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|Therapy Name||Dabrafenib + Nivolumab + Trametinib|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Dabrafenib||Tafinlar||GSK2118436||BRAF Inhibitor 20||Tafinlar (dabrafenib) inhibits the activity of BRAF, including V600E, which results in inhibition of tumor cell proliferation (PMID: 22735384). Tafinlar (dabrafenib) is FDA approved for BRAF V600E positive unresectable or metastatic melanoma, and in combination with Mekinist (trametinib) for BRAF V600E/K-mutant melanoma, BRAF V600E-mutant non-small cell lung cancer, and BRAF V600E-mutant anaplastic thyroid cancer (FDA.gov).|
|Nivolumab||Opdivo||MDX-1106|BMS-936558||Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor 135 PD-L1/PD-1 antibody 79||Opdivo (nivolumab) is an antibody that targets PD-1 (PDCD1), which results in increased T-cell activation and enhanced anti-tumor immune response (PMID: 28891423). Opdivo (nivolumab) is FDA approved for use as a monotherapy in patients with non-small cell lung cancer, small cell lung cancer, Hodgkin's lymphoma, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, urothelial carcinoma, esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, resected esophageal or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) cancer, as a monotherapy or in combination with Yervoy (ipilimumab) in patients with melanoma, renal cell carcinoma, microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR) colorectal cancer (including patients 12 years or older), and hepatocellular carcinoma, in combination with Yervoy (ipilimumab) as first-line therapy in patients with PD-L1-positive (>=1%) metastatic non-small cell lung cancer without EGFR or ALK alterations, in combination with Yervoy (ipilimumab) and platinum-based chemotherapy as first-line therapy in patients with metastatic or recurrent non-small cell lung cancer without EGFR or ALK alterations, in combination with Cabometyx (cabozantinib) in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma, and in combination with fluoropyrimidine- and platinum-containing chemotherapy in patients with advanced or metastatic gastric cancer, gastroesophageal junction cancer, and esophageal adenocarcinoma (FDA.gov).|
|Trametinib||Mekinist||GSK1120212||MEK inhibitor (Pan) 22 MEK1 Inhibitor 20 MEK2 Inhibitor 18||Mekinist (trametinib) inhibits MEK 1 and 2, which potentially leads to reduced tumor cell proliferation (PMID: 27956260). Mekinist (trametinib) is FDA approved for melanoma patients harboring BRAF V600E or BRAF V600K mutations, and in combination with Tafinlar (dabrafinib) for BRAF V600E/K-mutant melanoma, BRAF V600E- mutant non-small cell lung cancer, and BRAF V600E-mutant anaplastic thyroid cancer (FDA.gov).|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|BRAF V600X||melanoma||predicted - sensitive||Dabrafenib + Nivolumab + Trametinib||Phase II||Actionable||In a Phase II trial, combination of Tafinlar (dabrafenib), Mekinist (trametinib), and Opdivo (nivolumab) resulted in an objective response rate (ORR) of 92% (24/27, 3 CR, 21 PR) in patients with MEK inhibitor-naive, BRAF V600-mutated melanoma, with a median progression-free survival of 8.5 mos, ORR was 88% (14/16) and 100% (10/10) in PD1 refractory or naive patients, 57% (4/7) of patients with brain metastasis achieved intracranial response (J Clin Oncol 39, no. 15_suppl (May 20, 2021) 9520; NCT02910700).||detail...|
|Clinical Trial||Phase||Therapies||Title||Recruitment Status||Covered Countries||Other Countries|
|NCT02910700||Phase II||Nivolumab + Trametinib Dabrafenib + Nivolumab + Trametinib||Study of the Anti-PD-1 Antibody Nivolumab in Combination With Dabrafenib and/or Trametinib in Patients With BRAF or NRAS-mutated Metastatic Melanoma||Recruiting||USA||0|