Therapy Detail

Therapy Name Dabrafenib + Panitumumab + Trametinib
Therapy Description

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Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Dabrafenib Tafinlar GSK2118436 BRAF Inhibitor 18 Tafinlar (dabrafenib) inhibits the activity of BRAF, including V600E, which results in inhibition of tumor cell proliferation (PMID: 22735384). Tafinlar (dabrafenib) is FDA approved for BRAF V600E positive unresectable or metastatic melanoma, and in combination with Mekinist (trametinib) for BRAF V600E/K-mutant melanoma, BRAF V600E-mutant non-small cell lung cancer, and BRAF V600E-mutant anaplastic thyroid cancer (FDA.gov).
Panitumumab Vectibix ABX-EGF EGFR Antibody 27 Vectibix (panitumumab) is a monoclonal antibody directed against EGFR, which inhibits cell proliferation and induces apoptosis (PMID: 18998757). Vectibix (panitumumab) is FDA approved for metastatic colorectal cancer patients with wild-type KRAS and NRAS (FDA.gov).
Trametinib Mekinist GSK1120212 MEK inhibitor (Pan) 20 MEK1 Inhibitor 20 MEK2 Inhibitor 18 Mekinist (trametinib) inhibits MEK 1 and 2, which potentially leads to reduced tumor cell proliferation (PMID: 27956260). Mekinist (trametinib) is FDA approved for melanoma patients harboring BRAF V600E or BRAF V600K mutations, and in combination with Tafinlar (dabrafinib) for BRAF V600E/K-mutant melanoma, BRAF V600E- mutant non-small cell lung cancer, and BRAF V600E-mutant anaplastic thyroid cancer (FDA.gov).
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer predicted - sensitive Dabrafenib + Panitumumab + Trametinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, combination therapy consisting of Tafinlar (dabrafenib), Vectibix (panitumumab), and Mekinist (trametinib) resulted in an overall response rate of 21% (19/91, 1 complete response, 18 partial response), stable disease in 65% (59/91), and a median progression-free survival of 4.2 months in patients with BRAF V600E colorectal cancer (PMID: 29431699; NCT01750918). 29431699
BRAF mutant colorectal cancer predicted - sensitive Dabrafenib + Panitumumab + Trametinib Phase Ib/II Actionable In a Phase I/II trial, treatment with the triple combination of Tafinlar (dabrafenib), Mekinist (trametinib), and Vectibix (panitumumab) resulted in an objective response rate (ORR) of 21% and median progression-free survival (mPFS) of 4.2 mo, compared with 0% ORR and mPFS of 2.6 mo with Mekinist (trametinib) plus Vectibix (panitumumab), and 10% ORR and mPFS of 3.5 mo with Tafinlar (dabrafenib) plus Vectibix (panitumumab) in patients with BRAF-mutant colorectal cancer (PMID: 27770002; NCT01750918). 27770002
Clinical Trial Phase Therapies Title Recruitment Status
NCT01750918 Phase II Fluorouracil Dabrafenib + Panitumumab Dabrafenib + Panitumumab + Trametinib Panitumumab + Trametinib BRAF/MEK/EGFR Inhibitor Combination Study in Colorectal Cancer (CRC) Active, not recruiting