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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Song Z, Zheng Y, Wang X, Su H, Zhang Y, Song Y|
|Title||ALK and ROS1 rearrangements, coexistence and treatment in epidermal growth factor receptor-wild type lung adenocarcinoma: a multicenter study of 732 cases.|
|Journal||Journal of thoracic disease|
|Abstract Text||Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) and c-ros oncogene 1 (ROS1) rearrangements represent two most frequent fusion targets in lung adenocarcinoma. Our study was intended to explore the clinicopathological characteristics, coexistence and treatment of ALK/ROS1-rearranged patients of lung adenocarcinoma without epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation.Patients with wild-type EGFR mutation were screened for ALK/ROS1 at four domestic hospitals. ALK/ROS1 rearrangements were detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Progression-free survival (PFS) curve was plotted with the Kaplan-Meier method.Among 732 eligible cases, ALK and ROS1 rearrangements were detected in 89 (12.2%) and 32 (4.4%) patients respectively. One patient harbored coexisting ALK/ROS1 fusion. Both ALK and ROS1-positive phenotypes were predominantly detected in younger non-smokers. More ALK/ROS1-rearranged patients were correlated with the expressions of TTF1, napsin A and solid predominant adenocarcinoma subtype. Thirty-three ALK and six ROS1 rearrangement patients received crizotinib treatment at an advanced stage. The median PFS was 9.5 months for ALK-positive patients and it was not attained in ROS1-rearranged counterparts.The frequency of ALK and ROS1 rearrangements is elevated in EGFR-wild-type patients and the phenomenon of coexisting ALK/ROS1 has remained extremely rare. The rearrangements of ALK/ROS1 are correlated with age, smoking status, expressions of TTF1 & napsin A and solid predominant adenocarcinoma subtype.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
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|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
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|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|ALK rearrange ROS1 rearrange||lung adenocarcinoma||predicted - sensitive||Crizotinib||Case Reports/Case Series||Actionable||In a clinical case study, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in lymph node response and progression-free survival greater than 1 year in a patient with EGFR wild-type lung adenocarcinoma harboring rearrangements in ALK and ROS1 (PMID: 29268402).||29268402|