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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Yuan J, Mehta PP, Yin MJ, Sun S, Zou A, Chen J, Rafidi K, Feng Z, Nickel J, Engebretsen J, Hallin J, Blasina A, Zhang E, Nguyen L, Sun M, Vogt PK, McHarg A, Cheng H, Christensen JG, Kan JL, Bagrodia S|
|Title||PF-04691502, a potent and selective oral inhibitor of PI3K and mTOR kinases with antitumor activity.|
|Journal||Molecular cancer therapeutics|
|Abstract Text||Deregulation of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling pathway such as by PTEN loss or PIK3CA mutation occurs frequently in human cancer and contributes to resistance to antitumor therapies. Inhibition of key signaling proteins in the pathway therefore represents a valuable targeting strategy for diverse cancers. PF-04691502 is an ATP-competitive PI3K/mTOR dual inhibitor, which potently inhibited recombinant class I PI3K and mTOR in biochemical assays and suppressed transformation of avian fibroblasts mediated by wild-type PI3K γ, δ, or mutant PI3Kα. In PIK3CA-mutant and PTEN-deleted cancer cell lines, PF-04691502 reduced phosphorylation of AKT T308 and AKT S473 (IC(50) of 7.5-47 nmol/L and 3.8-20 nmol/L, respectively) and inhibited cell proliferation (IC(50) of 179-313 nmol/L). PF-04691502 inhibited mTORC1 activity in cells as measured by PI3K-independent nutrient stimulated assay, with an IC(50) of 32 nmol/L and inhibited the activation of PI3K and mTOR downstream effectors including AKT, FKHRL1, PRAS40, p70S6K, 4EBP1, and S6RP. Short-term exposure to PF-04691502 predominantly inhibited PI3K, whereas mTOR inhibition persisted for 24 to 48 hours. PF-04691502 induced cell cycle G(1) arrest, concomitant with upregulation of p27 Kip1 and reduction of Rb. Antitumor activity was observed in U87 (PTEN null), SKOV3 (PIK3CA mutation), and gefitinib- and erlotinib-resistant non-small cell lung carcinoma xenografts. In summary, PF-04691502 is a potent dual PI3K/mTOR inhibitor with broad antitumor activity. PF-04691502 has entered phase I clinical trials.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|PF-04691502||PF04691502|PF 04691502||mTOR Inhibitor 51 PI3K Inhibitor (Pan) 37||PF-04691502 is a PI3K/mTOR dual inhibitor with broad antitumor activity (PMID: 21750219, PMID: 31822716).|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|PIK3CA mutant||lung non-small cell carcinoma||sensitive||PF-04691502||Preclinical - Cell line xenograft||Actionable||In a preclinical study, PF-04691502 inhibited tumor growth in non-small cell lung cancer cell line xenograft models harboring PIK3CA mutations (PMID: 21750219).||21750219|
|PIK3CA P539R PIK3CA H1047R||breast cancer||sensitive||PF-04691502||Preclinical - Cell culture||Actionable||In a preclinical study, PF-04691502 inhibited Akt phosphorylation and proliferation of breast cancer cells harboring both PIK3CA P539R and H1047R in culture (PMID: 21750219).||21750219|
|PIK3CA H1047R||ovarian cancer||sensitive||PF-04691502||Preclinical - Cell line xenograft||Actionable||In a preclinical study, PF-04691502 inhibited Pi3k signaling, resulted in growth inhibition of ovarian cancer cells harboring PIK3CA H1047R in culture and in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 21750219).||21750219|