with solid tumors, lymphomas, or multiple myeloma whose tumors harbored a BRAFV600 mutation.EAY131-H is an open-label, single-arm study. Patients with melanoma, thyroid, or colorectal cancer were excluded; patients with non-small-cell lung cancer were later excluded in an amendment. Patients received dabrafenib 150 mg twice per day and trametinib 2 mg per day continuously until disease progression or intolerable toxicity. The primary end point was centrally assessed objective response rate (ORR); secondary end points included progression-free survival (PFS), 6-month PFS, and overall survival.Thirty-five patients were enrolled, and 29 were included in the primary efficacy analysis as prespecified in the protocol. Median age was 59 years, and 45% of the patients had received ≥ 3 lines of therapy. The confirmed ORR was 38% (90% CI, 22.9% to 54.9%) with P < .0001 against a null rate of 5%, and PFS was 11.4 months (90% CI, 8.4 to 16.3 months); responses were seen in 7 distinct tumor types. Seven patients had a duration of response of > 12 months, including 4 patients with a duration of response of > 24 months. An additional 8 patients had a PFS > 6 months. The median overall survival was 28.6 months. Reported adverse events were comparable to those noted in previously reported profiles of dabrafenib and trametinib.This study met its primary end point, with an ORR of 38% (P < .0001) in this mixed histology, pretreated cohort. This promising activity warrants additional investigations in BRAFV600-mutated tumors outside of currently approved indications.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
BRAF V600E lung adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (NCI-MATCH), Mekinist (trametinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 37.9% (11/29) in patients with advanced solid tumors harboring BRAF V600E, of 4 patients with lung adenocarcinoma, 1 achieved a partial response with an ongoing progression-free survival (PFS) at 32.5 mo, 3 patients had stable disease for 15.6, 6.6, and 3.6 mo, and an additional unevaluable patient achieved an 81% reduction of measured lesions and a PFS of 12.7 mo (PMID: 32758030; NCT02465060). 32758030
BRAF V600E intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (NCI-MATCH), Mekinist (trametinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 37.9% (11/29) in patients with advanced solid tumors harboring BRAF V600E, of 4 patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, 3 achieved a partial response, with individual progression-free survival of 12.8, 9.1, and 29.4 months (PMID: 32758030; NCT02465060). 32758030
BRAF V600E pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma predicted - sensitive Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (NCI-MATCH), Mekinist (trametinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 37.9% (11/29) in patients with advanced solid tumors harboring BRAF V600E, 1 patient with pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma achieved a partial response lasting 7.2 months (PMID: 32758030; NCT02465060). 32758030
BRAF V600E Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive Trametinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial (NCI-MATCH), Mekinist (trametinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 37.9% (11/29) in patients with BRAF V600E positive advanced solid tumors other than melanoma, thyroid cancer, or colorectal cancer, with a median duration of response of 25.1 months, and a disease control rate of 75.9% (22/29) (PMID: 32758030; NCT02465060). 32758030
BRAF V600E peritoneal serous papillary adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (NCI-MATCH), Mekinist (trametinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 37.9% (11/29) in patients with advanced solid tumors harboring BRAF V600E, 1 patient with mucinous-papillary serous adenocarcinoma of the peritoneum achieved a partial response (PMID: 32758030; NCT02465060). 32758030
BRAF V600E ovarian serous carcinoma predicted - sensitive Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (NCI-MATCH), Mekinist (trametinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 37.9% (11/29) in patients with advanced solid tumors harboring BRAF V600E, of 5 patients with low grade serous ovarian carcinoma, 4 achieved a partial response (PR), 1 had stable disease, 3 of the PRs lasted over 12 months (PMID: 32758030; NCT02465060). 32758030
BRAF V600E histiocytic sarcoma predicted - sensitive Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (NCI-MATCH), Mekinist (trametinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 37.9% (11/29) in patients with advanced solid tumors harboring BRAF V600E, 1 patient with histiocytic sarcoma of the brain achieved a partial response with an ongoing progression-free survival at 20.9 months (PMID: 32758030; NCT02465060). 32758030