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|Therapy Name||Dabrafenib + Nivolumab + Trametinib|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Dabrafenib||Tafinlar||GSK2118436||BRAF Inhibitor 25||Tafinlar (dabrafenib) inhibits the activity of BRAF, including V600E, which results in the inhibition of tumor cell proliferation (PMID: 22735384). Tafinlar (dabrafenib) is FDA approved for BRAF V600E/K- positive unresectable or metastatic melanoma, and in combination with Mekinist (trametinib) for BRAF V600E/K-mutant melanoma, BRAF V600E-mutant non-small cell lung cancer, BRAF V600E-mutant anaplastic thyroid cancer, for adult and pediatric patients of 6 years or older with unresectable or metastatic solid tumors harboring BRAF V600E, and for pediatric patients of 1 year or older with low-grade glioma harboring BRAF V600E (FDA.gov).|
|Nivolumab||Opdivo||MDX-1106|BMS-936558||Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor 146 PD-L1/PD-1 antibody 112||Opdivo (nivolumab) is an antibody that targets PD-1 (PDCD1), which results in increased T-cell activation and enhanced anti-tumor immune response (PMID: 28891423). Opdivo (nivolumab) is FDA approved for use as a monotherapy in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) progressed on prior therapies, Hodgkin's lymphoma, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, urothelial carcinoma, esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, resected esophageal or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) cancer, as a monotherapy or in combination with Yervoy (ipilimumab) in patients with melanoma, renal cell carcinoma, microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR) colorectal cancer (including patients 12 years or older), and hepatocellular carcinoma, in combination with Yervoy (ipilimumab) as first-line therapy in patients with PD-L1-positive (>=1%) metastatic NSCLC without EGFR or ALK alterations, in combination with Yervoy (ipilimumab) and platinum-based chemotherapy as first-line therapy in patients with metastatic or recurrent NSCLC without EGFR or ALK alterations, in combination with platinum doublet chemotherapy as neoadjuvant treatment for patients with resectable NSCLC, in combination with Cabometyx (cabozantinib) in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma, and in combination with fluoropyrimidine- and platinum-containing chemotherapy in patients with advanced or metastatic gastric cancer, gastroesophageal junction cancer, and esophageal adenocarcinoma (FDA.gov).|
|Trametinib||Mekinist||GSK1120212||MEK inhibitor (Pan) 23 MEK1 Inhibitor 25 MEK2 Inhibitor 23||Mekinist (trametinib) inhibits MEK 1 and 2, which potentially leads to reduced tumor cell proliferation (PMID: 27956260). Mekinist (trametinib) is FDA approved for melanoma patients harboring BRAF V600E or BRAF V600K mutations, and in combination with Tafinlar (dabrafenib) for BRAF V600E/K-mutant melanoma, BRAF V600E- mutant non-small cell lung cancer, BRAF V600E-mutant anaplastic thyroid cancer, for adult and pediatric patients of 6 years or older with unresectable or metastatic solid tumors harboring BRAF V600E, and for pediatric patients of 1 year or older with low-grade glioma harboring BRAF V600E (FDA.gov).|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|BRAF V600X||melanoma||predicted - sensitive||Dabrafenib + Nivolumab + Trametinib||Phase II||Actionable||In a Phase II trial, combination of Tafinlar (dabrafenib), Mekinist (trametinib), and Opdivo (nivolumab) resulted in an objective response rate (ORR) of 92% (24/27, 3 CR, 21 PR) in patients with MEK inhibitor-naive, BRAF V600-mutated melanoma, with a median progression-free survival of 8.5 mos, ORR was 88% (14/16) and 100% (10/10) in PD1 refractory or naive patients, 57% (4/7) of patients with brain metastasis achieved intracranial response (J Clin Oncol 39, no. 15_suppl (May 20, 2021) 9520; NCT02910700).||detail...|
|Clinical Trial||Phase||Therapies||Title||Recruitment Status||Covered Countries||Other Countries|
|NCT02910700||Phase II||Nivolumab + Trametinib Dabrafenib + Nivolumab + Trametinib||Study of the Anti-PD-1 Antibody Nivolumab in Combination With Dabrafenib and/or Trametinib in Patients With BRAF or NRAS-mutated Metastatic Melanoma||Suspended||USA||0|