Therapy Detail

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Therapy Name Alpelisib + Cetuximab + Encorafenib
Synonyms
Therapy Description

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Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Alpelisib Piqray BYL719 PIK3CA inhibitor 16 Piqray (Alpelisib) is a selective PIK3CA inhibitor that blocks activation of the PI3K signaling pathway and inhibits tumor growth (PMID: 23726034). Piqray (Alpelisib) is FDA approved in combination with fulvestrant for use in postmenopausal women, and men, with advanced or metastatic hormone receptor (HR)-positive, ERBB2 (HER2)-negative, PIK3CA-mutant breast cancer (FDA.gov).
Cetuximab Erbitux IMC-C225 EGFR Antibody 28 Erbitux (cetuximab) is a monoclonal antibody directed against EGFR, which inhibits signal transduction and cell proliferation (PMID: 28695301). Erbitux (cetuximab) is FDA approved for use in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma and KRAS wild-type, EGFR positive colorectal cancer (FDA.gov).
Encorafenib Braftovi LGX818 BRAF Inhibitor 20 Braftovi (encorafenib) is an inhibitor of Raf kinase with selective activity against BRAF V600E, resulting in growth inhibition (PMID: 24864047). Braftovi (encorafenib) is FDA approved for use in combination with Mektovi (binimetinib) in patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma with a BRAF V600E or V600K mutation, and in combination with Erbitux (cetuximab) in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer with BRAF V600E(FDA.gov).

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Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
BRAF V600E MAP2K1 L115P colorectal cancer sensitive Alpelisib + Cetuximab + Encorafenib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, combination therapy consisting of Erbitux (cetuximab), Encorafenib (LGX818) and Alpelisib (BYL719) inhibited survival of colorectal cancer cells harboring BRAF V600E that acquired a MAP2K1 L115P mutation and subsequent resistance to Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) combination treatment in culture (PMID: 27312529). 27312529
BRAF V600E NRAS G13R colorectal cancer predicted - resistant Alpelisib + Cetuximab + Encorafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with BRAF V600E colorectal cancer developed progressive disease after a partial response lasting 24 weeks to Alpelisib (BYL719), Erbitux (cetuximab), and Braftovi (encorafenib) combination treatment, NRAS G13R was identified as an acquired mutation in liver metastasis at the time of progression (PMID: 28951457). 28951457
BRAF mutant colorectal cancer sensitive Alpelisib + Cetuximab + Encorafenib Phase Ib/II Actionable In a Phase Ib/II trial, the triple combination therapy of Encorafenib (LGX818), Erbitux (cetuximab), and Alpelisib (BYL719) resulted in an overall response rate of 18% (5/28), including 5 patients with a partial response, and led to a median progression free survival of 4.2 months and response duration of 12 weeks (PMID: 28363909). detail... 28363909
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer sensitive Alpelisib + Cetuximab + Encorafenib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, combination therapy consisting of Erbitux (cetuximab), Encorafenib (LGX818) and Alpelisib (BYL719) inhibited survival of colorectal cancer cell lines harboring BRAF V600E in culture (PMID: 27312529). 27312529
BRAF V47_D380del BRAF V600E colorectal cancer predicted - resistant Alpelisib + Cetuximab + Encorafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with BRAF V600E colorectal cancer developed progressive disease after a partial response lasting 24 weeks to Alpelisib (BYL719), Erbitux (cetuximab), and Braftovi (encorafenib) combination treatment, BRAF V47_D380del (reported as deletion of exons 2-8) was identified as an acquired mutation in peritoneal metastasis at the time of progression (PMID: 28951457). 28951457

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Clinical Trial Phase Therapies Title Recruitment Status
NCT01719380 Phase Ib/II Cetuximab + Encorafenib Alpelisib + Cetuximab + Encorafenib Study of LGX818 and Cetuximab or LGX818, BYL719, and Cetuximab in BRAF Mutant Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Completed


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