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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Katayama R, Gong B, Togashi N, Miyamoto M, Kiga M, Iwasaki S, Kamai Y, Tominaga Y, Takeda Y, Kagoshima Y, Shimizu Y, Seto Y, Oh-Hara T, Koike S, Nakao N, Hanzawa H, Watanabe K, Yoda S, Yanagitani N, Hata AN, Shaw AT, Nishio M, Fujita N, Isoyama T|
|Title||The new-generation selective ROS1/NTRK inhibitor DS-6051b overcomes crizotinib resistant ROS1-G2032R mutation in preclinical models.|
|Date||2019 08 09|
|Abstract Text||ROS1 gene rearrangement was observed in around 1-2 % of NSCLC patients and in several other cancers such as cholangiocarcinoma, glioblastoma, or colorectal cancer. Crizotinib, an ALK/ROS1/MET inhibitor, is highly effective against ROS1-rearranged lung cancer and is used in clinic. However, crizotinib resistance is an emerging issue, and several resistance mechanisms, such as secondary kinase-domain mutations (e.g., ROS1-G2032R) have been identified in crizotinib-refractory patients. Here we characterize a new selective ROS1/NTRK inhibitor, DS-6051b, in preclinical models of ROS1- or NTRK-rearranged cancers. DS-6051b induces dramatic growth inhibition of both wild type and G2032R mutant ROS1-rearranged cancers or NTRK-rearranged cancers in vitro and in vivo. Here we report that DS-6051b is effective in treating ROS1- or NTRK-rearranged cancer in preclinical models, including crizotinib-resistant ROS1 positive cancer with secondary kinase domain mutations especially G2032R mutation which is highly resistant to crizotinib as well as lorlatinib and entrectinib, next generation ROS1 inhibitors.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
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|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
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|EML4 - ALK||Advanced Solid Tumor||sensitive||DS6051b||Preclinical - Cell culture||Actionable||In a preclinical study, cells expressing EML4-ALK were sensitive to treatment with DS6051b in culture, demonstrating cell growth inhibition (PMID: 31399568).||31399568|