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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Heregger R, Huemer F, Hutarew G, Hecht S, Cheveresan L, Kotzot D, Schamschula E, Rinnerthaler G, Melchardt T, Weiss L, Greil R|
|Title||Sustained response to brigatinib in a patient with refractory metastatic pheochromocytoma harboring R1192P anaplastic lymphoma kinase mutation: a case report from the Austrian Group Medical Tumor Therapy next-generation sequencing registry and discussion of the literature.|
|Abstract Text||Metastatic pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma (PPGL) are rare diseases with dismal prognosis and standard therapies are lacking. We herein report the first case of a germline anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) mutation in a patient with chemorefractory metastatic pheochromocytoma in the absence of mutations of known PPGL-associated predisposing genes. Therapy with the ALK inhibitor (ALKi) brigatinib led to dramatic and durable disease remission, despite previous disease progression on the ALKi alectinib. This case underscores the potential clinical use of molecular profiling in rare diseases with limited treatment options and suggests that the ALK-R1192P point mutation might predict sensitivity to brigatinib.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|ALK R1192P||malignant pheochromocytoma||predicted - sensitive||Brigatinib||Case Reports/Case Series||Actionable||In a clinical case study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment resulted in a partial response (PR) after 2 months of therapy and a sustained PR at 10 months in a patient with malignant pheochromocytoma harboring ALK R1192P (PMID: 34371380).||34371380|
|ALK R1192P||malignant pheochromocytoma||no benefit||Alectinib + Octreotide||Case Reports/Case Series||Actionable||In a clinical case study, addition of Alecensa (alectinib) to Octreotide treatment did not lead to a response in a patient with malignant pheochromocytoma harboring ALK R1192P, with a radiological stable disease after 1 month of treatment and disease progression after 5 months of treatment (PMID: 34371380).||34371380|