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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (32208957)
Authors Tap WD, Villalobos VM, Cote GM, Burris H, Janku F, Mir O, Beeram M, Wagner AJ, Jiang L, Wu B, Choe S, Yen K, Gliser C, Fan B, Agresta S, Pandya SS, Trent JC
Title Phase I Study of the Mutant IDH1 Inhibitor Ivosidenib: Safety and Clinical Activity in Patients With Advanced Chondrosarcoma.
Journal Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Vol
Issue
Date 2020 Mar 24
URL
Abstract Text Surgery is the primary therapy for localized chondrosarcoma; for locally advanced and/or metastatic disease, no known effective systemic therapy exists. Mutations in the isocitrate dehydrogenase 1/2 (IDH1/2) enzymes occur in up to 65% of chondrosarcomas, resulting in accumulation of the oncometabolite D-2-hydroxyglutarate (2-HG). Ivosidenib (AG-120) is a selective inhibitor of mutant IDH1 approved in the United States for specific cases of acute myeloid leukemia. We report outcomes of patients with advanced chondrosarcoma in an ongoing study exploring ivosidenib treatment.This phase I multicenter open-label dose-escalation and expansion study of ivosidenib monotherapy enrolled patients with mutant IDH1 advanced solid tumors, including chondrosarcoma. Ivosidenib was administered orally (100 mg twice daily to 1,200 mg once daily) in continuous 28-day cycles. Responses were assessed every other cycle using RECIST (version 1.1).Twenty-one patients (escalation, n = 12; expansion, n = 9) with advanced chondrosarcoma received ivosidenib (women, n = 8; median age, 55 years; range, 30-88 years; 11 had received prior systemic therapy). Treatment-emergent adverse events (AEs) were mostly grade 1 or 2. Twelve patients experienced grade ≥ 3 AEs; only one event was judged treatment related (hypophosphatemia, n = 1). Plasma 2-HG levels decreased substantially in all patients (range, 14%-94.2%), to levels seen in healthy individuals. Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 5.6 months (95% CI, 1.9 to 7.4 months); the PFS rate at 6 months was 39.5%. Eleven (52%) of 21 patients experienced stable disease.In patients with chondrosarcoma, ivosidenib showed minimal toxicity, substantial 2-HG reduction, and durable disease control. Future studies of ivosidenib monotherapy or rational combination approaches should be considered in patients with advanced mutant IDH1 chondrosarcoma.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
IDH1 R132G chondrosarcoma predicted - sensitive Ivosidenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I trial, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment was tolerated, substantially decreased plasma 2-HG levels, and resulted in a median progression-free survival of 5.6 months and stable disease in 52% (11/21) of patients with chondrosarcoma harboring IDH1 mutations, including IDH1 R132G (n=3) (PMID: 32208957; NCT02073994). 32208957
IDH1 R132L chondrosarcoma predicted - sensitive Ivosidenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I trial, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment was tolerated, substantially decreased plasma 2-HG levels, and resulted in a median progression-free survival of 5.6 months and stable disease in 52% (11/21) of patients with chondrosarcoma harboring IDH1 mutations, including IDH1 R132L (n=1) (PMID: 32208957; NCT02073994). 32208957
IDH1 R132S chondrosarcoma predicted - sensitive Ivosidenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I trial, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment was tolerated, substantially decreased plasma 2-HG levels, and resulted in a median progression-free survival of 5.6 months and stable disease in 52% (11/21) of patients with chondrosarcoma harboring IDH1 mutations, including IDH1 R132S (n=1) (PMID: 32208957; NCT02073994). 32208957
IDH1 R132C chondrosarcoma predicted - sensitive Ivosidenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I trial, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment was tolerated, substantially decreased plasma 2-HG levels, and resulted in a median progression-free survival of 5.6 months and stable disease in 52% (11/21) of patients with chondrosarcoma harboring IDH1 mutations, including IDH1 R132C (n=13) (PMID: 32208957; NCT02073994). 32208957