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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (31699932)
Authors Vasan N, Razavi P, Johnson JL, Shao H, Shah H, Antoine A, Ladewig E, Gorelick A, Lin TY, Toska E, Xu G, Kazmi A, Chang MT, Taylor BS, Dickler MN, Jhaveri K, Chandarlapaty S, Rabadan R, Reznik E, Smith ML, Sebra R, Schimmoller F, Wilson TR, Friedman LS, Cantley LC, Scaltriti M, Baselga J
Title Double PIK3CA mutations in cis increase oncogenicity and sensitivity to PI3Kα inhibitors.
Journal Science (New York, N.Y.)
Vol 366
Issue 6466
Date 2019 11 08
URL
Abstract Text Activating mutations in PIK3CA are frequent in human breast cancer, and phosphoinositide 3-kinase alpha (PI3Kα) inhibitors have been approved for therapy. To characterize determinants of sensitivity to these agents, we analyzed PIK3CA-mutant cancer genomes and observed the presence of multiple PIK3CA mutations in 12 to 15% of breast cancers and other tumor types, most of which (95%) are double mutations. Double PIK3CA mutations are in cis on the same allele and result in increased PI3K activity, enhanced downstream signaling, increased cell proliferation, and tumor growth. The biochemical mechanisms of dual mutations include increased disruption of p110α binding to the inhibitory subunit p85α, which relieves its catalytic inhibition, and increased p110α membrane lipid binding. Double PIK3CA mutations predict increased sensitivity to PI3Kα inhibitors compared with single-hotspot mutations.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
PIK3CA E726K PIK3CA H1047R breast cancer sensitive GDC-0077 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, breast epithelial cells expressing PIK3CA E726K and PIK3CA H1047R in cis demonstrated increased sensitivity to growth inhibition by GDC-0077 treatment compared to cells expressing individual PIK3CA mutations in culture (PMID: 31699932). 31699932
PIK3CA E545K PIK3CA M1043L breast cancer sensitive Alpelisib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable ??In a preclinical study, breast epithelial cells expressing PIK3CA E545K and PIK3CA M1043L in cis demonstrated increased sensitivity to growth inhibition by Piqray (Alpelisib) treatment compared to cells expressing individual PIK3CA mutations in culture (PMID: 31699932). 31699932
PIK3CA E545K PIK3CA E726K breast cancer sensitive Everolimus Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, breast epithelial cells expressing PIK3CA E545K and PIK3CA E726K in cis demonstrated increased sensitivity to growth inhibition by Afinitor (everolimus) treatment compared to cells expressing individual PIK3CA mutations in culture (PMID: 31699932). 31699932
PIK3CA E545K PIK3CA E726K breast cancer sensitive GDC-0077 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, breast epithelial cells expressing PIK3CA E545K and PIK3CA E726K in cis demonstrated increased sensitivity to growth inhibition by GDC-0077 treatment compared to cells expressing individual PIK3CA mutations in culture (PMID: 31699932). 31699932
PIK3CA E453Q PIK3CA H1047R breast cancer sensitive Everolimus Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, breast epithelial cells expressing PIK3CA E453Q and PIK3CA H1047R in cis demonstrated increased sensitivity to growth inhibition by Afinitor (everolimus) treatment compared to cells expressing individual PIK3CA mutations in culture (PMID: 31699932). 31699932
PIK3CA E453Q PIK3CA H1047R breast cancer sensitive GDC-0077 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, breast epithelial cells expressing PIK3CA E453Q and PIK3CA H1047R in cis demonstrated increased sensitivity to growth inhibition by GDC-0077 treatment compared to cells expressing individual PIK3CA mutations in culture (PMID: 31699932). 31699932
PIK3CA E453Q PIK3CA H1047R breast cancer sensitive Alpelisib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, breast epithelial cells expressing PIK3CA E543Q and PIK3CA H1047R in cis demonstrated increased sensitivity to growth inhibition by Piqray (Alpelisib) treatment compared to cells expressing individual PIK3CA mutations in culture (PMID: 31699932). 31699932
PIK3CA E545K PIK3CA E726K breast cancer sensitive Alpelisib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, breast epithelial cells expressing PIK3CA E545K and PIK3CA E726K in cis demonstrated increased sensitivity to growth inhibition by Piqray (Alpelisib) treatment compared to cells expressing individual PIK3CA mutations in culture (PMID: 31699932). 31699932
PIK3CA E726K PIK3CA H1047R breast cancer sensitive Alpelisib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, breast epithelial cells expressing PIK3CA E726 and PIK3CA H1047R in cis demonstrated increased sensitivity to growth inhibition by Piqray (Alpelisib) treatment compared to cells expressing individual PIK3CA mutations in culture, while cells expressing PIK3CA E726 and PIK3CA H1047R in trans did not (PMID: 31699932). 31699932
PIK3CA E545K PIK3CA M1043L breast cancer sensitive GDC-0077 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, breast epithelial cells expressing PIK3CA E545K and PIK3CA M1043L in cis demonstrated increased sensitivity to growth inhibition by GDC-0077 treatment compared to cells expressing individual PIK3CA mutations in culture (PMID: 31699932). 31699932
PIK3CA E545K PIK3CA M1043L breast cancer sensitive Everolimus Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, breast epithelial cells expressing PIK3CA E545K and PIK3CA M1043L in cis demonstrated increased sensitivity to growth inhibition by Afinitor (everolimus) treatment compared to cells expressing individual PIK3CA mutations in culture (PMID: 31699932). 31699932
PIK3CA E726K PIK3CA H1047R breast cancer sensitive Everolimus Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, breast epithelial cells expressing PIK3CA E726K and PIK3CA H1047R in cis demonstrated increased sensitivity to growth inhibition by Afinitor (everolimus) treatment compared to cells expressing individual PIK3CA mutations in culture (PMID: 31699932). 31699932